This document presents WindEurope’s view on the Companion Guide, a non-binding document that has been suggested as the main deliverable of the ongoing EC study on “Technical requirements for connections to offshore HVDC grids in the North Sea”, deployed by Tractebel. The goal of this study is to propose a voluntary set of technical guidelines – presented in the Companion Guide – for offshore hybrid projects by identifying the need for harmonization on the national implementation of the EU Network Codes between the various Member States and potential technical barriers not covered by the existing Network Codes, and by implementing/clarifying the relevant regulation when this would be applied for offshore hybrid projects.
WindEurope Position Papers
See more Advocacy content in the Members Area such as National Energy & Climate Plans, Advocacy and Meeting reports.
- WindEurope’s feedback on the suggested EC Companion Guide for technical requirements for connections to offshore HVDC grids in the North Sea September 2020
- WindEurope feedback on the revision of the Renewable Energy Directive September 2020
WindEurope strongly supports the new target of at least 55% Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction by 2030 as an urgent measure to comply with the Paris Agreement and its ambition to limit global warming to 1.5°C. Reaching this target is crucial to avoid postponing the bulk of efforts to the post-2030 period which would create a risk of missing the 2050 climate-neutrality objective.
To ensure the optimal deployment of renewable energy technologies and grasp all the benefits they bring along, it is fundamental for the EU and its Member States to provide regulatory stability, incentives and long-term visibility to investors. Well-designed and implemented policies remain critical to unlock the necessary investments in renewable technologies for delivering the EU Climate & Energy objectives. This means providing clear information on timeline, volumes and budget of the pipeline of renewable energy installations. It also means overcoming barriers to renewable energy deployment such as long and complex permitting processes that today represent the biggest bottlenecks to wind and other renewable energy installations. It means planning ahead how to electrify with renewables buildings, industrial processes, and the transport sector.
The Renewable Energy Directive will be critical to delivering on the EU’s climate and energy targets and should reflect the increased ambition on greenhouse gas emissions reductions to 2030.
Check our key asks for a revision of the Directive that supports the 55% GHG emission reduction target by 2030.
- Making the most of Europe’s grids: Grid optimisation technologies to build a greener Europe September 2020
Given the major role that wind and solar will play in the EU power system, this position paper identifies specific grid optimisation technologies and their contribution to maximising grid capacity use thus allowing for more wind integration in the short and in the long term, and presents a set of policy recommendations that would allow their wide deployment in Europe.
- Response to Inception Impact Assessments Revision of the Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and of the Directive on energy efficiency September 2020
The Electrification Alliance welcomes the initiative by the European Commission to review the Renewable Energy Directive and the Energy Efficiency Directive to allow a cost-efficient integration of renewables in all energy end uses, to increase demand-side flexibility and system efficiency. And the Alliance recommends the following actions for a successful revision of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Directives:
- Adopt an upwards revision of the EU’s 2030 renewable and energy efficiency targets to support the increased 2030 greenhouse gas emissions target, including an update of the sectoral target for the use of renewable energy in heating
- Prioritize direct electrification of all end-use sectors combined with energy demand reduction and the deployment of renewable electricity sources, as the most cost-effective way to decarbonise the EU
- Ensure that administrative procedures support the development of renewable energy projects to successfully meet the EU renewable energy target
- Enhance demand-side flexibility across all sectors to smartly manage an energy system with large shares of renewables and to reduce unnecessary grid investments
- Ensure the Primary Energy Factor supports increased system efficiency delivered by electrification in end-use sectors
- Create a Clean Energy Package Implementation Platform to promote best practices in Member States’ decarbonisation strategies and share technical guidance
- Renewable-based indirect electrification could play an important role to decarbonise “hard to abate” sectors such as heavy industry, aviation, and shipping, where direct electrification may be less cost effective
- WindEurope feedback on the roadmap & inception impact assessment on the revision of the Energy Efficiency Directive September 2020
Decarbonising the economy and reaching carbon neutrality by 2050 require reducing resources demand – through energy efficiency, circular economy, or lifestyle/behaviour changes as well as technology options to decarbonise the energy supply – like fuel-switching, renewable energy sources.
To this end, WindEurope calls for the roadmap and the inception impact assessment of the European Commission on the Energy Efficiency Directive revision to:
- Be aligned with the European Green Deal and the EU Recovery Plan and to recognise the role of renewable electricity in the decarbonisation process; and
- Revise the value of the Primary Energy Factor to trigger the use of electricity where and when it is most efficient option.
- Response to the public consultation on the Renewed Sustainable Finance Strategy August 2020
This document sets out WindEurope’s response to the European Commission’s consultation on the Renewed Sustainable Finance Strategy. The Sustainable Finance Strategy is being designed to channel capital towards sustainable investments, encourage consideration of sustainability and long-term risks into risk management strategies and improve transparency of green investments.
- Response to the EIB consultation on the Climate Bank Roadmap 2021-2025 August 2020
This document sets out WindEurope’s response to the European Investment Bank’s consultation on their 2021-2025 Climate Bank strategy. The consultation seeks to provide guidance to the EIB on how they can best achieve their ambitions over the period 2021-2025 and transition to the European Climate Bank.
- WindEurope response to the European Commission roadmap on Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy July 2020
The European Union is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. The European Green Deal has set ambitious targets: climate neutrality by 2050 & reducing transportrelated greenhouse gas emissions by 90% by 2050. Transport is the only sector in Europe in which emissions have increased in the last decades. Today, transport emissions represent more than 25% of Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions. And European transport needs are expected to grow by 2050, hence the urgency to tackle this issue.
WindEurope welcomes the European Commission roadmap on the Sustainable & Smart Mobility Strategy and calls for this Strategy to:
- Boost the development of zero-emission vehicles and to be aligned with the European Green Deal & Recovery Plan
- Foster the necessary infrastructure for the uptake of zero-emission transport
- Factor in consumers acceptance and incentives to achieve zero-emission mobility
- WindEurope response to targeted consultation on TEN-E Regulation revision July 2020
This paper is WindEurope’s position for the revision of the Trans-European Networks for Energy (TEN-E) Regulation. The Regulation is an important document for the wind energy sector as it lays down the rules for the identification of Projects of Common Interest (PCIs) which are eligible for funding under the Connecting Europe Facility.
To align with the 2030 and 2050 decarbonisation commitments, the TEN-E will need to broaden its scope and allow for more electricity infrastructure categories. A new category for offshore wind hybrid projects is a good example as these projects combine both transmission and generation elements, linking two or more countries and providing a platform for coordination between them. The links between countries mean that power can be used where it is most needed. This makes the energy system more efficient, allowing to trade energy from where it is cheaper, increasing the use of the infrastructure and reducing the overall environmental footprint. Furthermore, the new regulation should address the better enforcement of the ‘special’ permitting status for PCIs. Furthemore, making the right choices for the future of Europe’s energy infrastructure lies within the governance process to choose and support the right infrastructure projects/PCIs. WindEurope calls for a more active role of the demand side, an independent technical expert body which would provide an evidence-based opinion and guidance on energy scenarios and a stronger oversight of the European Parliament on the final list of PCIs.
- WindEurope response to the consultation on the EU Climate and Energy Ambition for 2030 July 2020
Our key asks are:
- At least 55% GHG emission reduction target by 2030. Pursuing this target will avoid postponing the bulk of climate & energy efforts to the post-2030 period;
- This translates into a renewable energy target higher than the current 32% by 2030;
- The new target should be enshrined in the Renewable Energy Directive and Governance Regulation.
Setting higher EU targets is important to drive the transition, but to make investments happen robust measures and policies need to be implemented at Member States level:
- The National Energy and Climate Plans are ‘investment brochures’ that should spell out ambitious policies and provide long-term visibility to the renewable energy sector;
- Technology-specific auctions are crucial to provide certainty to investors and well-designed premiums are essential to reduce the cost of capital. Two-sided Contracts for Difference are the best model, paired with corporate renewable Power Purchase Agreements where applicable. The revision of the Energy & Environment State Aid Guidelines should fully support it;
- Short and simplified permitting for new and repowered wind and other renewable energy installations is crucial to unlock renewable energy investments;
- Renewable-based direct electrification is essential to decarbonisation. Direct electrification in most of industry, transport and buildings should come first. Indirect electrification via renewable hydrogen will have a key role to play in decarbonising hard-to-abate sectors;
- Wind industry commitments on community engagement June 2020
This position paper summarises WindEurope’s strong commitment to working with local communities across Europe. It outlines three guiding principles that the wind industry commits to follow as a model of best practice for good community engagement:
- early, transparent and comprehensive information and communication;
- direct engagement of key local actors and activation of the local economy; and
- highlighting how communities will benefit from the investments being made.
These principles should apply at every stage of a project, from site selection and pre-application, planning, construction to operation and decommissioning. This document will be the base for the Secretariat’s narrative to demonstrate the industry’s commitment to working with communities and to showcase the benefits and local added value the wind industry creates.
- The EU Offshore Renewable Energy Strategy June 2020
This position paper outlines WindEurope’s priorities for the Offshore Renewable Energy Strategy being prepared by the European Commission and to be in launched October 2020. According to the European Commission, Europe needs between 230 and 450 GW of offshore wind capacity by 2050, making it a pillar in the energy mix together with onshore wind and other renewables. Achieving such volumes requires a European coordinated approach given the challenges industry and Governments face in delivering such a huge increase in offshore wind capacity.
The paper sets out the key actions for the EU to make this happen.
- Response to the public consultation on the Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism June 2020
This paper sets out WindEurope’s response to the European Commission’s consultation on the draft Implementing Regulation of the Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism. The Mechanism, whose legal basis is in the Governance Regulation, has the double purpose of filling the gap in case the EU is not on track with the achievement of the 32% renewable energy target by 2030, and of boosting the deployment of renewable energy projects in Europe. If well designed and implemented, the Mechanism is an important instrument to reach the 2030 – and 2050 – European climate and energy targets.
- WindEurope feedback to the inception impact assessment on the revision of the guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure (TEN-E) June 2020
WindEurope welcomes the European Commission’s feedback period on the inception impact assessment for the revision of the guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure (TEN-E). Our 8 key recommendations are the following:
- Revise the TEN-E regulation making sure that it is fully in line with the EU’s 2030 and 2050 decarbonisation commitments;
- Align the TEN-E revision with a revised Ten-Year Network Development Plan (TYNDP) governance;
- Include a category for offshore hybrid projects;
- Increase the deployment of smart grids and smart sector integration;
- Ensure the TEN-E revision includes clear eligibility criteria for renewable gases and gas infrastructure repurposing/retrofitting;
- Further simplify permitting procedures;
- Ensure ex-post monitoring of selected projects;
- Align the TEN-E revision with EU financing mechanisms.
- WindEurope answer to the European Commission roadmap on the Hydrogen strategy June 2020
Renewable-based electrification is the most cost-effective way to reach climate neutrality by 2050. The direct use of this renewable electricity whenever is available and wherever is possible, across all sectors of the economy (especially in the easy-to-abate-sectors), should be prioritised. Renewable electricity should be used to produce zero-carbon gases and fuels such as hydrogen, only where necessary, in activities which cannot reduce CO2 emissions otherwise (e.g. the hard-to-abate sectors).
The Hydrogen Strategy is an important strategy to deliver decarbonisation, especially in the hard-to-abate sectors. WindEurope welcomes the European Commission roadmap on the Hydrogen Strategy and calls for the Strategy to:
- Prioritise and accelerate renewable-based electrification as the most cost-efficient way to decarbonise;
- Foster renewable hydrogen in the hard-to-abate sectors; and
- Accelerate the deployment and reinforcement of a cost-efficient energy infrastructure
- WindEurope answer to the European Commission strategy for smart sector integration June 2020
WindEurope welcomes the opportunity to reply to the EC roadmap on Smart Sector Integration Strategy and calls for the Strategy to:
- Exploit the benefits and synergies of smart sector integration;
- Accelerate renewable-based electrification as the most cost-efficient way to decarbonise;
- Foster indirect electrification in the hard-to-abate sectors; and
- Support a cost-efficient energy infrastructure development and reinforcement.
- WindEurope feedback to ENTSO-E workstream proposal for the development of multi-vendor HVDC systems and other Power Electronics Interfaced Devices May 2020
This document sets out WindEurope’s response to ENTSO-E’s proposal for a workstream on the development of multi-vendor HVDC systems and other Power Electronics Interfaced Devices.
- Contribution from the Electrification Alliance on the Smart Sector Integration Strategy May 2020
The Electrification Alliance welcomes the initiative by the European Commission to set out a comprehensive strategy for smart sector integration, which, we believe, can greatly contribute to a “green” and “digital” recovery from the COVID-19 crisis. Enhanced smart sector integration is mostly a matter of making electrification work. Direct electrification must be the top priority of the Strategy as we must ramp up rates of direct electrification from today’s 24% to at least 50% by 2050. Investing in power grids and in the technologies and supply chains that will deliver climate neutrality must be central to the EU’s plan for a speedy and future-proof recovery.
Here are the 5 priorities of the Alliance for a successful roadmap on the Smart Sector Integration Strategy:
- Prioritise direct electrification, as it is the most cost-effective way to decarbonise the EU economy
- Enhance demand-side flexibility across all sectors to smartly manage an energy system with large shares of renewables and reduce costs for grid extension
- Accelerate the deployment of a smart and climate-resilient electricity grid infrastructure
- Revise the Energy Taxation Directive to ensure that all energy sources can compete on an equal footing, promote clean innovative technologies and ensure competitive energy costs in Europe
- Allow renewable-based indirect electrification to play a key role for “harder to abate” sectors
- WindEurope contribution to the EC Strategy for Smart Sector Integration May 2020
WindEurope welcomes the opportunity to provide comments to the European Commission on the its Smart Sector Integration Strategy.Renewable-based electrification is the most cost-effective approach to reach climate neutrality by 2050. The direct use of this renewable electricity whenever is available and wherever is possible, across all sectors of the economy (especially in the easy-to-abate-sectors), should be prioritised. Renewable electricity should be used to produce zero-carbon gases and fuels, only where necessary, in activities which cannot reduce CO2 emissions otherwise (e.g. the hard-to-abate sectors).
It would be an important strategy to deliver decarbonisation and other important objectives pursued in energy policy such as security of supply and affordability. One of the major enablers of sector coupling is the conversion of power-to-gas.
- Joint letter from the European renewable energy industries on permitting for new renewables investments May 2020
Getting the permitting of renewables investments right will be critical to deliver the European Green Deal. Permitting for new and repowered renewable energy projects remains today too complex to unlock the scale of renewable energy capacities required to kick start the European economy post COVID-19 and to meet Europe’s 2030 & 2050 energy & climate targets. The European renewable energy industries called on the European Commission to ensure Member States 1) transpose and enforce the new EU rules on simplified permitting for 2030; 2) beef up administrative and human resources to process permit applications and 3) ensure the industry can deploy the most efficient technology available for a specific site.
- WindEurope response to the European Commission consultation on the priority list for the development of Network Codes and guidelines on electricity for the period 2020-2023 and on gas for 2020 (and beyond) May 2020
WindEurope welcomes the European Commission consultation on the priority list for the development of Network Codes and guidelines on electricity for the period 2020-2023. Our response is structured in three areas:
- Network Code on Cybersecurity
- Network Code on Demand Side Flexibility
- Other electricity Network Codes and guidelines
As power systems across Europe are becoming more digitised, the need to address their cybersecurity and thus protect our security of supply is becoming urgent. A cybersecurity Network Code should be a priority for 2020-2023.
Cybersecurity being a borderless issue, any new requirement should not only address cross-border power lines, but power networks in general.
A Network Code on Demand Side Flexibility should also be a priority for 2020-2023 to ensure the energy transition is not impeded by the lack of Demand Side Flexibility. We consider that the timeline proposed by the European Commission is realistic. Nevertheless, the
work must start as soon as possible accepting that it will unlikely be completed before 2022.
- WindEurope response to the European Commission roadmap on the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (AFID) May 2020
WindEurope welcomes the European Commission roadmap on the inception impact assessment on the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive. The wind power sector has a key role to play in the energy transition supplying half of Europe’s electricity by 2050.
The revision of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive is an opportunity for Member States to boost their alternative fuels infrastructure targets and support the restart of the EU’s economy after the COVID-19 crisis, as well as to ensure Europe reaches carbon neutrality by 2050.
To this end, WindEurope calls for the inception impact assessment of the European Commission on the AFID to:
- Be aligned with the European Green Deal and the EU Recovery Plan;
- Foster the development of the necessary infrastructure for the uptake of zero-emission transport; and
- Factor in consumers acceptance and incentives to achieve zero-emission mobility.
- WindEurope response to the future content and implementation of the LIFE programme (2021-2027) April 2020
WindEurope welcomes the inclusion of market uptake activities, currently funded under the Energy Challenge of Horizon 2020, to continue under the LIFE programme, in a Clean Energy Transition sub-programme.
However, we are concerned that the proposed changes to the funding rules will prevent important stakeholders from participating in cross-border EU market uptake projects. We believe the ideal LIFE programme would have the breadth of the 2007-2013 Intelligent Energy Europe Programme and the co-financing rates and efficient online procedures of the ‘Horizon’ programmes (2014-2020 and 2021-2027).
Regarding co-financing rates, those of the next generation LIFE risk being substantially lower compared to those of Horizon which offers 100% of direct costs plus 25% to cover indirect costs. Under LIFE 2021-2027 beneficiaries would only be eligible to a co-financing rate of 60% for direct costs and 7% for indirect costs. That means they would have to find the additional 40% from other sources. If this materializes, participation in future Coordination and Support Actions (CSAs) would become financially unattractive (or even unviable) unless the CSA topic perfectly aligns with the pre-existing strategies of the individual partners in the consortium.
- WindEurope response to the European Consultation on the Revision of the Energy Taxation Directive April 2020
WindEurope welcomes the European Commission’s consultation on the revision of the Energy Taxation Directive. Energy taxation can give clearer price signals to support decarbonisation and the energy transition. The revision of the Energy Taxation Directive is an opportunity for Member States to push for renewable based electrification and to ensure Europe reaches both, its 2030 renewable targets and carbon neutrality by 2050.
WindEurope calls for the revised Energy Taxation Directive to:
- Be aligned with the European climate and energy goals,
- Provide a level-playing field for renewable electricity, and
- To factor-in new technologies such as storage and renewable hydrogen
- Response to the ENTSO-E draft methodologies and common rules for cross-border participation in capacity mechanisms March 2020
This document sets out WindEurope’s response to the ENTSO-E methodology proposal on cross-border participation in capacity mechanisms requested by the Clean Energy Package (Electricity Regulation). The current methodology proposal reduces the incentives to build and operate interconnectors and reduces the possibility for capacity to offer their availability in other markets.
- Response to the public consultation on the Modernisation Fund March 2020
This document sets out WindEurope’s suggestions for the functioning of the Modernisation Fund and represents the wind industry response to the recent European Commission consultation on the topic. The Modernisation Fund is established under Art.10d of the ETS Directive.
- Response to the public consultation on the ETS State Aid Guidelines March 2020
This document sets out WindEurope’s response to the European Commission’s expert consultation on the revision of the State Aid Guidelines in the context of the Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). By regulating electricity cost compensation for EU undertakings, these Guidelines are particularly important in the context of electricity sourcing and corporate renewable Power Purchase Agreements.
- Putting industrial leadership in wind energy at the heart of the European Green Deal December 2019
Europe’s wind energy sector is strategic for the EU economy. It is instrumental to our energy security, to our climate objectives, and to our long-term economic success. This paper presents the policies that are needed for wind energy to deliver on the European Green Deal. These need to work in harmony to support market scale, plug the green investment gap, support the EU wind industry’s global supply chains, and refocus EU Research & Innovation and skills funding.
- Wind-to-X October 2019
This paper sets out WindEurope’s position on how to achieve net-zero emissions. It puts forward the renewable-based electrification as the most cost-effective approach to reach climate neutrality. It stresses: the direct use of this renewable electricity whenever is available and wherever is possible across all sectors in the economy and the use of this renewable electricity to produce zero-carbon gases and fuels where necessary in activities which cannot reduce CO2 emissions otherwise.
- Response to ACER’s public consultation on the future regulatory framework for gas in Europe September 2019
This paper sets out WindEurope’s response to the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) consultation on “The Bridge beyond 2025”. It presents the wind industry views on the future regulatory framework for gas in Europe, including on sector coupling
- Response to the public consultation on the implementation of Horizon Europe September 2019
This paper sets out WindEurope’s and ETIPWind’s response to the European Commission’s consultation on the strategic planning of Horizon Europe, the EU’s research & innovation framework programme for 2021-2027. It presents the wind industry views and recommendations on the strategic priorities of the programme that will sustain cost reductions, boost the competitiveness of the European wind industry and accelerate a renewables-based electrification of hard-to-abate sectors.
- Response to the public consultation on the Strategic Planning of Horizon Europe September 2019
This paper sets out WindEurope’s and ETIPWind’s response to the European Commission’s consultation on the implementation of Horizon Europe, the EU’s research & innovation framework programme for 2021-2027. It presents the wind industry views and recommendations for a fit-for-purpose funding programme that will help improve wind energy technology and applications and support existing European supply chains.
- Response to the public consultation on the State Aid Guidelines for Environment and Energy July 2019
This paper sets out WindEurope’s response to the European Commission’s expert consultation on the revision of the 2014 State Aid Guidelines for Environment and Energy and the General Block Exemption Regulation. It presents the wind industry views and recommendations for a post-2020 European state aid policy that will help deliver the private investments in wind energy necessary for the fulfilment of the EU 2030 climate and energy objectives.
- 5 ways the European Commission can strengthen wind project through the Innovation Fund July 2019
On 3 July WindEurope hosted a workshop with the European Commission on the recently created Innovation Fund (IF). The event served to collect project ideas from the wind energy industry and to discuss key sector-specific issues with regard to the selection and management of future projects under the Fund. This paper collects the takeaways from the event and summarises the wind energy input to design elements for the first call of proposals in 2020.
- Future system needs and role of grid-forming converters July 2019
This paper presents WindEurope views on the need and implications of deploying grid-forming converters in the power system. The paper presents the challenges faced by transmission system operators that today manage large share of variable renewables and discuss their current approaches. WindEurope takes a view on the challenges to develop grid-forming converters, both from the technical aspects and the cost implications.
- Renewable Hybrid Power Plants: Exploring the benefits and market opportunities July 2019
This paper explores the benefits and market opportunities for Hybrid Power Plants (HPPs). WindEurope proposes a set of definitions for clearly establishing HPPs in the regulatory framework, identifies a number of common challenges for their development in different countries and presents a set of policy recommendations for accelerating their market uptake.
- Industry position on how offshore grids should develop June 2019
The paper provides insights on the state of play of how offshore wind farms are connected to the grid and provide recommendations on how the multitude of initiatives and ideas over the last 10 years could come together and accelerate the pace of grid infrastructure build out.
- Response to the public consultation on the EIB energy lending policy April 2019
This paper sets out WindEurope’s response to the consultation of the European Investment Bank (EIB) on a new Energy Lending Policy to help deliver the investment required to support the EU 2030 energy and climate policy.
- Renewables system integration – a system wide approach to cost and value December 2018
This paper discusses the traditional approaches to estimate costs associated with managing variable renewable energy sources and proposes a different way to address the analysis of system costs and benefits of power systems with increasing shares of renewable energy.
- Guidance on Electricity Trading and Carbon policies in the event of No Deal Brexit October 2018
The UK Government issued guidance on the trading of electricity and on meeting climate change requirements (including carbon policies) in the event there is no deal between the UK and the EU-27 on Brexit. These documents include a set of recommended actions for stakeholders.
- Floating offshore wind energy: a policy blueprint for Europe October 2018
Floating offshore wind (FOW) is a fast-maturing technology with the potential to cement Europe’s leadership in renewables globally. European companies are the pioneers as they lead three quarters of the 50+ FOW projects at different stages of development worldwide today. Floating offshore wind can extend the frontiers of innovation in renewable energy technologies, however dedicated policies are needed to make it a European success story.
- Recommendations on an enabling investment framework for wind June 2018
Fighting climate change requires Europe to step up its efforts in decarbonising its energy system by 2050. This paper outlines how the investment framework should look like in the next decade to deliver the significant investments required to decarbonise Europe’s economy, while ensuring the price of wind energy decreases for consumers.
It concludes the following:
- Forward contracting of wind energy (auctions, visibility on volumes) is critical to maintain a competitive industrial base and deliver cost reduction;
- Revenue stabilisation mechanisms (CfD, FiP) must strike the right balance between investors’ need for certainty and lower costs for society;
- Diversification of revenue streams (GOs, PPAs, ancillary services) will help reducing further the price of wind energy;
- Long-term structural reform (carbon pricing, grid investments, overcapacity, electrification) need to be implemented to improve the efficiency of the power system;
- Merchant investments may already materialise in some Member States by 2020, where market conditions are favourable, but they are more the exception than the new normal,
- WindEurope/EEX joint paper on electricity market design March 2018
European Energy Exchange and WindEurope welcome in a joint statement the adoption of the European Parliament’s position on the Electricity Directive and Regulation. Our organisations call now on policymakers to make the right choices in the upcoming trilogue negotiations. The reform of Europe’s electricity markets will be a success if the following elements are ensured: the phase-out of regulated prices, the recognition of future and forward markets, the grandfathering of priority dispatch and balancing regimes for existing renewables installations, a stable framework for bidding zones review and stricter rules governing on the introduction and the design of capacity mechanisms.
- Offshore wind energy in the North Sea November 2017
The North Seas Energy Forum brings together representatives of the public, private and non-governmental sectors from the Northern Seas countries to discuss challenges and opportunities for regional cooperation in energy topics, particularly for the deployment and use of offshore wind energy.
In the context of the second stakeholder forum meeting on 29th November 2017 at WindEurope’s Conference & Exhibition in Amsterdam, this paper brings together the industry position across many technical topics in order to inform participants and consolidate the key messages to communicate to policy makers.
- Wind energy and on-site energy storage November 2017
Co-locating wind energy and storage technologies could offer many benefits: It could reduce the amount of curtailed electricity at times of grid congestion or system instability. It could help maintaining generation schedules communicated to system operators, thereby reducing imbalance charges and avoiding penalties for not fulfilling the performance committed to the system. It could enable wind power to provide a wider range of ancillary services, such as frequency containment reserve (FCR), improve reactive power provision and even black start capability. In small power systems with stability issues, storage can support wind farms to reduce ramp rates, smoothing out electricity generation.
WindEurope’s paper discusses the possible functionalities of co-located wind energy and storage projects using examples from key ongoing projects. It uses information from WindEurope’s online database of co-located projects developed specifically to improve the industry knowledge. Approximately 400 MW of co-located projects have been identified globally, with three quarters of them already operational.
WindEurope presents a number of policy recommendations to improve the market design for all storage projects and specifically for co-located ones. As industry gains more experience developing such projects, WindEurope will disseminate lessons learned on regulatory frameworks and incentive schemes.
- Renewable Power for All: a call for an environmentally beneficial electrification and multi-sectoral integration September 2017
Fighting climate change, air pollution and delivering the Paris Agreement commitments requires replacing fossil fuels by renewables within the power sector and beyond. As large amounts of competitive renewable electricity are today available, a rapid electrification of the most carbon intensive energy uses is the best and most efficient way to decarbonise and grow Europe’s economy.
The following measures would help drive the decarbonisation and energy efficiency of the Transport, Heating and Colling sectors, thanks to the uptake of wind energy, and should be prioritised as part of current and forthcoming discussion on EU legislation:
- A downward revision of the PEF for electricity so non-combustible renewables have a PEF below 1;
- An increase of the fuel suppliers obligation in the Renewable Energy Directive to 10%;
- Stringent post-2020 CO2 standards for cars in line with the Paris Agreement on climate;
- Stronger requirements regarding the deployment of charging points for electric vehicles;
- A revision of the Energy Taxation Directive that avoid favouring fossil fuels where electricity could also be used.
- EU RES associations position on dispatching regime July 2017
The draft report published by Dr. Karins MEP proposes crucial changes to the current dispatching regime for generating installations using renewable energy sources. With this letter, the renewable energy industry wishes to emphasize three major elements that need to be considered by the rapporteur and the members of the ITRE committee when revising the dispatching regime for renewables.
The following considerations are key for maintaining investments in renewables, and giving Europe a chance to fulfil its climate change targets and remain world number one in renewables.
- Financing wind energy beyond 2020 July 2017
The Clean Energy Package foresees an EU level financing framework to help the Union deliver on its collective binding target of renewable energy in final energy consumption (Art 3.4 of the recast Renewable Energy Directive). This financing facility could support and incentivise countries to deliver on their national plans and avoid any potential gaps in the target.
In the absence of legal binding renewable energy national targets, there is a need to incentivise Member States to deliver on the collective commitment by providing them with tools that attract investors to their markets. This paper elaborates on the main risks that investors will face in the post-2020 renewable energy context, and propose solutions at EU level to address the potential gap between available finance for renewables and deployment needs to meet the EU’s 2030 targets
- Unlock demand-side flexibility for European consumers, innovation and the climate June 2017
WindEurope and the IDEAS platform (*) call on Members of the European Parliament and energy ministers to unlock the potential of demand-side flexibility in Europe. This resource not only benefits and empowers consumers, but also enables the integration of ever larger shares of renewables in the power system at least cost. The Clean Energy Package should address current market failures and set fair rules that will allow this take-off, such as: creating functioning wholesale markets, allowing consumers and third parties to value their flexibility and tackling the structural overcapacity of generation in Europe. Not delivering this risks affecting the Europe Union’s competitiveness, undermining its decarbonisation efforts as well as its opportunities for jobs and growth.
(*) IDEAS is an informal stakeholders’ platform that contributes to the development and implementation of European policies and initiatives to drive the deployment of flexible demand-side resources in support of the EU’s goals in energy and climate, security of supply and competitiveness.
- Repowering and lifetime extension: making the most of Europe’s wind energy resource June 2017
As every energy technology, wind energy assets have an end to their operational lifetime. A significant proportion of the installed EU wind fleet will come to the end of its lifetime between 2020 and 2030. These decommissioned wind energy assets will not count for the delivery of the EU 2030 renewable energy target.
This paper seeks to align approaches on repowering across the EU in line with the proposed post-2020 renewable energy regulatory framework. The repowering provisions in the Clean Energy Package would guarantee that Member States are able to harness a higher share of wind energy at the best wind sites to the benefit of European consumers by 2030.
- Higher renewable energy ambition required to avoid deployment slowdown June 2017
The Clean Energy for All Europeans package proposed by the European Commission in November last year suggests a European binding target of at least 27% renewable energy by 2030. This target’s lack of ambition translates to a slow-down in renewable energy deployment after 2020. Going below a target of 35% would mean that, over the next decade, Europe installs less new renewable energy capacity than in the current one, putting its competitive edge at risk. We therefore urge MEPs to support a binding target of at least 35% as being the bare minimum to keep momentum going in this fast-growing industry and ensure Europe reaps the economic benefits resulting from a sustained renewable energy deployment.
- Reviving wind markets and delivering on our 2030 objectives March 2017
A reliable European renewable energy strategy is needed to create a business case for wind energy beyond 2020. WindEurope welcomes the spirit of the European Commission’s proposals for a new Governance Regulation and a recast Renewable Energy Directive. But it considers that Member States and the European Parliament should raise ambition towards a collective EU renewables target of at least 35% to make full use of the economic potential the energy transition offers.
- Building a European energy market fit for the energy transition March 2017
WindEurope believes the legislative proposals for a revised electricity market design offer a unique chance to provide the industry with a predictable investment framework, to create fairer market conditions for all energy sources, and to seize the opportunities that come with a decentralised energy system. Getting the market design right today will determine whether the energy transition in Europe is achieved in the most cost-effective manner.
- WindEurope views on the TSO-DSO coordination – Enabling flexibility from distributed wind power March 2017
Europe’s power system is undergoing a profound change. Most of the new generation capacity is being connected to distribution networks. Distributed generation could provide valuable services today to the system but some market design features impede the delivery of these services to the market.
Utilising the services from distributed generation would lead to lower system costs (i.e. through higher competition). Additionally, optimising the use of flexibility resources could reduce the amount of curtailed wind and solar power, saving tax-payers money and maximising the use of carbon-free sources.
- Make green electricity markets work for consumers and energy transition March 2017
At least 15 million European households are willing to actively support the transition towards a cleaner energy supply. They have already opted for a green electricity tariff with a 100% renewable fuel mix. This demand could be leading to increased investment in additional renewable installations and, aside from national support schemes, be another way to boost renewable energy generation.
- Manufacturers call on European institutions to strengthen EU industrial strategy February 2017
92 trade associations have signed a Joint Declaration in the run-up to the Competitiveness Council calling on the EU to strengthen its industry strategy.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker marked the reindustrialisation of Europe as a priority to ensure the EU remains a competitive global power as other countries including China, India and the USA step up their industrial policies. WindEurope together with European trade associations from other manufacturing sectors calls on the European Commission to:
- reaffirm its commitment to reaching the target of 20% of GDP from industry, with an ambitious and realistic timeline;
- adopt an Action Plan to tackle the challenges that the industrial sectors face, in the framework of a Communication that would include concrete steps and milestones; and
- commit to implement this Action Plan in a timely manner and regularly report on progress.
- Creating a business case for wind after 2020 January 2017
The investment climate in the European power sector is deteriorating. Projects become riskier and struggle to attract affordable capital owing to a lack of visibility on their long-term revenues. This is particularly relevant for wind energy projects, which require large upfront investment and are highly sensitive to financing conditions.
This paper explains how revenue stabilisation mechanisms, complemented by spot market signals, can help mitigate risk while reducing the decarbonisation costs borne by final consumers. It also explores the potential of commercial long-term contracts (PPAs) between wind power producers and corporations, which are currently on the rise in Europe.
- The potential of energy sector integration November 2016
- Sector integration is a win-win for the European energy system and a boost for the wider economy.
- Sector integration is technically and economically feasible today.
- Regulatory barriers must be removed to realise full potential.
- Associations call on Commission President Juncker to make EU market fit for renewables October 2016
The continuation of the energy transition and, in particular, the continued cost-effective integration of renewables in the energy system require an appropriate market framework. The Commission’s upcoming legislative proposals on market design need to adjust market rules to flexible renewable energy generation.
- 11 companies call for investor protection in EU September 2016
While the industry acknowledges the need to adjust regulatory frameworks over time to respond to declining technology costs and market developments, retroactive changes are a misguided answer and erode investor confidence in the EU energy infrastructure sector where costs are sunk from the moment of the investment and there is very limited ability to improve profitability thereafter. Accordingly, investors in the space have no choice but to expect long-term regulatory stability for renewable energy plants. Thus any regulatory change should be concerted, non-retroactive, non-discriminatory, and avoid any legal gaps that would undermine investor certainty.
- Wind energy: backbone of the EU global leadership in renewables September 2016
The European Commission’s President Jean-Claude Juncker has pledged in 2014 to make the EU’s the “world number one in renewables”. Wind energy is set to be the backbone of the EU’s global leadership in renewables as it will provide the largest contribution – 23,9% – to the 2030 EU-wide renewable energy target. Global leadership requires proactive industrial, innovation and trade policies that sustain a vibrant home market. This paper aims to input to the Energy Union Integrated strategy for research, innovation and competitiveness, the European Union’s trade agenda and the upcoming legislative package on renewable energy and market design.
- Implementation guidelines for the network code requirements for generators July 2016
In May 2016, ENTSO-e developed and published the European network code on requirements for generators. It provides a large number of not fully defined requirements and specifications. In many cases, these non-exhaustive requirements lead to ambiguity on the technical performance needed, as well as to uncertainty on the regulatory framework for implementing the new set of rules, which will apply as from May 2019.
The present document aims at facilitating the implementation of the European network code by providing the views and expertise of the wind industry sector on the technical issues of fault ride through and reactive power capability.
- Associations say EU law must hold Member States to account on renewables ambition July 2016
In October 2014, 28 EU Heads of State agreed that a binding target for renewables should be set at EU level to meet their collective climate and energy ambition. Since then, the European Parliament has consistently backed a binding renewable energy target for 2030, most recently in June 2016.
- System adequacy June 2016
The EU power sector faces an investment dilemma owing to overcapacities and old infrastructure and the new to quickly reduce emissions in the power sector. A proper assessment on the future system adequacy has to happen before introducing regulatory mechanism that incentivise investments on additional capacity. WindEurope shows in this position paper the benefits for member states if they chose a coordinated regional approach, which is based on probabilistic methods that account for the contribution of variable renewable energy sources.
- Priority dispatch and curtailment June 2016
Making the market fit for renewables requires additional efforts on curtailment rules and priority dispatch provision. The latter has been instrumental in bringing wind power growth to covers 11.4% of the EU’s total electricity consumption today. Current discussions on its removal and the possibility to apply retroactive changes undermine investors’ confidence, which could slow down the agreed energy transition. WindEurope explains the market design conditions necessary to provide a level playing field to wind generators and eventually reduce curtailments.
- Repowering June 2016
WindEurope expects up to 76GW of installed wind energy capacity to reach the end of their operational life between 2020 and 2030. Repowering allows harnessing more wind power whilst preserving jobs for local communities. The position paper lays out how member states can incentivise repowering, alongside greenfield projects, to help meet the 2030 targets cost-effectively.
- Industry statement: Making the EU ETS relevant after the Paris Agreement June 2016
Despite adopting measures such as backloading, the Market Stability Reserve (MSR) and an increased Linear Reduction Factor (LRF), the surplus of allowances will continue to depress the market in the short to medium term, keeping ETS ineffective as a robust carbon price signal until late into the 2020s. We, a group of companies involved across the energy sector, urge you to use the current revision of EU ETS to deliver the required low carbon investment signals to meet the long term objective agreed in Paris.
- Balancing May 2016
Safe energy supply also depends on a balancing the electricity system. A number of generation and demand options offer balancing services today. From a technical point of view, wind power plants could already contribute to these services but in most cases the markets are not well-suited for the participation of renewable energy technologies. This is why WindEurope has developed the industry’s “ten commandments” for better procurement rules and pricing system. As a general principle, all generators should have the right – but not the obligation – to participate as well as receive adequate remuneration.
- Renewables associations call for strong national plans on Energy Union May 2016
The EU renewable energy sector welcomes the development of integrated national plans and reports as part of the governance of the Energy Union but stresses that streamlining of planning and reporting obligations should not come at the expense of detailed and good quality data. National plans for the post-2020 period should be based on standardised, binding templates enshrined in legislation to ensure the cost-effective delivery of the 2030 EU renewables target. The European Commission should also pursue an active political dialogue with Member States to make sure that concrete national commitments and enabling policies for renewables are in place in due time.
- Renewables associations call on EC to model higher RES targets May 2016
To maintain global leadership in renewables, Europe should now make a firm and resolute commitment to a flourishing and vibrant domestic renewable energy market by 2030. The European renewables industry calls on the European Commission to factor in higher renewable energy ambition in the post-2020 Renewable Energy Directive.
- Principles for an effective Innovation Fund April 2016
To become the world’s number one in renewable energy technologies, it is vital for the EU and its member states to bolster leading technologies in Europe’s renewable energy industry through strong industrial and innovation policies. The new Innovation Fund should build on the lessons learnt from the NER 300 to further boost investments in innovative and sustainable energy technologies.
- WindEurope’s position on the post-2020 Renewable Energy Directive April 2016
A robust post-2020 renewables regulatory framework is key to securing the EU’s position as the world number one in renewables and maximising the benefits of wind deployment to the European economy. WindEurope believes that Member States will need to raise ambition towards a collective EU renewables target of at least 30% to match international competition and foster a vibrant home market sustaining the European wind industry’s competitive edge and technology innovation efforts.
- WindEurope response to public consultation on “Streamlining planning and reporting obligations as part of the Energy Union governance” April 2016
On 11 January 2016, the European Commission launched a public consultation on national planning and reporting obligations for the post-2020 period in the framework of the Energy Union governance regime. WindEurope calls for a reliable planning and reporting process that can provide early visibility on national 2030 renewable energy commitments and policies and ensure the cost-effective delivery of the binding EU renew¬able energy target.
EWEA Position papers
Follow the link to view previous position papers.