Posters - WindEurope Annual Event 2024

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Come meet the poster presenters to ask them questions and discuss their work

We would like to invite you to come and see the posters at our upcoming conference. The posters will showcase a diverse range of research topics, and will give delegates an opportunity to engage with the authors and learn more about their work. Whether you are a seasoned researcher or simply curious about the latest developments in your field, we believe that the posters will offer something of interest to everyone. So please join us at the conference and take advantage of this opportunity to learn and engage with your peers in the academic community. We look forward to seeing you there!

PO167: European Wind Resource Evolution under Climate Change: Design Considerations for Future FOWTs

Markel Penalba, Lecturer & Researcher, Mondragon University


Global warming is causing significant changes in the climate system, leading to glacial melting, rising sea levels, and intensified natural disasters. This study focuses on assessing the potential evolution of onshore and offshore wind resources under different climate change scenarios driven by equivalent carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere. The aim is to understand how these changes may impact the performance of wind turbines on land and at sea. The study is divided into two main parts. First, it examines the evolution of wind resources under various climate change scenarios based on greenhouse gas emissions and land use projections. Second, it evaluates how these resource variations affect the design parameters of floating offshore wind turbines. The study utilizes global climate models, specifically those from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6), to obtain wind resource forecast data. The selected study region is Northwestern Europe, and the chosen scenarios are SSP2-4.5 and SSP5-8.5 for wind data and SSP5-8.5 for wave data. Near-term, mid-term, and long-term forecasts are analyzed. Results indicate significant variations in wind resources, with consistent decreases in Northern Europe and increases followed by decreases in Southern Europe. Resource variability, crucial for technology design, shows increased coefficient of variation (CoV) in Northern European regions and decreased CoV in the Southern regions. Extreme wind gusts are expected to increase along the European coast but decrease onshore. Regarding wave resources, they are expected to decrease significantly across Europe, with increased CoV and extreme events along specific coastal areas. To understand the practical implications, the study evaluates a 5MW floating offshore wind turbine in terms of energy generation, bending moments, and mooring line tension. These parameters are shown to decrease considerably in response to resource variations, emphasizing the need for future wind turbine designs to account for climate change-related resource fluctuations

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