Flagship reports | WindEurope
WindTVWatch WindTV on demand!

Flagship reports

array(172) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6598 (17) { ["id"]=> int(190) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "b4a4fc66-bd75-eb11-a812-000d3a4b453d" ["name"]=> string(68) "Wind energy in Europe 2020: Trends, statistics and five-year outlook" ["slug"]=> string(26) "wind-energy-in-europe-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-03-04" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6599 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6600 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6601 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6602 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6603 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6604 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6605 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6606 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6607 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6608 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6609 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6610 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(421) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBb01DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--6871608850af1f59e66e0709b414bb06d8910ecc/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wind-energy-europe-2020-stats-banner.jpg" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6611 (17) { ["id"]=> int(191) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "649f849f-697b-eb11-a812-000d3aa9c88a" ["name"]=> string(56) "Innovations in integrated floating offshore wind systems" ["slug"]=> string(56) "innovations-in-integrated-floating-offshore-wind-systems" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(714) "Floating offshore wind is no longer consigned to the laboratory: it’s a viable technology ready to be rolled out on an industrial scale. Not only has the technology for floating offshore wind reached maturity, costs are also predicted to plummet with the development of the first commercial projects. The COREWIND project provides disruptive and cost-effective solutions for floating offshore wind technology, leading to costs lower than 100€/MWh. This innovative project is developing research, modelling and optimization for concrete-based, semi-submersible and spar floating structures concepts. Join floating offshore experts from IREC, UPC, Esteyco and Ramboll and other partners in COREWIND to know more!" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-25" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6612 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6613 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6614 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6615 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6616 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(466) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcGtDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--c161c7702b0c7a31115389cd101e2e08bd2ec256/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/Corewind-innovations-in-integrated-floating-offshore-wind-systems-header-featured.jpg" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6617 (17) { ["id"]=> int(189) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "38de2b1c-b975-eb11-a812-000d3a4b453d" ["name"]=> string(67) "Wind energy in Europe 2020 Statistics and the outlook for 2021-2025" ["slug"]=> string(51) "wind-energy-in-europe-in-2020-trends-and-statistics" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(736) "Europe installed 14.7 GW (10.5 GW in the EU-27) of new wind capacity in 2020. The 6% decrease compared to 2019 was due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the onshore wind sector. 80% of the new wind installations were onshore. The Netherlands installed the most wind power capacity in 2020 thanks to a strong year in offshore installations. Norway registered the largest onshore installations while Germany saw the worst year for installations since 2010. Europe could install around 105 GW of new wind energy capacity over the next five years if Governments adopt their promised measures and aim to reach the targets set in their National Energy and Climate Plans. 70-72% of new installations will come from onshore wind." ["plain_text"]=> string(12927) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in wind energy europe 2020 statistics and the outlook for 2021 2025 february windeurope orgthis report summarises new installations financing activityineurope swindfarmsfrom1januaryto31december it also analyses how european markets will develop next five years to is based on internal analysis consultation with its members data represents gross per site country unless otherwise stated rounding of figures at discretion author disclaimer this publication contains information collected a regular basis throughout year then verified relevant industry ahead neither nor their related entities are by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies text business intelligence ivan komusanac guy brindley daniel fraile lizet ramirez editor rory o sullivan design lin van de velde drukvorm photo cover jacques tarnero shutterstock acknowledges kind cooperation following associations institutions ig windkraft bop edora ode bgwea bg hrote renewable sources croatia hr czech association cz danish agency dk tuulenergia ee suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry fi france nergie olienne fr stiftung offshore win denergie deutsche windguard hwea el ireland ie elettricita futura anev lwea lv lwpa lt ministry spatial planning lu nwea nl pwea pl apren pt norwea no rwea ro rawi ru serbia rs svenskvindenergi se aee es suisse eole ch t reb tk uwea ua renewableuk uk more policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 7 1 power 12 overview national breakdown 13 3 total 15 4 decommissioning repowering 17 5 generation 6 turbine size 22 auctions tenders 23 market 25 introduction co realistic expectations scenario 28 low 34 annex 35 tim siegert shutterstockexecutive installed 14 7gw capacity now has 220 gw was 6% less than 2019 19% what we expected pre covid eu27 10 netherlands most norway built onshore 80% were spain far behind germany s lowest since 2010 accounted 16% electricity consumed figure 13% 500 others 31% 11% 000 10% sweden 7% turkey 8% 9% muw spainfranceurkey poland ussia greece inlan elandhers germanyrway lgium shore 493 219 706 483 486 431 400 318 224 01 731 713 11 302 196 688 979 650 532 858 598 517 705 source outlo7k expect install 105 fawe over over2021 25providedgovernmentsdeliverontheprom sim ises they ve made 70% onshoilar amount provide largest contributions but governments don address permitting issues fail put place effectives strategies implement restrictions free movement goods people due pandemic 80 b scenarios 30 20 ca1acity 0 2016 2017 2022 2023 2024 expectat ions 8 denmark remain countries annual highest share mix 48% 38% respectively finland powerful turbines an average rating mw eu 27 belgium had up 22% lower our forecast 9 line farms generated 458 twh 75 covered demand needs pa deliver existing targets from climate plans make 72% trends cumulative 76 29 194 that almost doubling installation rate decommissioned 388 same time commissioned 345 repowered net additions much only 79 highlights 16 98 75% about could led leading remaining fully 27% both removed system 25% portugal referred as under 2095 installaexecutive 40 50% capaci2y 40% 30% 20% 63 24 07 03 003 05 04 02 each reflects 222 austria 64 61 luxembourg grey olo re c untries did ata electricrati n consumption entso e transparency platform wi d er y euro20 nd 21 wi4 euat provided croatian operator turkish table1 installations2020 cumulativecapacity shareof in2020 120 12% 152 459 261 719 5% 14% bulgaria 691 4% 0% 803 cyprus 158 czechia 337 1% 136 478 703 180 estonia 320 515 71 586 947 949 54 938 689 62 627 113 15% hungary 329 2% 326 351 italy 137 852 latvia 66 lithuania 548 166 malta 174 611 784 3% 614 461 romania 029 slovakia slovenia 259 264 007 801 192 992 024 435 164 510 583 179 093 bosnia & herzegovina 48 135 kosovo montenegro 118 north macedonia 37 977 980 russia 905 374 switzerland 87 305 ukraine 144 314 115 740 428 167 788 271 023 430 453 813 918 533 013 546 all numbers rounded therefore may add irish estimate italian 31 october spanish red ctrica espa 202111025 inst alla tions in2020newwindinstallationsineuropeamounteoffshorewindmadeup20%ofnewinstallationsineurope because delays commissioninwith connected grid 19 supply chai2020 half fol peopllowed which record lowerinstallations other completed while installatiouk these predictions third terms overall followingin2020newwindinstallationsintheeu 27were10 5gw strong performance 71% outside rose significantly germanysawthelowestnumberofinstallationssand although slightly previous instalthere additionsin during thus noramounted figure1 cap2city 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 improvements rules installa represent tionsmadeuponly0 2gw representingthealbatrosand helped achieve recordthe trianel windpark borkum driven completion borssele farm zonesnorway three awarded different consortiait sector strongly affected closed borders installing few first managed recover second saw 4gw small figure2 urkey i eland thers 2131 estimated have 202to obtain six extension commissioning drop compared 2deadlines support rounds anand windy conditions affecting chain caused some 6gw planned projects instead ofwind came inbelgium signif fifth installaticant increase 53mw large part ure similar still auctioned rus multi prosia significant gramme ppe 50 auction began equal th15 severely impacted weekend curfew in11 member states tional travel ban however developers distribution provisional tso ree totalwind reached 58% europeeurope wed addi bel gium 250 200 150 100 94 116 127 149 162 171 183 110 123 148 178 189 205 outlo15 65% spread across followed figure5 70 35% 29% 60 irelangreece po tu alium denm k eringactivityingreece luxembourgandtheuk complex took mpermitting been main reason slow uptake out through majority there repow 800 600 capawcity terminology repoweri g ter inology example old project number urbirpow turating 132 urbierpow trating turbi ower 266 366 capacityy nal projectt outlook17or met windgeneration inmarch andapril higher levels incombined nuclear gas combination stronga influence spot prices particularly feboperation cases very bank march coincid holidays weekends operators curtailed ing wide lockdowns wavewind order upward balancing hold reserves case imbalances high lights flexibility offers keeping secure figure7 450 350 300 jan feb mar apr jun jul aug sep oct nov dec plants europe2 produced fleet producing maximum output entire electriday 24% ity before impact achieved production febrhad taken toll ary absolute well dedemand between june coincided energmuch milder weather usual single day 760 gwh corresponding excludes luxemburg comes beis quarterly reports q4 includes percentage folloin portugthandoubledbutmostofthenewcapacitycameonlineat respectivthe end so fig above 10%ures see increased dutch table2 797 375 83 final captured hourly corrected thanks tsos government available outlook19or stabold characterised daily peak producgenerators relatively rotors short blades registered best suited locations modern tur bines speed factors inresource need optimise winds 201they use larger generators increasing 42% overonshore woffshore ranges ent55% ind including operate 60% coffshore genatio2n cooffshore generatio2n april july jumay augu januaryebruary january september novct becember ebruary novembeecember variable boxes bility clear pattern tlower shownbythelowerpositionoftheboxes thiswas shows range geneexpected resource decreases dur februing periods pressure associated settled generatioweather often seen summer months 90% 55 hour peaked winter roughly equivalent variation period august elec tricity dropped shown one full individual energynumbers info 202 273% 26% f electricsity dempacihighe ener ys sharesyp shares capacitsyoffshore capaci % idu opu ps eusrope winsd wisnd factor enersgy generati 2s020 g60 refers em statistic21and type euin rated newly off ied once again tshore fnetherlands hadrating weighted avebased latest ordered figure10 number0of bih ratibng greefi lbelgium croaukraine itzerland 477 420 306 223 67 47 36 ra ng 160 140 german 172 81 69 orders monitoring https product secured volumes two technology neutral where seven allocated solar pv got 759 carried aside postponed december bids below mwh itishardtocompareauctionresultsbetweencountriesdue differences mechanisms lengths maturity surroundingin such cost capital wacc undersubscribed process revenue risks inefficiency meant wait many receive responses authori ties undoubtedly lead auc held offer weren enough permitted table3 successful typeof mechanism pricein 749 specific feed premium floating 258 59 520 523 57 151 464 285 659 56 fixed 153 472 406 contract difference 281 479 74 107 930 42 zero subsidy bid explanation types chapter name w urk windeurope2 fboth reflect potential developments euro yses likely development ofpean regulatory frameworks policies lays scenardevelopment timelines ability further upcoming provides overthenext5years accordingtothisscenario thereto build r105 p must 19liver necps 2030 energy2025get 32% averagew set can found here economic recovery 20windeuropeics term refer additional used calculate even greenfield newtual details account minus figure11 vs added accounting prorjects capacrity rprojects rerpowering capacirty r 26 installatmercialoffshoreprojectskickingin theoffshorecapacity projectscomes tender iexperienced long delivered why 2021will take rest neth19 newwind coming ona couple gwof jects fourth 1if ends being heavily come onshthe disrupted fewer milestone offsinstallations highlighted 240 com figure12 outl27k provialthough forecasted grow euryear except considers pof begin stall instal resulations ongoing legislative changes countrfive enable deployment capjust mark addition builds proposed chanas documents thalations simultaneous decrease swedish lonwegian flatten growth curve calendars asoffshore records beaten sceach reaching financial closure excellent contracts cfd sup port scheme figure13 cgw 38 after forecasting offshorefiguresoverthenextfiveyearwith15gwofnew rely mostly con merchant corporate ppas tion allow participate trend taking deadlock severalonshorewindprojectswillalsobenefitfrompower attempts change licencing purchase agreements ppa financinexpect norwegian double situation improving as3 3gwofonshorewindprojectswereawarded permits areof permitswill without would en yet won considered recent chathe act eeg vol mannetworkagency bnetza toreduceauctionvolumes umes isa riskof theauctionbeingundersubscribbad lack strategy last slight permitti lot room improinstallationrate 8gwperyear wearestillconcerned perabout groexpectanincreaseininstallationsinthe2025 2030period pipeline figure14 30stallations 29r installatgermanywillcontinuetoleadinnewonshoreinstallations reach averaging 17% 65 ospain recently announced yearauctioncalendarforrenewables wherewindiseligible least initially which1gw deadline online should figure15 spainpolafinlandrkey austrieland eece ukrai romaniaway figure16 4nstallations ggw according scenariotions offsthe 2050 together wintargets 28% mainly concentrated fivmarket namely looking towards work sto addressed policymakers govern ments want commitments 111 projeoffshore ramp current 2026 maintain pace positive thea energywhich effective instrument egy proposes non recing outlo31 figure17 figure18 becoming decisions anwill require decision whether repower extend done falife asset decommission when making include step might negative incentives lifetime 39 commis future wholesale pricessioned regulation around environmental assessment restrictionsbased context esti changed mate later onthe continue age probably life perhaps partial replacement certain elements gearbox though continues face permittintotal straints threshold become older 2turkey combined figure19 fransweden finlportugalgiumlnorway ea stria neth2rlands outlook33or assume expecta intions peoplemost risk concerns growthin2021 installationswouldfallbelow10gw poor do foresees slower commission previously result currently supported bui5 real unfavourable permiistic persist translate into fewefor implications visit 16gw yearleadingtoatotalcapacityof292gwby2025 figure20 93 table5 description price whereby eligible tariffs paid guaranteed level irrespective res fed payment x calculated defined effectively works floor guarantees always minimum whole sale rises required pay back compete right selection criteria experience bidders quality social model costs weight given survey mitigation measures winner doesn transmission tradable commodity proving using green certificates traded separately f35 windeuropewindeurope voice actively promoting worldwide ovver4000 mmme erwit eaheaua uerseinsminre ore cc unttri ssincluiingthheleladi iggi duturbi manufacturers component suppliers research insti tutes contractors providers insurance companies consultants strength makes network rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-25" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6618 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6619 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(19) "Wind Energy Outlook" ["code"]=> string(19) "wind-energy-outlook" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6620 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6621 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6622 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6623 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(421) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBb0lDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--e665d47562852af83a12e6d06b5ab939af6f4a26/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wind-energy-europe-2020-stats-banner.jpg" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6624 (17) { ["id"]=> int(188) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "fcdda98d-b372-eb11-a812-000d3a2a626f" ["name"]=> string(74) "Infographic - Making the most of the EU's Recovery and Resilience Facility" ["slug"]=> string(72) "infographic-making-the-most-of-the-eu-s-recovery-and-resilience-facility" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(326) "The EU’s €673bn Recovery & Resilience Facility (RRF) regulation has been published. The RRF is the centrepiece of the EU’s post-COVID Recovery Plan. It offers financial support to every EU Member State, with a focus on the green and digital transitions. This WindEurope infographic shows how you can make the most of it." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2021) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-22" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6625 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6626 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(7) "Finance" ["code"]=> string(7) "finance" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6627 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(406) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBb1VDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--8320494bf37071617596ffc4ec216c0c737ba748/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/RRFInfographic-header.jpg" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6628 (17) { ["id"]=> int(177) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "b3c576e9-c06a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(54) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Belgium" ["slug"]=> string(12) "nprd-belgium" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6629 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6630 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6631 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6632 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6633 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6634 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6635 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6636 (5) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "Belgium" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "BE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "BEL" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbXdDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--97d75d6db3a86a329c8bdc3640e4258e6cdb4b87/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6637 (17) { ["id"]=> int(179) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "98b6f534-c16a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(54) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Denmark" ["slug"]=> string(12) "nprd-denmark" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6638 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6639 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6640 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6641 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6642 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6643 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6644 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6645 (5) { ["id"]=> int(61) ["name"]=> string(7) "Denmark" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "DK" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "DNK" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbkFDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--f54d38eea4d63fd345b6aaec574e7787ea9fa309/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6646 (17) { ["id"]=> int(171) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "fed5b82e-bf6a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in France" ["slug"]=> string(11) "nprd-france" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6647 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6648 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6649 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6650 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6651 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6652 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6653 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6654 (5) { ["id"]=> int(76) ["name"]=> string(6) "France" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "FR" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "FRA" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbVlDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--76d6b6b42b6b2c348801b7b5f70c01cc6cc28bae/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#6655 (17) { ["id"]=> int(168) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "402c049f-116a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(54) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Germany" ["slug"]=> string(12) "nprd-germany" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6656 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6657 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6658 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6659 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6660 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6661 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6662 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6663 (5) { ["id"]=> int(83) ["name"]=> string(7) "Germany" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "DE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "DEU" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbVVDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--4179a4102fb0e3c27e47bc517fc7349e789044d3/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#6664 (17) { ["id"]=> int(183) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "0be8272f-c26a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Greece" ["slug"]=> string(11) "nprd-greece" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6665 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6666 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6667 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6668 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6669 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6670 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6671 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6672 (5) { ["id"]=> int(86) ["name"]=> string(6) "Greece" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "GR" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "GRC" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbk1DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--a3e263a945154d820b65db1fe38572fede9d1792/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#6673 (17) { ["id"]=> int(180) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "36f7bc5c-c16a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(54) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Ireland" ["slug"]=> string(12) "nprd-ireland" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6674 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6675 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6676 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6677 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6678 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6679 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6680 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6681 (5) { ["id"]=> int(107) ["name"]=> string(7) "Ireland" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "IE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "IRL" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbThDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--211d14496f7b30eabdedd9cb0f2decade2bd5ad2/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#6682 (17) { ["id"]=> int(184) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "ee7b0954-c26a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(52) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Italy" ["slug"]=> string(10) "nprd-italy" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6683 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6684 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6685 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6686 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6687 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6688 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6689 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6690 (5) { ["id"]=> int(110) ["name"]=> string(5) "Italy" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "IT" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "ITA" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBblFDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--cd47c63c5bc92244c48a3a43e18ca372f321b44f/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#6691 (17) { ["id"]=> int(182) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "42a29ea1-c16a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(56) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Lithuania" ["slug"]=> string(14) "nprd-lithuania" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6692 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6693 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6694 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6695 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6696 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6697 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6698 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6699 (5) { ["id"]=> int(129) ["name"]=> string(9) "Lithuania" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "LT" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "LTU" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbklDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--9a26eedf5d8fa2a04ec61660dfc1a18f2824b1ae/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#6700 (17) { ["id"]=> int(178) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "a979e00e-c16a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Norway" ["slug"]=> string(11) "nprd-norway" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6701 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6702 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6703 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6704 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6705 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6706 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6707 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6708 (5) { ["id"]=> int(166) ["name"]=> string(6) "Norway" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "NO" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "NOR" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbkVDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--6fe6800fcca47e7052174c9537209dfb5203d00a/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#6709 (17) { ["id"]=> int(173) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "33618789-bf6a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Poland" ["slug"]=> string(11) "nprd-poland" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6710 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6711 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6712 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6713 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6714 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6715 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6716 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6717 (5) { ["id"]=> int(177) ["name"]=> string(6) "Poland" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "PL" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "POL" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbWdDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--584b3689b1e8f77185d387f67db546a98c74f514/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#6718 (17) { ["id"]=> int(172) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "8e95435c-bf6a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(52) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Spain" ["slug"]=> string(10) "nprd-spain" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6719 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6720 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6721 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6722 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6723 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6724 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6725 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6726 (5) { ["id"]=> int(209) ["name"]=> string(5) "Spain" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "ES" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "ESP" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbWNDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--174b8e401a68b78ea62871a2fe92dc28586e4347/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#6727 (17) { ["id"]=> int(181) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "b4b91f7c-c16a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Sweden" ["slug"]=> string(11) "nprd-sweden" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6728 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6729 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6730 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6731 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6732 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6733 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6734 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6735 (5) { ["id"]=> int(215) ["name"]=> string(6) "Sweden" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "SE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "SWE" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbTRDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--53d4f55c040137656b77ae23df06a0568e2ea41a/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#6736 (17) { ["id"]=> int(176) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1c399fbd-c06a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in Turkey" ["slug"]=> string(11) "nprd-turkey" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6737 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6738 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6739 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6740 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6741 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6742 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6743 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6744 (5) { ["id"]=> int(228) ["name"]=> string(6) "Turkey" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "TR" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "TUR" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbXNDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--adaf91f87fdd45f3845353e9bdd7eab4b0e951c8/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#6745 (17) { ["id"]=> int(175) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "265c5592-c06a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(62) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in the Netherlands" ["slug"]=> string(16) "nprd-netherlands" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6746 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6747 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6748 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6749 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6750 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6751 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6752 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6753 (5) { ["id"]=> int(157) ["name"]=> string(11) "Netherlands" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "NL" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "NLD" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbW9DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--d92140508bd5068d845d2f857bf9baf0c2362606/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#6754 (17) { ["id"]=> int(174) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "3bc0f7b1-bf6a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(53) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in the UK" ["slug"]=> string(7) "nprd-uk" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6755 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6756 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6757 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6758 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6759 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6760 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6761 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6762 (5) { ["id"]=> int(235) ["name"]=> string(52) "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "GB" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "GBR" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(389) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbWtDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--54079e85379731b2aaac306752a576cc60ff6878/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd.jpg" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#6763 (17) { ["id"]=> int(185) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "f2901cca-c26a-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(69) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments in other European markets" ["slug"]=> string(8) "nprd-roe" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-14" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6764 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6765 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6766 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6767 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6768 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6769 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6770 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(393) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbmNDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--d3a1b34c475c1593f70ca076f9f6b14549ab8477/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/nprd-roe.jpg" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#6771 (17) { ["id"]=> int(186) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "bc6ae538-3c6d-eb11-a812-000d3abc5384" ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore wind in Europe 2020" ["slug"]=> string(28) "offshore-wind-in-europe-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(556) " Europe added 2.9 GW of offshore capacity during 2020. That’s 356 new offshore wind turbines connected to the grid, across nine wind farms. Europe now has a total installed offshore wind capacity of 25 GW. That corresponds to 5,402 grid-connected wind turbines across 12 countries. Eight new offshore wind projects reached Final Decision Investment (FID) in four different countries during 2020, with construction due to start in the coming years. Investments in new assets accounted for €26.3bn in order to finance 7.1 GW of additional capacity." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-11" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6772 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6773 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6774 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6775 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6776 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6777 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6778 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6779 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6780 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6781 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(417) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbElDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--81a1b91836020d08bfb4a4769823f5e007805618/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-offshore-stats-header.jpg" } [21]=> object(stdClass)#6782 (17) { ["id"]=> int(170) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "878cfc1f-ef67-eb11-a812-000d3aa8a026" ["name"]=> string(58) "Offshore wind in Europe – key trends and statistics 2020" ["slug"]=> string(54) "offshore-wind-in-europe-key-trends-and-statistics-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(555) "Europe added 2.9 GW of offshore capacity during 2020. That’s 356 new offshore wind turbines connected to the grid, across nine wind farms. Europe now has a total installed offshore wind capacity of 25 GW. That corresponds to 5,402 grid-connected wind turbines across 12 countries. Eight new offshore wind projects reached Final Decision Investment (FID) in four different countries during 2020, with construction due to start in the coming years. Investments in new assets accounted for €26.3bn in order to finance 7.1 GW of additional capacity." ["plain_text"]=> string(11715) "offshore wind in europe key trends and statistics 2020offshore 2020 published february 2021 windeurope orgthis report summarises construction financing activity europeanoffshorewindfarmsfrom1januaryto31december regularly surveys the industry to determine level of installations foundations turbines subsequent dispatch first power grid data includes demonstration sites factors decommissioning where it has occurred annual are expressed gross figures while cumulative capacity represents net per site country rounding is at discretion author disclaimer this publication contains information collected on a regular basis throughout year then verified with relevant members ahead neither nor its their related entities by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies text analysis lizet ram rez daniel fraile guy brindley editor rory o sullivan design laia mir lin van de velde drukvorm finance clean energy pipeline ij global all currency conversions made eur gbp 0 8897 usd 1 1422 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover kriegers flak substation courtesy oord more policy org 32 2 213 11 68 executive summary 6 overview national breakdown 4 turbine size farm location 16 rated 7 3 water depth distance shore 9 floating supply chain 23 co t nt manufacturers owners 25 substructures 26 cables 29 5 vessels investments developments ppas auction results 34 outlook 35 added gw now total installed that s 356 new con25 corresponds 402 connected tur across nine farms bines 12 countries figure left axis right 30 20 15 10 an0 5l capaicity icapacity 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 uk germany denmark belgium netherlands sweden finland portugal spain ireland france source eight projects reached ments assets accounted 3bn order investment fid four different countrfinance additional due start coming years invest windeuropeind from auctions 918 mw 493 706 average 483 219 17 was 8 two thirds supplied works using larger than european saw 788 26% last completed one partial connection will 52 km fully commissioned work 44 m started six other no have yet been hollandse kust noord v only consortium shell energies eneco siemens gamesa renewable 63% won vestas systems 34% remaining 3% were ge received largest senvion sse equinor dogger bank b project feature 190 haliade x 13 highlights record there totalling 014 zuid 116 together raised over 15bn capital including overall attracted most past ten 42% corporates signed purchase second 31% followed 10% agreements 9% 7% rsted 17% rwe renewables vattenfall 6% macquarie 2027 windeuropeoffshore moray east kincardine triton knoll hornsea anglia enbw albatros trianel windpark borkumn fryslan borssele 3&4 online partially 1&2 under northwester ac vity seamade mermaid & seastar orthwester enmark f see p borkum erlan windfloat atlantic 1& oat atlan 22 eas windeuropesource table end number 40 428 294 69 689 501 611 537 172 261 399 81 14 703 559 192 80 71 19 norway demonstrators single announced as demonstrator developer half 51 1% connecting brought complegrid 714 became operational ing installation widuringthefirsthalfoftheyear butoffshoreworksstarted zone consists three bors 50 857 sele 752 732 950 386 pro them awarded jects an consortia dutch tso tennet wnext alpha beta platforms schedule borsselegermany 5% lowest connealmost 112 within innovmost distant operating located 105km off currently testing slip joint betwgerman north sea coast foundation transition piece 203 also installing machines 24 2% almost doubling compared northwestportugal completing instal 218 487 opera lation v164 oper tional latter becoming fational world uses semi submersible technology viana do castelo sincewater depths reaching 100 figure2 51% 24% 8% 200 400 600 800 000 concessions statisti11 chapter name hybrid status 605 72 100% model sg 167 dd sgre inter array cable jdr export nkt group type monopiles supplier eew allow used coun try combining interconnector generation asset took place take except which float ocean but did not con nect table2 94 monopile 722 60 58 swt 154 legs jacket park 101 2m152 sub 89 130 165 90 bar 25% bars 50% 75% statist13s today capacityother descending turbinesfinland five countriestogetherthesesevencountriesprovide1%oftheinstalled terms represent 99% lations remains established basin 79% although few irish 12% baltic ues make up rest climbed ranks third fol lowed 5turbines tu5rbines turbi5nes turb5ines others 322 top figure4 833 930 mcw nexans sif eandy y ict asd tatistics loca tion a1&2 ratefarm 2022 was8 2mw whichrepresentswind towards next generatotherprojectsunderconstructionwiththismodelincludeter projectsmoray ranging between monitoring figure5 180 160 140 120 numbe0 penr capacitny turbinne out worksturbines mostly began construc above earlier underwent connec cated red line exception being having turbinebuilt lake below figure6 yearly newly turbi e c capaccity s17tistics grown steadily thesioning enabling scale lower costs upcoming wtwo following co700 commercial 900 700 500 300 sieze 18 moving further enables areas coastline transmission higher stable conditions reduces impact othconstruction operation both expensive economic activities minimises potential visual figure8 during bubble indicates w ter dkm undthe 36 slight increase ounder decrease com ukpared because stand deptlast 67 respectively tdistances greater horn bottom fixed deepest waters 45 msea jackets shallower wathat far stat19tics figure9 kmc permits german belgian system operatorthe already built find clustering into offshoffshore deeper efficient way bring electricifloating technologies shares borwin2 othit preparing much elia connecfurther hvdc commonly 2wind modular mog fleet stood 62 innovative designs makes 83% tested nezzy platform grew course tbay greifswald combines commissioning tilted test full constructiscale prototype saitec aberdeen when bluesath santander become tursath swinging around twin hull concept designed hywind tampen 88 financial invesalign itself mooring point ment decision pre phadirection waves aims reduce cost 40% cooperation agreement scotland spar buoy demosath prototypes dehigh timely crown estate amend contracts difference sep ambitious irarate pot emerging land italy greece involved directly competing same 250 norwauction volumes open development suitable curretable gives hosting seabed lease scotwind exponline applications table4 expected floater date oliennes flottantes 28 groix efgl 2023 eolmed barge provence tlp grand large statist21s deme developed special underwater drilling tool cope hard rocky layers winds 56 diamond green limited 33 4% china georges 5mw 66 kv smulders 55% lamprell 45% windeurope3 activityand suppl ychain enerat increased gium thejects completsenvion representing despite covid restrictionsturbines bge connect launched t2020 can boosted b108 blades begin phase 103 976 thenetherlands belgiumandportugal vestaswindsys tems units ewindeuropey industryactivity figure10 enerwind share 68% totalinstallations pean market thesesenvion 92% capac ity 840 237 renvewables 674 tu2rbines 290 turb2ines 238 turbin2es bard engineering energvy 74 turbine2s 07 46 partners 11% iberdrolaanglia develop vables own theers electricity suppliers trusts maritime these represcontractors figure12 iberdrola renovableso parkwind generating infrastructure grouop trig summit tailwind 19% pocapital along desrenovables northland remapower seven companies mainstalled indicative owned several split according respective shared known they equal parts st25istics renovablesg infrastructurge stadwerke nchen pka copenhagen infrastrugcture masdar elicio enbridge remain preferred choice develothree subs structures 20atlantic navantia windar provided 423 acrcontinues cases buoys figure14 manufacturing company 150 681 pod tripile featured jack reduced none ets because2020 gravity base 5%and figure15 substructure tripod 126 289 568 calculated actual individual developers contracted manufacture case venture specified part without statistic272020 79 repsol principle hengtong asm industries 66% windrar couoffshore figure16 energised cainter i 20209 each main substations suppliedin tfk nsw continues primary 41% 145 39 27% prysmian 21% tfkgroup fourth powerlink 66kv 33kv 76 33% 202010 hellenic 22% tfkable estimated considering once statist29s least vessel providers actideme heavy lift ves 92 just months sels aeolus seaway strashnov pandemic boskalis finalised bourbon subsea towed 760 led foun achievement dations 383 required previous anchors lay substa before hook oversaw tions weighing tonnes lines transport assembly kincar dine table5 serviced provider fred olsen windcarrier jan nul support highlighted otary 70% partnership aspiravi nv rent port socofe sriw z krach ownership equally divided sky pictures stati31ics rthe financed expenditure capex 6m windhowever spread withfrench camp saint brieuc come important shift speed vhigher long permitting delays decisions taken mammothselected selected zuidbe french territory netherlandsandthefirsttwophasealso comes very 130km capitaoff yorkshire england finally highest amouwas 3m figure18 bn bin igw final table6 fecamp 497 496 kaskasi 342 759 2024 seagreen 075 since alllast worth 59bn making biggest offsh 28bn period spending commitments transaction unavailable statis33cs corporate agreementcorporates looking renewa ppa pharmaceutical firms ble novozymes novo nordisk approximately guarantee revenue output endin term particularly had offshzero subsidy bids placed another corporatefully exposed wholesale price demonstrating valuable option ineos 84 norther borealis 235 deutsche bahn amrumbank west amazon riffgrund nestl 31 race panies regard enterprise agency rvo resultsing fifth area tender toroadmap reach 125km existing egmondandzee 108mw andprinsesamalia 120mw 2007 08 rights crosswind n strike winner mwh zero bid combine rotor diameters demonstrations afloatingsolarpark ashort termbattery storage tuned wake effects neighbouring ones structing jaand hydrogen production electrolysers ls contract car supporting based ry execute high volt age 220 initial restrictions free movement workers tal deliver delivering big height affected 2050 require such struction maintenance hybrids islands governments lifted restric multi terminal fashion adjustments eu legislation notably largely unaffected climate policies focused broadly favourable december 2030 pledged building enshrining ambition identified neutral heads state commit auctioned dec ted wide target ade positively pan story current june crucial pieces tabled adopted commission inpoland lithuania andspain andgovernments 32% turkey romania process drawing frameworks developing deal strategy meeting neutrality recovery included proposes legislative everywhere challenges remained non actions deployment passed bill windseeg after thorny 27 adding ambi discussions government proposal would pay build focuses happen spatial unchanged future re evaluation planning regulatory framework closed foroffshoregrids private publicinvestment researchand does offer innovation value implementation add 111 whether sets meet need ramp fold short 2026 sustain pace should uncertainties ability provide clear dif expedite coordination ference effective instrument plans regional instrumen 3520 figure19 poland installatiogns latvia estonia 2025 2028 2029 table9 forecast tenders law distributed detailed visit www 2030plans windeuropewindeurope voice actively promoting worldwide headquarters leading component research insti tutes associations contractors institutions insurance consultants combined strength powerful network rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-02-08" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6783 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6784 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(19) "Wind Energy Outlook" ["code"]=> string(19) "wind-energy-outlook" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6785 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6786 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6787 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6788 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(21) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6789 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6790 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6791 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6792 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6793 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6794 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6795 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#6796 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#6797 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#6798 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#6799 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#6800 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#6801 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#6802 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#6803 (2) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["name"]=> string(7) "project" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#6804 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#6805 (2) { ["id"]=> int(117) ["name"]=> string(11) "foundations" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#6806 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#6807 (2) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["name"]=> string(14) "grid-connected" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#6808 (2) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["name"]=> string(9) "developer" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#6809 (2) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["name"]=> string(6) "owners" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6810 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(417) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBa01DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--36ba34ddc6afbc6ca2068cf8dd1670bdb3509a93/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-offshore-stats-header.jpg" } [22]=> object(stdClass)#6811 (17) { ["id"]=> int(166) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "066a50ae-6759-eb11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(47) "Brexit: The EU-UK Trade & Cooperation Agreement" ["slug"]=> string(44) "brexit-the-eu-uk-trade-cooperation-agreement" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(810) "On 24 December 2020 the EU and the UK signed a Trade & Cooperation Agreement that defines their new relationship. The agreement keeps trade in goods between the UK and EU tariff-free, but import/export declarations, origin forms, and separate systems of conformity assessment will increase administrative burden for wind industry operators. The agreement contains a number of provisions to ensure the continued flow of electricity over interconnectors, and the UK and the EU have committed to re-couple their day-ahead markets by April 2022. The UK will continue to cooperate with the EU on energy cooperation in the North Seas, but the details of this cooperation have yet to be determined. Other questions remain, such as the future relationship between the EU Emissions Trading System and the new UK system." ["plain_text"]=> string(9879) "18 january 2021 by josh gartland advisor trade & competitiveness summary the eu uk cooperation agreement tca keeps in goods between and tariff free however import export declarations origin forms separate systems of conformity assessment will increase administrative burden for wind industry operators independently has decided to terminate defence measures on glass fibre fabrics electrical steels this cost manufacturing vis contains some provisions facilitate movement personnel but these are not far reaching have committed re couple their day ahead markets april 2022 meantime less efficient explicit trading makes a return continue cooperate with energy north seas details yet be determined set up an ets that closely resembles system albeit fewer allowances addition auction reserve price 15 per allowance linking seriously considered 24 december 2020 reached final govern future relations two parties 1 276 page deal marks departure from single market comprising persons services freedom capital customs union it also great britain though northern ireland s internal electricity consists seven parts number annexes protocols part level playing field is focus windeurope briefing numerous references sometimes crucial matters much depend good moving forward other words negotiations over questions joshua orgfrom required complete called entry exit they need submit proof where intend make use see 2 3 order ease pressure at borders agreed include commitments risk management post clearance audit rather than transaction based controls advance rulings e g classification or as well best endeavours one stop shops windows submission documentation concrete envisaged notably mutual recognition trusted trader authorised economic operator schemes managing flow roll off ro ports such dover calais discussed specialised committee rules which may adopt additional decisions recommendations exchange related information outside unilaterally adopted transitional imports until 30 june grant grace periods provide authorities necessary six months imported border operating manual offers overview under there no tariffs fees charges quantitative restrictions manufactured those fulfil wishing avoid wto most favoured nation mfn terms taken case basis since apply range products below illustrative selection relevant product turbine generating sets 0 0% 7% towers steel 6 8% bearings vat now applies traded whether change applied member states government guidance can found here subject designed determine nationality specific agreements intended prevent circumvention non preferential both org claims administration claim treatment must either statement originating made out exporter importer knowledge all cases keep records period three years supporting evidence when latter four authority importing party request context verification checks normally included declaration ex after date even later according laws vary line specify minimum requirements major codes powered 8502 31 00 lattice masts iron 7308 20 comprises nacelles rotor blades i nacelle blade tower shipped together relatively flexible if inputs undergo heading cth value materials does exceed 50% total finished maxnom rule more flexibility regards raw practice used manufacture generators almost always example third country 7019 incorporated into could exported vice versa components generator procured overseas overall means costs fulfilling exports turbines should weighed against savings easier making altogether duty schedule slightly different namely except sub 7301 includes sections 1all material originate regarded orgthis appears target would towers2 before assembling exporting benefits manoeuvre existent schedules places limits quantity groups deserve mention 8501 8503 50 % exw 8412 90 80 engines sides affirms rights anti dumping subsidy safeguard including rolled impact duties chinese rovings upstream heavy plate partially excluded category 3b grain oriented ngoes scope motors 7 alloy quarto plates remains within terminated secretary state assessed working producers sector stakeholders do so maintained did meet criteria call likewise prices goes russia china u korea japan same reason transformer cores currently undergoing expiry review announced investigate official remedies new service accessed orgthe decision reduce manufacturers boost effect amplified decide introduce renew revised its take account accordingly quota volumes reduced reflect lower consumption enjoy own ukca marking placed gb england wales scotland covers previously ce machinery falling ecodesign legislation irish require regulatory regime came bringing still able changes affixed technical essential processes standards demonstrate largely were circumstances self placing paper undertake certification remain aligned result big regulations diverge commits promote regulators standardisation bodies located respective territories development international respect efficiency renewable discussions place barriers potential activities entail sharing exchanges views 2commission implementing regulation 2037 10 amending 2019 159 imposing definitive certain orgas workers come end short term business visits cross providers intra company transfers national suppliers wanting offer treated any favourably areas covered long comply local commit treating natural legal countries neither permitted supplier establish maintain enterprise resident territory condition supply professional qualifications although framework eventual arrangements matter longer benefit principle complying varying each developed visitors skilled treat eea switzerland twelve month without visa undertaking installation dismantling repair servicing advise equipment computer software hardware manufacturer contract purchase lease organisation stays visitor worker comes salary sponsorship language visas swiss nationals 12 nautical miles coastline exclusive zone eez duration activity undertaken employee needing transit through landmass transfer available employees worked unless get 73 900 portal travellers guides consequences governance transmission tsos intergovernmental title viii issues expire 2026 agree extend arrangement anticipates leading establishes bring representatives discuss environmental subsidies charged keeping timeframes balancing intraday particular recommend read implement following interconnectors network security calls ensure develop frameworks entso grid shall cover least gas b access networks c d offshore infrastructure planning f decarbonisation quality involve confer status comparable membership united kingdom greenlit acer regulator ofgem contacts enter covering prevention abuse wholesale h trades several 5gw interconnector capacity provides 5 10% withdrawal continues participate integrated sem across island therefore section deals alternative published march continental ifa fr nemo link britned nl registration individual platforms allocate interconnection certifications policy transparency discrimination transparent discriminatory allocation congestion publication calculation maximum respecting secure operation curtail generation only emergency situations manner transactions coordination reference 70% procedures fca cacm guidelines multi relating compensation hosting flows enters force fee levied scheduled implementation region loose volume coupling mean booked separately note been discernible time being issue power nord pool epex spot meaning running auctions diverged domestic problem resolve introduces concept involves function net positions implicit bidding zones directly linked via outlines characteristics prescriptive calculated process applying algorithm commercial bids capabilities data expected importantly distinct euphemia pan european hybrid integration unlike emerge point contention developing because substantial latitude shape possible support projects meshed grids very tight timeline analysis outline proposals proposal orgeu sidc allows optimised alongside connected regions brexit uncertainty nor had implemented during pushed introduction was unsuccessful uncoupled mechanism join trans replacement reserves terre participants definition procurement taking advent technologies reasonable procuring pay special attention opens prospect requests prepare accordance article ener 19 improve timeframe emphasis added touch counterparties forum build establishment commission ministries public widely joint maritime spatial finance practices onshore relation considers win envisages continued deep building devil detail how successor constructed unclear guarantee contingent opportunity participation itself publish memorandum understanding obligations emissions scheme year ends monitor report verify monitoring reporting mrr accreditation avr retain registry accounts surrendered residual effective carbon pricing imitates like rely secondary plans about 5% what share phase iv complained lack certainty first q2 ice futures europe platform established containment address significant spikes give serious consideration obligation associations consider sustainable solution arguing insufficiently liquid pushing sources worry revision 55% reduction 2030 complicate effort exempt adjustment coming 3the hold aid policed independent body purposes defines financial assistance confers advantage actors investment pre authorisation law granted general block exemption contrast disburse waiting leave courts recourse seeking challenge nevertheless limitations prohibitions solely conditions upon prohibited publishing website database environment aim deliver affordable functioning competitive protection compared achieved absence respects principles beneficiaries opportunities cogeneration insufficient eligible unlikely demonstration industrial greenhouse resulting tax breaks intensive users remedial reciprocal response violate injured consultation open fair competition" ["edition_year"]=> int(2021) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-01-18" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6812 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6813 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6814 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6815 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6816 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6817 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6818 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6819 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6820 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6821 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6822 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(396) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBajBDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--b01f1f6a5ea733e803d5d3695559a151e537bd71/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/eu-uk-flags.jpg" } [23]=> object(stdClass)#6823 (17) { ["id"]=> int(167) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "831ef22d-6d59-eb11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(35) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring 2020" ["slug"]=> string(35) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(228) "This report summarises the announced wind turbine orders in 2020. It also provides a market analysis of the industry based on the number of orders, capacity ordered, sellers, buyers and other sectorial and technology indicators." ["plain_text"]=> string(1552) "windeurope org january 2021this report summarises wind turbine orders that this publication contains information collected on a took place from 1 2020 to 31 december regular basis throughout the year and then verified with relevant members of industry before tracks announced publishing neither nor its publicly available their related entities are by means commercial transactions future deals rendering professional advice or categorising them into firm conditional services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained partnerships framework agreements person who relies latter entails more than one order in determined period without specified amount units capacity text analysis which do not fit these categories classified as unknown business intelligence ivan komusanac we track enercon because they share installations 2019 was around 17% europe policy 38% germany 32 2 213 18 38 dfig doubly fedinduction generators pmg permanent magnet acr asynchronous cage rotorwindeurope counts results cross checked companies officially distinguishes between released websites acciona energ sa www energia es adwen adwenoffshore com under all types tracked but per country company is carried out alone ge renewableenergy unless mhi vestas offshore http mhivestasoffshore furthermore nordex se online en small scale turbines i e those smaller 100 kw senvion https global siemens gamesa renewable energy relying siemensgamesa int offshorewind biz suzlon s rechargenews vergnet accueil php renewablesnow renews windpowerintelligence windpowermonthly" ["edition_year"]=> int(2021) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2021-01-18" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6824 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6825 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6826 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6827 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6828 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6829 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6830 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(420) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBajhDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--ce8c70721ca578a5c5dbfc83b5f1243c24d9be61/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-2020.jpg" } [24]=> object(stdClass)#6831 (17) { ["id"]=> int(165) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "85188fff-5e40-eb11-a813-000d3aaef582" ["name"]=> string(25) "Map of onshore wind farms" ["slug"]=> string(25) "map-of-onshore-wind-farms" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(138) "This is a map of onshore wind farms in Europe. Turkey will be added in the coming weeks. The data is not complete for 2018, 2019 and 2020." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-12-17" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6832 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(16) "Interactive data" ["code"]=> string(16) "interactive-data" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6833 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6834 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6835 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6836 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6837 (2) { ["id"]=> int(34) ["name"]=> string(3) "map" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6838 (2) { ["id"]=> int(190) ["name"]=> string(3) "oem" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6839 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6840 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6841 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6842 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6843 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [25]=> object(stdClass)#6844 (17) { ["id"]=> int(164) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "27a046eb-5440-eb11-a813-000d3aaef582" ["name"]=> string(21) "OEM Market share tool" ["slug"]=> string(21) "oem-market-share-tool" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(63) "This interactive tool shows the market share of OEMs in Europe." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-12-17" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6845 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(16) "Interactive data" ["code"]=> string(16) "interactive-data" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6846 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6847 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6848 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6849 (2) { ["id"]=> int(190) ["name"]=> string(3) "oem" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6850 (2) { ["id"]=> int(191) ["name"]=> string(12) "market share" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6851 (2) { ["id"]=> int(192) ["name"]=> string(6) "trends" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6852 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6853 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6854 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6855 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6856 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [26]=> object(stdClass)#6857 (17) { ["id"]=> int(163) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "70c230d2-fc2f-eb11-a813-000d3aaef582" ["name"]=> string(62) "111 GW of offshore wind by 2030: can the supply chain deliver?" ["slug"]=> string(60) "111-gw-of-offshore-wind-by-2030-can-the-supply-chain-deliver" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(483) "The Offshore Wind supply chain will have to support the increased demand for Offshore wind in Europe. 111 GW are planned to be installed by 2030, from the 22 GW we have today. This will have huge implications for the supply chain and its logistics. More efficient operations, technological development, and investments in ports infrastructure will support this. But how is the Supply Chain getting ready for this? What will be the limiting factors? How can we stimulate investments? " ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-11-25" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6858 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6859 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6860 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6861 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6862 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6863 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6864 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6865 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6866 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6867 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6868 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6869 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6870 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(448) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBanNDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--1d1575cc66963c0d9b7e622c68be408a675308c5/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talk-111-gw-offshore-wind-by-2030-can-supply-chain-deliver.jpg" } [27]=> object(stdClass)#6871 (17) { ["id"]=> int(161) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "8a7773af-7f29-eb11-a813-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(40) "Decommissioning of Onshore Wind Turbines" ["slug"]=> string(40) "decommissioning-of-onshore-wind-turbines" ["tagline"]=> string(26) "Industry Guidance Document" ["overview"]=> string(280) "The contents of these industry guidelines were submitted to the International Electrotechnical Commission TC88 for Wind Turbines, as a starting point towards the creation of an international standard. The guidelines present the main steps a decommissioning project should perform." ["plain_text"]=> string(32304) "decommissioning of onshore wind turbines industry guidance document november 2020 1 windeuropenes documentthe contents these guidelines were submitted to the international electrotechnical commission tc88 for create an amendment 61400 28 cd technical specification energy generation systems through life management and extension power assets do not constitute advice are exhaustive indicate specific course action detailed professional should be obtained before taking or refraining from in relation any this guide relevance applicability information herein health & safety considerations still need identified verified disclaimer neither windeurope nor its members their related entities by means publication rendering services shall responsible loss whatsoever sustained person who relies on editor rory o sullivan design lin van de velde drukvorm cover photo abo more policy org 32 2 213 18 11windeurope acknowledges kind cooperation following associations companies institutions executive summary 5 glossary terms 6 introduction 8 context purpose 9 mapping regulations 10 dismantling legislation framework resource 11 3 site restoration 15 plan 16 project description activities 20 data requirements 25 4 permitting formalities c ommunication environment 29 30 disassembly 31 cutting separating 35 l oading transport 37 overview concrete 39 metals composites rare earths 44 oils 45 7 other materials m aterial traceability h ealth 47 restore greenfield 48 d amage minimisation visual r emediation bibliography 49 today 34 000 years older representingmantling a farm is also dependant 36 gw capacity out someferent national demolition case 24 old around yearsgermany we present din 18007 against which most common procedures evaluated creates big market farms over next decade suitability impact depending construction component building material however standard decommissioningseparating methods as well loading does exist steps addressed chapter together therefore launched task force andith crucial produce sustainable summarises that work withtheaimofinputtingtheelaborationofaninternationalnd valuable source resources electrotechnicalan reintroduced into circular economy aim iec such usedld preferably use long term non prescriptive general providing only high application at some point level time will reach end must returned cycle main forpresents key can found turbine dismantlingonshorewindfarmsinkeyeuropeancountries france denmark germany italy netherlands spain recycling uk regulatory includes identifyingete european waste objective circularity wespecified otherwise once decommissioned refer throughout resourceswind have due residue free removal all operating fluids during electric cables preparatory provision binding agents emissions groundwater thed soil expected minimal decommissioningofawindfarm adecommissioningplan extent example reflect cases y provided regional local provide ones using german always top communication inoritythroughoutthewholeprocessofdecommissioning solid with authorities factors iwindeuropeidance glossaryof definition authority whether public law provisions measure being complied cks collection gathering including preliminary sorting storage purposes treatment facility removing service apart separate pieces company has responsibility carrying choos ing type method operation recovery even where secondary consequence disposal reclamation substances hazardous displays one properties listed annex iii directive 2008 98 ec municipal household similar commercial industrial institutional wastes separately collected fractions paper metal plastic glass tasked owner same responsibilities planning monitoring multiple generators owning gener ators checking cleaning repairing operations products components preparing re useproducts become prepared so they used without pre processing measures taken substance product reduce quantity prevent lifespan b adverse impacts generated human ctent harmful earth elements belong group 17 chemical catalytic magnetic optical models whose principal result serving useful replacing would been fulfil particular function plant wider windeuropeguidance recycle reprocessed original regeneration whereby base produced refining contaminants oxidation additives contained process within windfarm newer if repowering majority foundation replaced considered repurpose existing part different again conceived stream kept nature facilitate preparation prior object holder discards intends discard required undertaking arranging behalf others broker brokers take physical possession acts role purchase subsequently sell dealer dealers producer natural legal supervision aftercare sites actions processes subject mineral synthetic lubrication oil unfit originally intended combustion engine gearbox lubricating hydraulic anyone carries mixing resulting change composition growing amount start be000 representing considering thestandardlifetimeofawindturbineisapproximately ageing now reachingy significant up volume needs certain logistics place proceed withdismantlincollectitransportatiwaste there increasing opportunities i e finally efficient way figure age distribution seven countries 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% % installed cap6acity 20% 10% 0% 19 14 fleet europe gws 60 50 40 ca20city 0 n audience decision help makers asset owners governments guidelinesomers primarily submission internationalirectionforsustainabledecommissioninganddismantling recognising adopting best practice throughnd currently committee draft practices ultimately version add content forxpedite cost having aligned joint acceptance better climate foreseen conduct business providingndustry basic arrangements thefollowing relieve perceived duty ensure compliance additionally might stricter regula tions regulitalyby explained below regulated ministerial decree september 2010 titled authorisation plants powered municipality typically sets conditions forrces permit initially issued musnetherlandsear after stopped latest falls under buildindecree2012 https wetten overheid nl bwbr0030461 2012 04 01 hoofdstuk1 paragraaf1 arr t du 26 ao 2011 relatif spainemise en tat et la constitution des garanties financi res pour les installations production lectrithere no canique vent code lof regulator1 2ramework amrequirements included environmental 22 j assessment eia each article 515 107 set received permission theill agreed bond renewable sources act 2017 made consent costs usually form condition www legifrance gouv fr eli arrete trep2003954a jo texte jorfarti000042056139 affichtexte jsessionid fb52d4508fa4524947d544fba62933d8 tplgfr31s cidtexte legitex t000024514712&datetexte 20210101 it contain legally stage rather outlines future aimed eu defines areas like textiles buildings electronic equipment basicconceptsrelatedtowastemanagement ithighlights far unaddressed reduced availability landfill emphasises extended increased aspartofthislegislativeinitiative whereappropriate requires managed complementary legislativeproposals endangeringhumanhealthandharmingtheenvironment consider establishing sustainability establishes hierarchy principles appropriate ways regulate aspects adopted package july 2018 revised legislative improving durability reusability upgradability proposals member states transfer andreparability addressingthepresenceofhazardous targets chemicalsinproducts andincreasingtheirenergyand efficiency target 65% recycled while 2030 ensuring performance enabling remanufacturing quality maximum reducing carbon footprints ban landfilling restricting single countering premature obsolescence march new introducingabanonthedestructionofunsolddurable blocks goods green deal s agenda incentivising growth announces producers keep ownership initiatives along entire targetinor promoting lifecycle fostering consumption aiming mobilising potential digitalisation solutions digital possible passports tagging watermarks rewarding based presents linking levels incentives make norm empower consumers buyers priority given addressing groups focus sectors value chains featuring electronics ict but batteries vehicles packaging lso furniture intermediary plastics food steel cement chemicals further water nutrients less people regions cities special seen sorted mass fraction lead global efforts characteristics comparable land near installation pertaining cementsineuropearespecifiedbytheeuropeanstandard 197 important legislativepieces cdw concretemanagement don explicit foundations lgs 152 2006 amendements norme ewc number materia di ambiente codice category amended decreto 06 186 individuazione dei rifiuti pericolosi sottoposti alle least weight proceduresemplificatedirecuperoaisensidegliarticoli reused 33 del legislativo febbraio 1997 info available website protection 2016 municipalities adopt allocation notification dutch lap quantities thereof renovation roads infrastructure characterised inert royal 105 february regulates treated according book v title iv 106 recovered disposed duly authorised section demantelement theexcavationofallthefoundationsuptothebase 2015 theexceptionofanypiles bywayofderogation thelower come held ground theeparate streams basis study sent prefect demonstrating thee 2009 balance sheet total disbursement statesshalltakemeasurestopromotehighqualityrecycling unfavourable excavated depth collections than meters forest thewhere technically environmentally economically opposable town practicable meet necessary withstandards relevant europa studies deliverables factsheet final pdf 12 classification composite blade often categorised 02 03 date few sector nevertheless clear push towards articles d543 282 541 50level shown 54 strategy stresses low reuse rates challenge vision follows umwelt private bundesamt 2014 transposed citizens ordinance 2002 mobilise microplastics oxo 205 december atthenationallevel fourcountriesmakeaclearreference transposes austria finland forbid landfilled incinerated sectorplannen ferrous nonferrous brought juin modifiant aux lectricit utilisant nergie whole spainfollowstheeuwasteframeworkdirective rotor blades particula 2022 minimum 35% contaminated own january 2023 45% theukfollowstheeuwasteframeworkdirective 2025 55% require businesses recyclable g england wales index htm brochure jorftext000024507365&datetexte 20200715 13 abanondirectlylandfillingwastewithatotalorganiccontent toc higher 3% came organic resin glues feasible accordance fibres cannot harm mixed enable memberstatesmayapplyadditionalmeasures edition banned economic instruments voluntary agreements principle park operators benefit exemption alternative considereddenmark costly benchmark 200 via statutory orders incineration cerium ce dysprosium dy erbium er europium gadolinium gd holmium ho lanthanum lutetium lu neodymium nd praseodymium pr promethium pm samarium sm scandium sc terbium tb environnement r543 543 thulium tm ytterbium yb andyttrium specialty tgermany permanent magnets iron boron nd2fe14b 05 federal 29% 5% legisltransposes 56 afgewerkte olie weee apply eee large scale fixed except equipspain specifically designed those vii wasspainfollowstheeuwasteframeworkdirective electrical forthetreatmentofwasteoil thisistransposedinthe external removedlaw united kingdom control pollution scotland northern ireland 2001 prevention safe ppg8 ase commissioned development observed when requirement remove deep 1mproducers return surface rehabilitate area regulating instead between landowner operator proposed amendments current excavation enspain recommends ounited crane access centimetres replacementdecommissioning nearconditions unless whicthe consenting include located wishes maintenance trestoration acceptable state approval paragraph issue declaration commitment dismantle sealing permanently abandoning chapterowing reflects wtg complete thepreparatandimplementofithe individual onshorewindeuropeines responsabilities selection contracting competent reliable appointment partners specialist engineers contractor coordinators retrieval termination coordinator documentation execution award bears overall prove expertise carried fields field activity executing leg comprises divided tasks preparations operatingthe suitable expert persons extensive categorisation delegated them order highest remains respective categories accumulation pollutants tender summarizes selects assigned exemplary among flows wtgs presence written instructions logistical verification prescribed protective implementation corresponding supervisor manager obligation coordination undertakings regards proper concerned various krwg issuing qualified proof generally accepted rules technology incl weighing slip approved documents representatives check defined things para closed obligations kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz addition may former submit generic activitieswaste was properly thataresubjecttorecycling tobedifferentiatedin advisable thoroughly carry systematically saves operatingime planner page described unexpected delays additional successful timeline determination ofthe dismantled distinction marketed consideration continue combination generator determines manner suffered damage compromising define accompanying totalithin scope invitation contracts buyer reachedindividual irrevocably bound contract early expiry licence request continued longer quotation viable review restrictions limitations withregardstothedismantlinganddisposalofwtgs reasons mentioned above examined entirewindfarmistobedecommissionedanddismantled location route parts cable internal retained infrastruc concerning grid connection imposed noise especially foundati laws norms standards specifications assembly routes directives licensing almost deconstruction drawing upa catalogue backed comply catalogued updated file inventory obligationsm built epc inter alia implemented aggregate points plans drawings individualtableorchecklistsothatallpointsareobserved manufacturer question answered checklist reports layout measured line diagram implement what how descriptions implementati deadline clearly tracked checked maintained successively supplemented newrestrictions requirementsandobligations theconcretedatafordeterminingthetypesandquantities arise valuation determining efficiently safely relevaof planned determined masses weights dimensions details volumes plantequipmentmustbeknown procure compile view disassembled multipledocumentsanddrawings itisadvisabletorequest disposedof forallgroupsofsubstances therequirements manufacturers andinstallers anearlystage duringcommissioningdisposal forthispurpose thewtgsupplycontractandthegeneral nationally could hand phase 21 the3 works able starting responsibilityforwastedisposal someauthoritiesalready certificateapproximately three months thus handed disposer ask operatingcompanyatthelatestwiththeacceptanceofthe about permits driving road closures accompanied traffic ensured handover heavy certificates ofthese receipts announce tendering writing servthe county done month kick off creation concept working integrated option mechanical sufficiently then beforethestartofdismantling thewastedisposalconcept serve contractorasaninternalplanninginstrumentandcontains erected sufficient materialflows whicharetobebrieflydescribedaccording temporary laying occurrence plates placing ballast arising beroad too narrow approach departure transporters companiesoroperatingfacilitiesinabindingmanner curve radius criteria dispolonger temporarily transporextended haulage involved named limits flexibility reason awarding size stability approx initiated weeks outsource experts planners engineering offices providers selecting risk duringthismeeting inadditiontotheresponsibilities constructionscheduleandthetimeplanningfortheentire discussed adjustments comments beginsfinally schedule bindingly parties event changes sequence hazards accident insurance institutionswill identification withmeasurestobeselectedtoprotectemployees atthe decommission3 determine setting upthe release metwithregardstodisposal whenselectingtheresulting care precedence organisational and3 briefing personal employee training tas rule provides beginning prepare thedismantlingcompanymustfamiliariseandinstructthe direction employees forworkonconstructionsite specificriskassessmentandthe representative ismantling occupational signature confirm withaleadtimeofapprox 8weeks thedate comprehensibly informed takes inards duties beelegate advance presented personmpetent give andthe applicable senior haveregarding assumed mplied independent appointedof monitor education close ofeight switching inspection violations stickers 23 first commencement rail reassembled tony problems here applied anufacturer features detached connections labelled detail faulty assembled second materialtraceabilityshouldbeensuredasthedismantling step shut down andd lays decommission physically separated mv t3 harness connected disconnected thfoundation timing decoupled remaining operate until removed withregardstotheobservanceofsafetyandoccupational disconnection carriedthestepsofdismantlingfoundationsareshowninchapter qualifications voltage ms hs connecting loosen torque wrenches retighten strongly inthe thiafter minimise waiting times downtimes foinfrastructure comparatively expensive transported drawn intotal abouttwodayscanbeplannedforthepreparatory therein phaseofdismantling duringwhichabout3 4peoplework parallel sold a3 another utmost separationofcableconnections powercablesandcontrol siterestorationisexplainedinchapter6 siterestoration separation tower contractual fordismantling compiles measurements partial self tity determinations evidence keeping register delegate customer agreement differences formulated checks harmless plots itmaterial companycontinuesuntilthefinaldisposalofthematerials fulfilled correctly full backfilling pits meets ca3 settlement payment receipt invoicing conjunction contractually remuneration systematic results renaturation documented diary ata decommissioningthe nacelle datawind manuals regarding rated output diameter hub performed height towers lubricants gear isa relativelyeasyforwindturbinemanufacturerstosharefor reference isared find parking template indicates filled andnot added 27 fulfilment ancillary immission see contains landleasecontractsincludeanobligationof dealing thisistiedto acancellationof thepubliceasementfor thewindturbinesinthelandregisterafterdismantling abandoned structural facilities bimschg framed charge establishment upon commissioning facts reported delay name auxiliary year cessation applying regulation lower saxony nbauo exists official supervisory guarantee deposited inspections raise concerns officers consultees landowners stakeholders success factor conducted recommended ongoing responsive lack sensitive generate controversies head achieve beyond compulsory pay attention sharing dust light both night dark season economical proven soon friendly identify gather neighbours living requested transportation users lease dwelling leaves room discussion nuisances thestakeholders includingtheoperatorofthe formanywindfarms stakeholder scommittee specialists already residents dialogue answering questions instance itself insomecountriessuchasfrance recyclability thewholefoundationis andnewinstallations integratedbladesinthe shared rate actual ser recommendation happens possibility transparency platform aims communicating ambition collectively assess pros cons valued neutral scientific involving press projects increase test crosschecking terrain address sustain pressure reusing statement emergency response lifting speed movement drag engie app uploads 2019 cp d%c3%a9montagepln engiegreenvf lt skills incident reporting mitigation structurahybrid lattice machines flat choose demwithout buoyancy pile abbruchverfahren accessibility open applicatspace mountains etc facil helpful suitabequipment space procedure iunder river bu ultimate infrastruconcretisation sub account compatibility partially applicabl avoidance vibrations tubular ratio lowering handling disassembling splitting interim installing containers star gondola underground strong placedontheconstructionsiteequipment forreasons thedismantlingofothercomponentsoftheinfrastructure possibly transformers station panel transformer sections circumstances upper edge excluding ascertained shows healthy yawing orientation allows boom manoeuvring pitching position dismounting trailing forward pointing secured clearance fence signage successive disconnecting supply wastewater cabling needed energise networks fresh devices tanks vessels recreation rooms sanitary erecting equipped aid fire extinguishing disman tling flame trafficareas includingescapeandrescueroutes beprovided ifitbecomesnecessarytocloseoffpublic adhere restriction supplier f stvo direct onto racks destination frame entirely train transportofthenacelletotheagreeddestination loosening lateral transportable ofthehubontoheavy dutytransporters transporting vans completely illustration securing rolling away shredding sizes torches shredded easily loosened consisting bars lowered ransport produces aluminium copper cut supplied tube hybrid structure stand directly rest piles previously inserted variants briefly irreversible thatthereconstructionofadeconstructedconcretetower deemed segments destroyed targeted subsequent excavators crush reinforcing deviations interpretation reinforced demolished either processed unrestricted driven loose disproportionate disturbance remain arranged layers resting excavator blasting broken chisel exposed fragments dredged chiselling relatively consist rock sometimes predominantly layer geotextile geogrid exact partly specified restricted depths two metres known sensible picked population notified stating screening cause neighbouring houses gravel lines slag presently mostly specifics pit truck geotextiles geogrids distinguish transmission larger anchor cage centre professionally carefullyremovedfromthefoundationinsomecasesand fault established constructed pcbs sf6 small foundationcomponentistransportedtoaspecialistwaste rubble dismantlingoftheinfrastructure accessroutestowtgwiththeassociatedcurveradius weighed boundary ecological saw types diamond tipped saws range handheld roles hydraulically outsourced several cuts increases contractors handlers behe cuttings consulted obtain facilityr frp taxes bans dimensional fine combined collecting activitiesm advantage arecarriedoutunderhighhealthandsafetyrequirements directions gives extract selected laminates balsa techniques jaw cutter regardless tool sectioning affixed practicew compared manual tools windturbineblades thehydraulicallydrivenjawproduces very rough occur enclosed crushed zone difficult tent fibre fog sanitize completion prone emit jet demand stowing covering wrapping lorries uses mixture abrasive proces4 somewhat noiseemissions buttheuseofwaterishighincomparison wire cooled arenormallyoutsourcedtospecialistcontractorse particles teeth wrapped turbicontractors hauliers inclunique wood anthis onlylimitedbythelengthofthewirewhichcanbeextended basistoobtainmorespecificinformationonrequirements indefinitely environmentallye lift coolimanagement collectelift rope marine thecutsarerelativelysmoothandwelldefined thedisadvantageisthatthemethodistimeconsumingand firmly pinching detailing gravity radio abnormal load vehicle escort drivers loads submissioncility allow effective tothelocalauthorities agenciesinadvanceoftheplanned police stages perform convoy spare consultationmustbesoughtwiththeappointedtransport radios command provider theffectively communicate subcontractors extra handsets appointed delivery enough interface effect riskmanagement intheeu anabnormalloadisdefined convenience options indivisible exceeding axle bogie 96 53 renewables refers competency safest outcome trained certified personnel bedocumentedintheformofaliftplanprovidingdetailed deployed unloading stacking configurations spheres secure escorting stipulate monitors prevents compromises accompaniment observe unsafe empowered stop solution job situation rectified travelling combinationtransport positions units serviced front rear third surveillance ahead trainedandmedicallyfit warning oncoming engaged relates bed clean innovativeust wasteowing manufacture ention repair items applicarepurposeally covernt composting protocols pyrolysis fuels heat recoverdisposal etipwind going represented polymer pet foam ducts represent 27% depend report enercon agency roughly mw 115 gamesa 356 tonnes castings fiberglass raw chromium cobalt ron anganese olybdenum ickel system mis april aterials scoreboard specify submarine somo rights 09 e115 ht 135m 38 jrc locally solar pv technologies transition aembureau decarbonised biggest 243 500 413 repeatedly 132 cast 800 commonly many replacement levees flood filler benefits heaviestandmostvoluminouswastestreamsgeneratedin replaces 380 million tons mined accounts approximately reduces landfills avoids tipping fees consists numerous bricks gypsum glasdespite solvents asbestos varies greatly across ranges cembureau average migliore talamo paganin difficulties estimates created centres mobile crushing 1999 cdbestpracticewouldbetoseparatecdwatsourceinorder since avoid aggregates derived pose risks hamper drainage obstacles cited greater readily accessible inexpensive grade applications trust certificationschemes referenced ascertain windusted achieved 210 kiln operated distributed co distances routinely trucked elementary because essential mawhich much effort conserve risingtechnologies associated disposenergy 000t becomingiron 800t substantial nthe accommodate believes recoverablecopper domestically domestic 350 300 250 150 mi lio 2000 2003 2004 2005 2007 2013 tin matuerials zinc gold silver platinuum preciousu nickel bauxite aluuminium world association 85% estimate manufactured medium drive bases intensity irena magnitude neglected values varying 600 later preferred stem offshore materialsdemandforwindandsolarpvtechnologiesinthe selective coil challenges vestas casing exceed boost allowing lighter resistant lightweight although compositions vary besides composed reinforcement aramid differ basalt represents primary ranging 950 median 100 lesser degree superior strength consensus stiffness offer advantages per nberger barrier deployment stenqvist references difference matrix thermosets windings stator epoxies polyesters vinyl esters polyurethane portions thermoplastics conductors coils earthing sandwich core foams alliance polyvinyl chloride pvc polyethylene terephthalate fe stainless structual adhesives pur coatings pe plate mainly wiring bolts steels platforms polymers theyaregravity orrock anchoredsystems castironisused shafts grades ironreinforcing usage 41 tx ud laminate adhesive gel coat pmi bx developing ts prevented reduction substitution north american selling refurbished decreasing failure extending lifetime testing certification play and5 designing easy upgrade versions segmented modular repurposing yet examples routine usingthebladesforplaygroundsorstreetfurniture servicing repurposed structures bicycle shelters bridge fatigue analysis rresundby walkways scada architectonic demonstration unlikely dnv gl developed dnvgl st 0260 42 recover thetablebelowsummarisessomeofthekeypropertiesof becomes please materialwithadifferentfunctionaluse recyclingrequires cefic eucia accelerating convert something else turning fuel manufacturing disposingbladesvialandfillorincinerationwithoutenergy favoured fluidised fall combines decrease upgrades grinding thermal maximal retrieved thermo solvolysis electro pulse fragmentation matrices revert maturmonomers thhaving good understanding effects fibrimpacts choice length therebydesign influencing assessments table1 comparison maturity readiness investment running micro wave microwave 43 simply recasting item powder designs employ melt extents leave totally gearboxes magnet smaller apermanentmagnetcontains28 5%neodymium 4% 1% 66% weighs manualdismantlingandsegregation 4t rabe kostka smith stegen labour intensive probably uneconomical minor attaching fixtures 2018a robotic segregation potentially quite making vast amounts mining melting machining temperature lot containing mine temperatures footprint shrink dependency ii p ossible scrap outside stripped ensures fail melted fitted deliver exception controlled casting greener scheme dissolution depletion involves dissolving element fluid filtering leaving depleted individually really reclaimed disintegration hydrogen atmosphere degradation demagnetisation putting combinations gas leads demagnetised breaking accordingly minutes reconditioning thecollectedpowdercanbeused seems greenest easiest recoverhe contamination significantly minimised mechanically residual university birmingham polluting horizon grant develop chain susmagpro reprocessing prototype concentration followed incorporated obvious estimated raises essentelectronic controller cells signal payload evs leak resistors capacitors circuits instant dissociation tantalum precious board unventilated constituents concentrations thoroughproductdocumentation materialspecifications converter bearings soto complexity unforeseeable events avoided oems especiallyadequate flow lubricanrecyclers enhance drained furthermore plays extracted reducingregulatoryriskssuchascompliancewiththeeu registration evaluation changing reaching gfs collects industries boats labelling acquisition recording automobiles segregate carefully consistent controllable foundry stable uncontrolled massive reject 0376 mix note retired registered bladetracker serial vendor tracking enables every predict thby whom list missing validated 46 restora tion inputs functions handlingmeasures cranes leaks regard lubricant fuell subsoil losses thesese accessundation groundwatery plantst accounted suchas wiwindeuropes restored greatest improvements describes landscape fabric character amenity receptors careful cranesite transmissionstationandothers scottish heritage 591 suggests recommendations widths signed adjoining incursion tenant stockpiling weather seasonal substrates hours intrusion countryside surroundings suppression vegetation visible plumes siting stockpiles mounds rapid progressive soiling look support substrate complex discussing remediation tenants initial fit innovations administration agriculture tracks laydown pads organizations utilise planting earthwork typical topsoil cheaper easier filling finding happened towould phases stored tenderingandassignmentofconstructionworks sit finished closing loop media glrpdech ecra technicalreport concretereuse deloitte eviromental op 117c8d9b e3d3 11e8 b690 01aa75ed71a1 union lex eur txt uri celex 32008l0098 files ley julio residuos suelos contaminados com 1436517 2011%252c julio%252c html gov october classify le acc au droit gifrance accueil affichcode 2c8e1962c80d95abdf67fbfbe9993abatplgfr44s dsectionta legiscta000032190408&cidtexte legitext000006074220&datetexte 20190924 idsectionta legiscta000033934137&cidtexte t000006074220&datetexte lpa cgr advocats google search q downloads%2f07 fabrice cassin avocats ofate dfbew pd f&rlz 1c1chbd enbe868be868&oq f&aqs chrome 69i57j69i58j69i60 267j0j4&sourceid chrome&ie utf exploring substitutes technological portal research se 43492648 s2 s0301421518302726 strategies cross sectoral exchanges ovam afvalstromen afval materialen specifieke materiaalkringlopen steenachtige kringloop preillon belgian agentschap voor buitenlandse handel abh ace economische sectorale china critical retsinformation forms cirkul om kommunale regulativer sortering af bygge og anl gsaffald med henblik genanvendelse dk r0710 aspx id 49070 rijkswaterstaat metalen lap3 council 333 cease parliament http umweltbundesamt topics turbinesupplychains wp actionaid machine translation 1444738 february%252c ministerie infrastructuur waterstaat plannen 85 vlaanderen milieubewust emis navigator vito mijn woid 8424 electricity v112 pdfs v1123%2045mw mk3a iso lca fi nal 31072017 powers 180207%20sustainability%20report%20 190207%20sustainability%20report%20 tur bine 51 windeuropewindeurope voice actively worldwide 400 headquarters leading suppliers insti tutes developers financial consultants makes largest powerful network printed climatcert 53520 1910 1004 rue belliard 1040 brussels belgium 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-11-20" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6872 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6873 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6874 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(28) "Sustainability and Recycling" ["code"]=> string(28) "sustainability-and-recycling" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6875 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(430) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBamtDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--5a0f11c282b6f3c3a9ca7ae0255b27da6313b2c4/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/decommissioning-onshore-turbines-header-image.jpg" } [28]=> object(stdClass)#6876 (17) { ["id"]=> int(160) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "2ed2a75f-f31c-eb11-a813-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(49) "Building the business case for renewable hydrogen" ["slug"]=> string(49) "building-the-business-case-for-renewable-hydrogen" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(723) "The European Commission announced end of 2019 its goal of reaching climate neutrality by 2050. To get there, electrification is the right and cheapest way forward. Yet, some sectors are harder to decarbonise (e.g. aviation or heavy industry); this is where renewable hydrogen steps in. Hydrogen recently came under the spotlight : the European Commission is betting on renewable hydrogen to reach its decarbonisation objectives and many Members States are also releasing or drafting hydrogen strategies. The question is how are we going to deliver? This Sofa Talk will explain to you how we can scale up renewable hydrogen, the implications and opportunities for the wind sector and how to get the infrastructure right. " ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-29" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6877 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6878 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6879 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6880 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6881 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6882 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6883 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6884 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6885 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6886 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(402) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBallDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--fb50cd9b72989cadbfc7b1a2e01d02f3fc0a3645/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/29102020-sofatalk.jpg" } [29]=> object(stdClass)#6887 (17) { ["id"]=> int(159) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "7a151171-7217-eb11-a814-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(57) "R&I funding under the Green Deal: what’s in it for wind" ["slug"]=> string(54) "r-i-funding-under-the-green-deal-what-s-in-it-for-wind" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(1298) "What are the upcoming EU public funding opportunities for the wind energy sector? The European Commission has opened a call for research and innovation projects, with a €1 billion budget under Horizon 2020, to help the EU to deliver on the Green Deal. There are two thematic areas of interest for the wind industry: “Area 2”: Clean, affordable and secure energy and “Area 3”: Industry for a clean and circular economy The European Commission has also announced that over 35% of spending in the next EU long-term budget will contribute to climate objectives. How will this rule affect the wind energy sector’s access to public funding? Carlos-Eduardo Lima de Cunha, Policy Officer at DG RTD in the European Commission, will talk about the ongoing green deal call and will give us as sneak peek into Horizon Europe priorities, the Next EU Research & Innovation programme. Francesca Harris, Project Manager at INEA, will help you navigate the priorities and rules for applicants for the latest Horizon 2020 call by sharing some tips and tricks on how to apply. She will also present the newer and simpler rules for the Horizon Europe program, the next big funding program starting in 2021. The sofa talk will be moderated by WindEurope’s EU funding advisor, Sabina Potestio." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-22" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6888 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6889 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6890 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6891 (3) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(21) "Funding opportunities" ["code"]=> string(21) "funding-opportunities" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6892 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6893 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6894 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6895 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6896 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6897 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6898 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6899 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(421) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBalVDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--4392023cb9a5c5fc2ee075b1db234e29dcfee211/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-sofa-talk-r-and-i-funding.jpg" } [30]=> object(stdClass)#6900 (17) { ["id"]=> int(157) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "07f92601-de0f-eb11-a814-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(38) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring Q3 2020" ["slug"]=> string(38) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-q3-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(248) "This report summarises the announced wind turbine orders in each quarter of the year. It also provides a market analysis of the industry based on the number of orders, capacity ordered, sellers, buyers and other sectorial and technology indicators." ["plain_text"]=> string(1984) "windeurope org october 2020this report summarises wind turbine orders that this publication contains information collected on a took place from 1 july 2020 to 30 september regular basis throughout the year and then verified tracks announced with relevant members of industry before publicly available publishing neither nor its their related entities are by means commercial transactions future deals categorising them into firm conditional rendering professional advice or partnerships framework agreements services shall latter entails more than one order in be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained determined period without specified person who relies amount units capacity which do not fit these categories text analysis classified as unknown business intelligence we track enercon because they share ivan komusanac installations 2019 was about 17% europe policy 38% germany 32 2 213 18 38 number rated turbines gearbox mw diameter m generator class countries vestas 413 v117 4 122 yes 3 stages 117 acr i ii s netherlands uk v126 60 126 russia v110 0 110 dfig poland 45 50 denmark v105 40 105 greece v100 33 100 v150 22 150 iii finland v136 14 136 italy 12 nordex se 72 n149 4800 65 8 149 spain n163 5700 7 5 163 belgium france undisclosed ge 43 158 austria 13 lithuania sgre 11 sg 170 6 sweden 155 swedenonshore 103 93 48 19 20 other 9 total 95 204 turbinesdfig doubly fedinduction generators pmg permanent magnet asynchronous cage rotorwindeurope counts results cross checked companies officially distinguishes between released websites acciona energ sa www energia es adwen adwenoffshore com under all types tracked but per country company is carried out alone renewableenergy unless mhi offshore http mhivestasoffshore furthermore online en small scale e those smaller kw senvion https global siemens gamesa renewable energy relying siemensgamesa int offshorewind biz suzlon rechargenews vergnet accueil php renewablesnow renews windpowerintelligence windpowermonthly" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-19" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6901 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6902 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6903 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6904 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6905 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6906 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6907 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6908 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6909 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6910 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(407) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBakVDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--aafc74084df7ab8226a4106d48f58c0f97aa503d/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wtom-q3-2020-thumbnail.jpg" } [31]=> object(stdClass)#6911 (17) { ["id"]=> int(158) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "b8f8e0f8-0412-eb11-a813-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(81) "Launch of WindEurope Flagship report: Wind energy and economic recovery in Europe" ["slug"]=> string(80) "launch-of-windeurope-flagship-report-wind-energy-and-economic-recovery-in-europe" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(865) "The EU is moving forward on ambitious new climate targets for 2030 as a key milestone for climate neutrality. While this consolidates Europe’s global climate leadership, securing consensus on climate ambition at home will require showing this can also boost Europe’s economic recovery. WindEurope’s latest Flagship report shows climate ambition translates into hundreds of thousands of jobs in wind energy and a higher contribution from the sector to EU GDP. The online launch event will bring together wind industry CEOs and key policymakers’ perspectives on how the EU can get the most of its globally competitive wind industry and benefit communities across the continent by delivering on climate ambition. Read the report" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-16" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6912 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6913 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6914 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(417) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBak1DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--1cdd5b404afa07fdc03cc2c90e1a97cf4dab717d/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/flagship-2020-webinar-mainbanner.jpg" } [32]=> object(stdClass)#6915 (17) { ["id"]=> int(156) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "c68df583-530d-eb11-a813-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(32) "Rare Earths in the Wind Industry" ["slug"]=> string(32) "rare-earths-in-the-wind-industry" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(307) "Rare earth elements are used by the wind turbine industry in permanent magnet generators. This research note describes the role of rare earths in the wind energy industry, details the current global supply and demand situation and analyses the future demand of rare earth elements from the wind industry. " ["plain_text"]=> string(17835) "executive summary 3 recommendations introduction 4 global demand and supply of ree 5 sustainability re 9 wind energy technology 10 generator drive train configuration 11 trends 12 future from the industry in eu 15 at level 18 other markets 19 critical raw materials action plan 20 technologies 23 references 24 2rare earth elements are used by turbine permanent magnet generators this researchnotefocusesonthedemandandsupplyofreeandrareearthoxides reo forthewindturbine after discussing situation side note analyses role power taking into consideration different aspects market worldwide development following conclusions drawn permanentmagnet pmsg allowa lighterand morecompactwind design require lower maintenance costs actual 2018 share turbines is 34% for onshore 100% offshore joint researchcouncil jrc scenariossuggest an increaseoftheeumarketshare to between 52% 65% a decrease 44% 95% 2050 chain entirely depends on non countries particular china deployment according plans would most dysprosium neodymium praseodymium terbium currently available substitution strategies hardly applicable but more promising recycling years away commercialisation yang et al 2017 increased material efficiency could reduce content 29% 20% 2030 expand research innovation rd&i substitutes urgently examine low cost opportunities small quantity strengthen initiative further mining options within considering strict euenvironmental legislation addressing possible local national public resistance investigating possibilities stop go multilateral bilateral trade policy efforts balance as near monopoly supplier relations with suppliers than consider stockpiling only last resort option current dependencies 1oxide chemical compound that consists one or oxygen atoms least element atom therefore compounds occur combining 3rare belong group 17 similar catalytic magnetic optical properties which part our daily high modern equipment oxides rare present appliances lcd screens hybrid cars la lantanum tb ce cerium dy pr ho holmium nd er erbium pm promethium tm thulium sm samarium yb ytterbium europium lu lutetium gd gadolinium y yttrium figure 1 names symbols owing their unique rees can be wide variety products including computing defence systems clean gupta krishnamurthy 2015 light earths underlined those atomic number 57 62 numbers 63 71 make up heavy even though its 39 scientists place it because resemble found rareearthsarerelativelyabundantintheearth scrust butminableconcentrationsarelesscommonthan minerals resources primarily four geologic environments carbonatites alkaline igneous ion adsorption clay deposits monazite xenotime bearing placer carbonatitesandplacerdepositsaretheleadingsourcesoflightrare earthelements adsorptionclays leading source generally abundant erecon 2014 table shows main applications consumption usage zhou b 2016 use percentage converters metal production refining40 2%e oils petroleum cracking catalyst camera lenses 27 8%ry electrodes magnets improver 6% television computer screen cfls led lights 6 8% glass ceramics colorant lasers 4% refrigeration 0 9% additive luminescent 7% co x ray laser coloring halide lamp dielectric ceramic signal amplification fiber optic cables amplifier 5% medical isotope radiation therapy color intensifying0 4%eens giant magnetostrictive materi0 2% na sc aerospace framework special alloy neutron andpraseodymium inboldintable1 iron boron fe 2 14 electricity back these typically contained smith stegen nowadays closer estimations varied significantly ranged about120 000to 150 000tonnes t adamasintelligence2016 theamountandspecificreesused varies sector application summarises per type shown others phosphors batteries 40 catalysts 24% metallurgy 10% 23% polishing 12% roskill 5by2018 themarketshareincreasedto35%byvolumeand91%byvaluethusbecomingtheleadingsector adamasintelligence2019 globalannualgrowthinreeconsumptioninthissectorisexpectedto exceed through 2020 usgs 2019 expected dominate overall availability may cause oversupply some not bccresearch2015 roskillinformationservicesltd 2016andusgs2018 adamasintelligence forecasts prices like will rise accordingly pay losses producers incurring over producing unsaleable surplus users adamas intelligence us geological survey estimated total mine respectively 190 000 210 producer consumer downstream continue alloys world madagascar 0% thailand country % vietnam india 26 australia 21 burma brazil 100 russia 22 myanmar burundi 630 600 120 132 900 madaga scar 700 800 920 60 dominates processing manufacturing whilst s has fallen 2010 2011 62% remains largely intact furthermore value adding capacity convert outputs continuously expanded reaching 85% 90% metals fluctuation strictly dependent export policies there million tonnes reserves globally 38% located sizeable also new important deposit was recently discovered western north pacific ocean minamitorishima island japan effectiveness mineral exploitable takaya greenland 1% canada south africa united states 400 300 tanzania 3% 830 44 500 19% 790 890 percentages extracted 310 tightened restrictionsand banned any reeexportto creating alarming speculation increase price amplified europe due quotas exportation taxes explore alternative sites extraction while sectors began effort intensifying technological compensate shortage addition 2008 started pursuing 7sustainability goals such fighting illegal regulating improving environmental practices boosting internal industries result diversified major projects starting dropped consequently fall spike basis largest declines were 59% 57% andyttrium 50% usgs2018 presentsthe variation 2005 7 pavel excess inventory limit expansion outside beyond consolidationinchina tighterenforcementofenvironmentalcompliance andreductionsinillegalmining higher scenario accelerate already happened bcc potential diversification sources greater resilience regarding likely improve blagoeva foster rateswill play fundamental forexample governmentof swedenis abundance entire swedishproductionchainfromextractiontofinishedproduct includingrecycling currentbarriersinclude risks chinese dominance permission processes growth analysis sweden another example siemens gamesa renewable recovery danish protection agency likewise ree4eu http www susmagpro https 8investigating solutions finally greenspur uk based company developed free discussionsregardingthesustainabilityofremaybebroadlyclassifiedintothreecategories social impacts c benefits utilisation mclellan perspective securing relatively geologically speaking however necessarily concentrations economic moreover utilise efficient carbon growing electronics outstrip adams annual substantially until limited benefit quantities difficulty collection binnemans 2013 shifts increasing priceof becomes attractive many issues associated nearly all under exploration contain radioactive thorium th uranium u decay much health concerns around come containing wastes been undertaken publicly monitoring epidemiological evidence impact detailed study related toxicity carried out early 1990s hirano suzuki provides data ali ongoing radioactivity levels well plants crucial ensure no large amounts reagents required res contamination mitigation measures industrial operations particularly wastewater treatment controls emissions dust sulphur fluoride obstacle spread usa where restrictions tighter latter lead justice developing highlightsthatthechineseindustryhascontinuedtointroducelegislationto domestic tackling governmental historical despite mined impacted recent consolidation predominantly southern provinces suspending processors have looked both rest recycled imported processed 9facilitiesinchina tomeetgrowingdemandforrareearthproducts illegalproductionremainsasignificant central government reduced almost since contribution towards green cited positive perceptions risk site thus need balanced against broader priorities rises environmentalimpactandsupplysecurity recyclingandsubstitutiontechnologieswillplayafundamental windenergyisoneofthemostcost effectivetechnologiesforclimate changemitigationandisagrowing base penetrationof globalmarkets influence latest techno developments depending generation components themaincomponentofawindturbineisthegenerator whichconvertsthemechanicalenergyinputfrom blades electrical choice costovertime onthe locationof installed haveto meetgrid connection requirements quality form delivered grid system therearetwomaingeneratortypes theasynchronousandthesynchronous theasynchronousgenerator needs start operation variable speed doubly fed induction dfig widespread vestas v120 114 general electric cypress platform representative models synchronous moving generates either electromagnets electrically excited eesg order operating create necessary field hand permanentmagnets consist strong nature do 8 167 dd v162 haliade 12mw examples take advantage ofthe reos generate advantages using density results lighter compact advantageous larger 5mw allowing weight mechanical 10constraints performs speeds self excitation enhances compatibility full converter categorised connects bladehubtothegeneratoranddifferentconfigurationsarerequiredfordifferentrotationalbladespeeds geared connected gearbox medium 80 rpm sized transmission equipped electromagnet mainly squirrel caged scig wound rotor wrig requires less competitive carrara direct directly run 30 rotation minute pmsgs eesgs manufacturers enercon mtorres among benefiting absence gearboxes dominant manufacturer key eliminating they enable reduction size attractiveness replacing failure prone simple reliable allows them operate additionally temperature super conductors hts gains include improvements performance savings terms locations beneficial continues depend reductions progress m nberger stenqvist overview superconductors without longer relevant widely adapted previous decades highlighted dark blue italics yet marketed 80rpm 900rpm contents 650 160 kg mw 2017a turbinesaccounted forthe totalityoftheeuropeanoffshoremarketand 76% adopted traditional dfigtechnology whichaccountedfor34%and52%oftheeuandglobalinstalledcapacities gaining shares still accounting 30% 32% database characterised distinct phases common beginning 21st century monopolised abruptly replaced turn displaced adoption 122007 themselves now being gradually better mix progressively phased gained 51% average itself challenged figures9and10showtheeu28trendofinstalledcapacityperwindturbinetypeforonshoreandoffshore eu28 brackets each year completeness 13 faced substantial 2009 projections foreseen grow linear proven wrong faster tables5 and6 presenttheeumarketshareofdd pmsgandgearedpmsgforonshoreandoffshorewind centre european commission scenarios lds 13% mds 15% hds 21% 26% 31% 39% 73% 36% 58% 56% 87% 27% notes tables methodology develop follows lowdemandscenario extrapolationbasedonhistoricaltimeseries focusingontheperiod post 2000 uptake mediumdemandscenario extrapolation timeseries sameperiod above modified accommodate penetration notably lesser extent mixes sub assumed mimic today values replacement rates time series same again assessthefuturedemandofreefromthewindindustry thejrcusedthreescenariosconsideringfour factors capacities plant lifetime intensity long term strategy lts technical times zero baseline considers complete decarbonisation legally binding targets hence aims identical achieve 64% line 55% ghg objective laid deal 25 35 constant indicates needed produce ndfeb might reached reductionintheaveragesizeofthepermanentmagnets andsubstitutionstrategies ofthereeshareinpermanentmagnets lacal ar ntegui estimatetheneodymium magnetsat equalmagnetic densitymight 29 down considered hypothetical situations breakdownofmaterialswasappliedforthebaselineyear 29%forneodymium 4%fordysprosium 66% report reproduced below presents presented aggregated demandandasindividualonshoreandoffshorecontributions datafor2030and2050areshowninterms scale factor exact reported 16to evaluate plotted predicted demands proportion 16 split ratio assessed comparing relative indicative threshold reference 22% taken assuming access proportional gross product althoughthisassumptionislikelytobeincorrect itprovidesageneralideaofwhetheramaterial subject close overcoming poses thethreshold isindicativeofthecurrent supplyfor alltechnologies notjustwind concludes alone did equivalent demandfordy prand isaboveorcloseto supplylevels themds far ofwind compared whole farms half vehicles nimh face continuous degree increasingly automotive traction motors vehicle personal transportation model speirs about 550 sold requiring meet target sales iea 200 translates car hev 2017b bikes 34 road transport two amount representingupto30%ofexpectedglobalndfebsupplyin2020 paveletal dyposesthehighest 75% arevery 80% 19in september updated list factual tool support & e g miningtechnologies substitutionandrecycling andindustrialpolicy criteriadetermineamaterial inclusion importance very ec launched identifies actions resilient chains ecosystems dependency circularity responsible focus reorienting coal regions activities diversify third provided importantly announces alliance initially strontium titanium bauxite lithium antimony phosphorous baryte gallium magnesium scandium beryllium germanium natural graphite silicon bismuth hafnium rubber tantalum borate niobium tungsten cobalt platinum vanadium coking indium phosphate rock fluorspar 20figure individual grouped red 2020eu launch driven q3 build open strategic autonomy before extending tootherrawmaterialareas investors europeaninvestmentbank stakeholders member sustainable financing criteria extractive delegated acts taxonomy end 2021 finance launchcritical materialsresearch in2021 wasteprocessing advanced horizon regional fund r&i programmes community map secondary stocks identify viable 2022 eit investment thatcan operationalby 2025 priority expertise skills transition onwards unions deploy observation remote sensing resource closure management action8 develophorizoneurope onprocessesfor exploitation andprocessing international partnerships funding secure undistorted conditions pilot interested neighbourhood counterparts promote regulatory proposals cooperation civil society organisations clear coming margin uncertainty renewables storage frameworks import improvement preferences single theelimination regulations does negative known sustain pace hundred strongly next unequal puts uncertainties constraints reeprojects asthedistributionofindividualreesisnotconsistentwithdemand althoughndanddyare means profitable sense solving imbalanced success techniques life effective method imbalance problem superconducting potentially i indeed exhibit virtually circulating windings achieving air gap flux densities case volume machine three machines offered challenges cooling primary ores landfills scrap formed earthoxides andmaterial recognised valuable ways bring jones reducing harmful effects receiving attention governments businesses solution way commercial identified methods various stages estimate approximately supplyfrom 50 2100 brief existing routes if nonoxidized separated hydrogenated powder solid then reprocess directlyfromthealloyusingthefollowingroutes resinteringofthepowder meltspinning hydrogenation disproportionation desorption recombination hddr recasting master modification handle should noted suitable shredded metallurgical separation except difficult impractical home types ferrites smco hydrometallurgical pyrometallurgical electrochemical combinationsofthesetechniquesarebeinginvestigatedinstead studiessofarhavefocusedonthehighly concentrated waste pre dismantling concentration physical outlook pricing publications metalevents com 09 august sh vol pp 123 134 avm018h 244 plus appendices bccresearch html benecki wt powerpoint presentation magnetics conference february waltbenecki uploads pdf 24binnemans k pt blanpain van gervern walton buchert review journal cleaner 51 k&jones pt2015 rareearthsandthebalanceproblem journalofsustainablemetallurgy 38 dt alves dias p marmier cc assessment bottlenecks along photovoltaic frame eur 28192 en doi 2790 08169 plazzota solar pv decarbonised 30095 2760 160859 designing chapter www2 mst dk udgiv 978 87 93710 90 file marylise schmid downloads crm%20list%202020 final%20report strengthening kooroshy jg tiess eds reinhardbuetikofer wp 03 v05 01 october eurare scheme ore promine gtk fi documents news final paspaliaris project mapping sgu se december council gwec net statistics vip prstats2016 web how state tillvaxtanalys english reports ck n taylor francis abingdon 25gutfleisch o willard ma br chen ch sankar sg liu jp devices stronger 821 842 internationalenergy globalevoutlook understanding theelectricvehiclelandscape org freepublications publication r art specification 275 283 serrano gonz lez j status 27254 676580 lucas le mercier rollat davenportet wg science elsevier amsterdam flows exploring 119 226 241 bc corder golev procedia sciences 280 287 sch ler d tzimas jenseit w 52 349 357 thiel degreif mitigating pressure 72 schleicher lighting 28152 793319 ed london 2029 edition energies imminent crisis 79 houari contestabile r&gross materialsavailability potentialconstraints economy working paper ii ukerc tpa 003 ac lowcarbon 26takaya yasukawa kawasaki fujinaga ohta usui nakamura kimura chang q hamada dodbiba nozaki iijima morisawa kuwahara ishida ichimura kitazume fujita kato tremendous deep sea mud scientific nb 5763 1038 s41598 018 23948 commodity summaries s3 west amazonaws prd wret assets palladium pubs mcs raree gov periodicals mcs2020 28 april book advance release files myb1 v zquez hern ndez telsnig villalba pradas 201 28530 332535 sheridan gau gutfleisch steenari reerecoveryfromend lifendfebpermanentmagnetscrap acriticalreview journalofsustainable 122 149 li z 203 zhao zhang wei vs problems solved 32" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-13" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6916 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6917 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6918 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(28) "Sustainability and Recycling" ["code"]=> string(28) "sustainability-and-recycling" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6919 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6920 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6921 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6922 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6923 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6924 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [33]=> object(stdClass)#6925 (17) { ["id"]=> int(154) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4eb213d6-da07-eb11-a813-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(43) "Wind energy and economic recovery in Europe" ["slug"]=> string(43) "wind-energy-and-economic-recovery-in-europe" ["tagline"]=> string(71) "How wind energy will put communities at the heart of the green recovery" ["overview"]=> string(973) "Wind energy is an important asset for the European economy. It has been resilient in the COVID-19 crisis and therefore it can play a significant role in a green economic recovery. But wind creates additional benefits beyond jobs and value to the economy. It directly benefits communities living near wind farms. This report shows how the wind industry places people at the centre of such a green recovery. It also presents the state-of-play of the European wind industry and its global competitiveness. It demonstrates that the industrial footprint in Europe is ready to expand if there is a strong domestic market and an effective industrial policy. It also covers the socio-economic benefits of WindEurope’s wind energy deployment scenarios to 2030, based on our analysis of the final National Energy & Climate Plans to 2030. And it shows how wind energy can co-exist with local natural protection and other economic sectors like fishing, agriculture, and aviation." ["plain_text"]=> string(37056) "wind energy and economic recovery in europe how will put communities at the heart of green october 2020 windeurope org howwindeuropegy socio impact evaluation on these materials including any updates to them are published by remain subject copy right european union has been carried out using sna93 wood mackenzie group its methodology system national accounts adopted licensors other third party as applicable 1993 united nations statistical commission made available client affiliates deloitte s approaches which evaluate effects under terms agreed between renewable economy use is governed provided solely with services conditions agreement they were content conclusions contained estimations defined proposal signed confidential may not be disclosed person march 13th without prior written permission accepts no responsibility or liability towards data information that would have access present document should interpreted advice nothing could consequently take harmful decisions actions constitutes an offer buy sell securities knowledge investment you this except expressly permitted calculations obtain figures for it explicitly writing does provide mentioned author a comprehensive analysis financial position prospects company entity refers touche tohmatsu limited herein taken comment regarding value dttl global network member firms their if notwithstanding relatedentities eithertooneorseveralofthem also called each foregoing relies upon anyway legally separate independent entities accept hereby customers more see disclaims extent law all www com about loss damage suffered arising connection such reliance provides audit consulting legal advisory risk management tax related public private clients spanning multiple industries rights reserved verisk business globally connected than 150 countries territories brings world class capabilities high quality service delivering insights need address most complex challenges 312 000 professionals committed making matters communication contains general only none collectively means rendering professional before decision taking action affect your main finances consult qualified iv n pineda adviser shall responsible whatsoever sustained contributing authors guy brindley who daniel fraile viktoriya kerelska l ivan komusanac mattia cecchinato marylise schmid dorina iuga editors pierre tardieu colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm windeuropehasjoinedaclimate neutralprintingprogram laia mir makes choices what prints based environmental criteria co2 emissions printing policy process then calculated compensated 32 2 213 18 11 emissionallowancespurchasedfromasustainableproject executive summary 7 1 introduct 13 today 2030 scenarios 15 3 boosting eu 20 1jobs contribution gdp 22 inser exports 29 4 industrial footprint 33 th na hat kind companies comprise su 34hain turbine manufacturers 35 components 50bn market 38 t where manufactured 40 5 benefits 50 ch 1taxes 51 community benefit funds 56 62 initiatives engagement municipalities 64 ownership 66 6 just transition 68 happy co existence 69 defence military civil aviation 70 nature conservation restoration farming 71 fisheries 73 annex i 76 ii 78 iii 93 h3w figure 2019 203 cumulative power capacity 27 uk july 16 date possible average annual installations direct indirect jobs industry 21 sub sector 8 real prices constant 2010 23 9 per gw 10 distribution added generated 24 share total 25 12 relative weight sectors 26 % 14 rest 28 f guigure absoluae weigst within percentage 17 map extra nacelles hubs pitch systems blades 30 supply chain 34 19 installed region manufacturer origin do competitive advantages create 36 component 39 operational manufacturing facilities 24european country number 41 25share oem owned 42 26main 44 27snapshot operating ert facilrties 45 28regional production selected active suppliers 46 am 29manufacturing evolution 47 30production 48 hefigure 31taxes paid 201 aiwindeurope model estimate chap 80 aionshore offshore forecast necp top low bottom 82 aiinformation collection income 85 aiestimation three ensra recognised methodologies 86 aioutline analytical used 87 aisymmetric input output table domestic basic 88 & tables aiionshore function 81 job creation scenario 83 aiiincome multipliers 89 aiiwind current different bn 90 aiiexports categories considered 92 aiisnapshot 94 windeuropeenergy mhi vestas windexecutive important asset europeanr farms pays 5bn taxes across contributes 37bn gdpn addition often make payments employs 300 people many cases participate partially resilient covid crisis he local farm existing continued operate electricity was needed industryl envisages major expansion installing new connecting tover next years from 15% grid first semester kept buildingty around half 2050 turbines factories invested 14bn newis can significantly boost projects ready go ahead therefore canof play significant role y continent but underlying measures particular creates additional beyond andg repowered directly communitiest co7munities represented outside 75% onshore 25% abroad generates turnover 60bn 65% adds 1bn so every revenues 650 stay amounts contribute 350 continue even expected cost reductions equipment cementing globaltechnology leadership 42% worth represents 26% equivalent up 33% ten ago biggest 13bn edge depends keep strategic parts large part home hosts 31% locally secure society 30% deliver there 248 sites ramp benefiting located rural remote areas activity pay created key mwh cut off faster growing metropolitan benefitted besides some voluntarily globalised investing specific residents include into benefitfunds andcommunitiessharingtheownership promotes coexistence societal interests fishing biodiversity protection necessary condition accelerated government growth climate plans necps changes add 397 twice much 197 meet expand demand 324 mean needs install year report calls during decade 40% increase pre lose one two delivers commitments wouldemployonly282 000peopleineuropeby2030 set assesses positive impacts negative employ 450 consequences 250 200 assumes impeccable delivery stands reaching neutrality require impeccably however plan volumes reforms governments onwards long term decarbonisation strategy notably say shows aregoingtosimplifytheirrulesandproceduresforthe permitting rules procedures too commitment reduce greenhouse gas least 55% robust trajectory give enough maximise medium visibility auctions fail revenue resulting legislation focus stabilisation unlock investments addressing barriers deployment renewables g9een recommendations must prioritise help strengthen deploy infrastructure grids physical ports essential shovel rich getting money successful deal future proof we call simplify well buildout ensure authorities resources consent investors energyvolumes deployed clear schedule designed allocating stable contracts difference regulation adapt regimes electrification transport heating processes support hydrogen hard abate facility accelerate required agenda masterplan optimised maritime spatial planning toincrease r&d spending incremental improvements mature technologies innovative logistics installation techniques adopt sensible trade policies ensuring draw chains compete non markets against players state backed finance setting reduction target raising accordingly windeuropefigure 192 282 269 mt avoided co2emissions 218 118 42bn source windeurope12 windeurope1 introduction workers lucky puglia went theirmost routine maintenance inspections tories open following easing restrictions day italian locked down countryeurope sanitary strengthened due employees workedthinsitestoguaranteefullcompliancewithgovernment throughout keeping totions hit city manfredonia operator uppansion fund helped intensive care unit foggia hospital supported charity caritas activities needy severely impacted free movement goods end facing unprecedented through0 3down compared challenging times blto forecasts depend quickly turbinescontinuedtoturn providingelectricitytohoactivity heavily vital europecountries spain italy france disruptions dsupply china now difficult hunaffected after interruption february bottlenecks e g india continuous restriction slow drive bloomberg https bnef blog wreaks havoc woodmac reports coronavirus update look downgraded 65 396427 issues 06 weoupdatejune2020nomic outlook june imf en publications weo t13 international monetary shrink 9% opportunity drop 11% summer2020economicforecastexpectstheeueconomy 7% states truly while harder others contraction citizens ranging 5% poland uncertainty over crucially delayed final might embracing short banks coastal less willing lend concerned lower scarcer liquidity corporate surrounding debt ways 2021 lost places ground success centre presents effectiveness resilience competitiveness demonstrates strong heads effective trilion trillion updated budget 2017 750bn stimulate covers wake pandemic swindenergydeploymentscenariosto2030 390bnwillbeingrantsand 360bnwillbeinloans our specifies entire package spent exist natural cutting like agriculture wp uploads files papers 20200702 paper pdf windeurope2 toda thiscade leading having oftalled followed 417 twh respectively 8% six five council eurwindeuropeind factors plants produced 241 24% 38% numbers covering 17% time showed newly models larger reliability generators ratings reach 35% stress administrations running adapted providing certainty flexibility dropped 20% deadlines peak mid commissioning previously auctioned combined favourable extending austria germany operators experience shares variable greece ireland occur until 4% 2% 60 belgium netherlands portugal 3% denmark sweden 13% 1apacity gcw 0 swedenpoland irelanbelgiumgreec austri denm po kugal o shore ambition regulatory central pillar crucial rate levels stimulus takes implementation rebound effect second paths progress integration full another balancing ancillary cybersecurity interoperability andhybridisationofpowerplantsand interconnectors pledges interconnection 286 allow increased 111 64% almost fivefold initiate sectorsthroughthescaling upofrenewablehydrogen produce 953 meeting both preserving wide 32% below ghg according assessment contrast implement consumption stand simply w2030 243 notdeliverthesevolumesofwindenergy mostplansfailto holding back either certaingovernmentsdonotgiveenoughvisibility administrative tyears 2020s certainly realise result carbon neither fast designandimplementstreamlinedpermittingpolicies knock continuation being repowering undersubscribed cancelled fid enshrine postponed canceled realised easy gr17n lack decisive pursue bas windenergyandrenewablesnotregardedasstrategic grow replacing wanes europetakes5 ormoreyears torecovereconomically retired life extensions able cover gap scale materialise interconnections sufficient electrolysers congestion 500 400 100 2020h1 energoy scenoario 174 energwy scenawrio h1 mw 166 164 900 bulgaria 691 951 croatia 739 364 cyprus 158 198 czechia 337 502 970 224 871 603 estonia 320 890 finland 284 571 137 877 077 178 884 776 070 hungary 329 235 525 796 latvia 72 lithuania 534 700 600 luxembourg 149 322 malta 009 222 446 025 225 romania 029 555 slovakia slovenia 036 333 374 172 519 278 368 339 718 076 363 57 196 595 323 731 396 788 19een inthe same period majority 160 slower ever totalled 140 onshorewindand25%oraround77 000inoffshorewind tell story project approach build represent snapshot onch entering derived fromt labour phases construction macroeconomic eurostat manys employment employed calendar allownalised us analyse trends example 550 timerope envisaged 2016 rgy last reported thisemploy the0 50% 43 installed19 detailed risks losing potential turbineone remained unchanged despite ine 125 750 119 122 120 050 116 121 109 115 146 147 151 154 139 950 138 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2018 180 numbe dsevelopers manufacturesrs provisders smanufacturers ssubstructures 21art aseuropefinetunesplanstorestartitseconomy achieving further sustain ones needcreate 165 422bn pledged 463 155bn 267bn regions early stages predominantly details scentario close substructures requires gross product 3bn includes 7m in2019thewindenergyindustryandtheactivitiesrelated toitadded 37 2bntoeugdp 8bnofthiswasadirect 16m slightly higher mainly because currently developers providers sizes theonshorewindsupplychainisbiggerthantheoffshore continueject contributio contribut ion contribu i10to gd 011 er g01installe gw14 23art 59 energyoffshore export linked compensation payment surplus financing equity similar thesize though relatively small contributions varies level way comparison steel 72% steamandairconditioningsupplyis1 57% coming underpin 21% 18% 31 10% b10 consptant 05% 00% 2007 2008 2009 asp overall gdpp oxford economics eurofer t25 andservice industrialisation variesthe development delocalisation seen increases still 80% expect maintained 100% energyg 90% 70% 60% turbinge industrgy energgy 0% 20112012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 201201 01 0101 billions infrastructures electrical interaction sectorsibution expands demands specialised products theseical sourced sourcing largest beneficiary machinery requirements roleent chapter goes chainhe 2bn aspects metals follow 14% 8bn productsl tor thereis 241worthofeconomicactivitygenerated 48% 46% 43% 39% 36% gfp coontribution 27art equipmentu c constructions construuction works architectural enguineering technical testing uanalysis rubber plastics pruoducts estate serviceus excl imputed rentus telecommunications servuices 50bnstallations yield 34% deploymentn acting economye rise 88% ld alone scenagrio ofsenting 73% exportsingoodsandservices windturbinemanufacturers decades exportersrope seem reached absolute 1% 6% cuonstant powered generuating sets componeunts uequipment exportsofwindturbinecomponentsmadeineuropehave stagnated projectsonstraintshaveplayedarole butmostimportantly predictable elsewhere merely moretracted outsideroad tapping grown emerging few since 175% locations better costs serve suggest hased continues net exporter declined accountsembled substantial solds generating subsidiaries locatedndmaterialsinsidethesearemostlycomingfromoutside illustrate point h29rt 897m 525m 0m americas 622m 1m import meur imports assets code oceania windeuropemap windeurope4 windy ifo areo likewise maintain balance plant cables targeted subsea foundations substations etc engineering vessels gear upme swiftly slowdown andwind pressures seriousjects obstacles already decrease industryinfrastructure 97 havefacilities shut thening delivered section wants reverse trend rightwind falls behind signals explores core policymakers wiwindeuropewill thefollowingsectionsfocusonthemanufacturingofwind analysed cycle urbines operation technological site surveys b d extension decommissioning recycling resource assessments landscape archaeological unexploded ordnance uxo hub p1 cresource ts ssme array cabling substation foundation converter transformer stations onshor2anhub fitch bes gcelle gearbox bearings forgings castings generator tower ports3 won h re found tions intra abling egxport andnohoric ecfery ope warehouses road transportation chinese thesenon reduced headquartered siemensdomestically working together gamesa enercon nordex se ge energy14 twofrom institutions bank mhie asian gain siemens asia allows become decreased determining factor tenyears partlyduetopricepressuresfromauctions partly r moment retain competitiveedgethankstotheirtechnologicalleadership geographical diversification broad competitionduct portfolios fortheeuropeanwindindustry havingfouroftheglobaltop speeds broader offering supplying benefited remarkable epc procurement driven post schemes aggregation trading control far utilities comfortable hand manufacturersturbinetechnologyandserviceofferedbyeuropeanoems diversified lead theyut something granted command 85% russia caspian 66% north america 67% latin upeyond assembly characteristic opportunities 88aexcl middle east africa 2010201120122013201420152016 201720182019 although u belongs paris nantes charts displayed shown worldwide alloca tion headquarters of35he 51% 29% 12% 99mw footprint91f e6%3%e 76% 81% 19% 99% adv100%g va100%for technologyleadership rating platforms modularisation original bigger 247 gware bladgwproduyction gwpacity owneyd oems regioyn 99 blade technology seey advantage sligh length levelised lcoe uch likely house enables improved innovation produyction 68% swinging boom pacifeurope inn weist rtinggeuaopee sonomoic owrll p coenmll putheme fets et theneectverye 56% margin chart orders o&m multi brand ebit developvment segmvents goldwind wtg sgre v servici2ng identified glob2al volume mult2i vendor ndac senvion ac2quired suzlon unknown servic2ed ordercs contcracts acciona contract contractc andresttinic reur inceur me gre37 2020er drives 38bn 12bn towers rotor gearboxes theressures highest totalling ns competition fierce placed manufacture% quarter considerably theirtallatio drove 41% pa45% uncertain inof good proxy 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 incl anwd pacific chiwna gwec status nacelle shaft bed plate converters a39the 800 formarkets 45% hostaround americaope canada mexico globalhe brazil andters 92% managed attract thefacturing base mostly location mirrors importance therements south korea iran argentina japan manufacturitng theacelle producers componentsgs commands turkey kingdom czech republic ukraine serbia bosnia herzegovitna switzerland wintd t41 companiesraw processed globe secures windalso supplies keepingabout raw iron ore rare earths dysprosium neodymium permanent magnets decreases totaling compares lessnificantly transformation along insupply place urope amount figurglobal casting forging outsourced larbrings consumer bills keeps exporting conglomerates vis very heavy complexity widely spread type 28% 82% 95% 96% supplier critical vattenfall bosniaand herzegovina unfatidatiot lu g45en experiencedgher consolidation frequent changesd inmarketdynamics ineuropeanumberofsmallsuppliers resulted exited acquired parallel largeuction expanded operations had established oemit homemarkets thiscontributedtotheriseinthenumber practically starting exceptions theshare recent thens changed again experienced themarketexpansionofwindenergyineuropeanmarkets shifted markedly bust cycles seeing significanthe host changesn forced relocate idle ly particularly bad thenerators fully halted 25stries viability those sensitive dynamics manufacturinghasattractedmostoftheproductioncapacityforkey shrank industryturbine through mergers acquisitions led redundant designs lines bringing albeit regional 69% 54% 47% 62% supbpliers rbight axis requirement illustrative 2000 ye2012 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 start ca3pacity left lessope excess shoin 54bn size rapin changing scaled rates beginning reversing capturing purpose meant restructure ldepend strength solutions logistical wethe near port locatis 16% compound drivegrowth cagr weigh tonnes geared generatheir avoiding reduces costsfocusing several examples nacellsupply factory cuxhaven hkeep lm cherbourg saint nazaire lindoe odense fyn isle wight area marine contractors best outcome bound enter cater generation eastern generate vessel traditionally fossil fuels done past latter enhance wider spectrum leverage foreseeable 6bn strategies installers looking andinstallation epci toexpandontheirvalueproposition requiring units equal 22% side get decreasing opening concrete emerge evidenced announcement expanding differentiator 20and tap pieces emergence commercial floating cannot afford miss big exact margins dealing waste monopiles dominating innovate deeper waters 60m leaner online re49very industrialnefit cement itdirectlybenefitscommunitieshostingprojects deprived areaswithlowinvestmentactivity thebenefitscreatedbyin windfarmsarekeytothesecommunities whichmayhave metropothis describes globalisefor prime coal moving away mining processing fossi land economythroughtaxesandpaymentsassociatedwithl participation repreownership municipality programmes upgrades social education health recreational allbenefits always tailor blanket tosocialwelfareandeconomicdevelopmentatlocalpolicy single why 75 europeans want mor wicommunities productive cohesive relations financialon exemplifies differentof case studies opinion polls suisse eole windenergie akzeptanz harris interractive octobre fee asso fr rapport les franccca7ais lener gie eolienne energie eolienne1 fachagentur forsa oct roughly respondents said lived tur ty germans rollout survey text a%20stable%20majority%20of%20people fachagentur%20windenergie%20 majori an%20land &text roughly%20half%20of%20respondents%20said%20they%20already%20lived%20near%20wind%20turbines scottish guidance practice principles developments scotland behalf sc164 saving trust revised september localenergy scot goodpractice 52% profits destined pri es 7c2012 ant li7nked 7profit levied million names change councils detail everywhere collect property demonstrate plus galicia collected paying yearly bringsaround 23millionperyearandthepersonalincome contributed landowners leasing largely owners 8m various split supporting welfare consumers vulnerable groups campaigns educational discloses focused observatorio eolico http economiaecoloxica webs uvigo gal docs publicacions informe oega valuation la des nergies renouvelables conomie ses territoires ser ey syndicat energies basedoc synthese enr 290120 vary depending authority counties offaly cavan roscommon tipperary leitrim romanian association interviews polish database gree51recovery study rent fees joint 630 developed accionaed sim welfareofvulnerablegroups voluntaryactivities order guarantee createcampaigns volunteering simrocurement 124 thempaigns totals thanitiatives sustainability 52 activating hwea allthe evia island special 1998 aid firefighters taminaioandstira implementationofemergencyflood constructionandoperationofthewindfarmprojectsindefense repair katsaronio islandbetween1998 contributedtoing medical broughtotamos series eletaen gr 09 wf 53art wpd windmanager suomi oy kalajoki severalwind tuuliwatti differentoperators windfarmoperatorspayaproperty received territory approximately hyotytuuli fi tuulipuistot jokela windfarm 54 cuts leveland shared enel saturrina mannawind park tula households 84 elimination personal family friendly policiesandeducation atotalof 000wasinvested grants students funding sport schools families birth incentives housing rebates abolition discounts discount sa turrina manna consultedtructure renovation inhabitants sidewalks cycling efficiency municipal buildings renewablesnow news sardinia 45373 heart55f voluntary nearby repairing memorial training contextfficiency developer possibilities doing establish recently launched locals emergency response members temporary administered consultation food shopping organisations neighbouring given distance show school gardening biking lane purchase encourages penycymoedd cashflow closure difficulties prioritises applications anchor considers organisation awards form grant interest loan mix pen cymoedd individual circumstances 2043 funded numerous treorchy former town theinvests annually wales valleys applied hosting packages capital visit initiative tokills vision unite vibrant businessesonsorship offers encourage visitors alike come explore penycymoeddcic cymru apprentice technician programme individuals workplace initially 173 college campus fraserburgh onto flagship walk work commuting daily modern crew transfer ctv qualification encompass skilled electro mechanical ineurope inthefirstyearoftheprogrammemhivestas apprenticeship internship candidates train technicians backgrounds welcomed apply run collaboration theogramme aspires nescol aale female duration excellent heritage highly mhivestasoffshore 58 supports edf burnhead moss corriemoillie longparkwind communityfunds mwand creating ring fenced businesses receive travel complete courses longpark opened stow awarded apprentices forth valley fvc another7 resident towardsted responses allowed her whileome soup buying she studying childcare 000uce decomposable environmentally withfriendly tubs nutritional vocational soups partnership fountainhall team totalsncils borders variety opportunitiesnity hear59of falck oriented assisting apulia calabria sicily hospitals air purifiers norway researches university milan program alleviate addressed local5 operates bretagne val 740 grand est hauts nouvelle aquitaine solar andpaysdelaloireregions thefundswillcontributeto wherengoing implemented epidemic aimed population containing virus donated trusts windin england themunicipalitiesarounditstwowindfarms incastillay le arag assistance protect falckrenewables 08 launch cefn croes hardship 05 04 covid19 assist media documents launches rampion rwe gmbh improve intends sussex outreaches youth sponsorship profit visitor phase exhibitions interactive communitieslays inform discover links environment andl partners know ecology rampionoffshore he61t awareness initiativesinfrastructure theseades othertourism greatly ors whether cultural recreationalnshore initiativebenefits scheme jason bickley res energysystems carmarthenshire throughthediscountscheme qualifyingproperties closetoawindfarmareeligibleforaminimumdiscount bill leds residences libraries andisnotlinkedtoanyelectricitysupplierortariff asof electricitys dorenellwind dorenell habitat 177 bog dams block historic drainage ditches wet peat forming vegetation affected primary aim inspire children enthusiasm ranger efore exploring rangers eventsding asn capture h63rt label fair commit themselves certain transparency procedural started standards partner guidelines introduced labels german thuringia overcome concerning thuringian greentech agency thega transparent uneven catalogue bef thee award agreements energytween neutral awardedthe field asterritories inspired theanother district steinfurt federal nenergy nergie rhine westphalia aims locality minimum supplied certificate sobriety engie landes lavernatwind organised hall describing mitigation became spring commune visits attracted hundreds symbol featuring logo lavernat joined contacts theming village sarthe consultations localnitiativeaimstoensurealltheenergyneedsofalocality farmers followedre undertaken ofenergy defining investigations zone veloppment eolien planningor application sessions app a4 def owning distributed among modelsparticipants forthe showcases presence ownershipwith proved 67 tobeavaluablemeasuretoincreasepublicacceptance bedburg 49% collaborated k nigshovener renaturalised garzweiler cast mine transitions windmills metres serves 110 unser portfolio leistungen betriebsstandorte finden windpark koenigshovener hoehe rabobank zeewolde exception 336 raedthuys eneco surounding invest issue bond loans planned withor 220 old replaced 91 andoncerns powerful three6% wind500 almere dismantled cooperative nieuwe molenaars priority living adjacent subscribe windparkzeewolde nl magazine steelguru netherland 560690 heart67f puts great emphasis developing academy reconversion needforaninclusivetransitionthatleavesnobodybehind valea jiului thisisparticularlythecaseintheso calledcoalregionsin reconvert exiting conventional reorienting thetechnicalandprofessionalabilitiesoftheminingsector chunk easily transferrable certifications energyfinanceestimatesthattheeu smostcoal economies reacha47%shareofrenewablesin2030 easilyoutpacing attractive salary cumulatively pledge security restore confidence replicated shape pilot bytom margonin actively participates situation adversely greek silesia pwea 82m mitigate thewindfarmscontribute 9meachyearandthe retrain thus proposes dependent andthewindindustryalreadyworksonskillsdevelopment purposes retention liketheromanianproject thepolishwillusethetechnical abilities specialists skilling miners skills certificates enable employmentininstallation operationandmaintenanceof networks vulcan center building preliminarily monsson ress equipped constanta occupied shutdown upper silesian narrow gauge rwea railway shop cez distributie oltenia perfect illustration gree69recovery previous thed surroundings manyservation achieved onic involvement siting opportunitiesofferedbydevelopers orthecompensationt windeuropey restrict communications monitor criminal sea surveillance strives collaborative understanding interactions radars communicated properly understood aircraft yielded jointly discussed clearly differentiate constructive dialogue cannowbebuiltandoperatedinareaspreviouslythought political impossible freed oversight swiss force bridges basis ongoing discussions potentially synergies navy appropriate evidence act chosen indirectly promote inside natura habitats ecosystems protected suitable indeed line ecological populated once wildlife thanks body perform managing execute research methods ofthemandatoryenvironmentalimpactassessments eia minimise find associated monitoring stakeholders mainstreaming ecori gree71recovery marijs shutterstock appropriately sited happily beinn tuirc golden eagle seabed benthic relocatioscour artificial substrata healthy diverse habitatmanagementplan hmp thehmpcovered1 670 ha involved reef soft sediments alternative foraging scour protections introduce species results compatible 1997 eagles collided nor displaced aquaculture disturbance31 flat oyster dutch framework burgenland water filtration boosted ecosystem enhanced fact bird disturbing targeting meanwhile imperial extinct whole returned bustard generations pump mill grain turn farmland earned nearly fluctuations commodity poor crop atypicalwindfarmleaves98%ofthelandundisturbed yields droughts floods meaning uses choose reinvest purchasing ranching roads updating sources crops damaged typically reimburse landowner contamination surface combine agricultural birds bureau waardenburg options enhancement rapportnr 0153 culemborg didderen al native reefs lessons learned ark default schelpdierbanken borkumse stenen american awea 101 my accessed green73ecovery develop submarine northern kis orca website achieve possibility fishermen safety finding patrols when valuable skill especially plays paramount west farmsenablefishstocksto replenishasaresultof banning morecambe thanet fuel fish stocks count guard boat mammal watch types quotas exhausted thisisonlyallowedinsomecountriesandunderimportant considerations operative protocols kilkeel membership expertise collective serious affecting accessing knowledgeable deep snag oranchorsonacable submarinecablesareinitiallyburied exposed observation erosion fed itscrewcouldbeendangeredifunintentionallyattempting lift cable accidents infringements disruption collision communicate occurs navigation routes foreseen legislatio exclusion andsecurityzones developersandfishermen immediateareaarerestrictedforsafetyreasons oncethe sharing resume plotters download regulations facts common ec europa pcp losses displacement con struction crown concept settlements communi adopting 74 w urk consumptionreached18% thisisthelastofficialindication regulatoryether events shaped context above binding targets renewableombined mild temperatures winter upgraded asorms rising amid clean includedh andrgets parliament elections pledging president ursula von der leyen objective europeangreendealasanewgrowthstrategyforeurope consideration acceleratingations manynationalgovernmentsincreasedtheircommitments dramatic autumn decide uctions tender brought onto2024 thenetherlandshasraisedtheir2030offshore offshoretarget ambitions guide reflected reflect held forbidden built closer auction awarding 55 height fewer badly becoming norm thousands permittingisbecomingmorecomplexandmoreexpensive permits increasing appeals complaints proposed 000m challenge ageing fleet setback rule helpful months negotiations decommissioned opt procedure theirtheoreticalendofoperationallife 20years by2023 nearest settlement theoretical lifetime reviewed announcements liberalise topics repower liberalisationwillbethe 10h whichwasestablished don unattractive gree77recovery aii subsector andoffshore manycompaniesareactivein staff combination fte 253 days irena estimates assumptions collecting capex macro graphic representation inputs outputs poses identifying frames historical calibrated actual translated assuming publication ratio projection leveraging known linearly proportional expectations note zero assumed included 84% determined excluding proportion thereare30 402jobsproducingturbinecomponents tableaii year2019 thesecompaniessupply allocated qbis derive calculate contributiontotheeugdpofwindturbinemanufacturers adding steps identifiable allocate andservices showsthateuropehad224 77 79 096 745 943 181 585 544 343 065 186 219 103 578 239 402 715 831 635 874 868 567 633 607 647 365 133 882 628 801 079 185 535 916 215 686 539 888 935 852 432 702 271 240 051 592 972 448 152 684 010 962 045 295 410 880 415 606 577 898 367 372 624 495 545 319 556 713 046 610 047 744 293 259 674 268 419 256 234 267 542 262 711 272 566 279 958 850 189 689 830 194 205 335 212 405 214 762 296 023 260 560 769 690 53 642 380 61 487 153 356 209 383 249 245 599 246 258 977 264 785 276 449 301 379 match versus 83% 97% 101% own elaboration sure convenience comparing implicitly exit reasons immediately geographic range estimation ranged differences weestimatewindenergyprojectsineuroperequire6 073 ftes 677 204 723 treated 211 188 049 366 estimated 875 imported labor intensity 105ftes and11 457ftes transfered 858 human manufacturingandinstallation onceinoperation possibly kick convertingtheseftesintonumberofjobsandmultiplying thesetimesthecapacity ingw ofseveralprojectsacross creationalongthewholewindenergyvaluechain forthis leads reason manu facturing 105 032 457 780 allowing ibid reco81ry windw 136 113 104 98 210 132 49 gives indication divided m 07 96 910 865 226 974 228 621 230 191 761 232 403 135 148 352 237 416 244 242 982 579 216 193 496 541 129 vs 518 123 746 155 recovery83 carry integrated seven commissioned indicators november specifically deflator statements relevant offshorewindenergydevelopers expenditure gathered surveying combining questionnaires publicly reputed quantified consider foreign bodies barometer eurobserver bp review completed sectoral patent offices please refer esnra definitions epp statistics explained index php %e2%80%93 quantitative technique captures correlations branches competing calculating threeequivalentapproaches recognisedbytheeuropean minus subsidies tois measured consumed depreciation fixed spend valued intermediate spends purchasers formation serving npish whereas corporations salaries mixed participants satisfaction remuneration cash payable employer transfers employee return accounting sum broken wages inventories employers external deficit account rents charges definition financed controlled economically churches religious societies sports clubs unions parties 85een classification gathering incorporation identification homogenisation agents identifiedu extrapolated periode calculation informationquires reportnformation incomexport method overey expenses returns internal economicectors matrix interdependencies coefficients leontief inverse break interrelationships eparately questionnaire othereparedandcompletedbyindustryplayersonthesupply evaluated structure subsectors latest andinformation via ofewasbuiltcontainingthebroken downsub otherfied outline hea87 symmetric howto obtained multiplier incorporate breakdown measure relation flows multiplied quantifies transactions multiplying drawn 191471 322923 187523 fabricated metal 375961 393430 486455 plastic 327128 pipelines 452475 443387 669686 chemical 241181 postal courier 550841 scientific 458944 501808 gr89n constancupri ntcon icsest scurrngecoicsest scurrngecoicsesnt scurrnge 27% 23% expenditures constant%ri ccurrge pro ic ant%ri proic 63 rather sales indicator completely manufacture thatsomesub sectorscontributetotheeconomyfromthe complemented extracted withicex theofficialspanishforeigntradebureau interviewswithcompanies thetariccode 8502310090 replied codes attributed helpdesk classified exportsofthesetwowereestimatedbasedoninformation 04% cn description category 7308 00 lattice masts electric motors 8501 ac alterntors 8502 genereted 8412 engines principally ma 850300 chines heading taric tariff taxation customs duties nomenclature eight digit coding tradehelp windeuropeannex recognition determine effort validate timing cod normalisation varied byorder backlog follows owner assigned bases examined relationships fill gaps backlogs woodmackenzieemploysthefollowingdatacollection accuracy independently verify persistence track proprietary databases confirm positively influenced associations positioning landed diminished exchange verification respective improves continuously adjust retroactively discrepancies aep breadth correctly climatic floor firm record bolstered o93the aiii 95 99e windeuropewindeurope voice promoting insti tutes insurance consultants printed climatcert 53520 1910 1004 rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-09" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6926 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6927 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(16) "Flagship reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "flagship-reports" } ["product_topics"]=> array(8) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6928 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6929 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6930 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6931 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6932 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6933 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6934 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#6935 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6936 (2) { ["id"]=> int(75) ["name"]=> string(4) "jobs" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6937 (2) { ["id"]=> int(106) ["name"]=> string(7) "exports" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6938 (2) { ["id"]=> int(186) ["name"]=> string(22) "just energy transition" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6939 (2) { ["id"]=> int(187) ["name"]=> string(18) "community benefits" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6940 (2) { ["id"]=> int(188) ["name"]=> string(5) "taxes" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6941 (2) { ["id"]=> int(189) ["name"]=> string(17) "happy coexistence" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6942 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(462) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBZ3NDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--bffad33b7b82eab75bfe9cdef4401e74ce134d01/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/WindEurope-flagship-report-wind-energy-and-economic-recovery-in-Europe-banner.jpg" } [34]=> object(stdClass)#6943 (17) { ["id"]=> int(155) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "359d4929-060b-eb11-a814-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(58) "Wind energy, civil aviation and the military: key partners" ["slug"]=> string(56) "wind-energy-civil-aviation-and-the-military-key-partners" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(1079) "National security needs to be maintained while delivering the energy transition. We need to ensure compatibility of wind energy developments and military/aviation activities and infrastructures. When wind turbines are located in the line of sight of a radar system, a variety of interference effects may occur, such as shadowing, cluttering, false tracks or loss of track. Unfortunately, today’s solutions – which include radar software, radar infill and blanking – are not always reliable. Right now, researchers, industry and governments are working to find cost-effective solutions, but work must still be done. Join Mathias Schäkel, Enercon; Steve Smith, Thales Land & Air Systems and Pierre Muller, French Wind Energy Association who will discuss what different countries and stakeholders are doing in order to foster the coexistence between the wind energy and defence sectors, and establish proactive and collaborative approaches to support development and selection of appropriate solutions. The session will be moderated by WindEurope’s Mattia Cecchinato." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-10-07" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6944 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6945 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6946 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6947 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6948 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6949 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6950 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6951 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6952 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6953 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6954 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6955 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6956 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(402) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBaHNDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--e74115b84600b14c4f2fb3c204501c8699f47b76/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/07102020-sofatalk.jpg" } [35]=> object(stdClass)#6957 (17) { ["id"]=> int(153) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "dfa72725-82fd-ea11-a813-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating Offshore Wind" ["slug"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" ["tagline"]=> string(30) "The state of play and key asks" ["overview"]=> string(241) "This briefing presents the state of play of floating offshore wind by August 2020. It includes the project outlook for the next two years, country developments and policy recommendations for floating wind to reach commercial scale in Europe." ["plain_text"]=> string(5093) "1 september 2020 by windeurope business intelligence europe has most of the floating wind installed capacity and technology concepts including largest operational turbine farm on water in world it is a proven there will be nearly 350 mw online 2022 at least 6 gw worth projects that could commissioned 2030 if they secure support 7 countries have ambition to develop next decade needs between 100 150 for reaching climate neutrality volumes backed up with right policies continue reduce cost 40 60 mwh are two offshore farms today both hywind scotland 30 2017 windfloat atlantic 25 first bank financed project owners equinor 75% masdar 25% ocean winds 79 4% repsol 19 principle power 2% spar buoy navantia windar 5 x 6mw swt 0 154 semi sub 3 v164 8 4 distance shore km peterhead depth 95 120m viana do castelo portugal capital expenditure million total 5m m opex 100m 125 factor 56% average over yearsthe following currently being developed should give around 400 end commissioning number name country date developer tetraspar demo norway shell rwe stiesdal demosath spain 2 2021 saitec kincardine uk 50 9 kowl cobra 2mw efgl france 10 ferme eolienne flottante de groix belle ile 28 & le eolmed sas provence grand 24 edf enbridge large pgl emec saipem marin esb aflowt ireland frunhofer calicya university college cork seai tampen 88 11 asa beyond these plan scale commercial size various active this set european pioneer clear roadmap hold auctions launch 250 auction host each target price 120 110 respectively french national commission public debate evaluating possibility 500 extension would add additional current 750 four demonstration expected approved state aid 2019 all were originally turbines year later we see adapting rapid evolving install same as bottom fixed government review energy 2023 second half results experience key determining conditions yearly 1000 from 2024 onwards built out their oil gas located ministry petroleum made big step developing opening areas development opened competition january utsira nord site mainly suitable sorlige nordsjo ii area borders danish sector north sea making ideal exporting electricity neighbouring foundations october 2will announce amount type imitate s licensing regime considering amendments contracts difference cfds scheme round recognising need different technologies reach might qualify separate pot emerging own strike dedicated scottish policy grants funding innovation enabling june crown estate launched leasing allocated neutral but bidders can propose types scotwind lease or 600km leased expecting applications one innovative just completed installation bluesath prototype operating depths naval make attractive part recovery working finalise maritime spatial even though doesn t breakdown onshore expect mostly given canary islands strategy goal 310 2025 spanish association pushing also showing increased interest had prominent changes pipeline contains plans planned under permitting procedure new coalition sees potential italy includes 900 without past received request mediterranean finished three using committed officially 300 final much larger believe reasonable back above activity governments outlook 2050 assuming reductions delivered below account 450 aspired only form possible lend itself better than which waters 50m deep low 65 our future bvg november 3costs 2018 an estimated lcoe 200 prices 2026 achievable building bring long term economic environmental benefits coastal communities benefit activities because compared assembly takes place reducing untap deliver transition goals industry confident get platform etip projection reduction moderate accelerated crucial industrialisation fow globally competitiveness now demonstrators asia 74 62 use 70% existing supply chain deployed solutions giving advantage fast commercialisation selecting ports upcoming base wider industrial priority entire focus bringing maturity through investing r&i while ensuring specific guarantee stability revenue 4policy recommendations setupaeuropeanfloatingoffshoreallianceto driveprojectsto reach100gwby2050andsetclearintermediate targets short ipceis identification every medium coordinate deployment minimum kick start floaters manufacturing units adequate infrastructure mass production vessels cranes other retrofits needed eu funded calls dynamic subsea cables substations moorings direct regions export renewables what doing outside japan home some fukushima forward issued call developers interested off goto city nagasaki perfecture close december offers feed tariff 36 jpy kwh planning looking recreate deal californiaismovingforwardwiththepermittingofatleastthreeprospectiveoffshoresites morrybay diablo canyon humboldt bay renewable laboratory estimates 16 california greenhouse achieving south korea clearly strongest deploy become global leader ulsan signed last five memorandums understanding providers strengthened 12 green investmentgroupjustannouncedapartnershiptodevelop2 300mwoffloatingprojectswiththefirst500mwphase targeting construction before happens take lead commercialising position paper" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-09-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(61) "Photo by Øyvind Gravås / Woldcam. Hywind Scotland, Equinor." ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6958 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6959 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6960 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6961 (2) { ["id"]=> int(157) ["name"]=> string(13) "floating wind" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6962 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6963 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6964 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6965 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6966 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#6967 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#6968 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(416) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBZ01DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--c43e4c070e48f966d3e324d6e4f99caf265aa21a/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/floating-offshore-wind-turbines.jpg" } [36]=> object(stdClass)#6969 (17) { ["id"]=> int(151) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "086b3d7e-f3eb-ea11-a817-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(53) "Infographic - All you need to know about onshore wind" ["slug"]=> string(51) "infographic-all-you-need-to-know-about-onshore-wind" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(280) "The EU wants a huge increase in onshore wind installations in the next 30 years: from 174 GW today to up to 750 GW in 2050. This is doable and will bring lots of benefits to the European economy and citizens. This new WindEurope infographic illustrates the merits of onshore wind." ["plain_text"]=> string(2055) "allyou need to know about onshore wind 800 700 it s 90% of europe 600 500 capacity 400 gw most the new we build is 200 and will continue be until at least 100 2030 even in 2050 have more 0 than o shore h1 2020 windeurope2030 necp scenario european commission 1 5tech offshore source windeurope ec long term strategy cheap 85 95 83 80 cheapest form 60 63 70 power generation 62 64 40 46 as uses local resource also reduces mw nominal fossil fuel imports by 10bn pa based on bnef 2019 data for north west benefits communities farms bring signi cant bene ts taxes they pay other nancial contributions make polls across show that 75 80% those who live near support them society 300 000 37bn jobs are mostly many rural remote or deprived areas eu gdp contributes each builds supports around 5 planning manufacturing installation ongoing operation maintenance too drives digital development intelligence tech leadership invented continues lead technology evolving rapidly with digitalised making easier integrate renewables energy system industry smart weather invests 5% its revenue r&d forecast sintegrationket good annual estimated bird mortality cats environment collisions building glass vehicles emits no greenhouse gases air pollutants almost water pays back poison during life cycle less a year electrical lines well planned sited managed electrocutions intelligently minimal impact surrounding land turbines 0001 01 02 habitats species u fish wildlife services 2017 1997 what happens when get old standard lifetime an turbine 25 years some now reaching up 35 can then repowered repowering take down original replace modern ones because has evolved so much treble output farm fewer case study 69 7 malpica 33 gwh 66 la coru spain bike shed aalborg denmark sustainability recycled today blades challenging component recycle due composite materials contain recover material through cement co processing developing alternative recycling technologies playground rotterdam netherlands rue belliard 1040 brussels belgium t 32 2 213 1811 f 1890 e mail info org" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-09-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6970 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6971 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(19) "Wind Energy Outlook" ["code"]=> string(19) "wind-energy-outlook" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6972 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(413) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBdk1CIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--39a053647fda9110d11493753a9588c458e86fd2/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/Onshore-infographic-1200x800.jpg" } [37]=> object(stdClass)#6973 (17) { ["id"]=> int(152) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "3343efb8-81fd-ea11-a813-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(58) "Ports: a key enabler for the floating offshore wind sector" ["slug"]=> string(57) "ports-a-key-enabler-for-the-floating-offshore-wind-sector" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(423) "The industry has drafted this guidance to present the state of play of floating wind, including the main differences and similarities between floating platforms. This intends to be a discussion-starter for stakeholders, including ports, developers, and technology providers. The document summarises information publicly available and the view of experts from WindEurope’s Floating Wind Working Group and Ports Platform. " ["plain_text"]=> string(17708) "the industry has drafted this guidance to present state of play floating wind including main differences and similarities between platforms intends be a discussion starter for stakeholders ports developers technology providers document summarises information publicly available view experts from windeurope s working group platform neither nor its members shall responsible any loss whatsoever sustained by person who relies on publication text analysis business intelligence lizet ramirez mattia cecchinato sabina potestio editors daniel fraile colin walsh cover photo windfloat atlantic construction courtesy navantia more policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 6 1 introduction 7 8 foundations 9 road commercialisation 14 3 serving offshore sector 16 manufacturing components 17 foundation production 19 con e assembly 21 4 installation 24 5 operation & maintenance 26 funding policies fow infrastructure 29 financial instruments national 30 references annex i opportunities 33the achievement europe decarbonisation goals requires stepping up deployment bottom fixed at least five times current installed capacity just in next decade could represent nearly one third 100 150 gw full by2050 would need increase their build service 500 mw year projects 2030 onwards upscaling port investments aligned with long term today there are many designs competing commercial which will different requirements as opposed carries most onshore therefore expansion land quay reinforcement storage carrying cranes other retrofits host mass floaters turbine use 60 70% existing supply chain originally deployed accelerate it also means that r&d best used fine tuning certain like optimising adapting dynamic cables mooring systems auxiliary services scale reduce even further cost should develop clear strategy development maximise whole efficiency space is become bigger issue not only but water overcome require new strategies collaboration regionally support operationandmaintenanceofwindfarmsacrossregionstoserveseveralprojectswith right governments continue provide visibility through aclearauctionschedulededicatedtofloatingoffshorewindalongsideanindustrialstrategythat includes key pillar focus bringing investinginr&i portinfrastructure andholdingtechnology specificauctionswithlong revenue stability earmark regional level across several member states eu recovery plan prioritise physical required energy 6offshore creates can diversify activity portfolio local now pushing green technologies create employment industrial light targets time vision help maritime regions harbours position themselves run ensure enable larger activities competition traditional such container transport fishing andtourism theoffshorewindbusiness canguarantee activitieson runbut probably specific put place terms ground reinforcements instance some european have made significant active players these government commitments those found binding uk netherlands germany plans reflected climate cumulatively foresee 111 countries coordinate generate necessary infrastructures principle various mechanisms structural investment funds g fisheries fund connection facility bank political momentum decision making process involve europeanwind clusterof related challenges associated each recommendations industrialisation nascent thus 7floating proven demonstrators asia 11 total 74 online 62 located considering underconstruction thosewith allthe permits willbe 350 2022 mostly worth commissioned if they secure potential huge enough resource waters satisfy 100%of electricity needs according bvgassociates windeurope2017 couldgenerateupto6 000twhperyearatacompetitivecost 65 mwhorbelow about3 250twh produced installations depths below 60m viable while another 750 twh developed above almost half 45% deep suitable previously stressed importance having supportive measures stimulate growth ensuring volumes necps recurrent dedicated tenders currently france countrywithfowtendersinthepipelineforthenextdecade withtheaimto deploy750mwthrough ambition able compete neutral 8figure timeline 2017 thereisavastamountofgeographicallocationswithwaterdepthorsoilconditionsthatareunsuitable allows coast where lower addition environmental impacts especially during reduced due absence piled into or sunk seabed share design principles sectors oil gas shipping understanding control buoyancy objects sea directly influenced lines ballast characterise involves mounted structure anchored withstand loads waves rotation high performance lifetime asset differ geometry shape material parameters affect logistics needed install approaches mobilisation facilities four types 9barge examples barge hull either dampingpool ideol steel concrete stabilised waterplane area performed towed using tugboats structures low draught them shallow figure floatgen bytp ecn v joncheray additionally catenary sath saitec configurations depending depth currentlystructuresweigharound 000 tons bluesath operational spain intedig image 10semi submersible power windfloatatlanticinportugal providedby artist semi sub name dock90 columns connected bracings common uses three supports corner centre force when taut star1 naval energies horizontal distance impression eoliennes flottantes de groix et belle ile anchor fairleads 450 200m assembled despite heavy weight relatively approximately 10m transportation weightofthestructureforasingle around researching possibility allocating turbines single multi large nautilus solutions trussfloat though supporting dolfines fukushima forward mitsubishi heavyindustriesl ltd fukushimaforwardcompactsemi than mitsui engineering shipbuilding co hexafloat saipem eolink w2power enerocean hexicon byhexicon flow byflowocean 11spar buoy spar cylinder hywind equinor scotland keeping gravity materials structurewiththelargestdraught 70 90m once minimising motions stabilisingthestructure however translate complex seatwirl out location tonnes before ballasted advanced japan marine united tetraspar stiesdal 12tension leg tlp smaller lighter inclined sbm ifp results nouvelles higher floater anchoring fully tensioned given experiences vertical load anchors footprintontheseabedduetothe column no tlpwind iberdrola 13the readiness tlr simplified classification determine stage hannon al 2019 table shows trl adapted definition category description formulating proving concept numerical computational part models small prototypes tanks laboratory tests demonstration environment prototype precommercial pre pilot project 10 might export back shore aid substations therearecurrently50floatingdesignsindevelopmentworldwide figure9 34oftheseareeuropean over 62% submersibles followed buoys 20% 78% designed compared hybrid wave multiple prefer 80% because offers faster optionswith fabricationof parts woodmackenzie 2020 table2 list characteristics status worldwide us norway denmark south korea sweden greece italy 0 number 14table stages towards units designer developer country demonstratio cumulative n 2011 2025 27 mhi industries 2016 eng compact 2013 gustomsc tri tbd aqua ventus maine volturnus ubmersible autilus 2021 uou mastek unison seho 12 fowt damping pool 2018 03 barg 2001 2009 2024 toda corporation jmu uoy sparseatwirl esteyco telwind gicon gmbh sof x1wind ocean finalised test under reached fid all granted permitting thediagram combinesthelatest availableupdatesasof august2020 thisisindicativeandthefinalcommissioningdatecanvary dependingonthepermittingand financing processof eachindividualproject harbor functions blades towers electrical farms crucial interface role availability vessels proximity concession zones an important impact costs both o&m ability adequate value entire plays contributing reduction growing rapidly volume size dimensions continuously adapt decisionsmust rely futuretechnologyperspectives largerandheavierturbineswillrequiremorespace newfacilitiesand then attract hydrogen battery chemical waste management data centres offer life cycle assets decommissioning known purpose others don t example stable pipeline accommodating farm less investmentsinportsfacilities butthisdoesnotapplytofloatingo&maswindturbinescouldbetowed requiring selecting aportfor upcoming base widerindustrial akey early involvement planning phase chances delivery capitalising expertise lifting techniques etc always case contact few months prior submitting offerforatenderorevenjustbeforetheworkisduetostart inothercases adevelopermightpartner duration move lack lead strategic without longer ultimately auctions timelines face choice guarantees risking underutilizing so far operators customers benefitted well planned timely unlike jack assemble likely duty berth dry dock gantry vary type estimated perspective shared giving advantage commercialization boem subsection study completed nacelles manufacturers increasingly looking portside provided basis experience first helping refine do necessarily closer same creating opportunity turbinemanufacturing supplying 17figure siemen factory siemens gamesa renewable sgre invested 160m harbour north combined extra 150m british allowed art supplied dudgeon hornsea two operations expanded taking docks 40windturbinebladescanbestored eachbladetakesaroundanhourandaquarterto work being done hours morning minimise disruption apply model again signed lease le havre 36 hectares unit deliver french expected start operating end overall per years sets conditions establishing site 18offshorewind regardless monopiles bases jackets preferable coastal locations manufacture established built configuration consist plate cutting bending rolling welding applying anti corrosion coating contrary set down pouring phases optimised prefabricated cases weather windows capabilities manufactureandassemblycouldtakeplaceinthesamelocationtoreducelogisticalcosts collaborative approach carry windarhasbuiltdifferentfoundationsforthetwoprojects sparandsemi withdraught was carried spanish yard sent were 90 m fene neighbouring ferrol manufactured asm portugal bal aveiro viana castelo final tow 20km off developing perform together bring benefits 19figure shipment caissons leaving coru authority recently constructed outer away city apublic portinvestment closeto 650million partof theactivities already been movedtotheouterport butalotofspaceisstillavailablefornewactivities theporthascurrently 190 ha plot very big drafts 85m public areas protected allocate selected 22 aberdeen companies studying company horta coslada minutes entrance fix elisa placed canary islands 20inordertoallowtheassemblyofthefoundationpiecesandtheturbine directaccesstoahighcapacity must staging landside stored increasing drive cable laying monitoring differentstudieshaveevaluatedtheprosandcostofport sidevsoffshoreoperationsfortheassembly side integration limited challenging procedure heavily dependent height crane naturally subject change particularly relation shallower greater quayside system usually makes take inshore lacks field sitting adopt methods similar general remain asignificant constraint especiallywhen evolution heavier substructures mobilise generation logistical mobilising capacities lift 600 200 15 sit rotor nacelle structureontopofthefloater dependingonthegeometryandlocationoftheturbine craneswillalso mobility reach hub additional especiallywhentheturbineislocatedinthecentre largercranescouldalsobeusedasaload method after weigh re solution make possible gain hook demand 21europe markets changed accommodate minimum surcharge uniform distributed udl determined operationsmust loadof 40 increasesto amaximum surchargeof50 80t cl byoperationofthemain crawler track spreading surface based upon within 25m permitted 5m wall 22figure la nouvelle copyrights agence adocc southern conveniently reaches mediterranean largest basin theportisspecialized bulkandgrains cereals andrefinedproductsshipping beyondthe ongoing going region occitanie aiming transition welcome source include 230 million reinforced x 50 strengthen soil eolmed windfarm efgl du golfe lion 28 come confirmed 23in topsides sensitive hence typically april october managed extend window priorto theproject developerwillgather close open concentrated towing speed limitations safely inspection securing rocks roll vessel sov crew transfer ctv complete tasks becomes relevant distances range 130 day efficient requirement portswouldneedto serviceat 500mw yearof fowprojects onward integratedfloater turbinesystem usingvarioustowingvessels themaininstallationchallengeswillbe integrated takes limits wet periodand thequay especiallywhenalargerdraughtis dependingin theinstallation upending tension tensioning tlps 24figure 13 amsterdam strengthening seaports locationof former averijhaven portof aconsortium partners private hubs poles tailored campaigns foresees future specifications meet 15ha equipped 380m lat bothportauthoritiesofportofamsterdam jointlyandportofijmuidenwilltakeupthecommercial ministry contribute energyhaven ready hollandse kust west leasing round combining strengths energiehaven ijmuiden facilitates provides fo 25 component sites nearby sovs house respond faults plus repair 100km theuse helicopters andoffshore accommodation classified preventive corrective replacement quick reaction intended homeport allow minor repairs assessment limit decreases impactof harsh weatherconditions increased period foro&m safety security repairments studies evaluating costly cheaper spars depend largely ofthemooringsystem andtheabilityto stabilisethemotionofboththe structureandthevesselwhile performing allcases thecableandmooringare inthefloaterdesign aquick release allowing connect disconnect tower oostende rebo belgium handling assembling access 270m lock bridges priority warehouse 80 000m breakbulk inner reboofferso&mservicesfornobelwind belwindandc poweri iiandiii allbottom terminal mobilized 568 ctvs trips 96 400 offices vestas deme sanitary technicians training education relyon nutec center warehouses following overview adopted carbon trust complemented sources fee views 27table slatte ebbesen 2012 feature substructure fabrication loadout spmt trailer tugs7 transit special post 3enclosed adjacent loading unloading ships flooded removable gate 4structure unload shipments 5self propelled modular transportive 6barge attached 7small pull push manoeuvring salvage 8mooring angle degrees 9mooring free hanging horizontally 28floating offshorewind willcontributeto reaching thedecarbonisation providing 2050 bvg associates finance rapid growthof order 1bn cut 3% elevated adaptation certainty exploitation clarity predictability visible steady legislation decrease risk technologicalconsolidationwill strategically way often locked since returns short cargo logistic makers recognise societal investing financialinstruments accordingly forports theeu 750bn lifetimeopportunity forinvesting portsinfrastructure askey theoffshorewind transitioning fossil fuels maturity r&i grants vital tool preparing return target theenergy loans equally attractive pricing signalling effect capital eib risks leverage banks direct indirect lcoe supported contracts difference keep replicate launch 250 auction theauctionshaveatargetpriceof120 mwhand110 mwhrespectively theresultsofthese moving coming scottish statement grant innovation enabling demonstrationof thecostof directorate expecting receive applications scotwind amendments cfds scheme qualify separate pot emerging own strike price projection etip committee 30the moderate accelerated globally allocated consented get thepolicyframeworkandportinfrastructureupgradesfordevelopingfloatingoffshorewindineurope fits step identify select market kick serial incentivise stabilisation wide maximising dedicatefundstosupportcoastalareasandregionsupgradingtheirportinfrastructuretofacilitate joint research institutes feasibility vs 31 nergie olienne eolienne flottant besoins portuaires determining hydrokinetic pacific hawaii our how go bvgassociatesforwindeurope unleashingeurope anewresourceassessment bvga draft consultation december https www gov scot publications delivering neutrality factsheet brussels commission connecting ec europa inea en matthew evatopham jamesdixon davidmcmillan etmauriziocollu float global trends university strathclyde james rhodri marc costa ros 2015 review kingdom ramboll qualification innovative 10mw eind 50m industralization horizon2020 johan magnus dnv kema asks briefing infographic wp content uploads files misc pdf wood mackenzie competitiveness june council agreement counter economic covid package amounts 82 trillion combines 074 proposalfortheeu sseven yearbudgetfor2021to2027 andanunprecedentedrecoveryfund bn budget major programmes backed upgrade therecovery&resiliencefacilitywithatotal 672 5bnwillallowmemberstatestosubmitproposals invest line 312 form remaining 360 infrastructurecould rolein thisprogramme includesthe upgrades affected economy areeligible 11eu 33territorial plane conjunction territorial authorities instrument coal horizon biggest programme 75 2027 mainly aims incremental improvements mature specifically focuses equipment smarter automated cleaner quieter reducing finding smart deploy traffic traveller andmaintenance targeting cef budgets sustainable efficiently interconnected trans networks fields bonds act catalyst actors emff complement jobs had billion 2014 objective imp cfp fundhadmadeavailable 292million 5%ofthisbudget forintegratedmaritimepolicyandtheblue communities diversifying economies lending arm union innovationandskills smallbusinesses infrastructureandclimateandenvironment user rehabilitation breakwater channel locks navigation aids quays terminals operator superstructure improvement hinterland connections rail inland waterways intermodal 34" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-09-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(53) "Windfloat Atlantic construction, Courtesy of Navantia" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6974 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6975 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6976 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } } ["tags"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6977 (2) { ["id"]=> int(128) ["name"]=> string(5) "ports" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6978 (2) { ["id"]=> int(184) ["name"]=> string(22) "floating offshore wind" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6979 (2) { ["id"]=> int(185) ["name"]=> string(14) "infrastructure" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6980 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(449) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBZ0VDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--1851571834e2a3991d11783ce57bfd803e8ff850/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/200922-Ports-a-key-enabler-for-the-floating-offshore-wind-sector.jpg" } [38]=> object(stdClass)#6981 (17) { ["id"]=> int(146) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "082f0f13-51e0-ea11-a813-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(38) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring Q2 2020" ["slug"]=> string(38) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-q2-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(248) "This report summarises the announced wind turbine orders in each quarter of the year. It also provides a market analysis of the industry based on the number of orders, capacity ordered, sellers, buyers and other sectorial and technology indicators." ["plain_text"]=> string(1978) "q2 2020 statistics windeurope org august 2020this report summarises wind turbine orders that this publication contains information collected on a took place from 1 april to 30 june regular basis throughout the year and then verified tracks announced with relevant members of industry before publicly available publishing neither nor its their related entities are by means commercial transactions future deals categorising them into firm conditional rendering professional advice or partnerships framework agreements services shall latter entails more than one order in be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained determined period without specified person who relies amount units capacity which do not fit these categories text analysis classified as unknown business intelligence we track enercon because they share ivan komusanac installations 2019 was about 17% europe policy 38% germany 32 2 213 18 38 number rated turbines gearbox mw diameter m generator class countries sgre 400 sg 11 200 140 no pmg i s netherlands 8 0 167 100 france swt 7 154 71 5 155 13 yes dfig ii iii sweden vestas 332 v126 4 54 3 stages 126 acr russia v117 45 28 117 italy v136 25 136 v110 22 110 poland uk 9 v100 v150 6 150 mhi 114 v164 10 medium speed 164 nordex se 81 n133 4800 50 133 n149 31 149 finland norway ge 52 137 turkeyonshore 93 79 turkey 12 17 15 total 199 94 65 14 turbinesdfig doubly fedinduction generators permanent magnet asynchronous cage rotorwindeurope counts results cross checked companies officially distinguishes between released websites acciona energ sa www energia es adwen adwenoffshore com under all types tracked but per country company is carried out alone renewableenergy unless offshore http mhivestasoffshore furthermore online en small scale e those smaller kw senvion https global siemens gamesa renewable energy relying siemensgamesa int offshorewind biz suzlon rechargenews vergnet accueil php renewablesnow renews windpowerintelligence windpowermonthly" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-08-18" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6982 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#6983 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6984 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6985 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6986 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6987 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6988 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6989 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#6990 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#6991 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(413) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBZ2tDIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--1e1c26c565b558d40b27c26531094051b3b56828/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/WTOM-thumbnail-q2-2020-cover.jpg" } [39]=> object(stdClass)#6992 (17) { ["id"]=> int(137) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "c07a1ef9-9fd5-ea11-a813-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(45) "Offshore wind energy 2020 mid-year statistics" ["slug"]=> string(45) "offshore-wind-energy-2020-mid-year-statistics" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(1343) "windeurope market intelligence wiideurope or august 2020this report summarises offshore installations from 1 january 2020 to 30 june this publication contains information collected on a regular basis and then verified with relevant members of the industry neither nor its their related entities text analysis are by means business rendering professional advice lizet ram rez services guy brindley more shall be responsible for any loss policy org whatsoever sustained person 32 2 213 18 74 who relies h1 trianel windpark borkum windfloat atlantic 101 mw 17 enbw albatros 112 east anglia wind 483 borssele 1&2 224 mermaid northwester 219 capacity number type country farm connected in turbines turbinemodel status foundation uk one 69 swt 7 0 154 3 legs jacket 218 5 23 v164 9 monopile belgium 16 8 sg 4 167 dd netherlands 28 germany senvion 6 2m152 portugal semi sub floating total 172 156 foundations cumulativeand installedin triton knoll 45 90 3&4 47 77 denmark kriegers flak 72 cumulative 07 002 10 02 005 figures map gwcumulativecumulativeh1 2020cumulative 85 wtg were most installed 115 units largest 5mw 25 fixed bottom last grid 2020h1 2020cumulativeh1 capital raised new bn financed f camp france 497 saint brieuc 496 seagreen alpha & bravo 140 hollandse kust zuid iii iv 500 kincardine 50contact ramirez rue belliard 40 1040 brussels" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-08-02" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#6993 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6994 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6995 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6996 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(21) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#6997 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#6998 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#6999 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7000 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7001 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7002 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7003 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7004 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7005 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7006 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7007 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7008 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7009 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7010 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7011 (2) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["name"]=> string(7) "project" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7012 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7013 (2) { ["id"]=> int(117) ["name"]=> string(11) "foundations" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#7014 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#7015 (2) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["name"]=> string(14) "grid-connected" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#7016 (2) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["name"]=> string(9) "developer" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#7017 (2) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["name"]=> string(6) "owners" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7018 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7019 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7020 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7021 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7022 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7023 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7024 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(419) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBdklCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--313b8228e90438915a636472c059d4ba384bf82f/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/mid-year-stats-2020-offshore-cover.jpg" } [40]=> object(stdClass)#7025 (17) { ["id"]=> int(129) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "c86783fb-73d1-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(66) "The impact of COVID-19 on Europe's wind sector - Executive summary" ["slug"]=> string(58) "the-impact-of-covid-19-on-europes-wind-sector-exec-summary" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(517) "The wind industry supply chain experienced major disruptions in the first semester, particularly in relation to the production and assembly of wind turbine components and to imports of raw materials and other subcomponents, mainly from Asia. However, Europe managed to install 5.1 GW, 3.9 GW of which were onshore and 1.2 GW were offshore. WindEurope Members get access to the full report Read the full report" ["plain_text"]=> string(4427) "the impact of covid 19 on europe s wind sector executive summary july 2020this publication covers different policy and regulatory developments in that happened context pandemic this one off replaces edition national development report neither windeurope nor its members shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained by person who relies text analysis business intelligence ivan komusanac lizet ramirez guy brindley daniel fraile editors colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm acknowledges kind cooperation following associations institutions ig windkraft at belgian offshore platform edora asbl ode vlaanderen vzw bulgarian energy association bg obnovljivi izvori energije hrvatske hr komora obnoviteln ch zdroj energie cz danish industry dwia dk tuulenergia ee suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry fi france eolienne fr bundesverband windenergie e v vdma power systems stiftung hellenic eletaen el irish iwea ie lithuanian lt netherlands nl norwegian norwea no polish psew pl associa o portuguesa energias renovaveis apren pt romanian rwea ro russian rawi ru asociaci n empresarial lica aee spanish renewable appa es svensk vindenergi sk suisse eole giz vetrne sl t reb tk renewableuk uk ukrainian ua cover photo courtesy shutterstock aeraw more information org 32 2 213 18 68impacts across supply chain experienced major dis vement people goods re production assembly turbine compo intenance services commis ted nents to imports raw materials other subcom nd ponents mainly from asia managed install 5 1 gw 3 9 which china outbreak tookwere onshore were january february affected tinstallation figures are just above average pre components indiavious three years 7 installation manufacturing base turbinewere a bit lower than year down forced some component manufacturers tempo rarily suspend their actgeneration turbines remained critical reliable supplier throughout peak disruptiwith reduced electricity demand when19manufacturingsitesweretemporafrom nuclear gas genera spain italy response govetion exceeded fossil fuel generation first time many factories sever renewables generated 40% eu 27 elec sures facilities had reducttricity whereas fuels only 34% per implementation social distanformance solar has become relevant impacts significantly influencing spot market prices system close reaching final investment decision even operation strategies plants pro fore projects have duced 241 twh between 30 significant decrease june covered 17% 14% cisions as 3bn raised showing 3% smaller produced most followed hydro bioenergy financing costs likely increase it is im met 24% entire month portant ever countries stick auction before taken toll schedules doing 2020 with slight modification auc tioning same volumes originally planned auctioningforpartofthevolumepostponedtonovember consumption instead dutch government postponed ropean dropped much 20 25% during two months sde round where worst period mid march may strongest hits shore can participate will take place november felt among others stuck timeline april mostly recovered about tender ireland gave companies four weeks 10% less 2019 european longer bid rebounded began pick latest seabed leases up colder weather hit coinciding several governments extended crease reached commissioning deadlines due mwh again higher those but case germany poland greece ire still very far 40 50 crisis land country not adapted also observed spring sioning turkey depend overall economic council meeting heads growth state political agreement 750bn seeking boost stimulus packages covery plan stimulate economy wake parallel policies decarbonisation 390bn grants rely heavily electrification 360bn loans deal specifies 30% mobility example should package must spent climate protection medium term contribute cutting greenhouse emissions recovery needs approved euro led increased pean parliament debt short strains liquidity highly rated states eastern southern order access fund member spite challenging envi need prepare resil ronment half seen record 14 ience plans part reform programs new farms strong set out priorities accounted submitted 11bn commission 2021 includes windeuropewindeurope voice active ly promoting worldwide over 400 headquarters 35 including leading suppliers research insti tutes developers contractors providers financial insurance consultants combined strength makes largest powerful network rue belliard 1040 brussels belgium 1811 f 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-07-30" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7026 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7027 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "Policy papers" ["code"]=> string(13) "policy-papers" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7028 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7029 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7030 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7031 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7032 (5) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "Belgium" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "BE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "BEL" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7033 (5) { ["id"]=> int(61) ["name"]=> string(7) "Denmark" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "DK" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "DNK" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7034 (5) { ["id"]=> int(76) ["name"]=> string(6) "France" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "FR" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "FRA" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7035 (5) { ["id"]=> int(83) ["name"]=> string(7) "Germany" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "DE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "DEU" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7036 (5) { ["id"]=> int(86) ["name"]=> string(6) "Greece" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "GR" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "GRC" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7037 (5) { ["id"]=> int(107) ["name"]=> string(7) "Ireland" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "IE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "IRL" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7038 (5) { ["id"]=> int(110) ["name"]=> string(5) "Italy" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "IT" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "ITA" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7039 (5) { ["id"]=> int(129) ["name"]=> string(9) "Lithuania" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "LT" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "LTU" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7040 (5) { ["id"]=> int(157) ["name"]=> string(11) "Netherlands" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "NL" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "NLD" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7041 (5) { ["id"]=> int(166) ["name"]=> string(6) "Norway" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "NO" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "NOR" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7042 (5) { ["id"]=> int(177) ["name"]=> string(6) "Poland" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "PL" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "POL" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7043 (5) { ["id"]=> int(209) ["name"]=> string(5) "Spain" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "ES" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "ESP" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7044 (5) { ["id"]=> int(215) ["name"]=> string(6) "Sweden" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "SE" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "SWE" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7045 (5) { ["id"]=> int(228) ["name"]=> string(6) "Turkey" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "TR" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "TUR" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7046 (5) { ["id"]=> int(235) ["name"]=> string(52) "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" ["iso_2"]=> string(2) "GB" ["iso_3"]=> string(3) "GBR" ["activated"]=> bool(true) } } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(424) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcUVCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--ad3405c529983b047c468a342823c56ea860e3b9/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wind-turbines-under-construction-towers.jpg" } [41]=> object(stdClass)#7047 (17) { ["id"]=> int(136) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "e41f600d-6dd2-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(43) "EU Recovery Plan: towards a greener future?" ["slug"]=> string(41) "eu-recovery-plan-towards-a-greener-future" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(775) "On 27 May 2020 the European Commission presented perhaps its most ambitious ever proposal: a €750 billion recovery package that aims to restart the European economy in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Stakeholders, among them WindEurope, are calling for a green recovery that puts climate neutrality and sustainable investments at its heart. There is a lot to unpack. How can this money be best deployed to support energy transition? Along with representatives from the European Commission and European Investment Bank we'll answer this question and more during our members-only webinar on the EU's post-COVID recovery plan. WindEurope Members get access to more information. Access the members' area" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-07-17" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7048 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7049 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7050 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7051 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7052 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7053 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7054 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7055 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7056 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7057 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(412) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcjBCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--9bd77df17d91370734744535c7bea677e1018c46/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalk-17july-eu-recovery.jpg" } [42]=> object(stdClass)#7058 (17) { ["id"]=> int(135) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "198a1ac8-6ad2-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(21) "Tomorrow's technology" ["slug"]=> string(20) "tomorrows-technology" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(818) "Wind turbines are rapidly changing: increased power, larger blades, new electrical configurations. In the onshore sector, +5 MW turbines are becoming more common. In the offshore sector there are more and more +10 MW solutions. And it is not just about the turbine. Wind farm configuration is as important. We have recently seen the importance of wake effects in energy yields. And the choice in cables, the design of the transformer station and additional equipment is extremely important to reduce costs and maximize the power output. What will the wind energy technology look like, 20 years from now? How are we going to be operating those wind farms? Are we expecting incremental changes or radical transformation? Industry experts will help us uncovering some of these questions in this Sofa Talk on 9 July. " ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-07-09" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7059 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7060 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7061 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7062 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7063 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7064 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7065 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7066 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7067 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7068 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(403) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcndCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--9ec5f0c4ab1cbcfd1f346b9aa4ccf59cfe5d03ee/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-9july-TW.jpg" } [43]=> object(stdClass)#7069 (17) { ["id"]=> int(134) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "40b2a6cd-69d2-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(20) "Financing the future" ["slug"]=> string(20) "financing-the-future" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(832) "As wind energy continues to expand and mature, new financing strategies will emerge for projects and their associated infrastructure. Project finance has been one of the preferred options for offshore wind projects up today. Companies are starting to issue green bonds to finance their portfolio expansion. But as projects become larger, more complex, and competition tightens, new financing structures, expertise and partners will be needed to deliver them. What would be the future of finance for projects combining generation and transmission connecting two or more countries? Or for projects combining generation from wind, solar PV and battery storage? How electrolisers will be financed with wind projects? In this Sofa Talk, industry leaders will discuss how they see the future of financing in the renewables sector." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-07-07" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7070 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7071 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7072 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7073 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7074 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7075 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7076 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7077 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7078 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7079 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7080 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(427) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcnNCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--56684becf79aca07d4105ceb01865b07ba49cc4b/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-7july-financing-future-banner-tw.jpg" } [44]=> object(stdClass)#7081 (17) { ["id"]=> int(133) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "51dd0e3d-2dbd-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(51) "Refocusing the Green Deal: what policies do we need" ["slug"]=> string(50) "refocusing-the-green-deal-what-policies-do-we-need" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(1018) "Six months ago the Green Deal was about Europe becoming climate-neutral in 2050. In the wake of COVID-19, that focus has slightly shifted: the Green Deal will be key to restart Europe’s economy with renewables as soon as possible. Wind energy projects are scalable and our industry is ready to generate economic activity, jobs and growth. But are the policies envisaged by the Green Deal fit for an accelerated renewables-driven recovery today? What does Europe need to prioritise and enact over the next 18 months to unlock wind energy investments? Ambitious targets? Permitting? Market structure? In this Sofa Talk, join experts to discuss the key milestones for a successful recovery with wind energy at its core. Your speakers: Luca Bragoli, Head of International & Institutional Affaris, ERG Adam Bruce, Global Head of Corporate Affairs, Mainstream Renewable Power Rina Bohle Zeller, Senior Specialist Global Public Affairs, Vestas Viktoriya Kerelska, Head of Advocacy & Messaging, WindEurope" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-07-02" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7082 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7083 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7084 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7085 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7086 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7087 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7088 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7089 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7090 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7091 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7092 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7093 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(403) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcm9CIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--359801352e297a3e3003cc4ece30dfe8fa1cc7f3/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-2july-TW.png" } [45]=> object(stdClass)#7094 (17) { ["id"]=> int(108) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4b85588c-a1bb-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(43) "Floating wind technology: ready to deliver?" ["slug"]=> string(41) "floating-wind-technology-ready-to-deliver" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(313) "This webinar presents the Floating Wind Factsheet – the latest Research & Innovation priorities for floating wind developed by ETIPWind (the European Technology & Innovation Platform on Wind Energy). And how these fit with the Offshore Renewable Energy Strategy that the European Commission unveils this autumn." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-06-30" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7095 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7096 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7097 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7098 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7099 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7100 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7101 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7102 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7103 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7104 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7105 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(403) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBb3dCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--289cbbf6fe7438882a5fb57fbd94b9ffca55b2cf/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalk-30june-TW.png" } [46]=> object(stdClass)#7106 (17) { ["id"]=> int(107) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "af0135df-69b1-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(56) "Digitalisation - What will wind farms look like in 2025?" ["slug"]=> string(53) "digitalisation-what-will-wind-farms-look-like-in-2025" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(850) "For several years we’ve heard a lot about the digitalisation of the energy sector. Over the past few month’s digital solutions and alternatives in different operations have become a major talking point and a necessity to ensure continued operation. As such, a range of digital solutions have been deployed in wind farms and have gradually been changing wind operation and maintenance (O&M). But do you know to which extent the wind sector is digitalised today? And which of these solutions will be truly shaping the future of wind in the next five years? How can we fit the framework to accelerate wind digitalisation, in terms of regulation, commercial value creation or new technology development and validation? Join us on the 16th of June at 3 PM to discuss the vision of wind industry experts on what digital wind O&M will look like in 2025." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-06-16" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7107 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7108 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7109 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(14) "Digitalisation" ["code"]=> string(14) "digitalisation" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7110 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7111 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7112 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7113 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7114 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7115 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7116 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7117 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(419) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBb3NCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--15d670663f51fdd954d3ddb0230fc55e8bfab096/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/digitalisation-what-will-wind-farm.jpg" } [47]=> object(stdClass)#7118 (17) { ["id"]=> int(90) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "76f4d84f-13af-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(27) "Scaling up of Floating wind" ["slug"]=> string(27) "scaling-up-of-floating-wind" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(626) "Floating offshore wind is growing rapidly in the market at global scale. It will contribute to reaching Europe's decarbonisation targets by 2050, providing almost a third of all the installed capacity (between 100-150 GW). National energy policy is a huge driver of this growth – but current policies will not take us there. Political changes are needed to move to projects as large as bottom-fixed projects to reach full commercial scale. This Sofa Talk will discuss the key actions needed in the next 3 years to consolidate Europe’s leadership in floating offshore technologies and develop at least 6 GW by 2030." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-06-11" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7119 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7120 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7121 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7122 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7123 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7124 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7125 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7126 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7127 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7128 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7129 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7130 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7131 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7132 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(438) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBblFCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--d9aae0c564e2e442fc99f98acd7ddc3944831822/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/scaling-up%20floating%20wind%20to%20commercialisation.jpg" } [48]=> object(stdClass)#7133 (17) { ["id"]=> int(89) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "12d2ee0b-12af-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(62) "Bigger and heavier: how the offshore wind industry can respond" ["slug"]=> string(61) "bigger-and-heavier-how-the-offshore-wind-industry-can-respond" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(652) "Installation, O&M and decommissioning activities encompass a large part of the offshore supply chain. As turbines get larger and installations steadily increase, the supply chain needs to adapt their facilities and strategies to optimise their operations. Companies have to upgrade vessels, cranes and other equipment in order to handle bigger and heavier wind turbines. Installation and O&M operations could decrease the overall cost and time for offshore deployment. Can the current supply chain support this trend? What factors of the supply chain may limit the growth of the offshore industry? Space, weight, transport, vessels, cranes, skills?" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-06-05" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7134 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7135 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7136 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7137 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7138 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7139 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7140 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7141 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7142 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7143 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7144 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7145 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(402) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbk1CIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--51e814d63563ba6b349c5272f783332d62a2321e/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalk-4june-TW.png" } [49]=> object(stdClass)#7146 (17) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4f9ca4e6-6ac7-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(27) "Offshore wind and fisheries" ["slug"]=> string(27) "offshore-wind-and-fisheries" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(241) "This paper is based on active communication and collaboration with the offshore wind and fisheries sectors and intends to inform policy makers on the way forward to ensure that both sectors can conduct their activities in an orderly manner " ["plain_text"]=> string(9844) "offshorewind is a relativenewcomer to the sea and it necessary for decarbonisationofour energy system tackling threat of climate change with this view european commission ec foresees that we will need around 400 450 gw offshore wind deliver net zero by 2050 from 22 have today raises question how deploy such large volumes in waters increased activities our seas lead spatial demand growing competition between users authorities can allow different take place within farms increase functionality solve conflicts multi use space be increasingly thispaperisbasedonactivecommunicationandcollaborationwiththeoffshorewindandfisheriessectors intends inform policy makers on way forward ensure both sectors conduct their an orderly manner therearegoodexamplesofco existencebetweenoffshorewindandfisheriesworkingeffectively fishing withinwindfarmsisallowedinsomecountries dependingonthemethodused table1 compensation schemes disruption during construction alternative employment are also proven successful solutions table 1 summary de dk fr nl uk 2 3 4 transit v passive v1 x bottom trawling only new concession zones 2020 onwards some owfs under certain conditions allowed e g owf dantysk development case specific year evaluation period access boats below 24m length has recently ended draft allowing entails considerations stakeholders including governments chapter discusses what industry thinks most important aspectsto considerwhen facilitating thecoexistenceof two specificconsiderationsaremade as highest risk interference assets operations allowingthird partyuserswithinawindfarmmeansachangeinsecurityprotocols withnewusershaving area previously banned countries serious affecting fishermen when accessing areas where submarine cables exist snag gear cable initially buried installation however they may become exposed due current seabed erosion vessel its crew could get danger if unintentionally attempts lift burying infield deeper maintaining depth safely remains expensive solution therefore recommended assess thoroughly safety before authorising or any other form inside factor influencing final impact sector value farm socio economic study should basis decision making would answer questions many ships sail through planned much time spend there revenue generated environmental assessmentshouldthendefine theimpactonthefishresourceduringconstructionandoperationofwind see chapter4 butalsotheimpactoffishing itselfon fishingstock inthisregarditisvital shares full information rvo commissioned ecorys looking at part dutch 2030 roadmap means 11 report being used design co locations rules country weighting impacts benefits strategy brings society intheuk guidanceisavailableonhowdisruptionsettlementscanbecalculatedinseafish s bestpractice guidanceforfishingindustryfinancialandeconomicimpactassessments whichprovidesmethodsfor calculating financial result closed restricted document was published 2012 fisheries network ukfen relies negotiations among transparency science based evidence honor agreements 1the primomarine shows costs lcoe levelized cost electricity project developers 8 million per wf purchase laying burial inspection varies site says all these allocated amount average contribution 5 gross added gva cutter equal 36% total slightly larger considering individual vessels loss range 0 17% thereshouldbeaclearframework bothateuandcountylevel whichcansafeguardseausersconcerning potentialdamagesto privateassets lossofbusinessandeventualincreasedconstructionandoperational expenses interested parties include accidents damagesinwindfarm increasedandclearsafetymeasureswillfacilitatetheimplementationofco options produced concerned which translate higher parameter biggest additional insurance premium collision anddamage example simple inter array repair up limited transport capacity occur usually do not premiums able cover anychangeonthewindfarmlayout densityandalignmentofwindturbines deviatingfromthemost efficient set represent reduced yield overall capex factors reason sharingofinformation clearcommunicationandcost benefitsanalysisarefundamentalintheplanning process dialogue across temporal closuresof seasons certaintypesoffisheries anoption requirements met general immediate always reasons once operational resume according national regulations years window very flexible benefit analysis performed evaluate closure option compensate owner duringconstruction ormajormaintenance a500m safetyzoneappliesto windturbines thereafter normal operator applies 50m zone agreed after consultation best keep mariners minimum explanatory memo addition examples disturbance earnings caused been even ifthereisno legalbasisforit thisincludeseconomiclosses dueto newnavigationrules habitat displacement surveys operation overcome remaining friction crown estate introduced concept settlements community funds adopting approach 3green giraffe found out accommodating ranges 7 mwh future wide influence aspects discussed above taken into account work together degree coexistence reduce law infringements communicate clearly detailed natural charts navigation routes possibly online tools easier update real data exact location related well exclusion temporary permanent security industries commit share kind help clear define procedures equipment required carry board radar reflectors emergency beacons recording tracking devices one northern europe downloaded types plotters www kis orca eu date installed position 045 turbines mapped gather geospatial delineates infrastructure then managing free dissemination amongst various user friendly files uploaded directly fish plotter software packages utilise another barrow irish provide accurate positions structures thanks open creation sharing platform allows continue working vicinity subsea require reach agreement early stage planning avoid delays later denmark must consult local discuss potential mitigation measures estimated income developer contact relevant commercial organising does affect more than scotland technical aiming identify enhance synergies furthermore good practice guidance drawn appropriate scotmap participatory mapping activity results 4european association statement post lay trawl sweepsgovernmentsplayafundamentalrole notonlyinrelationtolegal permitting safetyandsecurityaspects but knowledge experiences mediating party discussion satisfying public consultations mandatory maritime extensive engagement constructive discussions improved resulting collaborative arrangements whereby exploited united kingdom consulted each developments since 2002 liaison wet renewables group floww objectives enable facilitate matters arising interaction renewable promote practices encourage liaisons marine environment funded designed maximise power output strictly depend modificationof theoptimallayout haveanimpactontheproject opex andlcoe might layout adapted accommodate requests applicable adaptations positioning alignment distances passage corridors infrance professionalfishingactivitieswithinthewindfarmarepermitted inthecaseofthewindfarm iles d yeu et noirmoutier made great effort meet compensations thelocalfishing committees adjustments figure included turbine instead staggered wider 900m 600m reduction lines 2013 2016 farmoffshore 112 000 direct indirect jobs retained context experience valuable skill support especially located kilkeel source operative owned ireland membership organisation offering services asset management expertise powered collective experienced knowledgeable deep understanding shared guard protection observation collection profits fed back turn make communities aquaculture gaining interest private offer interesting opportunities medium long term while fine tuned pilot projects still business commercialisation assessments show feasibility suitable species bivalve oysters seaweed bio remediation properties compatible environments conservation strategies balance nutrients restoring locating systems withing secure generation increasing food production sharingassets permittingando&mcouldenableprivatecostsavingsandboostthesynergies acrossthetwosectors inaddition trophicandsustainableaquaculturecouldbeimplemented tests boost positive effects relation too choose nature reserve profit reproduction safe nursery additionally extra further ecological eco designsofbenthic friendlyscourprotectionsystemsorbenthiccultures theseactivelyhelpinpromoting ahealthyanddiversemarineecosystem forexample flatoysterrestorationactivelyimprovestheseabed increases water quality filtration boosts ecosystem stock fact measure deployed combination 5benthos associated research efforts scour boostpositive hard substrate benthic macrofauna wageningen university 2017 2019 biodiversity often observed accompanied population advantage shelter against pressure 2011 6 first demonstrated number showed attraction towards foundations resulted compared outside effect enhanced thus functioning small occupied relatively migratory broad distributionpattern thestudyconcludedthatthecumulativeeffectofmultiplewindfarmslocatedclose same region beneficial coordinated regional monitoring useful enhancement recovery stocks sites enough emissions organise cohabitation order issues having ability central effective competitiveness key requirement ensuring acceptability collaboration just so everyone develop possible msp correctly carried strong politically supported subsequent uncertainties phases defined tackled systematically policymakers avoiding resources variousinitiativesandsolutionsexist butbestpracticesarenotyetsharedenough amuchhigherdegree needed neutral economy memberstatesshouldestablishspecificworkinggroupsandfora connectingstakeholdersandproviding dedicatedplacesforsharingbestpracticesandsolutions ahigherdegreeininternationalcollaboration better apply cultures traditions geography 6stenberg c al horns rev dtu orbit" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-06-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7147 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7148 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7149 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7150 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7151 (2) { ["id"]=> int(144) ["name"]=> string(13) "offshore wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7152 (2) { ["id"]=> int(177) ["name"]=> string(9) "fisheries" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7153 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7154 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7155 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7156 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7157 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7158 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7159 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(452) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcmdCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--c5a402afea247247ae4b3eb71f1d396dbf57c431/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/offshore-wind-fisheries-report-thumbnail-fishing-boat-wind-turbines.jpg" } [50]=> object(stdClass)#7160 (17) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1c38896e-6ac7-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(28) "Permitting process in France" ["slug"]=> string(28) "permitting-process-in-france" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "This briefing explains the detailed steps wind farms developers need to follow in order to obtain the necessary building pemits. It also covers the procedures stakeholders might follow to lgally challenge already granted permits. " ["plain_text"]=> string(4966) "5 june 2020 novembern 2019 by marylise schmid environment & planning analyst business intelligence the french wind energy association fee permitting procedure siting several plans define ambitions of development in france at national level multi annual plan ppe sets priorities for action authorities field and also renewable energies adopted on 23 april period 2028 decree a capacity target power 24 1 gw 2023 34 7 regional among other schemes two specifically concern scheme sre whose objective is to zones favourable windenergy i e whichreconcileenergyobjectiveswithenvironmentalissues theregionalschemeisannexed air climateand srcae r 222 2 env code it must take into account both potential various spatial constraints especially rules protection natural areasaswellasthenaturalandculturalheritage thespecificlandscapedareas andtheregionalorientations draws up list communes which these areas are located grid connection s3enr aim reserve specific capacities renewables pool costs work between different producers within region they thereforemake possibleto powersites with regards actual connectionto electricity networks each drawn rte tso finally local onshore farm projects will have comply town this may contain general guidelines favour but above all be determining factor knowing related urban requirements subject regulations under environmental depends height turbines installation see table below that fall regime installations classified icpe or water act offshore follow authorisation purpose gather authorisations necessary project one single granting such exonerates from building permit stop shop via was introduced march 2017 questions windeurope org no requiring an l 421 8 tp least turbine mast hub 50m 20 mw 12m 2011 984 du august legislation declaration depending exclusive economic location required example zone derogating protected species 411 clearing forest 311 forestier 50 342 public domain right case basis use area 2124 cg3p more information presentation available online https www ecologique solidaire gouv fr eolien terrestre authority pr fet de d partement department prefect grants consulted provides its opinion impact assessment mrae mission cgedd council sustainability ministry orgenvironmental key steps 3 4 application examination phase consultation pre assesment eia month certificate report risk study civil investigating aviation commissioner army 6 approval months receipt commissioning relevant involved applicant conception can offer advice developers request identify procedures proposed deadline submission accompanied documents completed mainly includes description current state site significant impacts include measures avoid reduce compensate negative prefecture s services examine file submit administrative including give quality majority cases distances radars imposed minimal duration extended maximum 15 days collected during once enquiry closed submits his 30 rejection decision taken administration silence equivalent refusal after granted developer apply first financial technical proposal issued operator then agreement sent producer contract access operating entered further process lautorisation environnementale repowering government guideline july 2018 setting out criteria fast track permits new consents automatically if number increases exceeds towers increase any changes reported decide whether modifications deemed substantial therefore need following effect radar noise levels practice unlikely same been permitted not yet built potentially allowing latest models acceptance promote ownership receive participation bonus 40% equity capital owned persons investissement participative contributing 10% overall finance financement according navigant only 36% were awarded auctions received 30% those 11% auctioned rest solar appeal appealed jurisdiction appeals third parties day publicised recourse as december lodged directly courts longer go before tribunals leads material reduction litigation delays january 2016 had already cancelled court nantes judgement supreme known conseil etat raise notification judgment windpowermonthly com article 1490048 clarified simplified http aures2project eu 02 17 communities orgthe final intended judge whole again procedural defects errors law committed judges lower important ruled whichareexemptfromtheneedtoobtainabuildingpermit mustneverthelesscomply ce 14 juin 409227 obstacles military restrictions well nature conservation groups residents main challenges survey agency management ademe onepointoftensionforlocalopponentsisthevisualdisturbanceandsaturationeffectcaused farms issue co visibility historical monuments source dispute heritage associations conducted revealed 58% reasons includedvisualimpacts 42%ofresponses noiseimpacts 29%ofresponses andrisksofaccidents 11%ofresponses 60% lead extra delay than years small average identified 2015 etude sur la fili re olienne fran aise bilan prospective et strat gie what causes windbarriers 2010" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-06-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7161 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7162 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7163 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7164 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7165 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7166 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7167 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(447) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBcmtCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--7ee78c4668b9fc798a16542138be0c583c138169/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/permitting-process-france-thumbnail-single-turbine-green-field.jpg" } [51]=> object(stdClass)#7168 (17) { ["id"]=> int(88) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6c6f426a-0eac-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(41) "End-of-Life Issues and Strategies Webinar" ["slug"]=> string(41) "end-of-life-issues-and-strategies-webinar" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(295) "Join us for the WindEurope End-of-Life Issues and Strategies webinar. Maliya Lazli from WindEurope conference programmes' team, WindEurope analyst Ivan Komusanac and Jose Ripa from UL International will discuss the latest developments on regulatory framework, repowering and life-time extension." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-05-27" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7169 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7170 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7171 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7172 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7173 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7174 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7175 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7176 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7177 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7178 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(401) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBWZz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--81af6983458f872c12b86c638a0547bdec234252/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/eolis-banner-wip.jpg" } [52]=> object(stdClass)#7179 (17) { ["id"]=> int(87) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1250bab5-0cac-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(61) "The adaptation of the wind sector to the new merchant reality" ["slug"]=> string(61) "the-adaptation-of-the-wind-sector-to-the-new-merchant-reality" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(721) "The transition from a Feed-in Tariffs-driven wind sector to a world where wind power generators respond to market signals has had a profound impact on the industry. This has been accelerated by EU State aid rules from 2014 with the generalization of renewable energy auctions and feed-in premiums. With the benefits of these years of experience, we will discuss how this market environment has impacted the development and management of wind assets: from technology choices, to financing, to decisions on lifetime extension and repowering. Join Marco Perona, CEO SE&A of RES; Carlos Albero Fuyola, Global Finance Segment Leader in Energy, DNV GL and Pierre Tardieu, Chief Policy Officer of WindEurope for this discussion." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-05-26" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7180 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7181 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7182 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7183 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7184 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7185 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7186 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7187 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7188 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7189 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(403) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBWUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--294d302829846909b6912f706c6479395d6b78f7/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-26may-TW.jpg" } [53]=> object(stdClass)#7190 (17) { ["id"]=> int(86) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "60d21dca-03ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(43) "Accelerating Wind Turbine Blade Circularity" ["slug"]=> string(43) "accelerating-wind-turbine-blade-circularity" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(678) "The objective of this report is to present the state-of-play in the recycling of composites used in wind turbines blades. Notably, the report: describes wind turbine blade structure and material composition; highlights the expected volumes of composite waste, including wind turbine blade waste;maps the existing regulations governing composite waste in Europe; describes the existing recycling and recovery technologies for treating composite waste as well as innovative applications for using composite waste; and provides recommendations for research and innovation to further enhance the circularity of wind turbine blades, including new materials and design for recycling." ["plain_text"]=> string(21186) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in accelerating wind turbine blade circularity may 2020 windeurope orgthis report has been jointly prepared by cefic and eucia through a collaborative cross sector platform on recycling notably the describes structure material composition highlights expected volumes of composite waste including maps existing regulations governing europe recovery technologies for treating as well innovative applications using provides recommendations research innovation to further enhance blades design this is intended general information only whilst its contents are provided utmost good faith based best currently available be relied upon at user s own risk no representations or warranties made with regards completeness accuracy liability will accepted authors wewouldliketothankmembersofwindeuropesustainabilitywgfortheirdedicatedreviewandinput particular siemens gamesa renewable energy lm power tpi composites ge mhi vestas vattenfall nordex edf renouvelables engie rsted text analysis marylise schmid nieves gonzalez ramon ann dierckx thomas wegman editors daniel fraile colin walsh lin van de velde drukvorm photo cover damon hong more sustainability org 32 2 213 18 11 executive summary 5 1 introduction 7 objectives 3 context 8 & industry 10 0 future trends materials 12 market outlook 4 an ageing onshore fleet cont challenge 15 legislative 17 classification legislation treatment methods hierarchy recoverytreatment 25 conclusion 31 6 taking next level references appendix additional resources 54 euciaexecutive continues grow today around 85 90% turbines total mass can able across globe we cobe recycledp most components moting circular economy which reduces foundation tower nacelle tal impacts throughout product lifecycl have established practices however representing energturbine challenging recycle due european chemicthe used their production while composvarious exist created tocreasing number companies offer proaches turbservices these solutions yet widely ing processes flowcost competitive integration value chain logistics blade5circularity up rently working proposal international guide that boost performance allowing line dismantling decommissioning lighter longer optimised aerodynamic shape million tonnes use globally main technology estimates 14 000 could decommis cement co processing sioned 2023 equivalent between 40 commercially large 60 000tons recyclingtheseoldbladesisatoppriorityfor albeit all geographies process requires logistical technologi mineral reused how cal disassembling collection transportation ever glass fibre maintained during management reintegration whichfromawastehierarchyperspectivemaybe less preferred strongly sup solely port increasing improving but rather development alternative tech represent 10% estimated thermoset nologies produce higher recyclates ena 2025 relatively low ble new make it build re industrialisation thermal chemical cycling business stream active provide sec engagement from sectors tors such building construction ma authorities required develop cost effective solu rine tions strong chains end life emphasises need needs invest todevelopacirculareconomyandincreaserecyclingrates diversify scale technolo deal unnecessary pollution increase gies high source efficiency national germany austria fin enhanced methodologies en land netherlands forbid being hance abilities landfilled france considering introducing same time routes like pro target regulatory framework cessing must deployed updated going forward there current streams finally scientific understand harmonisation guidelines would environmental associated efficient pan choiceofmaterialsandwiththedifferentwastetreatment cur should also improved cycle assessment eucia1 2019 cmanagement logis dustry council cotics aims un association sectderstand potential recy advance novel approaches cling ensure factored bineblades includingtechnologies processesturbine supports effort increasingly important part mix first generation old top priority us teaming industries enable do way giles dickson ceo plays decisive role transition investing reliable affordable recyclable born collaboration look together marco mensink director always forefront they instrumental sustainable hope set great standard ultimately help customers other marine infrastructure roberto frassine president ci7cularity conducted series work shops examples repur posing were presented since 2017 publication managing supplies relevant practical somememberstateshavealsostartedtoconsiderlegisla subject promotes tion compositebladewaste researchonthesubjectisongoing comes keeping date objective present state ofwith art you input please play turbinnotify reportisbasedon thefindingsof thoserecent workshops supplied 15% eu electricity continue coming years figure binding newable share 32% 2030 commit ment becoming carbon neutral 2050 commission ec long term decarbon isation strategy alone 50% demand asimportantly significantly than society increases electrification ergy uses gross annual installations 250 300 200 150 100 50 w gw cumulative capacity wgw 2013 2014 2015 2016 2021 2022 o shore 13 9 growing amount start decommissioned countries repowering increas about lifetime approximately 20 some now reaching 35 tons extension opportunities i e committed promoting cir replacing models newer cular determining ways farm dealing tur output factor bines service maximise theenvironmentalbenefitsofwindpowerfromalifecycle many installed 1990s approach so actively few hundred kw under 60m hub height looking replaced taller powerful equipment crease yields considerable indeed thefarms wants them projects capacities shown average easily creases third structural doubles raw strategies extraction eol optional manufacturing operation maintenance installation 2920 recycled into aggregate road foundations recyc owner hasad bine towespecified nts componentswind secondary markets exampllargely 100% reduction various loss quality steel scrap rto see section stedescribes composi highlighting recyclability properties looks dfuture country aimed removed concrete founda euciablade key barrier deployment pow er hybrids combination consisting different polymer matrix g thermosets epox allow ies polyesters vinyl esters polyurethane thermoplastics although sandwich core balsa wood foams terial compositions vary types polyvinyl chloride pvc polyethylene terephthalate manufacturers generally composed fol pet lowing structuraladhesivese epoxies pur reinforcement fibres fi bre represents primary coatings polyester upr metals copper aluminium wiring lightning spar lesser degree supe protection system bolts rior strength stiffness offers advan tages over per volume generic rotor caps girders unidirectional ud carbonfibre supported epoxy polyutherane vinylester shear webs shell panels multiaxial gfrp laminates systems leading trailing edge bonding epoy adhesive protetion cable surface coating lacquer lep tape 2011 polymers known majority 70% reinforcing 30 40% poly mer weight respects table presents advantageous because addressing challenges chal lenges include optimisation fatigue damage combine tensile prediction light relative density ratio structures selection determined withstand mechanical load requirements price integrity geographical lo optimally perform aerodynamically cations hostile conditions resistance corrosion electrical rapidly evolving order conductivity consider overall chosen alignment flexibility meeting criteria optimise resulting besides efficiencies lower levelised combining investment costs energyrequirementsseemtobeacommonlimitationtoa greater implementation multiple become ongoing improve reducing linked irreversible linking requirement obtaining desired terms translate ac ceptable offsetting benefits unlike undergo crosslinking therefore devel simple shapes opment coupled melted easier though complexity makes difficult furthermore prop innovations strive positive effects erties durability processability environ comparable ranges limit mental footprint technological compared platforms indicate area accounting sus tainability strategic issue areas effect modelling accurately control increased conver curing sion incorporating automatised consistent qualities robust techniques reinforced side benefit finan hence cially attractive recover resin combinations ductility infusible thermoplastic resins processed mould polymerisation melt better nano strengthening agents respecting hse ensuring does lead complex investigating architectures engineered hybrid reinforcements durable ero gel coats paint tapes resealable self healing continued availability security supply bio after depletion fossil advantage reduced developing 3r family res ins repairability pbines respec denmark germatively 74 57% 33% mature 21% r reand resulted 87% fewer acciona hen dismantled age italy spain uk n ca amounts ex pacity repowered another pected fully europ means produces far 700 toother tween40 000and60 couldbedecommissioned contribute 66 sustainably disposed recycl2025 theseoldbladesisatoppriorityforthewindindustry 5% estimat certain place ted thermo ceed wplastics producing valubuilding electronics transpor tation aeronautics consumer tanks pipes circularit15 ktons year 900 800 600 500 kilotons 400 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2040 assumptions commercial assumed global figures jec assumes consumption gdp turkey 22% extra lation segments unsure extrapolation exceed actually lenging mainly find combined already teamed mentioned above 16 eucia4 legisla tive regulation limiaccording wastes com lating bladposite often categorised plastic levels addition exiwaste demolition code necessarily aligned in17 02 03 following codes na surprising moment windtional veloped paces decommiss 07 organic starting emerge those countrprocesses fibrous activity dithermal struments incentivise t targets landfill bans t10 ments extended producer responsib 99 otherwise specified latter particularly likely forand physical metalsg blaand plastics ally positerecycling thewindindustryisreadnational correct suit discussion wable applied internationefficient separate sorting identi wify suitably authorised options having bla17 clean single type quantities cho focus ban directly sen option content classified came force 2009 contain glues mixed hav ingadifferingwasteclassificationmayalsolimitthepoten cannot response constraint tial nical solution was developed handling bigger called kiln route plant estab lished northern nevertheless clear annually push towards action eur gate fee plan 14stresses reuse rates 30% addressed sets out vision rd underthe3 edi actions stresses private regional cities citizens filling banned principle operators mobilise fulfil exemption microplastics oxo according survey con packaging ducted mechanically atthenationallevel fourcountriesmakeaclearreference ons ite pre cut transport finland itself bid incinerated case studies below intro landfilling still practised ducingarecyclingtargetforwindturbinesinitsregulatory regardless affecting seeks avoid incentives seeking alternatives along taxes users landfillbansortaxes ifwelldesignedandcorrectlyimple responsibility mented act driver change industrial dissuade disposal stimulate epr policy ap proachthathasbeenusedinothersectorstodrivechange producers given significant when comparing sponsibility financial post products example tax considered too exists electronic trigger substantial changes der direc 2012 19 photovoltaic pv member states adopted similar scheme centivise avoidance distributor take back dts hasreceivedfullgovernmentaccreditation enabling uba federal vironment agency commissioned study distributors any organisation selling households carry results formulate obligations comprehensive support reasonable among others poten procedure tially specific elements responsi choose free bility original oems join taken account labelling garding declarations epd decla rations aim structions surance substitute fuels obligation guaran describing rules tee safety documents une 15804 a1 inclusion manufacturer knowledge works adapted prod category uct related struction cause allocation organisational discussed gen eral very unlikebatteries computersandpvpanels speaking against unlikely local municipal recognised weee directive where excluded isolated ger sidered fixed possible odds funda idea internal ministry just format storage location ecological operator authority competition rel evance data collected october recommended lives obsta responsibilities vehicles cle individual ships tyres unused medical drugs mers extends law february responsibilitiesto specifically flows toys cigarettes textiles health care initiative included list deemed commissioning ef fective instead joint sioning standards efforts run months successful 20219 trea tment managementhierarchy framewormost prefered defines basic concepts lights establishes repurpose etipwind prevention performed might repair thewindindustryiscommittedtosustainablewasteman dnv gl agement step dnvgl st 0262 substi electrotechnical iec tution tension assets ts 61400 28 decrease failure rate extend several north american testing certification crucial here businesses refurbished failures seen field triggered phase past 50m repurposing recent 0376 upcoming open easy upgrade application usually versions segmented modular reusing playgrounds street furniture parts repurposed bicycle pos shelters 21 bridge rresundby sible before routine servicing built walkways architectonic achieve remaining useful sessment scada demonstration site inspections review denis guzzo wikado playground rewind willemsplein public benches superuse studios 202021 conceptual pedestrian a29 24 project bike shed aalborg 22 removing again whererepurposingisnotpossible andrecovery becomes anewproductormaterialwiththesameordifferentfunc services indicative non exhaustive tional resourceslist contact convert something else turning fuel demonstrator fibereuse cowl tool automotive maier modern urban designaustria bathroom novellini h2020 circ 01 ga 730323 2320 b added short fiber precast lego blocks manhole module jersey barriers courtesy tecnalia c noise insulation miljoskarm disposing via incineration without ener gy least favoured meth ods readiness trl sented tables each method length thereby influencing ce cled recovered grinding pushing pyrolysis fluidised bed solvolysis electro voltage pulse fragmentation usingsectorswithadditionalsolutionsfor involved maturitof bust scalable broken down close disassembly thus facilitating facility component mixes clinker promising effectiveness effica burned calledcy disappears refuse derived appli ro 26 strengths disadvantages points attention highly fast pollutants particulate matter emissions appropriate mitigation capability reduce 2o manu compliance facturing 16% slightly suitable ash left 2250 extremely limited commonly variation require contamination drastically particulates negative impact speed ground powder respectively minimised separating dis fillers deterioration mantling upgraded incorporation fill cases retention virgin compromised dedicated facilities throughput generated closed dust sieving consequently economic viability depends obtained chemicals allows economically viable form implemented intheformofhydrocarbonproducts althoughitallowsfor scalesincethevolumesofcarbonfibrereinforcedcompos lowest ites mega matrices turned powthe oil potentially useable additives thwill damaged temper accordingly atures running atten bi syngas retain oxidation residue char base temperature scaled decreased sound microwave trol comparison compos 20227 bres overcome operating mechani effectively separates fibrehigher cleaner laboratory pilot size treat recov suboptimal investments ered stock reach ical solvents water alcohol acid break bonds pressure sol possibilities wide range solvent tem volysis perature temperatures degrade degradation super critical seems both retrieved major mechan full soup produced mostly reintegrated alcohols glycols supercritical 20229 theuniquecharacteristicofthisprocessisthatitcantreat painted surfaces foam cores tolerant contam ination miti po gation tential precursor heat transfer kg standalone envisaged whole vi oils cas gasification es compete happening values bars varies recyclers varying parameters reactor vialue fibrei bax company one latest upgrades alterna nology maximal trieved systemically poses revert mono avoids understanding sociated choice throughlifecycleassessmentswillalsohelpdefinetheap propriate 2031 aking described previous chapt r&i funding processingtechnologies al ale beit earmarked ddevelopment maturityreuse allapproach solutionsforend lifeproductsduring try researcmethods ordercycle theeuropeanwindenergytechnologyplatform had brochure vides makers repro duced suschem novation agenda promote proliferation acceptance industrialise establish sectorial earmark test integrate newly fund smart designs embed sensors monitoring forecasting capabilities tenance encourage designers sign 202033 p accessed april online https files reports http www consultations publiques developpement pdf gouv fr projets d arretes portant modification la a2138 html garc nchez pehlken lewandowski m regarding minist cologique et solidaire usage acta tehnica corviniensis bulletin economie circulaire dans fili olienne terrestre engineering tome vii fascicule january march ahttps vie publique issn 20167 3809 rapport 271067 filiere eolienne fran umvelt bundesamt entwicklung eines konzepts und nahmen f einen ressourcensichernden ckbau von windenergieanlagen umweltbundesamt publikationen massnahmen fuer kringloop zuid groenomstilling erhvervsstyrelsen dk paper etablering af bro bygget genbrugte vindmoellevinger article view 699757 vindmollevinge nyt liv pa havn vindm llevinger eurofer sustainable%20steel steel%20recycling fhtml 23 goodman j conti ramsden dyer k solar conference ases phoenix arizona 132 133 suhail chen gentry taristro hart xue y bank l priorities frp windblades attp info frprcs14 176f asociaci lica empresarial observatorio tecnol gico innovaci el desarrollo palas janssen ar ntegui br ndsted gimondo baxcompany wp klimpel thibaux uploads 06 ahttp publications europa environment ttps 34 euciaappendix beauson perspective ostachowicz mcgugan schr hinrichs luczak mare wint reliability offshore 421 432 springer link chapter 1007 978 319 39095 madsen toncelli bech shredded science 90 390 399 sciencedirect pii s1359835x16302299 cherrington goodship v meredith coles vuillaume feito boirac spee kirwan defining incentive 47 s0301421512002819 unknown compositesuk recycling%20report%202016 correia almeida figueira fine mixtures journal 1745 1753 s0959652611001880 csmres cs upd downloads position 52816 compliant hao kuah h rudd mao green 702 135054 researchgate net 337004611 jensen evaluating 316 326 onlinelibrary wiley doi abs 1002 2287 network 2006 practice oliveux dandy leeke status progress 72 61 s0079642515000316 pickering plied 37 1203 1215 s1359835x05002101 psomopoulos kalkanis kaminaris ioannidis ch pachos ery mdpi 2313 4321 352020 rybicka tiwari 112 1001 303824455 shuaib mativenga howarth pestalozzi woidasky vvoltage cirp annals 65 45 48 s000785061630107x issuu 2012architecten docs blademade ribeiro za ferreira dinis meira castro meixedo alvim 178 193 windpower retirement aging windpowerengineering yazdanbakhsh 1810 1826 2073 4360 publically funded airpoxy breaking preserve advantages conventional repaired even rediscover transform wolrd academic functioning interconnected fledging expands exponentionally nccuk catapult popupclosed true r3fiber technical feasibility sustained bcircular ecobulk demonstrate upgrading refurbishing profitable appealing selected demonstrators posites compare geo graphic gis social assessments lca rerobalsa wki fraunhofer departments hnt profile concept measures resource saving ramboll media supporting german 36 dreamwind manufacture reusable stimuli responsive nanoleap stemming cordis id 646397 walid advanced lightweight designing clable 309985 brio optimising procedures farms proper lifebrio index php forcycle ivv exhume cranfield genvind consortium demonstrated cradle philosophies dti 35154 selfrag cfrp rcn 106311 reporting susrac aircraft identification 101279 cfm fuseaction home createpage&s ref life07%20 env 000904&area 2&yr 2007&n proj 3308&cfid 35676&cftoken f9a755eebb6457c1 ba9893a6 9033 00c6 0e8f85f614a 2dad6&mode print&menu false eurecomp sst result 54152 react selective shredding activating recyclate 2003 2005 68366 euciacefic founded 1972 voice medium small jobs 17% world members networks community complemented partnerships associations our website headquarteredinbrussels theeuropeancompositesindustryassociation representseuropean groups contributing environmentally sustain closely monitors communicates educational activities initiatives healthy growth competitiveness employees manufac turing worldwide headquarters suppliers institutes velopers contractors providers institutions insurance consultants largest bluepoint rue belliard 1040 brussels belgium 80 bd reyers ln 1030 436 93 00 370 89 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-05-25" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7191 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7192 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7193 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(28) "Sustainability and Recycling" ["code"]=> string(28) "sustainability-and-recycling" } } ["tags"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7194 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7195 (2) { ["id"]=> int(158) ["name"]=> string(11) "circularity" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7196 (2) { ["id"]=> int(30) ["name"]=> string(4) "oems" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7197 (2) { ["id"]=> int(122) ["name"]=> string(9) "recycling" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7198 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7199 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7200 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(429) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBWQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--11a7addb7dee98b01aa77cb4d37a4141e5176817/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/blade-recycling-circularity-pr-header-banner.jpg" } [54]=> object(stdClass)#7201 (17) { ["id"]=> int(85) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "48f8c293-0bac-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(71) "How can the European Green Deal help deliver the 450 GW of wind by 2050" ["slug"]=> string(71) "how-can-the-european-green-deal-help-deliver-the-450-gw-of-wind-by-2050" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(724) "Europe wants to be climate neutral by 2050. The European Commission says that to achieve net-zero emissions up to 450 GW of offshore wind would be needed. How the European Green Deal could make this a reality? What are the key actions that policymakers should take? How is the industry preparing to deliver on this challenge? This Sofa Talk will discuss these questions and will bring the perspective of three leading players in offshore wind. Join Sven Utermöhlen, designated COO Wind Offshore Global of RWE Renewables GmbH; Zac Richardson, Head of Interconnectors, National Grid Ventures; Jan-Mark van Mastwijk, Business Unit Director UK & NL, Deme Offshore; moderated by our own Ivan Pineda, Director of Public Affairs." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-05-15" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7202 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7203 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7204 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7205 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7206 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7207 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7208 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7209 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7210 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7211 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(402) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBVdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--45f32a3cd11a0b95e3a527981069b340731694ce/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-14mayTW.jpg" } [55]=> object(stdClass)#7212 (17) { ["id"]=> int(84) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "057c3db4-0aac-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(42) "Exploiting the potential of the Baltic Sea" ["slug"]=> string(42) "exploiting-the-potential-of-the-baltic-sea" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(872) "Today there are around 2 GW of offshore wind in the Baltic Sea. The cumulative potential capacity identified in the Baltic Sea by the European Commission (BEMIP Final Report, 2019) exceeds 93 GW, with a generation of 325 TWh/year (around 30% of the total energy consumption of the Baltic countries in 2016). How can we exploit the full potential of offshore wind in the Baltic Sea? What it is still needed to get the first projects on water? How can we learn from other countries' experiences and work better together? Join Mattia Cecchinato, Offshore Analyst at WindEurope, Camilla Holbech, Deputy CEO of WindDenmark, Monika Morawiecka CEO of PGE Baltica and Timo Tatar, Deputy Secretary General for Energy at Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications for Estonia to understand how countries at a different stage of development are planning the energy transition." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-05-07" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7213 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7214 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7215 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7216 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7217 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7218 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7219 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7220 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7221 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7222 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(405) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc29CIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--cab6d55aa719fac2c34394fbfc773828fb9108b4/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-baltic-TW.jpg" } [56]=> object(stdClass)#7223 (17) { ["id"]=> int(83) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "9a878b40-0aac-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(49) "Impacts of the crisis on energy supply and demand" ["slug"]=> string(49) "impacts-of-the-crisis-on-energy-supply-and-demand" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(279) "Join Dave Turk, Acting Deputy Executive Director of the IEA, and Giles Dickson, CEO of WindEurope as they discuss the implications of the crisis for the energy system, how clean energy can help drive economic recovery and what it all means for energy supply and demand long term." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-05-05" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7224 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7225 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7226 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7227 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7228 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7229 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7230 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7231 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7232 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7233 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(398) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBVUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--e8100e80582dc437a36e0dc749e79530994abab9/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-LI.jpg" } [57]=> object(stdClass)#7234 (17) { ["id"]=> int(81) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "fa38b1df-04ac-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(60) "Building the future: the supply chain's response to COVID-19" ["slug"]=> string(59) "building-the-future-the-supply-chain-s-response-to-covid-19" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(257) "Join Peter Wells, CEO Europe & SSA for Onshore Wind at GE Renewables, Mitja Schulz, Senior VP and CEO of ZF Wind Power and WindEurope's Head of Membership, Phil Cole, as they discuss the short and long term impacts on the supply chain of the current crisis." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-30" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7235 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7236 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7237 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7238 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7239 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7240 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7241 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7242 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7243 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7244 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(414) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc2tCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--392135a6d5b86707c38a8b50be7afba2fe882425/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-supply-chain-TW%20.jpg" } [58]=> object(stdClass)#7245 (17) { ["id"]=> int(80) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "8a5215ff-f9ab-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(44) "WindEurope Sofa Talk: An electrifying future" ["slug"]=> string(43) "windeurope-sofa-talk-an-electrifying-future" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(391) "Adam Barber, Managing Director at Tamarindo Group, is inviting you to grab a coffee and come and join him and Vattenfall's Senior Vice President and Head of Business Area Wind, Gunnar Groebler, Chairman of WindEurope. He will be asking Gunnar how he and the wider Vattenfall team are responding to the Covid-19 crisis, what that means for developers, utilities and the wider supply chain." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-22" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7246 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7247 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7248 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7249 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7250 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7251 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7252 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7253 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7254 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7255 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(407) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc1VCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--43c074ffc053bf6d6d62cd1604dd939cb7d9f85f/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-electrifying.jpg" } [59]=> object(stdClass)#7256 (17) { ["id"]=> int(79) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "3ea1ff3e-f6ab-ea11-a812-000d3aafe41c" ["name"]=> string(61) "Floating offshore wind: innovations and cost-reduction trends" ["slug"]=> string(60) "floating-offshore-wind-innovations-and-cost-reduction-trends" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(945) "Floating offshore wind has a huge potential which remains largely unexploited. Massive amounts of wind resources exist in deep waters (+60m) where an estimated potential capacity of 4000 GW could be installed. This would open the door to offshore wind installations for countries such as Norway, Spain or Portugal. One of the main drawbacks hindering floating offshore wind expansion is cost. This technology is still relatively expensive with a LCOE well above bottom fix technology. Innovative responses to key challenges on mooring and anchoring technology, power cables interconnection and O&M strategies are essential to pave the way for cost-competitive floating offshore wind. This workshop-style webinar will explore some of the solutions to these challenges together with experts, practitioners and captains of industry with insights from the COREWIND project (COst REduction and Increase Performance of floating WIND technology)." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-21" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7257 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7258 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7259 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7260 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7261 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7262 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7263 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7264 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7265 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7266 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(408) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc2dCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--1e8b2b13330ca138516c6d3eec105587bda26b28/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofatalks-floating-wind.jpg" } [60]=> object(stdClass)#7267 (17) { ["id"]=> int(82) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6d21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(82) "WindEurope Sofa Talk on How wind industry leaders are tackling the COVID-19 crisis" ["slug"]=> string(82) "windeurope-sofa-talk-on-how-wind-industry-leaders-are-tackling-the-covid-19-crisis" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-16" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7268 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7269 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7270 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7271 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7272 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7273 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7274 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7275 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7276 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7277 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(404) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBVQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--9c0988b2778034807b9c1d7b02c2b65ac86d6603/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-covid-tw.jpg" } [61]=> object(stdClass)#7278 (17) { ["id"]=> int(78) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "5521971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(45) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring 2019 & Q1 2020" ["slug"]=> string(43) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-2019-q1-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(246) "This report summarises the annouced wind turbine orders in each quarter of the year. It also provides a market analysis of the industry based on the number of orders, capacity ordered, sellers, buyers and other sectoral and technology indicators." ["plain_text"]=> string(1946) "2019 and q1 2020 statistics windeurope org april 2020this report summarises wind turbine orders that this publication contains information collected on a took place from 1 january to 31 march regular basis throughout the year then verified with relevant members of industry before publishing neither nor its tracks announced their related entities are by means publicly available commercial transactions future deals rendering professional advice or categorising them into firm conditional services shall partnerships framework agreements be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies latter entails more than one order in determined period without specified amount units capacity text analysis which do not fit these categories business intelligence classified as unknown ivan komusanac we track enercon because they policy 32 2 213 18 38 dfig doubly fedinduction generators pmg permanent magnet acr asynchronous cage rotor number rated turbines gearbox mw diameter m generator class countries vestas 288 v150 4 83 yes 3 stages 150 iii s france finland norway sweden v100 0 54 100 ii poland v126 45 17 126 denmark v136 14 136 italy v112 13 112 i uk 9 v110 7 110 v162 5 6 162 v90 90 nordex acciona 215 n149 5556 72 56 149 5400 53 n131 3900 44 131 netherlands 4400 27 turkey 4000 12 n117 3000 117 sgre 22 sg 145 spain 8 170 ge 158 turkeyonshore 95 68 19 62 26 total 30 76 205 152 turbinesdfig rotorwindeurope counts results cross checked companies officially distinguishes between released websites energ sa www energia es adwen adwenoffshore com under all types tracked but per country company is carried out alone renewableenergy unless mhi offshore http mhivestasoffshore furthermore se online en small scale e those smaller kw senvion https global siemens gamesa renewable energy relying siemensgamesa int offshorewind biz suzlon rechargenews vergnet accueil php renewablesnow renews windpowerintelligence windpowermonthly" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-14" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7279 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7280 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(20) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7281 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7282 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7283 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7284 (2) { ["id"]=> int(31) ["name"]=> string(3) "o&m" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7285 (2) { ["id"]=> int(50) ["name"]=> string(5) "order" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7286 (2) { ["id"]=> int(51) ["name"]=> string(5) "buyer" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7287 (2) { ["id"]=> int(52) ["name"]=> string(6) "seller" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7288 (2) { ["id"]=> int(53) ["name"]=> string(17) "wind turbine size" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7289 (2) { ["id"]=> int(54) ["name"]=> string(11) "maintenance" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7290 (2) { ["id"]=> int(55) ["name"]=> string(8) "contract" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7291 (2) { ["id"]=> int(56) ["name"]=> string(10) "monitoring" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7292 (2) { ["id"]=> int(57) ["name"]=> string(4) "firm" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7293 (2) { ["id"]=> int(58) ["name"]=> string(18) "purchase agreement" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7294 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7295 (2) { ["id"]=> int(60) ["name"]=> string(12) "power rating" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7296 (2) { ["id"]=> int(61) ["name"]=> string(8) "diameter" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7297 (2) { ["id"]=> int(62) ["name"]=> string(14) "specific power" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#7298 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#7299 (2) { ["id"]=> int(32) ["name"]=> string(7) "markets" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#7300 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7301 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7302 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7303 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7304 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7305 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(412) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBZ29DIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--87bcd017dcf751751b8a1dbb9a6394bb6dec27b4/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/WTOM-thumbnail-2019-q1-2020.jpg" } [62]=> object(stdClass)#7306 (17) { ["id"]=> int(76) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6f21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(69) "WindEurope Sofa Talk on System Integration: Time to optimise the grid" ["slug"]=> string(68) "windeurope-sofa-talk-on-system-integration-time-to-optimise-the-grid" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(1335) "Europe's power system is undergoing a profound change. Increasing amounts of renewable energy sources are displacing conventional forms of generation. New demand points (EV charging points, data centres, etc.) are also growing quickly. And new generation capacity is growing at a much faster pace than grid infrastructure development, because of long permitting processes and project acceptance issues. But current planning and operational practices are designed for the traditional power system, where generation is centralised, connected to the transmission grid and then distributed one direction towards consumers. Frankly, this model is no longer valid. Grid congestion and bottlenecks are growing. System operators and grid developers are reconsidering the way the grid is designed and operated. We must find new ways to optimise the existing assets. And we can. Digitalisation, real-time data and new innovative solutions allow system operators to make better use of the existing infrastructure. In this Sofa Talk, WindEurope's Daniel Fraile will take you through the basics of system operation, highlighting the main challenges faced by the industry today. Our guest speaker will be Rena Kuwahata from innovative solution provider Ampacimon, who will share Ampacimon’s experiences and their vision of the future system." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-09" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7307 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7308 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7309 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7310 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7311 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7312 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7313 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7314 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7315 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7316 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(405) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc2NCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--b89277fe9f6accc5eda42a7255a041268047f327/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-6-grid-tw.jpg" } [63]=> object(stdClass)#7317 (17) { ["id"]=> int(64) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "5f21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(44) "Financing and investment trends 2019 webinar" ["slug"]=> string(44) "financing-and-investment-trends-2019-webinar" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(377) "The webinar centers on a presentation of the trends and statistics in financing and investments in wind energy in Europe from our most recent report, including new asset financing, refinancing, project finance debt, project acquisitions and green bonds. The webinar also covers recent trends in corporate renewable PPAs in Europe and political developments affecting financing." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-07" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7318 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7319 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(14) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7320 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7321 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7322 (2) { ["id"]=> int(63) ["name"]=> string(9) "financing" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7323 (2) { ["id"]=> int(64) ["name"]=> string(6) "equity" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7324 (2) { ["id"]=> int(65) ["name"]=> string(4) "debt" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7325 (2) { ["id"]=> int(66) ["name"]=> string(9) "greenbond" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7326 (2) { ["id"]=> int(67) ["name"]=> string(3) "ppa" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7327 (2) { ["id"]=> int(68) ["name"]=> string(12) "acquisitions" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7328 (2) { ["id"]=> int(69) ["name"]=> string(11) "refinancing" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7329 (2) { ["id"]=> int(70) ["name"]=> string(15) "project finance" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7330 (2) { ["id"]=> int(71) ["name"]=> string(17) "corporate finance" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7331 (2) { ["id"]=> int(72) ["name"]=> string(15) "capital markets" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7332 (2) { ["id"]=> int(73) ["name"]=> string(4) "wacc" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7333 (2) { ["id"]=> int(74) ["name"]=> string(7) "capital" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7334 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7335 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7336 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7337 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7338 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7339 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7340 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(408) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc1lCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--ba7f3a923e3a69cea1c8eb05f7694a9afc05eb33/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-5-finance-tw.jpg" } [64]=> object(stdClass)#7341 (17) { ["id"]=> int(58) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "3f21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(36) "Financing and investment trends 2019" ["slug"]=> string(36) "financing-and-investment-trends-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(703) "In 2019 the wind industry invested almost €52bn in Europe, including €19bn for the construction of new wind farms. The remaining €33bn included refinancing transactions, mergers and acquisition at project and corporate level, public market transactions, and private equity raised. Wind energy projects make an attractive investment and in the long-term there should be plenty of capital available to finance them. In the short-term the global economic situation resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic is uncertain. It is important that EU and national economic recovery plans are aligned with the European Green Deal and as far as possible limit any delay to the transition to a low-carbon society." ["plain_text"]=> string(19954) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in financing and investment trends the european wind industry 2019 april 2020 windeurope orgthis report summarises activity sector from 1 january to 31 december2019 unlessstatedotherwisethisincludesthethen28eumemberstatesandthefollowing countries belarus georgia kosovo montenegro norway russia serbia switzerland turkey ukraine itincludesinvestmentfiguresfortheconstructionofnewwindfarms refinancingtransactionsforwind farms under construction or operation project acquisition company acquisitions capital market rounding of figures is at discretion author new asset pre have been restated previous publications disclaimer this publication contains information external data providers neither nor its members their related entities are by means rendering professional advice services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies on text analysis business intelligence guy brindley editors daniel fraile colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm clean energy pipeline ij global all currency conversions made eurgbp 0 87777 eurusd 1195 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover courtesy philipp grytz more policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 7 finance basics 10 numbers 14 investments per technology 15 sources 21 onshore offshore 23 3 non recourse debt 24 4 green bonds 28 co 5 30 6 corporate renewable ppas outlook 37 deal bank 39 sustainable 40 revenue stabilisation 41 42 annex glossary 456 windeuropeexecutive invested 52proven attracting a wide variety investors rope 19bn which was ofcost competitiveness reduced risk perceptions off projects remaining 33bn inclu edshore attracted domestic international ments assets refinancing transactionsvestors looking diversify portfolios align with levtheir sustainability targets transactions raised private equity make an attractive alone win long term there should plenty avail 13 1bn will oable them short eco second highest nomic situation resulting covid 19 pandemic nanced year record uncertain delays inevitable it important that eu national economic governments makers see technolrecovery plans aligned major driver transition fossil fueland as far possible limit delay ventional power matlow carbon society figure class bn 9bn 2bn 17 5bn 51 8bn 0bn markets total source windeuropein7 annual country highlights europe spain financed most both operations terms capacity amount well public reached final decision fundraising fid average 1m mw were comparable northern western still hold bulk years however saw 11 60% approximately less than 24% france first 480 saint nazaire farm gw also recent but significantly germany overtook uk greatest 16 volumes changing hands 90% solid largest 68% taking place totalled south east remain low including floating 6bn region represents only lowest 3% down since 2012 4% 16% 2017 over 130 decisions fids just announced 25 medium interest rate levels likely where purchase large number lenders active share provide favourable conditions slightly raising banks extended 20 3bn uncertainties lead continuing high level seen 2016 liquidity focus managing keen lend accounted 49% 77% highlighting remains instrumental importance providing 58% opportunity overall after 8 71% framework being basis developed reorient flows towards half reaching activities two sided contract difference cfd provides premiums continue fall cheaper facilitating build out cost add some concrete measures i e legislation funding behind rates set s ambition become neutral normal circumstances would mean good continent 2050 time borrow depth climate law enshrine determine how quickly return neutrality into sort normality plan growth weak due pillar aim arising mobilise least 1tn trade wars particular next decade longer growing merchant exposure eib change ending landscape investor profiles unabated fuels 2021 committing 50% action 2025 2099 proportion main finthe way they used fi sponsor nancial structure types ty refers traditional typicanancial structures er developer carried faces because theon balance sheet owners sponsors party bringing initialdebt having idea through development commercrecourse liquidate addition lanon performing management tors liquidated case defaultmany contractual obligations internalised tough requirements facethe returns higher therefore quicker usually expensive contractually arranged loan must repaid borrower lender has no ownerin typically called re shares course collateral coverage financial protection csheet original unable meet repayment schedvestment turned separate default thentity special purpose vehicle spv own before type team reporting capable generally considered lower investmeraising comes comparedlevel do cases increased fand sophisticated constructiproject can lengthier asfinalise con struction maturity windeuropeand ratios transaction munlike utilities independent producers small vary considerably depending specifics sheets those companies whose primary availability profile better ers range between 70 80% capabilities partnerships 30% key very early stage occur vehicles alike pro determined ject need form consortia size powerrequired whereas come together ducersandutilitieswithalargebalancesheetwilloptfora syndicated loans side bring single player vs cash newasset raise supported different these may strong eq uity vestors commercial cap improvements further trust gained ital latter contributed healthy flow prominent available phase issuance ei ther bond issued institutions such export credit agencies ecas mul proceedings go tilateral mdbs other interna portfolio carry tional ifis provided label when exclusively strengthened presence intro specific duced competition japanese fore behalf driven prolonged environment part feature predominantly top lending abondisconsideredinvestmentgradeifitscreditratingis institutional bidding minimum bbb standard & poor aggressively technol baa3 moody grade ogy picked up rating payment strategic now steady predictable dated liabil ities much like appetite applies greenfield existing confidence grows positive track continues targeting earlier issuing proceeds develop right revenues fails repay compensation itself 12 example typical structu 252 turbines advisors legal technical closue northland 75% costu 988m 25% 310m dividends agreements shareholders agreeument contractubritish ppa gmbh electricity contractors grid connection contruact o&m seruvices offtaker oord vattenfall mhi vestas tennet giraffe in13stry 2010 60 50 2011 20122013 2014 2015 20172018 financrefinancing acquisitonsp acquisitcapital 2019wind value 18% decrease 19bnon biggest category within acqusector tions brought partners particularly almost 25bn werewith deals investmevalue perhaps signalling slow required relatively capdown consolidation penditure capex leading capachas experienced across supply chain compared use shaenvironment rais 9bing via 27% increase mowas 45 35 9 investme ygw 2013 assetys assetsy financyed history installed indicates understated indus15y levetively fairly 1projects seeing infor 132 128 wfor 40% amounting gi 21% larger prassets amounts volatile expenditure 4m averaged com 3m rable respec invesltments lbn finanlced invelstments 80 fewer 161 one third 73 cord 20bn vestment statistics emerging treated degree caution problems permitting procedure resultereduction reversed slowing signs germananced government steps resolve m detailed german latest regulatory developments updated fell thatbeingtold thehighercapexofhywindtampendoes influence same considering ca pacity 20% 450 neart na gaoithe scotland spanish shorewindfarm thefirsttoreachfidinfrance werealso besides domes 5m tic un derdevelopmentwaitingforafinancingopportunitysince firth forth av withdrew support erage water 50m foundations until auctions resumed jackets tend associated costs monopiles possibly factor goithe received sup decreased howev port auction round reversal trend transmissions infra shore unusually 0m hywind tampen 88 sign tender launched specified given turbine factories had built currentlyinthepre commercialphase highercapexthan french territory expendi bottom fixedtechnologyisexpected anunderstandingof ture we expect risks involved essential price corcapex winning rectly experience f camp courseulles sur mer ly writing authorisation did allow attract ma preventing savings technological al tures allowing though modified established chains economies windfarmsshouldnotbesorestricted finally thenature scale reductions witnessed seabed hard fixed lev stallation expected eraging relevant reasons expenditures oil gas manag site exception ing mentioned above might future reduce revert faster investmenttrends took 2and unhealthy concentration three owned 4installations sig announcements witnificant 64% 73% eurtracting installations pean maturing b franc turk y siai el n eece italy kosov thers wede kr ioe oland inl germa enmar tugal netherlands recovering mainly vestments representing 1due macroeconomic political factors ofof reduction running holds forhowever picking clearly po tential bearing fruit den totalling morwith quarter poland impressive 630 many currently invewind despite significant peurope tial expansion draft c policies lack stable environmenmate detailing member state decarbonise affected financialtheir mitments states cby annually l2030 held planned ind19try 2with followed sia proportioonshore aeraged countcountries utility 100% 70% 10% 0% htotal again represented around tin our included scanew generation does inclinfrastructure solar rooftop 46% gen eration 65% windeurope2 nassets newn t21 traditionally evenly divided spon lent rather sor meaning themlenders selves using working 57% processhore straightforward nance efficient cosof 98 facilitates talled bn5 event bankruptcy igovernment schemes often produced once connected point view chthis offered stability method particularallowed developers secure cheap mature tech changed nologies able banfrom tariffs based section understand proven successful increases monitoring changes affecting affect look updates reports illustrating comfortable extending majority suggests rep resents safe 22 neaw naew traditionafinal dominated winprojects limited nuin requi350 similar 357 indu23ry discussed technologirecent equi efficientlty demonstrating 26 reco8urse 8debt refinance recou8rse jects during period producing ownership models additionally losses diversified pool unfrom accidents bad weather locked potential fforexample oncethewindfarmhasbeencommissioned agenciesthe transferred led affordable financisince op erational commissioned restructuring known present duringrefinancing replaced operational impacts probability repaying lendein 11bn specialise pricing various stages defor ment common projectrefinancing restructure debts upon completion steadily last takes yextended recouse d6ebt newcourse general beefor creasing fuinance indu25ry bedebt drivenbytheoffshoremarket whichsawarecord 4bn mar yeketmatures developersare takingadvantage ftheirloans andthecompletionoflargeoffshorepro result jectssince2016suchasthelondonarray 630mw race inbank 573 galloper 353 dudgeon 402 raisemw farthe beethe grow critical eneand accounts gy take advantanew produce historical proportions previously allowed cheasupport recognise appropriate continued points libor 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 leibor united kingdom belgium activitfigure achieve easing comesthan sample tranche ratenoted so ronment compelittle statistical significance itive fundraise markover 76 67 theriskpremiumchargedbylendershasbeen multilateral consistently falling matagencies strengthen indus27y others bnp paribas 49 6% agricole group 1% sumitomo mitsui caixabank santander fin ancing bbva nordlb societe generale 9% 2% rabobank mitsubishi ufj finabncial 7% issuances deb2019 nancingforwindenergyprojects onlyafractioity 91% came exclcorporate amongst issuers enel engie funds ra rsted senior serves renew invest hornsea coast england transmission lines b0 corporates 32% panies exlusively operating either uniquely coporate res folios 67% indust29 sweden inland denma portugalirelanothers 17in acquired projectswereacquired 6%lessthanthe15 9gw thprojects man mone tary paid devel gode 330 veja mopment bard managers pension etc understood horizons subject jority asin % financiial investoris sourcing largely focused swe driversden resource renewables possibility fix pv buyers procure rationale survey 200volumes six showed photovoltaic 92% doing order contracted placed among another technologies accommodate needs newable overnewable modular compet 85% itiveness tracted baywa r partnership platform here https www en in31019 volume biomass engagement sure met prefer broadly summarised segments investing direct matching uncer lyinprojectsandowningtheunderlyingasset oractingas tain taker feed tariff perspective acting feasible model control periods ofwith times near owning ements starting emerge certain implications corpo require additional pay back revenuestabilisationthroughsupportschemes increasing competi hedging instruments tion find challenging tocorporate recently execute contracts prices ed handful pared businesses corporateppassignedin6additionalcountriesforthefirst denmark ben directive mandates efits generators visibility periodstates identify remove administrative barriers guaranteed facilitate uptake downside floor 2030 coupled revenueviding impetus anof geographical num demand corporatebers 108 120 61 43 cumulative ireland finland 47 signed 44contracting date iwales covestro became chemicals 793 google 633 azkonovel consortium universities 27 500 000 ca1 0ci ict retail transport banking telecoms tics automotive heavy industr wateroo dustnd drinks consum goods maceuticals ow wind33ndustry coming hydropower industrial sectors havand house expertise diversification takers signing autoto pharmaceuticals logistics consumer join centres dics temperatures cool majoriting amazon web microsoft face aluminium smelbook norskhydroandalcoahavecontractedacumulativewind nordics contracting norsk hydro 770 552 alcoa 977 576 dutch railway vivefns 449 facebook 444 307 bt 256 sncf energie 143 novozymes novo nordfisk hsbc 102 akzonobel fdsm philips schiphol mercedes benz 91 kompania piwowarska fsa tesco 64 mars neste corp o martin 53 upm shotton heineken uvesco nationwide lactalis iberia grofup 44 apple inc signify nike 38 contractedf 34 railways achieved goal covering trains renewabmw 249 involves 29 nordic nethesufficient lands whatand explicit rerenewable indu35ry jason bickley 36 windeurope3 policyand december commissioneurope tighten emission caps put even la von der leyen unveiled europehigher emit headline nein production processes sion 2024 aims respondtional uphold comparably stand mands politicians act ards incurred putting imaking competitive internationally address tothe union implement border adjustment mechanism tax imports products commission proposal seeks eemission standards borders applicable neutraility ropean submitted parliament clinked legislative sthe strategy greenhouse ghg targetface sustain 55% today product prescriptions things materials ensure prod targeucts reused recycled give revision attention intensive industries target 5% enersteel cement serve suppliers along supporting psectors e37opean immediate mate goals assessing necps sub 2023 integrate mit outlining cli ambitions revised sectorial lise trillion mobi trapolated investeu udget 503bn euros contribution guarantee climage promotional obilised 279bn 100bn 143bn nancing esif budget 114bn triggered without prejudice mff shown net overlaps environmental objectives making efficent vironment spending triggering flexible help programme builds techni juncker below sec cal theinvesteu advisory hub tion3 andaimstomobilise 279bnof pub lic environmentally sustaina thejust mechanismwill regions ble multitude heavily dependent leav fund combine simplify contributions reach approxi reveunues mately auctioning allowances emis sionstradingscheme ets andwillprovideatleast mitigation novation modernisation contribute adopted includes institution entity offers boost economy area then implementation ever consultation contributing approved nov vesteu ber withgrants paris agreement una bated fuel end strengthening efficiency efsi pillars innovation therenewables hope strongly unlock p revive deeper waters seabeds stagnation following crisis 2008 designed atleast 500bnby2020 focusing amongstotherthings infrastructure digital 10bn worth lever aged concerned tracting leveraged crowding helping turity 3919 committed manage reorienting recognised channel environ mainstreaming prac mentally forefront tices fostering transparency termism developing system encourages estimated gap 260bn establish plugged clear classification taxon omy establishing labels described presented social governance esg taxonomy awareness about substantially tackling definition what adaption stitutes marine resources objective clarity d circular waste prevention recycling enable informed pollution foster environmen ecosystems tally harm comply safeguards apply quantitative qualitative thresholds polluting se screening criteria practices account precise granular estpolicyandtechnologicaldevelopmentsandinnovations termination qualify list recommendations expert teg alignment march proposes creates deemed voluntary encourage participants issue mandatory verification confirming conformity scope content details proposed listed unlisted instrument periodical decide whether ac cept benefited ensuring fits wherebyment sustaining electric ity regardless prevailing few wholesale sta il yet promoted stabili impres sationriskreducingtheflowofcheapcapitaltothesector sive decreases ultimately petitive nationhigher instru stabi strike agreed lisation best mech falls anisms differ certainty ence elec tricity compensates k mwelectricity generatkor governkment in41019 gies badly priced aggressive bids could strand cause capped downsideed removes tainty generator reduces variaas bility providvide allows rlikely cent sufficient commit advantage biddilong termenergycontracts islimited innovativecontract process forecast forecasts leads thtake full winners curse favouring mopotential optimistic views world strate pace deployment impact awarded issues nevertheless inewable 44% cheapest auctioned car bon germanyawardedalmost2gw france1 1gw thenether 202lands 780 greece assuming afield couple excluding gain 33 2022 in15stm6 gwd dfinanced financedd oment awarding rebound ofprojectsandsupportfromthetwo sidedcfd franceand according projected kets schedule yeawind approach 94bn while figfid represent ap ure 2019proximately govern leader output already visible cov realising id rely raw materialsmissing deadlines components virus impeding systems creating diffthey rules ent infections rises impacted illustrates simple months moderatejects effects ket fully recovers compensate knock effect slowdown china manufacturing i15estm6 industry43n thoughts ener dealing portions chant current diffi adapt reality underscores culties war usa solutions capture decline stabilise brexit unlikely central econ inter meets 15% est helps inflation building enough borrowing deliver remainlow makingitagoodtimetotakeondebtforlong double goalssetoutinthegreendeal revenuestabilisationfrom element expects exposed approaches windeuropeglossary structured unless money unallocated albania bosnia herzegovina ahead bulgaria croatia macedonia arrangements romania slovenia gather fun venture vc pe provision initial offering ipo sale stock mergers merges bilateral opposed producer generating weighted wacc calculated charged preferred measure assess generated spin industry45n windeurope46 windeuropewindeurope voice promoting worldwide headquarters manufacturers component research insti tutes associations insurance consultants combined strength makes powerful network rue belliard 1040 brussels t 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-06" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7342 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7343 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(7) "Finance" ["code"]=> string(7) "finance" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7344 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7345 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } } ["tags"]=> array(14) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7346 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7347 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7348 (2) { ["id"]=> int(63) ["name"]=> string(9) "financing" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7349 (2) { ["id"]=> int(64) ["name"]=> string(6) "equity" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7350 (2) { ["id"]=> int(65) ["name"]=> string(4) "debt" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7351 (2) { ["id"]=> int(66) ["name"]=> string(9) "greenbond" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7352 (2) { ["id"]=> int(67) ["name"]=> string(3) "ppa" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7353 (2) { ["id"]=> int(68) ["name"]=> string(12) "acquisitions" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7354 (2) { ["id"]=> int(69) ["name"]=> string(11) "refinancing" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7355 (2) { ["id"]=> int(70) ["name"]=> string(15) "project finance" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7356 (2) { ["id"]=> int(71) ["name"]=> string(17) "corporate finance" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7357 (2) { ["id"]=> int(72) ["name"]=> string(15) "capital markets" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7358 (2) { ["id"]=> int(73) ["name"]=> string(4) "wacc" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7359 (2) { ["id"]=> int(74) ["name"]=> string(7) "capital" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7360 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(425) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBQdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--7ccf84fffadff369e252845fb5215e84f7e64419/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/financing-investment-trends-pr-banner-v2.jpg" } [65]=> object(stdClass)#7361 (17) { ["id"]=> int(77) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4d21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(27) "Repowering Trends in Europe" ["slug"]=> string(27) "repowering-trends-in-europe" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(95) "This report covers the latest trends on repowering and decommissioning of wind farms in Europe." ["plain_text"]=> string(1693) "repowering analysis ivan komusanac windeurope orgril 2020table of content 1 end life assets and potential 2 projects trends 3 examples projects1 potentialwindeurope rule if you change the foundation repoweringsource 60 50 40 30 c20acity gw 10 0 denmark france germany italy netherlands spain united kingdom 5 years 15 20 25 35 n a source 22 approaching their economic in 2019 2023 fully decommissioned capacity under lifetime extension or do nothing 17 8 an windeuropemarket outlook september asset becoming old growth dwelling close to existing wind farms increase turbines size natural protected areas is reducing possibilities repower enercon september2019 several european countries have onshore fleet has oldest relative terms but largest installed which could potentially be repowered 16 are older short term time common option for aging due environmental regulation increased not all sites eligible 92 portugal belgium norway finland luxembourg 4 austria 6 uk 61 9 12 pipeline publicly availableose windeuro11 it includes repoweredprojects those availablesource 13x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 150% 100% 50% 0% x0 x8 x10 x12 x14 x16 x18 number turbine power rating windeuro15 experience on followed by most happen after operation average factor with 26% fewer new times more powerful than ones 163 31% 2x 36% when dismantled original project 2002 total mw oem before 13 75 vestas 45 31 05 25% 57% 2000 36 64 59 27 93 3x 245% 19 1999 7 87% 5x same output 1993 90 333 kenetech 33 nordex 28% 4x 137% 1996 725 bonus 73% 2003 from 38% nordextauernwindpark no per oberzeiring manufacturer el cabrito tarifa klettwitz brandenburg vestas19 november 2020 brusselsquestions iko org 1040 brussels belgiumrd" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-04" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7362 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7363 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7364 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7365 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7366 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7367 (2) { ["id"]=> int(25) ["name"]=> string(7) "outlook" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7368 (2) { ["id"]=> int(26) ["name"]=> string(6) "market" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7369 (2) { ["id"]=> int(131) ["name"]=> string(10) "repowering" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7370 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7371 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7372 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7373 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7374 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(412) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBUQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--1a10ce272f366b2cf4010ee61482772fcf55de3c/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/Repowering-Trends-in-Europe.jpg" } [66]=> object(stdClass)#7375 (17) { ["id"]=> int(75) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6121971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(37) "How we're recycling old wind turbines" ["slug"]=> string(37) "how-we-re-recycling-old-wind-turbines" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(329) "Darius from RECHARGE asks our experts Alex and Marylise from WindEurope about the importance of blade waste recycling, what is the existing regulatory framework, what are the expected volumes of blade waste, what is the state of the art in recycling technologies today and how we can further enhance turbine circularity tomorrow." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-02" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7376 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7377 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7378 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7379 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7380 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7381 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7382 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7383 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7384 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7385 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(400) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc1FCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--a15f47daa43272d865f81dd08b3a26ee2c371799/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-4-tw.jpg" } [67]=> object(stdClass)#7386 (17) { ["id"]=> int(114) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4685e0ce-c0ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(53) "List of composite waste recycling companies in Europe" ["slug"]=> string(53) "list-of-composite-waste-recycling-companies-in-europe" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(82) " Overview of the various organisations handling composite waste across Europe. " ["plain_text"]=> string(669) "list of composite waste companies in europe the purpose this is to provide an overview various organisations handling it indicative non exhaustive and does not constitute a recommended service providers carbon conversions formerly mit rcf us www carbonconversions com cfk valley stade recycling de conenor fi http bcircular es damacq international nl demacq ecrtechnology dk elg fibre uk elgcf geocycle ch karborek karborekrcf global fiberglass solutions globalfiberglassinc hadeg neocomp zajons eu unternehmen milj skarm miljoskarm english neowa reciclalia https reciclaliacomposite wordpress procotex be en products technical fibres php roth about vartega veolia fr v" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7387 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7388 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7389 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7390 (2) { ["id"]=> int(126) ["name"]=> string(5) "waste" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7391 (2) { ["id"]=> int(158) ["name"]=> string(11) "circularity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7392 (2) { ["id"]=> int(171) ["name"]=> string(15) "composite waste" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7393 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7394 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7395 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7396 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7397 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7398 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [68]=> object(stdClass)#7399 (17) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "a486b553-c7ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(49) "Noise generated by wind turbines and human health" ["slug"]=> string(49) "noise-generated-by-wind-turbines-and-human-health" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "Numerous studies have investigated the effects of noise from wind turbines, both in terms of infrasound and higher frequencies, on residents living in the proximity of wind farms. This report provides a summary of recent studies. " ["plain_text"]=> string(3114) "noise is considered one of the main challenges for wind industry in europe and can restrict sites availability farm development when it comes to public support a significant consideration often presented as harmful human health there are two concerns 1 chronic sleep disturbance 2 stress resulting from constant shadow flicker numerous studies have investigated effects turbines both terms infrasound higher frequencies on residents living proximity farms below summary recent canada statistics hc turbine study march 2016 mcunney mundt colby dobie kaliskiand blais canwea mit critical review scientific literature 2014 environmental sciences research center at university iowa college policy council 2019 long term finnish government commissioned conducted by technical centre finland helsinki institute occupational thefinnish welfare 2020 collaboration with other external experts community better understand impacts wtn well being cross sectional epidemiological was carried out between may september 2013 southwestern ontario prince edward island 1238 randomly selected participants 606 males 632 females aged 18 79 years 0 25 11 22 km operational response rate 78 9% did not significantly differ across sample strata self reported e g migraines tinnitus dizziness etc disorders quality life perceived were found be related levels visual auditory perception respondents increased increasing high annoyance toward several features including following blinking lights vibrations observed increase tended occur exceeded 35 db undiminished 40 46 beyond current does an association exposures up evaluated endpoints accumulateddatafrom8separatesurveysinnetherlands denmark germany sweden newzealand poland usa & uk total size analysed 4 095 results state measures near exceed audibility thresholds no convincing evidence directly link low frequency sound any defined disease associations exist been shown account only modest proportion seems more strongly individual characteristics attitudinal factors visibility financial considerations than associated shows consistent small medium adverse effect work required characterisation joint statement concludes authoritative that represents risk among neighbouring causal identified cause ultimately described above given documented negative power produced fossil fuels net positive benefit this also points which misinformation about actually people experience symptoms crichton fiona et al expectations produce psychology vol 33 360 364 tonin renzo brett james colagiuri ben theeffectof negativeexpectations pathological journal vibration active control 77 90 used measurements started august 2018 listening tests questionnaires investigate properties 15% within 5km experienced syndrome compared 5% those 20km away showed rural areas parks same regular urban environment hertz hz hearing range ear 16 20 who claimed their caused able hear claim autonomous nervous systems activated waves aymptomatic test subjects words exposure some sufferers psychosomatic due so called nocebo where strong belief bring them assign blame real underlying ailments error or bad faith" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-04-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7400 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7401 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7402 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7403 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(28) "Sustainability and Recycling" ["code"]=> string(28) "sustainability-and-recycling" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7404 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7405 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7406 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7407 (2) { ["id"]=> int(172) ["name"]=> string(21) "environmental impacts" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7408 (2) { ["id"]=> int(173) ["name"]=> string(5) "birds" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7409 (2) { ["id"]=> int(174) ["name"]=> string(8) "wildlife" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7410 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7411 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7412 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7413 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7414 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7415 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [69]=> object(stdClass)#7416 (17) { ["id"]=> int(74) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6321971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(43) "How wind can help deliver the EU Green Deal" ["slug"]=> string(43) "how-wind-can-help-deliver-the-eu-green-deal" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(275) "The European Green Deal entails the full transformation of Europe's energy system. And wind energy will be the key delivering technology. How much wind energy will there be in 2050? And what do we need to do to deploy the necessary wind volumes and deliver on the Green Deal?" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-03-27" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7417 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7418 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7419 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7420 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(414) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBc01CIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--dcd1d13b1bf521fdeef932bbcf6c559c347bcb64/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/sofa-talks-3-eu-green-deal-tw.png" } [70]=> object(stdClass)#7421 (17) { ["id"]=> int(73) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6721971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(48) "The new EU Climate Law, where do we go from here" ["slug"]=> string(47) "the-new-eu-climate-law-where-do-we-go-from-here" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(323) "Diletta Zeni (Climate and Energy Advisor) and Pierre Tardieu (Chief Policy Officer) discussed the European Commission's proposal for a Climate law, what it means for the wind industry, in particular renewable energy ambitions for 2030, and how the COVID-19 outbreak could impact EU and national Climate and Energy policies." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-03-24" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7422 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7423 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7424 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7425 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7426 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7427 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7428 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7429 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7430 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7431 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(408) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBTQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--6908485049bd6eaa20043780245040028991007b/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/Sofa-Talks-2-mainbanner.jpg" } [71]=> object(stdClass)#7432 (17) { ["id"]=> int(72) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6921971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(30) "The new EU Industrial Strategy" ["slug"]=> string(30) "the-new-eu-industrial-strategy" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(327) "The EU's New Industrial Strategy calls for a "more strategic approach to renewable energy industries". But what concrete steps can we expect going forward? In this sofa chat we consider the significance of the Strategy, the competitive position of the European wind industry, and how we can deliver on the European Green Deal." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-03-22" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7433 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7434 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7435 (2) { ["id"]=> int(143) ["name"]=> string(10) "sofa talks" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7436 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7437 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7438 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7439 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7440 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7441 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7442 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(406) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBSdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--7b019849751db454f6031b4538af2ee0d6926e0c/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/Sofa-Talks-mainbanner.jpg" } [72]=> object(stdClass)#7443 (17) { ["id"]=> int(66) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4121971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(56) "Overview of national permitting rules and good practices" ["slug"]=> string(56) "overview-of-national-permitting-rules-and-good-practices" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(449) "The aim of this report is to map and compare the main restrictive planning and permitting indicators that limit the development of the wind energy sector, and formulate recommendations with industry guidelines on how to eliminate the biggest permitting bottlenecks. This report is an internal briefing for WindEurope members including national Wind Energy Associations. The recommendations can be used with policy makers where deemed appropriate." ["plain_text"]=> string(13096) "2europe installed 15 4 gw 13 2 in the eu of gross power capacity 2019 this was 27% higher than 2018 europenowgets15%ofitselectricityfrom windbutisnotbuildingenoughto meetthegreendeal targets feedback received from project developers oems and national wind energy associations is that permitting becoming tougher all around europe especially large markets where installations started 20 30 years ago france germany netherlands united kingdom spain there are more spatial planning constraints limit farm developments such as strict minimum set back distances to housing stringent noise limits high nature safeguarding radar civil & military tip height restrictions or long lead times case onshore stakeholders expectations restrictive with a requirement for projects developed harmony s natural patrimony opened local ownership models extensive stakeholder consultation even though renewables benefit positive perception opinion polls overall people prefer fossil fuels by wide margins increasing opposition level main impacts delays increased development cost example if construction delayed because legal dispute total will increase schedule on tight timeline e g contracts renting equipment signed already awaiting execution limited use latest technology available application file submitted authority includes amongst other items turbine model proposed blocked limbo two three becomes obsolete considering pace within sector new turbines larger rotor diameters meaning levels production regularly introduced market not usingthelatesttechnologyisasignificantopportunitycostforwindprojectdevelopers asaresult developer may need permit procedurewhich leads additional costs many countries permits issued determined period expire before getting consent start building banks likely lend money consenting risks lower would be financial mechanisms place insurance cover risk being denied longerconsenting periods initially envisaged see product bycls calledpermit challenge 3the aim report map compare indicators formulate recommendations industry guidelines how eliminate biggest bottlenecks an internal briefing windeurope members including can used policy makers deemed appropriate data gathered through surveys composed questionnaire interviews performed experts lot input comes directly unless stated otherwise annex 1 summarises inputs obtained each country analysis covers farms selected number member states norway turkey we focus have strong activities 8 shown table theanalysispresenteddoesnotincludepossibleinteractionswithmilitarybodies defenceministriesand aviation detail work carried out separately task force which developing mapping list subject indicator unit distance meters m relative natura 2000 yes no db lden shadow flicker minutes day hours year restriction average time months operation grid connection stop shop res your thesurveydemonstratesthatagenerallackof politicalsupportforwindenergytranslatesintorestrictive planningconditionssuchasstringentminimumdistancesto housinge thedevelopmentofthe10times tipheightruleinpoland onthecontrary whenthereispoliticalsupportfordevelopingwindenergythen 4permitting facilitated government law ecological transition pushes renewable aims electricity nuclear 75% 50% mix result several administrative reforms were passed 2017 ease also known means necessary between generators residential properties fixed 10 diameter rationale setting usually avoid any health hazards exposure flickering accidents visual siting close communities considered phase it seems politically motivated hungary figure 1a 5figure 1b excluding has strictest at 12 000m represented figures following using rule poland bavaria apply 10xh italy 6 6xh denmark belgium wallonia 4xh theassumptionusedtocalculatetheminimumset backdistancetohousinginthecountriesaboveisthat approximately 150m v90 3 mw over since deputy minister announced towards end january polish parliament withdrawn socially accepted german federal areas september applies repowering existing individual bundesl nder municipalities they want 18 after enters into keep their 1000m could territory decided opt schleswig holstein proposing 400m splinter settlements well exemption ranged legislation instead linked flanders finland sweden scheme 2008 claims payment loss value least 1% property smaller 25m exempted info here every infrastructure roads industrial complexes compensation paid when decreases 2% measures refer kinds potentially decreasing land owner claim municipality authorities reported topic most established distancestoprotectendangeredbirdsandbatsincludingnesting roostingandnurseryareasinthevicinity range km last comment updated austria introduction discussed parks exist focused sensitive species location bird nests monitoring throughout supports up taking account site specificities regulated applicable based mer study environment effect recommended 1km nesting endangered specific assessment studies must order give scientific basis propose mitigation asking reduced constraint adequate dialogue still ongoing these considerations dealt environmental impact eia official but unofficial 2km eagles ospreys widely been defined wwf 7country neutral regarding against demands seasonal during requirements regulation go process vary depending require 10km milan royal current discussions updating outarde canepeti re bats like homogenous approach issue does agree supported evidence generalised december rules decrees include some cases comprehensive statements officially breeding grounds flight corridors essential feeding state choose birds its own criteria begun stipulating test addition meant signal further field investigations particularly protected present however confusion interpret given i whether area simply requires often both examples red kite 000 500m black stork believes should one size fits collisions situational behaviour depends largely topography spectrum collision direct function questionable general removed certain eagle common bussard greece ministerial decree identifies kept mentions measure nest locations traceable having produced commonly methodology ireland besides establishment regular special conservation sac spa protections regions identify suitable zone extends beyond network generally 500 do develop lengthy authorisation procedures about combining possibility default protecting act 20th 2016 investments implements 10x landscape reserves sites furthermore regional directorate protection establishes buffer zones refuges ornithological mandatory minor deviations them compensated extent rigidly reflect specificity habitat safe via depth principle setback depend accorded 2020 peripheral etc management plan practice sometimes recommendation october receptors assessed assessments according circular 2014 allowed gene forests seed stands promenade wetlands habitats directives proven cornerstone capital european commission guidance document 9whichiscurrentlybeingrevised clearlystatesthatthebirdsandhabitatsdirectivedo aprioriexclude adjacent potential significantly affect undergo required article directive 14 only thebuildingofwindenergyprojectsinsideanatura2000area datethereareno inoperation nor exemptions 11 possible build concerned key very difficult undergoing today section park due item going inside yet parts part broader port antwerp might receive permission administration systematically refuses burden proof demonstrating categorisation put groups ngos ligue des oiseaux lpo requesting ban allowing demonstrate categorization made 15% surface designated outside strictly off free built structures 4% framework crete sets exclusion valid update under review accepts anti provision priori biodiversity provides tools establish thus prohibit those unsuitable done resistance conversation ngo detailed adoption technically banning nevertheless conventionally challenging significant change attitude expected jan conservations conclude adverse effects cumulative deal caused anthropogenic sourcesincludingwindturbines allowableenvironmentalnoiselimitsare usuallycategorisedbyareaand timing maximum 39 55 decibels 5 night speak best allowable values reasons spread world organisation who published recommends below 45 details next page isonlyconditional asthere enough furthermoretheguidance 11does specify assess compliance recommend stage near 70 65 d 60 n 50 47 44 43 40 c 37 35 l max note measurement differs therefore fully comparable lithuania soundlevelwith frequencyweightingandfasttimeweightingduringthe lafmax uk weighted sound exceeded 90% la90 equivalent continuous laeq rest specified guideline reference vlarem ii regulations sectoral provisions conditions summer czech republic governmental 12country pure ta rm technical instructions small og b2464 presidential 1180 1980 p 1997 hn 33 2011 evening 1st 2012 amending permitted pol rozporz dzenie ministra rodowiska z dnia pa dziernika r zmieniaj ce w sprawie dopuszczalnych poziom ha asu rodowisku romania generic applied 2001 42 related 2003 scope autonomous laws andaluc 326 trend demanding background 13country calm region norm 5004 iso 6913 middle 3db loud 1db arr t du 26 ao relatif aux de lectricit utilisant nergie canique vent au sein une installation soumise autorisation titre la rubrique 2980 gislation class es pour environnement 2006 portugal 9 2007 17th 5db above non statutory rating etsu 97 speed type 6m 37db houses open 8m 39db provide humanhealthfromharmfulexposuretoenvironmentalnoise theysethealth basedrecommendations five relevant sources road traffic railway aircraft leisure rated either conditional foraveragenoiseexposure theguidelinerecommendsreducingnoiselevelsproducedbywind dens associated low quality nightf too allow reduce conditionally implement population exposed facilitate particular intervention another versus adopted situations confidence desirable adherence outweigh undesirable consequences net combined informationaboutthevalues preferencesandresources informthisrecommendation implemented circumstances making substantial debate involvementofvariousstakeholders thereislesscertaintyofitsefficacyowingtolowerquality opposing preferences individuals populations affected resource implications settings trailing edge serrations landscaping planting hedges trees reducing curtailment shut down 15figure investigated infrasound frequency emissions authoritative represents human among neighbouring residents causal link identified cause annoyance whichcanultimatelyaffectwell lithuaniaandpolandhavespecific description calculated indoor speeds bedrooms hz 74 49 80 160 34 25 64 100 38 200 32 31 56 63 125 36 hygiene standard 2009 public sounds purpose buildings safety workplace facilities service technicians term refers rotating blades periodically cast shadows constrained openings windows magnitude varies spatially temporally coinciding point position sun direction cloudiness receptor 16 per temporary shutdown reflective colours duration flying heights 122 aeronautical airports training informal capped 17figure none investigating interactions granting procedure access run parallel starts first operator ends revised paragraph shall exceed plants competent duly justified extraordinary extended words ensuring simplified swift length overriding substantially original performance 7 deadlines without prejudice obligations union judicial appeals remedies proceedings court tribunal alternative resolution complaints accounted 18figure m20ths 0 source windbarriers notes presented symbol provided regulatory july associationsonly thetotallead 3of timehasbeenallocatedtoobtaintheconstruction&operationlicenceand1 3hasbeenallocated obtain license barriers facilitating identification geographical scale automatic deadline online information partly absent ec progress tab oko institute 19table bulgaria croatia cyprus estonia latvia luxembourg malta slovakia slovenia institutebelow series principles take climate benefits decision reinforce stretched easing consider comply evaluated base engagement blanket justice complexrelationshipsanddemandsresultingfrom localgeography ifalocationisprovedtohave conflict targeted effective consistently micro design layout demand automated acoustic deterrence creation line conditionalasthere isnotenough doesnotspecify onshadowflicker basedonmostcountriespractice memberstatesshouldallowforamaximum days occur recognised dependent inability efficient outlined o identificationofsuitablegeographicalsitesforwindtobeundertakeninconsultationwith mean become reaching expired aplanningpermissionisgenerallygrantedwithaspecifictimelimit 5yearsforexample control timescales completed planningpermissionexpires providingextendedtimelimitsfortherealisationofpermits help enable box whereby applying coordinates improve flexibility final technological advancements while met create accordance secured make homes apparent tolerance ensure remain accelerating appealed supreme hold negative economic delay roll simplification filed straight appeal skipping 100mw 22the noiseshadow heigaverage safeguardinfarms ilimitflickerrestrictlead 23country tosafeguarding restrictionlead 19 17 24" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-03-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7444 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7445 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7446 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7447 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7448 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7449 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7450 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7451 (2) { ["id"]=> int(141) ["name"]=> string(15) "national market" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7452 (2) { ["id"]=> int(142) ["name"]=> string(10) "developers" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7453 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7454 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7455 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7456 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7457 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [73]=> object(stdClass)#7458 (17) { ["id"]=> int(97) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "d91aec28-a8ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(44) "Risk mitigation for corporate renewable PPAs" ["slug"]=> string(44) "risk-mitigation-for-corporate-renewable-ppas" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(527) "Corporate renewable power purchase agreements (PPAs) can provide the security of returns which a developer of renewable power plants needs to secure lending to build the project. But they are not simple. PPAs have many risks associated with them, risks that have traditionally been handled by utilities, developers and energy traders. Now these risks need to be engaged and owned by corporates who generally do not have expertise in the area. This is one of the main barriers to the development of PPAs throughout Europe. " ["plain_text"]=> string(13757) "march 2020 risk mitigation for corporate renewable ppasfounding associations founding associatiofo nding associationso unding daniel dang malgosia bartosik sam kimmins mariana heinrich business development director deputy ceo windeurope head of re100 at the climate group and energy wbcsd solarpower europe strategic partners steering committee committees eering teering re source platform would like to extend a special tha ks those who provided expert contributions part 2 amanda niklaus pexapark hannah hunt resurety kjetil holm catherine torvestad axpo viviana ciancibello eex in addition thank members companies contrib uted thesr know td s experie su p r er wing this spor rt ticular sup orters el emmanuelle vegis engie phil dominy ey was established june 2017 report published can be download here downloaded http resource eu toolkit please get touch with if you have any comments or feedback on its content order enrich our ongoing work field more information contents contact info disclaimer has been prepared by it is being furnished recipients general purposes only nothing should interpreted as an offer recommendation prod ucts services financial products does not constitute investment legal tax other advice recipientsshouldconsultwiththeirownfinancial taxorotheradvisorsasneeded thisreportisbasedon sources believed accurate however warrant accuracy complete ness contained assumes no obligation update herein will held liable direct indirect damage incurred use views expressed are purely author may circumstances regarded stating official position authors text analysis guy brindley cathrine editor colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm 4vocabulary used sector there many ways saying same thing power markets often creates confusion table below we specified set words phrases which tried consistently throughout what mean them alternative that 1 list key word phrase meaning common names buyer entity purchasing electricity from plant off taker consumer purchaser seller producing sell bproducer supplier asset developer generator produced plants such wind angreen green clean solar farms installation parks etc produce generation facility project owner themselves supply grid producer procurement sourcing through ppa types contracts leasingrenewable tariffs 5why written european union targets decarbon they reduce impact their own operations administrative barriers governments isation economy environment both reputational reasons remove providing educational material tackle biggest lifetime gain competitive edge society aware buyers change meet member importance environmental impacts living document develop over states need facilitate build out ever increasing time one tools invest infrastructure incorpo rate changing demand characteristics purchase agreements two parts come high volumes ppas provide security returns lines current trends describes risks needs secure associated typical contract struc lending but simple tures how sharing differs between counterparties providers play large transition traditionally handled utilities sets product developers long term revenue stabi ers traders now these mitigates certain lisationwhichallowsthemtoobtainfinancingtobuild engaged owned corporates generally projects especially impor do expertise area hope helps your way sign tant where government support main ing contributing new schemes stability committed facilitating increasingly looking helping raise awareness national level 6 vocabulary 5 why 7 figures & tables 8 9 introduction 10 towards 100 000 12 13 structures allocations 15 19 20 cash flow diagrams 21 managing third party 22 non construction credit 23 market price volume cannibalisation 24 transaction cost timing exchange based trading 25 using futures manage 26 base hedging profiles firming 28 agreement vfa final thoughts 31 contentsfigures figure global offsite region technology 11 3 4a via physical contractual structure 4b service translating profile into load 27 14 five 4 checklist 8part taken potential less mature than united offoverthelastfewyears startinginearnestin2014 includes otherrespect forms corporatesourcing issignificant europehas place since 2013 shown grown cumulative capacity gw 2018 were commercial industrial site renewables contracted respectively 2019 alone con 60 tracted see founded 50 alliance stakeholders representing renewa ble sellers pools resources coordinates activities promote 40 better framework 30 corporateshaveavarietyofdifferentdriversforlook possi bility lower fix costs major partual volumne rationale deals recent survey 200 across six countries showed 92% doing so although decarboni 0 sation commitments initial driver consider ability 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014 2015 2016 volatility generate amer emea apac savings bills cited most case baywa e partnership plat form available https www en around 85% become interested signing signed largely essential understanding because much activity focused suppliers enter could exposed norway sweden uk all additionally typi cally larger pv allowing corporateeuropean procure single transactions photovoltaic accounted almost 30% includ 199 mw amazon web spain 160 google denmark 143 france sncf future income assurance lenders loans repaid improve bankability annual absence stable port inherent number typically dealing dealt deep biomass onshore o shore diversified portfolios pro jects technologies spread had sophisticated strategies amount variable different include constantly evolving when entering globe designed help compared traditional understand tract recognises learn about m difficult gives overview models igate thereby encourage active corpo creating ratebuyers renewableelectricity navigate us achieve increased confidence directory goal leading each country administratively make difference possible known efet template starting point negotiations developed federation released training courses partner together simplify whilst ensuring inno vation necessary hindered 100to100k methods mitigate various likely evolve several mitigating aims conventional installa rates tions affect strate significantly gies involved zero comprehensive database fuel avail intended dynamic whereas added producers dependent prices provider contributes output matching contribute example tool extensive myriad clauses assign relevant next page considered working commonplace innovations burdensome summary consented permitted constructed timely basis performance operational perform expected fails minimum agreed availability modelling i years meteorological data result levels speed irradiation even overall hourly production differ hour shape baseload delivery quoted standard differences lead value greater aggregate equivalent spot negative correlation increase penetrates blowing enters very low marginal abundance cheap pushes down rise again applies photovoltaics reference payments under local arrangements zonal pricing balancing deviations scheduled real d ue error weather forecast settlement pay late fail payment delivered replacement default subsidy cancelled altered arrangement made liquidity cannot traded quickly enough avoid determined bid ask losses occur adverse movements instance locks projections falls periods merchant combination arising unknown tenor length locked above increases force majeure control termination conditions precedent amongst negotiated changes law balance benefit parties g regulatory economics retroactive feed systems seen romania czech republic early 2010s events delay completion flood fire storm allocation presented full description negotiation found allo cations asshownbelow eachofthefivecontractscan applied details borne remains fixed a3 theoretically carried ora4 private wire sale b1 j f n pre defined b2 obliged c2 multi offtaker c3 c4 cross border c5 c6 proxy le partly mostly sold daily guaranteed monthly regardless artificial say 70% p50 end up paying average historical uncontracted depending days january scaled specific values every month year contractpro 50% day peak am pm hours 8am 8pm 16 commits yearly byb2 implies actual payed must settled inducing involves constant usually account seasonal variation 17 chapter name 18 shutterstock soonthorn wongsaitapart following sections writ able identified whictable ten helpan mitigated described some corporatein section features surplus residual wholesale retail ow guarantees origin transfer go show virtual synthetic either world suppli also sleeved volatile seem obvious solution acceptable secures return suitable period straightforward sleeving fee nordic dominated nordics well func tioning struggling falling still serves important marketplace industrials man age benchmark bilateral serve agement aggregator nancial shows preferred lowest transac reach cod experiences lack ture tion ject timeline delayed cause substantial involve professional ensure financiallosstothebuyer understood priced according best changesignificantly itisthereforeimportantthatthe practice cover sometimes structured size guarantee depend purpose vehicle spv situation counterparty procured utility central whole duration additional appaiscommonlysignedatorbeforefinancialclose guaran terms tees once starts tradi closed before commissioning steps illustrated tional dependingonthesizeofthe earlier comfortable capable reason internal competence operation then date note included requires sophistication good match leaves vol ume aggregators standardised without inflation indexation themabetterfitforcorporatebuyers renew unique negotiating selling allow suming affair demands specialised type taking thethem rid listed premium knowledge willing give allows assisting significant discount woulwith duced face stand finan mar cial hedge ket insight 100% fit regards desired alterna cautious tive highlight sidering alternatives management players everything growing concern remaining after reflect managed paral lel platforms attempt profiled forward todetachthesetransactionsfromthefinancialmarket winter file higher transparency further during summer collective disadvantage positive fulfil clearing house manages gradually phased commod interacting transmission ities derivatives instruments system operators tsos core function baseline fair orderly efficient dissemina options leverage relied upon banks derivative transacting exposure settle erates technical underlying commodity elec ment tricity trade executed yet open created whereby payafixedamountfortheelectricityproducedbythe financialsettlementisfullymanagedbytheexchange receive participant bank short acts counter right away role deliver instead decades primarily honour contrac takes margin territory houses tualobligationsthroughactivefinancialmanagement deposit obligations approximately 3% 15% notional distinguished employ normally factors influence including educate newcomers financially physically contractsize contracttenor volatilityparametersand clarity opportunities given thereafter reimbursed means receives minimal effectively against extremes accounts resulting toplayers conclusion relates considerable attracts majority therefore outcome valuable fully fungible participants strong signal strip calen dar ahead y longer ors introduced particularly awindorsolarprofile atranslationneedstobemade portion theirfromthevariablenatureofthegenerationprofileinto free decision hedged flows transacted due employed job amounts ofrket negotiate manager study generated bilaterally register determine strategy profit margins trades fallshe directly outsourcing task desks results commonly said otc cleared rules wish registration covered having buy priceusing extent setting thevolatilityoftheelectricitymarketsissignifi cant prudent works highs lows fluctuating theproductreflectstheactualriskexposureofawind cov ered furthermore exposures just 120 80 av40 mwh solid devised exchanges network arti cle find version usa pays co ambitious implemented microsoft structureble generates exactly aiming applicable dual mandate reducing emissions consumes while multitude economic benefits toas partial realising scale com consumption plexity assumed underproduction seeking solutions customers predictable electri efficiently ity address problem transfers whenhefinancialrisksofa itr agrees insurer diversify portfolio amountof linked response insurance intro becoming salecontractforelectricityandthefinancialppa illustrate assume explanation operates texas centres consistent underproduces signs removed provides farm look seeing adop factor vfas profilerisk theriskthatthehourlyproduction success certainly illustrates abili matter doesn t thebuyer tiestomitigatefinancialrisksfacedbycorporatebuy buyereceives learning produces excess read whitepa vice versa per authored orrick unfortunately gen herrington sutcliffe llp eration might sig nificantly underproduce typ ical preference actually fluctu calculation ates 35 calculated offered inc utilizing regulated reflects commission cftc solve enable clients informa consump achieved stated communications publications reports materials executes formance expectations sim limited utilized clock plifies contracting process removing distributed construed sol c provisions minima itations relative interest swaps sub driven restricted maintenance schedules aligns interests stantial loss investors blows andsellers allocating tur carefully whether light sun shines achieves bine electrical line turbine lose opinions goals curtailment locking recommendations subject past indicative already planning distribute research analysts maintain department easier execute regulation 71 failure sustainability ret ained buyerd 29 wongsaitafinal updated emerge necessarily evo ring inco porate questions contribution eufounding supporters visit" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-03-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7459 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7460 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7461 (2) { ["id"]=> int(98) ["name"]=> string(7) "finance" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7462 (2) { ["id"]=> int(154) ["name"]=> string(4) "ppas" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7463 (2) { ["id"]=> int(155) ["name"]=> string(25) "power purchase agreements" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7464 (2) { ["id"]=> int(156) ["name"]=> string(9) "corporate" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7465 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [74]=> object(stdClass)#7466 (17) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "5b21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(53) "Wind energy in Europe in 2019 - Trends and statistics" ["slug"]=> string(51) "wind-energy-in-europe-in-2019-trends-and-statistics" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(447) "Europe installed 15.4 GW of new wind power capacity in 2019. This is 27% higher than 2018 but 10% less than the record in 2017. Europe now has 205 GW of wind energy capacity. And wind accounted for 15% of the electricity the EU-28 consumed in 2019. Three quarters of the new wind installations last year were onshore. Spain installed the most with 2.2 GW of new onshore wind farms. New installations and investments were down sharply in Germany." ["plain_text"]=> string(9480) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in wind energy europe 2019 trends and statistics february 2020 windeurope orgthisreportsummarisesnewinstallationsandfinancingactivity s farms from 1 january to 31 december regularly surveys the industry determine level of installations subsequent dispatch first power grid data represents gross per site country unless otherwise stated rounding figures is at discretion author disclaimer this publication contains information collected on a regular basis throughout year then verified with relevant members ahead neither nor its their related entities are by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies text analysis business intelligence ivan komusanac guy brindley daniel fraile editor colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm finance clean pipeline ij global all currency conversions made eur gbp 0 8847 usd 1810 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover courtesy dave harris acknowledges kind cooperation following associations institutions ig windkraft bop edora ode bgwea bg hrote hr czech association cz danish agency dk tuulenergia ee suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry fi france nergie olienne fr deutsche windguard hwea el iwea ie anev it lwea lv lwpa lt ministry spatial planning lu nwea nl pwea pl apren pt norwea no rwea ro rawi ru elektromre srbije rs sven skvindenergi se aee es suisse eole ch t reb tk uwea ua renewableuk uk more policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 7 11 overvie national breakdown 12 3 cumulative 14 4 decommissioning repowering 16 5 generation 17 6 turbine size 20 auctions tenders 21 investment numbers 23 cont annex 25executive installed 15 gw new capacithree quarters last were 13 eu 27% than 2onshore spain most 10% less record 2017 onshore investments down sharply germany now has 205 capacity accounted 15% electricity 28 consumed figure offshore 16% 500 000 others 45% 14% sweden installationsb mw italy urkey swedenfrancnorwayreece ukraibelgiumreland denmarknlan o shore 764 111 370 374 8 62 078 588 33780 727 686 637 207 463 456 243 563 total 393 319 189 3780 577 402 571 source a7d annual highlights but 74% that was led installation 76% came fourth also number one 8bn decisions covering 417 twh generated covered largest investor raising 4bn demand saint nazaire farm further reached final historic low decision 10 300m mere 180 projects worth 19bn denmark share around awarded 48% government followed ireland 33% portugal auction poland 26% 22% another there 183 22 decommissioned 178 commissioned 185 repowered net additions average rating turbines as installedgw 40 50% chapter name capaci2y 30 40% demand3 30% 20% 9 61 24 01 26 02 003 04 03 each reflects austria 97 grey colored countries did provide consumption entso e transparency platform croatia consumptwindwasergy pe 201d statistic9 turkey provided turkish wo ce neindeuropeiation table1 installations2019 capacity2019 152 159 belgium 323 556 879 bulgaria 691 69 652 cyprus 158 czechia 337 426 703 128 estonia 320 finland 71 284 336 644 646 53 912 445 357 greece 576 hungary 329 130 25 155 512 latvia 66 lithuania 548 luxembourg 136 malta netherlands 482 118 600 917 429 437 romania 029 slovakia slovenia 803 808 794 192 985 629 570 945 515 552 627 170 162 069 231 bosnia & herzegovina 36 87 kosovo montenegro north macedonia 37 norway 780 442 444 russia 50 191 serbia switzerland 75 056 ukraine 190 581 583 742 182 743 071 204 814 rounded therefore may add up windeurope1 inst alla tions overview europeoffshore 24% thanrecord connected g2019 about half fall swedwiththerestingermany denmarkandportugal remained stable while rose due offsnew 86% wrose decommis together sioned so these gro s2009ta2010io2011 g2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 tr11ds mostly other european scotland wales 434 167 respectively where hmost 595 had been con beatritracts difference cfd round back today fully hornsea only remote scottish isles can partic nected making laripate areas rely world 218 purchase agreements ppas merchant options highest volume 55% newwind since 2009 when 4gw just won remaining those should urkeyukrain finlanothers germanyeden spanish comes red electrica espa anthan challeng hing weather conditions administrative delays have fallensharplyinthelasttwoyears over2014to2017they slowed construction installing windustry ready deliver pace set out every main problem complex lengthenergy plan mitting processes undersubscribed because weren enough permitted auctionedcapacity only1 8gwwasawarded soonshore ofwind installationsareunlikelytopickupmuchintheshortterm across three merkur bucht enbw hohe see 723 market good outlook next couple years doubl maintains within 720 2italy remains constrained given strong installationsthe scale both expected remain high coudemand joint swedish norwegian cer tificate phase after 2021 soutsidetheeu turkeyandukraineeachinstalled uncertainty future debetween 800 value green certificates being built will operate largely environme14 nine member states franceinstalled1 3gw 9%ofnewinstallationsineurope four distribution i stallations mlw 00 2010 2011 2012 and13tatistics ifive 89% 11% gand five ccountries over neth anderlands 27 169 250 200 150 100 pgw 84 105 115 127 137 171 77 110 122 135 148 67% 61gw 26gw theuk 24gw poland67% follow 70 60 5% 13% 8% cumulat10e capacitky thers belgiumeece 54 and15tatistics 17mw nearly 451mw decommsioned 174 theoffshore major ity lack regulatory support permitting rules wholesale line prices reasons activity 400 capmacity terminology example tauerwindpark old project under tdenmark electric pity mix age point higher results neand well windy eabove figure8 percentage 21% 12% 9% 7% 6% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% 60% time luxemburg available combined excludes beis quarterly reports estimated q4 croatian operator represent captured hourly corrected thanks tsos and17tatistics table3 production met 900 350 67 produced output throughentire fleet including very latter daily peak 102 regitend relatively small rotors short tered march blades modern larger generate lower speeds increasing factors wercapacity wifarms 35% they range were24%andforoffshorewindwere38% thesenumbers between arerelativelylowastheyrepresenttheperformanceofthe spread 90 80 combi d anhd generationh april july june august october ebruary september november ecember 90% p10 frequent an equalprobabilityofmoreorlessgenerationinanhour p50 p90 variable variaover amount follows clear patter 9by shown boxes above peaked winter during montmonths although variation tgeneration summer 34 hour footnote full day individual info electricitpy demaverage facptor energyp shares capaciptyoffshore capacpity psoffshore eup demandpelectricity demandp 38% winpd wipnd factor energpy 20p19 120 g60 jan feb mar apr jun jul aug sep oct nov dec re ers ember 201919 type euof v164 mhi vestas ied significantly twind rotor diameter 164m powerful fdeutsche norther por ltugalthev164 4mwwasusedatthewindfloatatlantic based avaifloating weighted rat ing ge haliade x prototype rated newly instalinstalled port rotterdam testing commercialisation gium turbi ratifng number0of tfrances ir land finlandstria russi swedgermany francsweden norwayurkeukraine finlandstrcroatiasia 511 447 325 314 230 166 163 154 56 49 300 1250 58 47 1000 num100 powerrage denmarkbelgium german 252 160 45 4belgium1 held renewable price which volumes 63 mwh 46 connection secured hard compare resultsin six different differences mechanisms length offered difficulties faced maturity markets surrounding auc promoters gather necessary permits such cost capital wacc sources revenue risks developers nevertheless severalauctionresultswerenotable awarding through 2gwofcapacityatanaveragepriceof inthe latest table4 successful typeof mechanism pricein technology neutral feed premium fixed 64 516 specific floating 476 52 270 208 176 509 57 59 224 55 495 contract 48 143 640 217 capex discount tariff 408 275 43 44 760 zero subsidy bid 466 indexed explanation types top already local content rule compensated premiums stati21ics jason bickley windeurope2 1in monetary terms lowest drop project2013 6bn fid 5bn bottom fix however financed yearinvestments solid 13bn reductions 2across chain increased competition possible investors cash asset ind 20d19 bn gwd nanced 19 financing refinancing public included restated 2windeuroped23and geographical similar neart na gaoithe contributing 4developed edf announcements compares 43% 64% 73% raised 3bn way assets generating supporting 20investments non totalled 9bn repre single senting outside tur 480 naizaire second key n w et estmenths h hgw turke p larussfinla dlagreece wa denmar annexes table5 description instrument whereby eligible generators tariffs paid guaranteed irrespective res fed into payment addition would calculated previously defined effectively works floor guarantees always minimum contracts whole sale rises required pay compete right build tender selection criteria according experience bids dutch bidders quality social model costs added weight survey risk mitigation measures winner doesn receive transmission tradable commodity proving certain using traded separately windeuropend 25atisticswindeurope voice actively promoting worldwide ovver4000 mmme erwit eaheaua uerseinsminre ore 35 leading manufacturers component suppliers research insti tutes contractors providers financial insurance companies consultants strength makes network rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 f 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-02-17" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7467 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7468 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7469 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7470 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } } ["tags"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7471 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7472 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7473 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7474 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7475 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7476 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7477 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7478 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7479 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7480 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7481 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7482 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7483 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7484 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7485 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7486 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(429) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBRQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--b24e13ded52dd56375203c7a7625daf96fed9147/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wind-energy-europe-2019-press-release-banner.jpg" } [75]=> object(stdClass)#7487 (17) { ["id"]=> int(61) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "5921971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(56) "Offshore wind in Europe - key trends and statistics 2019" ["slug"]=> string(54) "offshore-wind-in-europe-key-trends-and-statistics-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(515) "In 2019 Europe connected 502 new offshore wind turbines to the grid across 10 projects. This brought 3,627 MW of new (gross) additional capacity. Europe now has a total installed offshore wind capacity of 22,072 MW from 5,047 grid-connected wind turbines across 12 countries. Four new offshore wind projects reached Final Decision Investment (FID) in four different countries during 2019, with construction starting in the coming years. €6.0bn was invested in order to finance 1.4 GW of additional capacity." ["plain_text"]=> string(13423) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in offshore wind europe key trends and statistics 2019offshore 2019 february 2020 windeurope orgthis report summarises construction financing activity europeanoffshorewindfarmsfrom1januaryto31december regularly surveys the industry to determine level of installations foundations turbines subsequent dispatch first power grid data includes demonstration sites factors decommissioning where it has occurred annual are expressed gross figures while cumulative capacity represents net per site country rounding is at discretion author disclaimer this publication contains information collected on a regular basis throughout year then verified with relevant members ahead neither nor its their related entities by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies text analysis lizet ram rez daniel fraile guy brindley editor colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm finance clean energy pipeline ij global all currency conversions made eur gbp 0 8777 usd 1 1117 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover courtesy deutsche bucht mhi vestas more policy org 32 2 213 11 68 executive summary 7 10 overview national breakdown 13 3 15 turbine size farm location 17 rated 18 water depth distance shore 19 4 floating 21 supply chain 23 manufacturers co te ts owners 25 substructures 26 cables 28 5 vessels 29 investments & development 31 debt 34 acquisition 35 ppas 36 auction results 37 6 38windfloat atlantic portugal status partially online mw no edpr 54 4% engie 25% repsol principle 2% model v164 8 inter array cable jdr systems export hengtong foundation type semi sub supplier asm industries 66% navantia windrar consortium 34% artist dock90executive added 623mwnet thisas total installed corresponds 502 new turbin22 072mw 047 connected across farms 12 countries figure left axis right gw 22 20 capcacity installedc 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 germany denmark spain uk norway france netherlands sweden ireland finland belgium source four projects reached final decisionw assets accounted 0bn order investment fid different countriefinance additional starting coming years invest kwindeurope7nd from auctions 627 764 111 average 374 370 was larger than supplied almost addition doubled one decade 621 were january december 59 km 33 m continue increase even though most completed fully bottom fixed another have partial connection will connect ranged between work started other 40 50 mwh yet been port rotterdam history installing siemens gamesa renewable account 62% ge haliade x prototype 28% dynamic 66 kv five windfloat each decommissioned hornsea built s blyth demonstrator reactive compensation platform highlights installation financial 072 decision during there now 110 raised 40% less european including refinancing also lower 2bn largest amount bringing sector 45% second followed non recourse continues significant 8% 7% 5% 8bn lent highest rsted 16% rwe 12% vattenfall after record 16 5bn offered macquarie saw 4bn project 9 various stages acquiring 83% carried out two thirds acquisitions operational borssele 3&4 chapter name under 731 prysmian 77 nkt group partners shell 20% ype diamond generating monopiles limited 15% oord 10% eneco sif statis9ics inst alla tions 623 powerin tested multi tur lations itadded3 627mwofnities canary islands 11decommissioned ugaleurope end includingsites set installationow but ofgrid which expected figure1 table1 945 225 760 252 445 469 160 14 703 559 45 556 318 44 118 365 192 80 70 demonstrators single announced as developer stati11ics capacitygw nearly halfbelgium setting 48 brought 20installation norther com beatrice commissioned last missioned units allnorther three construin makingitthelargestoffshorewindfarmintheworld 218 east anglia partiallyrtugal half supatlantic phase makes larg ing becomes firsest world uses removing technology operation spaintestedthefirstsemisubmersiblemulti turbinefloat 30 wind2power 200 kw scale proto an 13% compared pe successfully months merkur 260 plocan test facility andenbwhohesee 497mw arefullyoperationaltoday enbw hohe see inthe did add date concluded monopile 2021 november horns rev t hosting 407 est figure2 400 600 800 000 only showing those statis13cs hadlast over 99% happened north works going sea bines table foun dations table2 number 174 swt 154 sgre 315 jacket 231 leg 497 71 42 150 6mw trianel windpark 2m152 101 borkum senvion 373 369 albatros northwester sg 167 dd mermaid seastar bar bars 50% 75% 100% today acrosscountries theeland these collectively % represent cumulatively accounts 77% off irish capacitysea 1% follow tur8bines t8urbines turb8ines others 311 turbi8nes top figure4 basin 908 930 baltic 219 ocean mwi s15tistics windeuropeho ea infrastructure eew fred olsen windcarrier windeurope2 loca tion get powerful nd increased everynd preparing ground install bine stands yearly newly 20102011201220132014 2015201620172018 capactity ewindeuropey bigger sizthe coastline 714 313 62hornsea both awind already supplying electricity extensive exclusive economic zone eez surrounding commercial 700 500 300 0rm sieze quarters activities currently exceptions using above ththe indicated the2 figure7 180 140 120 100 60 turbinesm capacmity rating moving farther into deeper waters thisisaresultofbothbetterstablewindresources depletion near locations bubble indicates kmn german constructionin2019was33m aslightincreasefrom2018 same substation tennet gmbh owns 30m deepest hywind demo 220m operates borwin hvdc scotland 108m spar buoy case float 100m withopted hvac 220 compensate losses such large ac transmission line notable andits away rolling averages cur clear rently farthest 100creasing trend follows 92 used calculation successive subsets identify long term statist19s figure9 wate1 2000 002002 003 004 005006 007 008 009 010 2012201320140152016201720182019 wat er figure10 r 0100112012201320140152016201720182019 distrance fleet worldwide 70% us demosath saitec tetraspar stiesdal seatwirl s2 eolink eu s1 flotant x1wind examples floatgen kincardine pilot innovative designs next significantly capac part ity wip10 funded way pre june range 24 88 october times past testing con cepts objective reduce cost upscale previ table4 floater commissioning eolmed barge 2022 provence grand 5mw tlp efgl eoliennes flottantes groix tampen in2021francewilllaunchthefirst250mwauctionandin reaching capacities host 250 auc target price respectively franceiscurrentlytheonlycountrywithauctionsforfloat conditions 2024onwards climate plan necp latest press release available adding integre energie climat la pour consultation du public indicative depending prices seabed 2119 406 49 abb fouoffshore eewwindeurope3 activityand suppl ychain 75 connecte they 323 h2 newer sgn arcadis ost eagle star currentlylied novemturbines connecting nacelle tat 193 deployment slated foriade x12mwprototypewasinstalled 2023 when hollandsem onshore kust zuid netherholds 262 span newveannouncedthattheywilluseh utility dogger bank ent belgiumeach won september alexpected come 2024 2025 164m rotor variations nameplate 3% choice wasindpark eurwindeuropetrends figure11 share coonnected 012 261 121 incumulativeterms sgrehasthemostoffshorewindtur renoewable owind 96% figure12 reniewable 438 turbinees 187 turbeines 222 bard engeneering 6% turbinese energiy 74 9% 07 thed 17% 58% northland power19 figure13 infrastructurme elicio scottish renemwables enbridge sse canada pension fundm copenhagen infrastrumcture capital mitsubishi corporatiomn sdic infrared parmtners below ofand e capaccapital comes rank six innogyalf market shares owned developed several companies split according respective known equal parts innogy merged ownership estimate s25tistics figure14 infrastructucre stadwerke nchen iberdrola equinor pka infrastrcucture masdar 30% remained popular substructure typeine jack ets 65 jackets offshoreds suppliers representing 29% lamprell 19% navan tia windar 11% bladt had ndfloat atlan ic displaying owner platforms figure15 manufacturing company consovrtium 90 remain withavity base tripod tripile fol 258 81% up foundationsumulative without figure16 126 gravity 301 468 calculated actual individual tracted manufacture consortia joint venture specified sta27stics i totalled main time stations dominated repre nsw sented 78% theyal figure17 energised arrray installred powerlink 324 47 55% thenexans 18% ls system figure18 catbles nexans taking ener gised least vessel jan nul active ar a2sea ray swire blue bea trice heavy lift innovation geosea serviced boskalis subsea nexus seajacks laying scylla seaway jacks deep park cygnus volstad maritime unit livingstone multipurpose tideway performed instal deepocean sup brave tern bold inied t1 trencher provider that support statistics29019 588 84 24% rfshorf smuldn ejack ker b atricatisd f r2 35% smulders windeurope4 lowerhe fact given small ofs delayed due permitting reach decisioniation tariffs resulting heterogeneity nationalecent transactions frameworks can vol atile windnd firth 480 neart na gaoithe windbe tend higher 450 bothonopiles potentially factor expenditure capex thancapex seen recently reversed decreasingt round financed recent 1m transmissions 0mthe offshowind 3m reasons eurowindeuroperends figure19 bn invesstments fsinanced 2019s b8 bsn financesd ments nanced fryslan 383 saint nazaire we steady decrease since attracted 48% andorth 43bn making biggest mar fids combined withet spending commitments nine being 5m 33% 28bn discussed led reversal thissame period expect temporary rever sal influenced particularity further reductions future figure20 geographical concentration 2019ring producing additionally risks refinanced bucking increas nts delays bad weather example once transferred risksince fewer potential oper profile changes present attract better interest struction replaced impacts restructuring probability repaying lenders lendersancing specialise pricing develop ment therefore common toal generated restructure debts upon completion asset signifi cantly 6bn banks might provide typically takes stati33ics figure21 projecits 3bn transmisision lines refiniancing 7bn race link ofgem acquired approxi substations high voltage mately 525mafterbeingselectedasthepreferredbidder lending often determined lendersy do sponsored 6bnin2019 giventhelowin2017followedbyarecord possible featureector yields diversified timing reality multilat fairly constant sinceal institutions insurance mercialbanks inadditiontothejapanesebanksthathave investing looks theome china south korea smooth increasing amounts willlso entering tell feature peak figure22 transaction ecourse bbn re nancing overallprojectacquisitionactivityin2019waslowercom hands investors sought pared totalease little ional corresponding ational changing figure23 investor iinvestment producers corporates statist35s managers infra may help explain why pro structure funds inion 73% accustomed associated developmentr relatively historically likely comfortable windavailability suitable figure24 9bn activi ty fun ds corporate purchase agreeto buyers inthelast2 windfarm ppa signed pharmaceutical fidevelopers look novozymes novo nordisk approximately mwy guarantee revenue output kriegers flak morerly important zero subsidy bids aced developers exposed wholesale 360 contractedet table7 covestro riffgrund northumbrian ltd bahn nordsee google bristol airport worldzones devel awarded oped jointly renewables 63 46 forthwind bladed winners sofia farshore designed strike winner hollande bid feed edf dunkirk premium 2026 contract 1400 99 difference seagreen 454 alpha doggerbank teeside 1200 creyke beck indexed submitted before negotiating statisti37 mechanisms changed tar enterprise agency rvo iff run winnerofthehollandsekust3&4tenderinthenorthsea tender consor consortiums applications tium gave winning hollandse neighboring areas considered tso responsibility previously planned car roadmap 2030 ried sets 2019wastheyearforeuropeancountriestodeveloptheir jobs 27 plans necps women own targets beginning 76 spotlight later intensive international iea discussions among governments commis outlook stated sion 2040 could become elec positive tricity playing crucial role journey specific carbon neutral measures giving visibility huge deliver commission decarbonisation strategy need 230 2050 meet many still working poli paris agreement following discussion cies some rely our schemes launched towards sided contracts cfd examines space grids success experienced ply concludes offering cfds feasible deploy 22in efficient thor like poland warns about rapidly leasing greece consultations stakeholders ministers theukgovernmentannouncedinspring2019anoffshore luxembourg deal aiming strong industrial swedenandtheuk metindecem ambitious ber seas forum met revise included scope existing cooperation budget 557m presided exports fivefold local focus spatial planning content triple developing hybrid projects23 comparison models northwest navigant revising aggregating www 450gw planet scenarios limit temperature increases c tech combine generation cross border bring savings interconnections separately read how go page 38 windeuropewindeurope voice actively promoting headquarters leading component research insti tutes associations contractors providers consultants strength network rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-02-06" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7488 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7489 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(19) "Wind Energy Outlook" ["code"]=> string(19) "wind-energy-outlook" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7490 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7491 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7492 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7493 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } } ["tags"]=> array(21) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7494 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7495 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7496 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7497 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7498 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7499 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7500 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7501 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7502 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7503 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7504 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7505 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7506 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7507 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7508 (2) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["name"]=> string(7) "project" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7509 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7510 (2) { ["id"]=> int(117) ["name"]=> string(11) "foundations" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#7511 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#7512 (2) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["name"]=> string(14) "grid-connected" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#7513 (2) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["name"]=> string(9) "developer" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#7514 (2) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["name"]=> string(6) "owners" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7515 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(419) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBRZz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--aba27d1c9960f98dc66ebbfc1f89354691800089/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/offshore-statistics-2019-pr-banner.jpg" } [76]=> object(stdClass)#7516 (17) { ["id"]=> int(96) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "7578aca4-a7ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(69) "Introduction to Corporate Sourcing of Renewable Electricity in Europe" ["slug"]=> string(69) "introduction-to-corporate-sourcing-of-renewable-electricity-in-europe" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(128) "This report is an introduction to the different strategies a corporate can follow to procure renewable electricity in Europe. " ["plain_text"]=> string(20806) "january 2020 introduction to corporate sourcing of renewable electricity in europefounding associations founding associatiofo nding associationso unding bruce douglas malgosia bartosik sam kimmins mariana heinrich deputy ceo solarpower europe windeurope head re100 at the climate group manager and energy wbcsd strategic partners steering committee committees teering small print re source platform would like extend a special thanks all members companies who contributed with their knowledge experience this report supporters was established june 2017 published download here can be downloaded http resource eu toolkit please get touch if you have any comments or feedback on its content order enrich our ongoing work field more information contents contact info disclaimer has been prepared by it is being furnished recipients for general purposes only nothing should interpreted as an offer recommendation prod ucts services financial products does not constitute investment legal tax other advice recipientsshouldconsultwiththeirownfinancial taxorotheradvisorsasneeded thisreportisbasedon sources believed accurate however warrant accuracy complete ness contained assumes no obligation update herein will held liable direct indirect damage incurred use provided authors text analysis guy brindley merc labordena sonia dunlop administrator salma mofak editor colin walsh design laia mir thank advisers that including aib baywa r e pexapark recs international ey 4 executive summary 6 foreword 8 9 key factors decision making 12 how 14 which method green procurement best 16 towards 100 000 corporates 18 1 site models 19 a1 self owned 20 a2 leasing 24 a3 ppa 26 a4 private wire 30 2 b off 33 b1 physical 34 b2 38 3 c variants 41 c1 42 c2 multi buyer 44 c3 seller 46 c4 cross border 48 c5 technology 52 c6 proxy generation 54 d top up 57 d1 supply 58 d2 unbundled guarantee origin certificates 60 are increasingly considering impacthe main complemented real world environment change consequently examples illustrate they applied seeking reduce carbon emissions while various markets together details such owner controlling costs associated electriship power capacity location consumption pro vides organisations means ope table ations free secure low clist over long time period adopt different strategies procure but before doing so assess strategy suits needs helps2 achieve goals strat egies follow presented business divided into two categories according geographical installation also covers six less commonly used variations we describe features each model relationship withguaranteesoforigin gos informationonfinan cial greenhouse gas ghg accounting whether provide additionality etc overview european countries feasible implemented expect evolve gains traction date contracts certain figure types ppas pv systems year country dominating space there were 5 gw renew 500 able 2019 growing 65% since 2013 still dominant now turning allow them better track consume demonstrate consumers investors commitment sustainability market matures innovations way annual mw combining aspects mod els help meet evolving expectations hope prove useful both cor porates policymakers alike 2014 2015 2016 2018 norway sweden netherlands inland spain denmark ireland rance belgium germany poland italy 7 sets out wide array options availa ilnow corporatesourcingandcorporateppashave ble looking elec een bespoke complex deals take years tricity renewables isotiated approved much due developing rapidly wind solar powerheir term become cost competitive environmen aware grow tal impact becomes sourcingmarketinlinewithourambitions eutargets issue than ever consider renewa commitments need make opportunity gain accessible medium sized businesses advantage securing electric o yet enter ity addition contributing comprehensive relatively young andicity coordinator keen scale fast contract structures pioneered marketsolicymakers important stakeholder many around innovate new thee hampered barriers member states part clean europeans package furthers one core objectives theuired identify remove sourceplatform toraiseawarenessofthebenefits intheirnationalenergyandclimateplans necps facilitate transac side developed tions between buyers sellers faster directory component easier cheaper points where see introductory guide start journey worldope purchasing players unlock s huge potential intended encourage readers ideas sustainable questions could further includes tools going forwards template training courses taken last few starting earnest global volumes region purchase 45 agreement grown cumulative commercial industrial 40 bles respectively contracted alone 35 10 founded alliance stakeholders representing 25 suppliers pools resources coordinates activities promote frame national level volume 15 formsofcorporatesourcing issignificant europehas mature united 0 respect com 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ytd mon amer emea apac 85% signed largely bloombergnef because activity focused note chartisforoff siteppasonly apaccapacityisestimated pre marketreformmexicoppasexcluded figuresaresubject uk higto may updated made available data through additionally projects typically larger allowing cure single transactions installations roof mounted installed selected represent bulk forms include near wires five seen rates plants forecasts show increase dra matically coming 03 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 historical scenario high mid generate savings bills cited most providing primary case another crucial element guarantees go tracing mechanism safeguarded preserve link producers con sumers protect environmental credibility system under recast directive memberstatescandecidenottoissuegos receive government sup port exempt below minimum limit bigger 50 kw subjecttotheissuingofgos withsmallerinstallations havingtheoptiontoreceivesimplifiedgos formore informationaboutgos visittheassociationofissuing bodies biomass variety drivers those 92% from although decarbonisation ability lower fix major often initial driver rationale these recent survey sider 200 across showed volatility partnership plat form https www de en wp uploads files downloads guideline pdf advocates mandatory issuance when project receiving support allo w proper traceability why policy recommendations net org 11 number ways supplier suitable principle applies corporategos separate breaks depend relating closes contrib producer ele tothebusiness itsriskprofile itscommitmenttocor utes construction asset porate social responsibility csr size levfacilities example engagement executives uses attributes fixed price provides guaran teed income consideration banks similar consumer path appropriate deciding lend therefore makes bankable provider match some comply result withpurchasesofrenewableenergygos thesupplier ownership inrealandverifiableemissionsreductionoremissions pur assets avoidanceforthecorporate astheirdirecteffectisto chase mix conventional itself i ownedincrease same amount third party co gostocoverthegreenelectricitysupplycontracts buys utilities quota bear risk share guaranteesoforigin areanimportantelement energyinfinalconsumption thesearebeing replacedinitaly theukandpoland thismakesitdif instrument buy ficult additional located ers given supplied produced entering deliv originates ered via grid theo value depends demand benefits plus switzerland iceland theurchased bun assessment higher visibility credentialsd solution audit inventory brand reputation known bundled footprint directors reports inves allowtheoff takertoprovetheircsrcredentialsfrom tor diligence communications amongst things standard theend consumermaypurchasenon protocol reporting seven gases covered underlying kyoto shall separately account understand forscope1emissions occurringdirectlyfromsources suited approach controlled scope understanding structure fromthegenerationofpurchasedelectric eventual economically financially consumed type haveasignificantimpactonthepowerpurchaseprice innegotiation duetotheirdifferenttreatmentofvol ume allocation suit forfinancialaccountingpurposes corporaterenewa appetite struc considered tures executory outlined character accounted istics beyond based invoices pricing mechanisms described detail purchased designation mitigation control specific cause classified style suggest fairly valued every lease review parallel outline recognised found company balance sheet require treatment careful professionals within guidance ifrs agreements sought individ ual cases internal external experts ghgprotocol 13 page feature setting exam description ple format section summarises variables selection map highlights dark arenoadministrativebarriers lightgreen itdoesnot highlight suitability cash flow diagram diagrams bu un surplus residual service wholesale retail ow applicable balancing non maps transfer choosing delivery smes your situation employees custom file linkmodels carry forth severabetween point decisions might want ofuse parenthesesinthiscolumnindicatethatthese parties first approaching done dobe administrative burden ment correspond necessarily behalf desired outcome set primaris maximum positive seem obvious probably procuring firstconsiderationsforpotentialcorporatebuyers do negotia adjacent nearbytions rooftops land thesemodelsallowafixedpricingstructure butother combatclimatechange itispossible andinsomema above car parks natural possible indexation kets panels turbines reference inflation relevant indexes already exist efficiently local community lifetime appreciate after credentialsa feed tariff expires enable customers avoid decommissioned revenue own theprivate wireppamodelmayalsogiveyour certainty finance refurbishment well modelsen repowering operational related installa ssumingyoursiteisvisible dependingonwhereand life stopping existing tion responsible anyow nearby situated line bringing risks fund sometimes obtain financing referred anti subtractability characteristics andof mofor smesble build common siteodels & parentheses indicate definite 17 corpo preference offers flexibility find par terms outlines ticularly smaller stability administratively access history encouraged territories recognises constantly daunting efet globe spur committed creating baseline negotiations innovation active navigate federation increased confidence traders released goal increasing leading written providers difference describes mitigate partner helps simplify whilst ensuring continuation innova hinder development 100to100k 181 carports install showcasing reducing benefit behind meter commodity transmission distribution charges saved limitation lack planning consent engage visual effect particularly availabmodel save significant amounts thecorporateshouldbeconfidentthatfinancing raising money bor rowing bank shareholders building consumes generated buying thesitemaybeownedbythecorporate reduces process simpler leased develop ownhe usually roofs very 100% adds excess fed appeal landlords connection then sold wholesaler having freedom regarding possibility sell must accept installingject management back involve upfront capital engineering owns concerning lie create complications landlord tenant rented sites buildings epc contractor itcanalsocontractthe operations maintenance o&m vider functioning overall once running exported metered counted certificate certify powercomesfromarenewableenergysource acor poratemaychoosetoretaintheseexcessgosinsome circumstances act offsetting bought default standards supporting diagram%20of%20scopes%20and%20emissions%20across%20the%20value%20chain 21 study volvo factory ghent flanders eneco three thisplantwasthefirstsolarpvinstallationonvolvo plant 11% manufacturing ofemand infered efforts cli invest scheme took called mate neutral crowd lending lent 5% powerneedsandsavethecompany200 000eur 250 eur later receivetheirmoneybackwithafixed4%interestrate heating network variant microgrid interconnected loads clearly defined electrical boundaries controllable entity connected microgrids operate island mode 22 decathlon boosts crowdfunding roeselare maasmechelen turnhout greenpulse 840 clients neighbours alongside participants dividend returns contribute future raises awareness about image motivating giving angle 23 required longer distinction leases itating depending withafixedmonthly annualleasingfee theprojectis nature arrangement managed organisation expe balancesheet lesseesmaylooktochangethe rience maintain length arrangements fee unrelated topact changes rental reduction simple hassle expert involved subject diffeno ensure ent regulatory sumed maintained successfully beneficial ofexportedtothegrid andmetered wouldreceiveago taxes levies lessor encounter difficulties obtaining loans mortgage agco fendt marktoberdorf tractor manufacturers bayern 680 commissioned 473 tonnes per without end customer operator carried opera operation whereby normal sur builds operates maintains developer sign utility whichcansecurealong termfixedpricefor happen during weekends onpublic holidays distributed ofa mission horizon generator hold licence kwh original ref erenced tributing gosarenotgeneratedforthepowerthatisconsumed comes 27 l oreal torino enersol spv mwp 2avings isd supplies 30% total ppafactory did subsidies french cosmetics manufacturer expected 600 mwh entered pay provision invested 3million 12% discount full meaning 28image erich westendarp pixabay quality poor manage adjacentand otherwise taker km purpose built reach pri enough connections easily vate incorporated projectcluded economics hence rely either storage connects thesystems come public meansitavoidsnon commoditygridcosts therance benelux expen deployment challenging espe sive cially lines directly apply disproportionate procedures authorities refuse plan ning permission obstruct qualifies obligations definitionofa renewableself intherecast defi historically hydro nition attracting intensive chemi cal aluminium locations article agreed trialogue december promotion z final operating premises confined allowed generates ctricity store household professional emphasis added rules paragraph jointly acting gen erated participate efficiency schemes 31 shotwick park 72 delivers upm shotton paper mill deeside north wales kymmene forest foresight farm largest kymmeneisafinnishforestmaterialscompany area just 250ormerly mills 202 acres 1km andsuppliesonethirdofthepapermill thus annualelectricitydemand kymmeneisalsosav export ing tothis represents attractive theproject adirectpowersupplycontractwithupm thesolarparkandupmasamajorlocalemployer asit sshottonpapermill thelargestproducer economic ben recycled newsprint toits daylight hours welink run completes sale uks britishrenewables pictures comptongroup 322 overcome logistical problems availability property insuf economies large reduced nefit front g against involves transmis title sion series identified removed sides agree plans developers setaprice orpricingstructure overthecourseofthe aspartofthecleanenergyforalleuropeanspackage guaranteed sells deliveryh takes f loan tenors extending tore likely sleeving allows transaction constraints deal liberalised bulgaria malta cyprus liberalisation ngoing exiting marketed perception needed cover basic showcase amortised function addi stage tional fees minimising clear enables repowered refurbished developernormally structured credit factor ias37 simplest expenses included statement matching attributable delivered profile ordinary course bidding producing sufficient zone trading relative carefully interconnection charge leads couldmeetthedefinitionofaderivative underifrs9 sleeved ifrs16 arising statements meeting ofthecorporatewillbespecifiedintheppacontract mandate firming relates trader aggregator convert variable output flat baseload blocks imported optional designed shape gosarebundledwiththepowerandsoldfrominstal lation council accounti ng facebook bjorkheim cluster rogland county luxcara 294 consists eikeland steinsland gravdal skinansfjellet 36 norsk sirdal flekkefjord municipalities south energi engie 208 180 tons pa 29 subsidiary norwegian alumin duration iumproducernorskhydro signedtheppatooff demonstrat users compet itively priced produce levelised 37 availablmodel derivative virtual synthetic llows borders tled cfd counterparties strike isof stream ducer pays tractprovidesthecorporateconsumerwithafinancial hedge fluctuation nancial settlement transferred defini technical definition ifrs9 obtains index requires little settled date16 relate 39 vale matan alc cer sal portugal n exus secured spanish aims gwh derived ject portuguese constructed governmen subsidy 403 jurisdiction simply invests acancellingthegosgeneratedbytherenewableinstal installaticurrently cannot release state easy installatiothe communicate alternative cancels produc perceived owning tionagainstitsownelectricityuse whichispurchased expertise ingka ikea multiple 997 559 fromugal france farms aroundion exact variescity spot marketroup investments division opted kept andr cancelled vestments subsidised 43 takers diversification processes shared sectors consortium economy trade add complexities tract negotiate pool ideally efficiencies competitors joint identical negotiating signing complexity diversify delays theoff takersandsellmoreofthegenerator spower view governance relationships dutch google dsm philips akzonobel zeeland windpark krammer osk v bouwdokken 136 thisgroupofbuyersexecuteditsfirstppainoctober electronics enabling 102 cooperatives signedhe stimulering duurzame energieproductie second led thescheme sde 25% chemicals health nutrition materials aggregation gosarebundledwiththeelectricityandsoldfromthe portfolio commissioning greater several renewablgos energyinstallation anindependentaggregatorcom bines thereby adding extra contracting avoiding diverse schiphol airport aggregated amsterdam airports clause had sub initiatives vehicle charging 47 interconnectors flexible liquid vari exities booking irrespective ants theory withincross nations present conference cop barrier ispain morocco basis spread arisesrade roadmap declaration difficult mismatch pricesoss especially actual four incountrya andthetradingpoint settlementmarket declara neighbour specified progressively open vulnerability criticism sufficiently credible target unclear accounts demandcorporate assumption remain interconnector ec europa ener documents vf foreign currency signatory initiative intends propose transparent actions regula tory frameworks inte obstacles coun tries pricesale 49 powering centre finland maevaara northern ox2 vind ab swedish chosen framework fully compatible furthermore nord highly correlated 50image soonthorn wongsaita shutterstock 51 athird partyfirmingprovidermaystepintothismodel andprovideaservicetodeliverfirmblocksofpowerto onward geothermal usa evidence porateshaverecentlyshowninterestin firmed thought technologies firmgosarebundledwiththepowerandsoldfrominstal fewer advisors compared sin owners gle eventually helpreducesomeoftheshape profilerisksassociated traditional battery sydney house australia sustainabilityrt investing working 4million 67million tosourcepowerfromthe neutrality objec sapphire glenn innes tives energyw bomen wagga switch following tender sydneyeppacoversover85%ofthesydneyoperahouse operahousehasenteredintoaseven yearcorporate renewableppawithflowpowertosourceelectricity 53 dependent tionalrisk availabilityofthegenerationcapacity concept recently devel weather performance oped allocate insurance numerous clauses dictat noting what happens naturally contractf turbine panel malfunctions eration seek pass beforehand arises production placed significantly simplified sits theisks down mechanical theoretical measurement assumed cency independent monitor conditions incurs installationrporate priconsumer settlem seeks takerpaysforatheoreticalamount calculated measurements curve gives conversion reliabil 80% sefficiencyisafixedamount thecorporate exposed namely hedging 55 bloom microsoft cheyenne wyoming kansas nr dodge city allianz 178 vfa resurety nephila teamed climatermoreinformation seethefinancialriskmitigation unit torporate win honours american vfas blogs recognized innovative qa brian janous 564 afurthermore thereisnoadditionality unlesstheutil short utilitynprovethattheoff takeppashavebeensigned whose facil itated unless enters aggregating greent entirely unbundledgosto theirelectricitymix itis facilitated backs supplyherefore ease solutions contraconsumer reputational push backed fromtherenewableinstallationtothefinalcorporate 59 unlikely subjected equal solely thisrce areamongstthecheapestgosavailableineurope goshere abundant older atnstallations lead cheapest pricesofgosrangewidelyfromapproximately loca efficient strategytotop to100%renewableelectricity 61founding visit" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-02-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7517 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7518 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7519 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } } ["tags"]=> array(0) { } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7520 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [77]=> object(stdClass)#7521 (17) { ["id"]=> int(62) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6521971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore wind in Europe 2019" ["slug"]=> string(28) "offshore-wind-in-europe-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(511) "In 2019 Europe connected 502 new offshore wind turbines to the grid across 10 projects. This brought 3,627 MW of new (gross) additional capacity. Europe now has a total installed offshore wind capacity of 22,072 MW from 5,047 grid-connected wind turbines across 12 countries. Four new offshore wind projects reached Final Decision Investment (FID) in four different countries during 2019, with construction starting in the coming years. €6.0bn was invested in order to finance 1.4 GW of additional capacity." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-02-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7522 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7523 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(14) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7524 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7525 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7526 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7527 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7528 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7529 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7530 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7531 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7532 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7533 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7534 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7535 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7536 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7537 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7538 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7539 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7540 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7541 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7542 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7543 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7544 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(419) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBRdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--d4a80a087bd320d3b1b67451f5dae5d551b24a46/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/offshore-statistics-2019-pr-banner.jpg" } [78]=> object(stdClass)#7545 (17) { ["id"]=> int(57) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4f21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(80) "Wind Energy in Europe: National policy and regulatory developments February 2020" ["slug"]=> string(79) "wind-energy-in-europe-national-policy-and-regulatory-developments-february-2020" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(238) "This report has the latest wind energy related national policy and regulatory developments in Europe. It also shows a support mechanism overview for new wind farms and the permitting requirements for the large and medium European markets." ["plain_text"]=> string(22755) "wind energy in europe national policy and regulatory developments february 2020 windeurope orgthis publication covers the latest relevant to 26 european countries over last 6 months it also features a support mechanism overview for new projects each country is published everysix neitherwindeuropenoritsmembersshallberesponsibleforanylosswhatsoever sustained by any person who relies on this text analysis business intelligence ivan komusanac marylise schmid editors daniel fraile colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm be acknowledges kind cooperation of following associations institutions ig windkraft at belgian offshore platform edora asbl ode vlaanderen vzw bulgarian association bg obnovljivi izvori energije hrvatske hr komora obnoviteln ch zdroj energie cz danish industry dwia dk tuulenergia ee suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry fi france eolienne fr bundesverband windenergiee v vdmapowersystemsandstiftungoffshore windenergie hellenicwind eletaen el irish iwea ie elettricita futura anev lithuanian power lt netherlands nl norwegian norwea no polish psew pl associa o portuguesa energias renovaveis apren pt romanian rwea ro russian rawi ru asociaci n empresarial e lica aee spanish renewable appa es svensk vindenergi sk suisse eole giz vetrne sl t reb tk renewableuk uk ukrainian ua photo cover courtesy juana mar l pez more information org 32 2 213 18 68 foreword glossary 7 highlights 8 1 large markets 11 12 germany 14 poland 16 spain united kingdom 20 medium 23 austria 24 belgium 25 con s denmark finland 27 greece 28 ireland 29 italy 31 33 norway sweden 34 turkey 35 3 small 37 bosnia herzegovina 38 croatia czechia 39 estonia lithuania 40 portugal romania 41 russia serbia 42 ukraine 2019 closed with political commitments slow rate grid build out challenge pro climate that could see becoming core jects across both onshore system dutch north sea agreement illus trates challenges we face maritime spatial plan december eu commission under ursula von ning deliver target 450 gw der leyen took office clear message 2050 must neutral top priority end iall said many good things are happening pol now working up green deal they ve icy front already presented financial arm sustai government strongly committed ble investment initi ambition seems healthy further atives will follow 2gw pa wants even envisages raising ambitions than planned before 40gw 2030 later year decide whether other have increase its greenhouse gas emissions reduction increased their targets potential effect ener governments merits sided cfd bring strat auction model perspective offers egies industrial smart sector integration revenue stability barriers ppas continue gradually removed ideally placed these band seen some positive reality ground remains challenging deliwind auctions held largest ever ering long term requires significantlywind awarding 55 mwh den ramping today deployment mark all tam successful finally managed fully sub plans give usscribed very important indication what do next 10 years still waiting cothis report negative reg tries finalise them ll analyse final aulatory h2 affecting did first drafts closely engage governmendifferent so i wish you read permitting our present installation figures secrkind regards had bad idea 000 metre set back distance re discussing would make worse been struggling issues project acceptance nor giles dickson way dropped framework due public opposition windeuropeglossary acronym definition contract difference chp combined heat co2 carbon dioxide db decibel weighted decibels ev electric vehicle union fip feed premium fit tariff hvdc high voltage direct current gigawatt ghg kwh kilowatt hour lden day evening night sound level mw megawatt necp ppa purchase res source twh terrawatt tso transmission operator symbol minimum backnature safeguard maximum ing distances noise limits toshadow flicker tip height residential areas natura 2000 restrictions developmen7s ministry ecological solidarity transition draft multi ppe parliament adopted law combines number initiatives reach neutrality awarded 576mw an average price 66 5 has launched six month consultation 1gw farm off normandy coast preparing launch commercial floating tender 250 w brittany northwest german point after crisis meeting representatives citizens groups september including 1000m setback rule repowered farms increasing from 15w 20gw which entered into force november aims ensure hits goals paves net zero coal exit spend 40bn allocate 14bn grants lignite mining regions another 26bn fed research development grams federal consecutive undersubscribed was oversub scribed 686mw bidding 500mw state assets january much anticipated legislation promote aiming award 10gw baltic 2027 minister jadwiga emilewicz announced bill liberalise process creating half implementation date 2021 district court poznan ruled against proposed ostroleka fired plant putting future question updated 2040 auctioned capacity early confirmed pedro nchez socialist party as prime declared emergency pledged unveil transitioning within 100 days electricity red electrica espa started turn dowgw8wind solar pv amid overwhelming applications canary islands technology specific 21 won total ofm17 offered incentives investors drop almost 10bn worth lawsuits previous conservative cut renewables subsidies second time 2013 46 63 delivery 2023 2024 48 92 2025 snap elections received biggest majority since 1987 promised fromw0to can market scheme approved ordered investigation ofgem 9 august outage sparincludinge loss gf 737mw hornsea lightning strike line negotiations coalition austrian people officially sworn network charges domestic producers 36% compared 2018 19 may zones 7gw currently preliminary studies tendering expected allocated funding begin possible develop one or supporting least affairs altered executive order removal 150m restriction formed same partners sanna marin social dem crats finnish submitted ec however schemes envisaged greek phase 2028 224mw 57 74 revising 2006 guidelines hold june online 2022 populist five star movement centre left democratic results unknown writing hollandse kust noord 700mw march stick existing bid c m parative assessment but added benchmarks differentiate between bids there extra sde round use unallocated budgets rounds petroleum october decision not introduce extending commissioning deadlines beyond impact 3m8 mid moderates christian democrats pulled signed 2016 causing confusion swedish officials draw leave joint certificate announce details about quarter agency roadmap & construction republika srprska northern autonomous entity maiden q1 open april until czech creation propose timetable estonian kicked permit approval gulf riga council winner 300 gwh neu tral autumn windfloat turbine successfully connected transitional led liberal pnl allocation billion 2035 should take place sometime environmental protection changes 20209 windeuropephoto frauke bungart1 windeuropergy inwindeuropeational link cost 800 go down 700 rte modernise digitise lines needs integrate additional increases shore 4 reflects boosted tendered 750 per 576 remain range fourth initial program part strategy three francehasonemore700mwauctionroundleftfor tenders successor southern two dg competition mediterranean regarding bottom fixed french considering introduction local content indicators follows south ern atlantic undisclosed location gov ernment annual either debate run 15 recent regula tory consult clarify car connection appointing developer consulta bon 33% tion identify marine study tie mix points well help define acreage generation mandy selected favourable seabed president emmanuel macron appointed conditions thriving abethborneasthecountry snewenvironmentandenergy francois rugy resigned july com mercial brittanyonthe northwestcoast generaldirectorate wrote edf ask regional authorities dis nuclear reactors cussing consultations elisabeth borne environment located 500kmzone bruno le maire finance asked water depths 100m called required able pairs reactopetitive dialogue procedure where pre candi different sites eighteen dates say apart reactor pair four named france2021 going unclear presidency groix belle ile pilot 33bn upgraded ge tur updating bines mhi v164 5mw models 8bn dedicated connecting 70m deep assuming initially scheduled renegotiated recommended tariffs 131 155 500m common find longer authority 2012 2014 grounds visual impacts become operational guaranteed internal apply nature safeguarding return 1% 2% seasonal during require ments regulation introduced vary depending species eia developing takes authorisation 2017 decided streamline site difficult oppo simplify setting stop shop sition conservation shorten far requesting ban administrative proce 1km around dure given adaptation period addition get access mechanisms via turbines receive 72 without decreases when certain amount production reached covering ceiling prices evolve criteria dunkirk based footprint farther better surface smaller lower viability 70 yes 30 h yr aviation km min military 2130 binding decade transport building agricultureandwastesectors asapartof c2price tran port buildings ton instead original then rise citito forecasted zens most unhelp ful measure resi spd congress elected dential insdividual norbert walter borjans und saskia esken leaders germanstatescanapplylowerdistancesiftheywantwithin18of critical grand enters while bavaria keepwith cdu csu were suggesting 10h theto indications 50% terri change several states opt schleswig holstein proposing residentialenergy 400m splinter settlements exemp repowering measures include pli conventional plants react fied appeals processes regulations asnegative signals according growth regulator bnetza technical heating obligations key reasons lack flexibility generate if hourly minus self bottlenecks distribution grids additionally tributory factor 600 kilometres applicable demand scenario tennet completed stage west systems germanythe 380 kv seas necessary pavbrunsbuettel near hamburg border vital transporting because saturation zone ur bine installations expansion lagging behind rapid especially la owever delayed does distancegrid links unlikely proposal cancellation ceil ran reserve late storage allo unitsandadjustableloadsoutsidethepowermarketbidfor cate contracts running sep tember hard capped ep closures arate 4gw aim decom ter known mission 15gw coming comprises 7w old taken wholesale winter 2050the sets unprecedented reviewed spring upcoming 509mw applied residents th ain winning 61 cording lowest being survey consultancy fa reportedly stuck blocked concerns proximity air control radio masts interference cause il 62 208mw 650mw itary 32% relate low flying helic op volumes retendered ters third holding legal 187mw wildlife amounting 60% 204mw 675mw appeal besides generalthere enough designated overs b fact bodies often 203mw capacities efficiently land competing he moreover alotoftheexistingdesignatedareasarenot 54 suitedfor modern higher creates delays mitting costs developers kw administratively once accepted prototypes 125 exempted participating lasts bidder submit payment hours exceptions demonstration seven twice 200 innovation specified flexible 900 pure 50 10xh housing 1520 calls renew jan ables account 5% uary offshorewindpower aimingtoawardmorethan10gw 21% 23% although devel viously estimated fair share 25% oped granted sees reduced energyregulatorero bytheendof2022underacontract earlier fordifferenceschemewithafixedpricesetbythegovern cern ment only mature such ones valid pending euro pean remainder adistrictcourtinpoznanruledagainstthedevelopment competitive ofof 500 owned utility energa difficulties closing financing 4bn whichenergyministryofficialssaywillbepoland win parliamentary justice governing cab inet responsibilities side companies transferred deputy jacek sasin went cop michal compensate intensive compa kurtyka nies indirect result soaring trading provisional budget approximately 417 million partially refund eligible among ics liberalisation estab d lished buildingsandprotectedareas windturbinescouldnotbe built closer times polishparliamentrevisedthe renewableenergylaw 49 below allowed extended 52 deals improve strengthening guarantees origin door corporate agreements applies calculate summer requirement restrictive none equivalent investments inside mandatory minor deviations adoption compensated extent technically banning nevertheless convention ally considered chal changed 2007 health safety lenging rules frequency workplace facilities service directorate technicians establishes buffer sensitive backs nesting endangered recom shadow duration mended through act non few subsequent cfds protected 45 limit value 1720 102 operation tight vote crucial abstentions catalan lucrative basque separatist lawmakers secured agreeing secondary valuing assured catalonia nection 150 lead minority looking intervene passing cancel older wing unidas podemos permits used meanwhile never governed nationally teresa ribera transitioseeing auctioning demographic she vice closure along ministers step obtain emer gency bringing suitsagainstthecountryafter thepreviousconservative reduce objective reaching retroactive affected 64 100% facing lost cases paid 821 pen pledges alty arbitrators denying breached decree passed offer allow aban don litigation maintain profitability 39% 2031 rates wanted floatingsharply deadlock prevented mecha nism un summit santi rush keep ago chile call floor millions deposits protests capital govern 60 parts deposit cop25 madrid deadline complete missed close thus forced sign pur favour chase want exposed players buy rights sole reselling ity 217 pot 80 funded 448 royal validity using windrid obtained resourceandtheextenttowhichsitesareadvancedinthe reform upfront participants discount meaning compensation secure 503% taxes revenues secures regulated tions exist area management februar192020 reassessing code criticised dling servative wide review boris jo hn procedures compliance testing son confirming withdrawal ings sent emergencies committee provided news conservatives modify 30gw inn specification relating vative referred virtual synchronous machine vsm ca bility specifications enable scotland unveiled blueprint prothose utilising electronic converter technologies g gramme aimed accelerating interconnectors parks gress towards 2045 5bn commerc ar portfolio helpt basedmechanism goodnews investmentopportunitiesforwindfarms solarpvandenergy advocating volutary remunerated services supported minimun generators scottish bank lay ini mum 3bn 65 85 2bn deferred real payments suspended bit general annulled total5 775gwwereawardedintheauctionswith27 wof clearance oper remote island similar ator targeting winners forthwind 1mw demonstra bladed ahead 44gw fore crown estate cleared eight ff 43 1shore extensions 8gw seeking just 30mw habitats hra progress assesses sparked conser vation importance rsted agreed pay 3m sevenextensionswillnowprogresswithproject specifice vi voluntary redress windronmental assessments surveys planning role blackout milliononsent statutory minutes rwe paycess 74mwlittle barford om bined cycle networks owns localthe leasing infrastructure britain 5gw prequalification assessed fin ancommunity cial robustness thenexempted requirements option fee determine awards start hese duringtheeia followingnoisemodellingassessmentandthe consideration sectoral weeks id enikewise tifies 17 receptors legislationi getting welsh energiekontor case basis supreme ruling appropriate aa post consent variations farma legi significant implications eltioneither guidance imple opment mented etsu r 97 rec ommended areinformal issued revised 125m constraints introducing represent risk collision rojects aircraft identified su itaning heights neighbourhood above tech cannot demonstrate bynology available suggests relaxation pr communities addressed ous 2015 every cap 5db mon practice informal 2210 paul henri durand2 windeuropey iwindeuropenational programme mentions revi sion improvement right blication collapsed produc put ers co2emissions minis balancing users tourism sustainabil hanged declare making originally issue comes brought move municipal offi backlog permitted cialsaimedatprioritisingclimate goalsandenvironmental previously 81 concrete actions frameworks 13 135 calm region background natural focused middle 750m 2000m 3db loud bird nests 1db replace strategic eral negotiation ongoing francophone socialists parti procure socialiste flemish nationalists nieuw vlaamse tackle alliantie leaked document theout like greens liber als form speaking wallonia subsidy liberals amounts flanders petence provincial certificates asgovernments municipalities arguing designed returntter phased gradual produced assessing 44 122m aeronautical endan 4xh gered februa25 metres cash tax free bonus awaited thor included sed fund feasibility proure ject capable converting70 excess payouts examined seaat 370 east central jutland qualification bidders q3 dueinearly2021 the20 yearcfdwillhaveagridconnection window reallocated budgetsetasideforthetechnology neutralrenewableenergy thedanishenergyagencywillnowrequirestrategicenviron mentalassessmentsforoffshorewindfarmstobecompleted roughly prior submission prospective evel ranged dkk opers approach starts 06 toin 252 includes projectsan theemoval totalling 72mwand hybrid approve 2009 living plantsresidents compete q4 defined premiums spot signing houses speed landscape 37db postal dispute primenergy resign couple aonshore main driver shift eliminating property merchant unofficial 2km eagles osprey fe27uary 400 summing eastern sys missing tem operators coordi nationcentre rcc bytheendoftheyearforcalculating kostis hatzidakis adequacy controlled corpo bulgaria eso ipto transelec ration rid trica memorandum understanding invest boost earnings incorporating company provide calculation coordinated security sepa group ways incorporated licencing laws separately authoritynd opened how crite ria evaluating 224 capac thelatestgreeknecpincreasedresambitionfrom31% 77 94 35% 56% 64% 491 oversubscribed efficiency sliding determined 75% 98 40% subscription needed provisions made sharing substations enter principle individual notifications 000gwh 670 rest propelling celtic scale got cable rightsinlastsummer secp1processingroundheother15 agenda interconnector 500mwin wait p becessing 2026 prioritised onwh swiftly 70% auc2030 ren separate exercise providing goes steam 23mw proposes increasedsetbackdistancestohousing fourtimestheheight subject community benefit elimination heavy emphasis payback involvement success annually u nity ress reference single phases opportunities those radius refusal undersubscription opportunity offerings transparent matter action sac spa protections februa29 aki anto ana plaza auc full 75 giuseppe conte continued his nationalist league 860 tried him filing confidence motion singlecycleturbo gasplants whiletheremainingcapacity thermal batteries hydro sergio costa slash environmentally harmful 10% spent environ mentally followed fossil fuels regime diesa petrol exemptions ship ping agricultural larger competes rural subset broken installed offering special refurbishment lifetime extension official notification registry residual 200m 6xh usually intro duce unsuitable februa31 evaluated faced variable highest nitrogen inadequate forcing works variety sectors highways paving nether blocks airports etc lands enterprise rvo choose devised beauty contest acm congestion 640 refuse co n4 requests implemented applicants proof stimulation sustainable unallo cated cor2ductions compara tive benc finalisation marks agree yields pledge space excluding totals replacing requested rating replacement grant application opens comparative independent panel qualitative quantitative size discussions 47 600m straints 348 unable meet frame licence work reiteratedare unfore claims becomeevents caused stricter detailed licein equinor recently hywind tampen 88 thought 498 enova licenses impor 229 tant bottleneck norin wegian nve stopped issuing licences subscribed covered decisions likely achieved 33bruary prevent ccessing swe contains mean implement sectorstime manufacturing consumption cer procurement agriculture forestry ficate achieve forward ocrats vattenfall wallenstam cancelled taggen pressure righfrom vetoed rejected quarters armed forces counties norrland sterbotten despite j mtland quick defence levelsofrenewableswouldimprovethecountry sdefence svenska kraftn rapidly capacitreadiness increasingly generally notified politically discussed means extremely virtually problems questionable economic woes serious realised fac offtake 111 debt repayments turkish banks70% outstanding loans genera 12ind classified problematic restruc tured limited appetite grow 4% prioritises civil arevancing knowledge unstable discovery cracks thed foundations 55% nacelles manufactured 65% towers blades 51% incentive exemption vat customs duties machinery equipment yeka 250m febr35ry rud budtz3 republikaurope polluting autonomousower commissioned town tuzla loan export im sarajevo thet china polluted cities home entities federation srpska taker setin croatian exchange cropex organ apriised neutrafrom incentivised basket forached 0 guarantee baskets sources hrote depends yet coalech create ofrenewable giplans fast generationpv excluded operating phasedout coalprovided43%oftheelectricityproduced experience boom radthe construc lift allowing consented gofarm latvian 10km away developments39 snational found proatethepreparationofaspecialplanfortheterritoryanda mwtegic prepara windfarm skmen bidtory done preparation propos entire territories klaipeda university conduct q2 portuguese intends battery dispatchable insuccessfully placeweeks series 9% democrat mania viorica ncil losingrom27 9%by2030inordertocontributetotheeu spearheaded enewable dmitry medvedev trade foreign resigning aftercomponents converters vladimir putin constitutional 30% starting amendments weaken suc components cessor nominated mikhail mishustin replacee magnets ministe rial cabinet replacementswers manufacturers verters semiconductor modules boards participate various mental programmes quotas unawarded 41bruary stillserbia proposition thedraftreportonthestrategicassessmentoftheprop osition probably responsibility environmen tal thethe changescember dealtwithprovisionsforthevoluntaryrestructuringofthever neither commissionedor having concluded ppae 2029 shall 80% simplified windeuropewindeurope voice actively promoting worldwide members headquarters leading component suppliers insti tutes contractors providers insurance consultants strength makes powerful rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 f 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-02-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7546 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7547 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7548 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7549 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7550 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7551 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7552 (2) { ["id"]=> int(26) ["name"]=> string(6) "market" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7553 (2) { ["id"]=> int(27) ["name"]=> string(6) "policy" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7554 (2) { ["id"]=> int(38) ["name"]=> string(10) "regulation" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7555 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7556 (2) { ["id"]=> int(40) ["name"]=> string(5) "noise" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7557 (2) { ["id"]=> int(41) ["name"]=> string(10) "tip height" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7558 (2) { ["id"]=> int(42) ["name"]=> string(9) "political" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7559 (2) { ["id"]=> int(43) ["name"]=> string(17) "support mechanism" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7560 (2) { ["id"]=> int(44) ["name"]=> string(12) "strike price" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7561 (2) { ["id"]=> int(45) ["name"]=> string(5) "price" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7562 (2) { ["id"]=> int(46) ["name"]=> string(3) "fit" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7563 (2) { ["id"]=> int(47) ["name"]=> string(3) "fip" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7564 (2) { ["id"]=> int(48) ["name"]=> string(17) "green certificate" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7565 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7566 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7567 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7568 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7569 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(416) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBQZz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--0986655314488b1472c57e4fa8fc66740847e30e/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/174_local-impact_spain_lopez_02.jpg" } [79]=> object(stdClass)#7570 (17) { ["id"]=> int(60) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "6b21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(26) "Wind energy in Europe 2019" ["slug"]=> string(26) "wind-energy-in-europe-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(447) "Europe installed 15.4 GW of new wind power capacity in 2019. This is 27% higher than 2018 but 10% less than the record in 2017. Europe now has 205 GW of wind energy capacity. And wind accounted for 15% of the electricity the EU-28 consumed in 2019. Three quarters of the new wind installations last year were onshore. Spain installed the most with 2.2 GW of new onshore wind farms. New installations and investments were down sharply in Germany." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-02-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7571 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7572 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7573 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7574 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7575 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7576 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7577 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7578 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7579 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7580 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7581 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7582 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7583 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7584 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7585 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7586 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7587 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7588 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7589 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7590 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7591 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7592 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7593 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7594 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(429) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBRUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--20751d620d6edc8aba31f8bfcb228d83fb22a476/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/wind-energy-europe-2019-press-release-banner.jpg" } [80]=> object(stdClass)#7595 (17) { ["id"]=> int(104) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "744c4066-a6ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(61) "High Penetration of Power Electronic Interfaced Power Sources" ["slug"]=> string(61) "high-penetration-of-power-electronic-interfaced-power-sources" ["tagline"]=> string(57) "and the Potential Contribution of Grid Forming Converters" ["overview"]=> string(883) "This report collates analysis since the end of 2016 by a group of experts from across the power industry called Technical Group High Penetration (TG HP) including WindEurope. The analysis focuses on the power electronic converters that are being used as an interface towards the Alternating Current (AC) power system in a wide range of applications covering power generation, transmission and consumption/demand. These have the effect of changing the dynamic properties of the AC power system. The analysis assesses one of the potential solutions for the extreme case of Power Electronic Interfaced Power Sources (PEIPS) contributing between 60 and 100% of the total instantaneous power supply that is Grid Forming Converters (GFC). The TG HP has been reporting the developments via ENTSO-E to the Grid Connection European Stakeholder Committee (GC ESC), reflecting its initiation. " ["plain_text"]=> string(25958) "high penetration of power electronic interfaced sources and the potential contribution grid forming converters technical report entso e group on european network transmission system olperators for electricitythe current is supported by following organisations operators electricity represents 43 tsos from 36 countries across europe was established given legal mandates eu s third legislative package internal energy market in 2009 which aims to further liberalise gas markets avenue de cortenbergh 100 1000 brussels belgium t 32 2 741 09 50 www entsoe windeuropeisthevoiceof thewindindustry activelypromotingwindpowerineuropeandworldwide ithasover400members with headquarters more than 35 including leading wind turbine manufacturers componenstuppliers research institutes national associations developers contractors providers financial institutions insurance companies consultants this combined strength makes windeurope largest most powerful windenergy rue belliard 40 1040 213 1811 org solarpower europeisthetradeassociationrepresentingthesolarindustry ithasover200membersovertheentirephotovoltaic value chain aim make solar core a smart sustainable secure inclusive systm order reachcarbon neutrality before 2050 d arlon 69 71 709 55 20 solarpowereurope t&d association distribution equipment services industry it covers complete range products necessary transport distribute medium voltge working towards future proofing networks means policy technology investments bluepoint building boulevard reyers 80 1030 206 68 67 tdeurope eutechnical highpenetrationof powerelectronicinterfacedpowersources andthepotentialcontributionof gridformingconverters inpage 1ed members representatives peter christensen vestas denmark later gert karmisholt andersen matthias seidel senvion germany sigrid bolik nke engelken enercon thyge knueppel siemens wp uk athanasios krontiris abb klaus wuerflinger thorsten b lo sma j rg jahn tennet tso mario ndreko saeed salehi 50hertz ioannis theologitis analysis tool bernd weise digsilent helge urdal solutions academia agusti egea university strathclyde earlier andrew roscoe jens fortmann htw berlin potepage 2contribution contents executive summary 5 abbreviations 11 1 interconnected stability challenges levels based 13 moving generation 14 reduction total inertia split 17 3 short circuit 18 4 rotor angle 19 voltage 6 other instabilities relating fast dynamics needs under peipss need converters20 classes arising igd hpopeips class park modules ppm hcs 21 requirements create 22 contribute fault level 23 sink harmonics 24 unbalances 25 survival allow effective operation lfdd load frequency demand disconnection 27 7 prevent adverse control interaction 28 operational boundaries gfc performance 33 example inertial response cost considerations plants 37 pv scale storage lithium ion or comparable 38 hvdc installations must run units 39 synchronous compensators condensers opage spatial proposed tests benchmarking 41 subsystem testing 42 site outstanding questions 44 bibliography 47 annex 53 terminology definitions characterising converter generic evaluation gain damping factors 57 contributionpage 4id common substantial parts world increasingly generating renewable res are predominantly connected via addition interfaces added side loads motor drive systems electrical chargers electric vehicles evs also at g bulk direct as well offshore links times delivered low marginal due no fuel conventional thermal uses large generators sgs that out merit therefore potentially disconnected periods have supply all close increasing becoming reality an number figure scenario 2025 respect ireland one extreme where constraining substituting above 65% already being experienced installed capacity gw yet another 10 new expected 2030 such uptake linked dramatic reductions installation costs photovoltaic making these competitive parallel several undergoing structural changes whereby business usual challenged notably larger volatile flows over greater distances collates since end 2016 experts called tg hp focused used interface alternating ac wide applications covering consumption effect changing dynamic properties concentrated case peips contributing between 60 100% instantaneous defines characteristics emerging solution applying does not address adequacy issues compared has been reporting developments connection stakeholder committee gc esc reflecting its initiation extensive topic undertaken elsewhere r&d project migrate currently releasing reports 8 9 12 international worldwide engaged activity 15 16 26 29 30 concentrates dominated claim provide cover alternatives deliver capabilities identified although introduce reader them use possible flywheels previous work developing codes cncs defined how successfully satisfy lower approximately up 60% area sa expressed equivalent documents however operating time fewer economical reasons potentialpage 5ibution traditional designed so traditionally provided various inherent critical ensure stable during severe faults even basic rare splits absence approaches infeed wider closer examination lack 31 focus context steady state limited faster aspects recently expanded include extended management latter capability required years some contributions contexts significant situations electronics operator concerns inadequate tsi described fl affecting ratio scr combination two elements summarised term seven topics concern examined creating unbalance preventing interactions behavioural continue be adequately when conditions disturbed each could treated isolation alternatively sought integrated holistic manner view there risk associated treating individually positive aspect may detrimental pure form synthetic worse rather better adopted see references should done indicated shared while sequence serve sinks approach versus delivery fully analysed outline classifies existing ppms into respectively early advanced recent section follows 6ibution hcss shall capable supporting ehv lv normal alerted emergency blackout restoration states without having rely supplying carrying stored transient change defensive strategy allowed if defend but immediate return can achieved through retaining proportion machines o fitting scs equipping ready containing gfcs inherently results laws emulate source behaviour within limitations document published 2017 input contained description starting wording includes ability take lead principle bess battery experience date rapidly expanding few mw far south australia adoption facilities mainly demonstrates headroom hence reported wtg test 34 trial weeks farm equipped tested h 0 8s implemented commissioned demonstrating retrofit entirely question did demonstrate extremely challenging microgrids today driven approaching widening coverage vsm proving oct 2019 integration workshop dublin major their mass nearest possibly conflict maximising yield oriented addressed greatest abundance sun modest adding consumer option probably easier achieve technically gaining acceptance users considering objections widescale autonomous cooling rejected largely emotional basis signs much simpler vehicle v2g potentiapage 7ribution will implications able analyse incomplete specifications commercial confidentiality proceeding own sos certainly simply accept lesser security prior commission lowered running plant environmental impacts providing enhanced using 2013 gb showed prohibitive likely stop development point contain rate rocof escalated 150m last year 60m alternative evaluated paper 10gva would unable deal mainland unlike part continental ce add way dealing available same manufacturing collaborative effort understanding initially secondly discussing efficiency subsequently investigated stakeholders long contender higher benefit process progress pathfinder compliant specification offered per mva urgency relates commitment any fossil start carbon free eso made company priority shed light ancillary service initiatives appears phase 2020 too proven whereas 2023 allows non qualify northern introduced widespread ffr eirgrid additional reflected rapid acceleration spend reach 30% come 5% ago study indicates type retain beyond 70% october establish move 70 95% deemed three fold increase choices open remain elaborated page 8bution what types suited cheaper others small embedded voltages transitioning involves operates delivering requires resources incurs expenditure introducing ensuring desirable designs developed decades lost essential incorporating functionalities life cycle unknown increased least moment clear capital manufacture rating offering adds complexity incentives proceed implying willingness pay premium regardless choice important playing field different technologies do exist widely except microgrid they arise mandatory those opportunities revenue streams unit curtailment processes negative uncompensated off design utilisation remunerated payments location entire obtained partially interacting background subject adopters aemo started minimum prove offerings appear complicated especially regarding exceptions nor payment earnings arrangements 2018 tyndp terms optimal lowest environmentally sound coping 9ibution extending smaller sas followed contributipage 10rid dc dll library numerical simulations emt electromagnetic ffci injection frt ride great britain hil hardware loop hvac lcc line commutated lom loss main lfsm sensitive mode u mmc modular multi mpp tracking maximum nps 11ibution pll locked module pps pt1 first lag pwm pulse width modulation sg generator si sil software ssci sub super controller instability ssi ssr resonance ten plan vsc sourced virtual machine 12bution anticipated accommodate steadily share presents scenarios presented version clearly observed here shares illustrates highest percentage hydro relation occurring hour studies figures eight 50% comply targets hourly forecast % ppage 13l art massive throughout overall profiles primarily caused displacement fleet secondarily constants actuators classical centralised robustness decentralised shifts introduces twofold challenge observability becomes second flow patterns become among resulting reverse variations nodes variability increases variable transits corridors pushing harder difficulties timescales similar trends industrial motors interdependency protection spd ranked top 45 horizon funded conducted survey aimed identifying perceived eleven ranking theoretical score metric identifies certain degree quantifies fundamental 46 48 reflects hz containment period provides qualitative overview typical outage indicating initial whole depends slower responses governor 14ibution limits violated sensitivity reserves demonstration constant sufficient normative 3000 exchange discussion below zones incident 2012 action costly intervention substitute generally often avoid excessive continuing precipitously expensive costing billions shows reached nordic 49 stated kinetic we historically seen baltic key planned russian replaced sometimes falling about cause encloses vision recognises individual fall category highlighting prepare taking red gives step guidance diagram concludes relevant detailed parameters implementation models effectiveness compliance 15ution indicative country suggesting predicted 2s suggested initiate adjacent give consideration develop remedies quantifying present evolution five 2040 assuming progressive decrease reaching values 20% former norm significantly affects instantly matching balancing then enough less adequate 51 & link code thresholds set threaten reduce smallest settings 125 vector shift august partial black event 52 stage operated 500 mal contributed contingencies occur cpage 16tion hours events once contingency separation asynchronous exports imports imbalances separate islands after highly loaded weak transit gradually magnitude imbalance survive bringing physical situation outside pre remedial actions uncertain hard predict methodology 54 validated comparison recordings real past 2006 shown copage 17ion greatly avoidance collapses rise 40% conjunction risks ineffective deficit because halt drop determined operate effectively maintained secured i excluding worth noting australian sec 56 occurred many regions central areas edges difference raising both political reflect quantify general regional consequence varied complex categories deeper geographic dips affect moreover remaining reducing clearing devices mentioned reason propagation resulted trips outages nature global regard known robust affected correct environment along application loops 18ution refers synchronism subjected disturbances signal introduction oscillations reduced ones margins maintain magnitudes active reactive injections occurs collapse responsible controlling remains specific assistance producers absorption node induces differences thus dip induced excess altered static dependence support restore immediately post quarter ms 58 unstable cases synchronising torque overcome sudden issue controllers electrically visible resonances harmonic dominant longer local 59 inter lacking potentipage 19ribution previously issued clarity progression requirement reversed defining subdivided c brief turn encompasses full details consulted 61 represent functionality survivability only covered listing basics controls unity factor complies quality 2a 2b 2c trough p fsm 20al bias single allowing headline info creates firm clean contributes supports act acts counter practical presenting behind impedance true differentiation controllable freedoms listed sections relatively descriptions desired collated thereafter potenpage 21ntribution instant suddenly characteristic components outlined hsc amplitude independently options explored draft paid calling reactance band 5hz 1khz cannot modularity mechanisms points setpoints external entity f droop terminals depend optional usually require supervisory handling safety procedures criteria independency existence steps linear nonlinear commonly accepted specify thd stationary fulfilled limit ecc6 xvi specifies withstand 200 degrees lasting 90 22ntribution objective consists limiting impact consumers avoids ensured 62 63 64 65 overcurrent interval emphasis attached speed pe assets distant tripping help keep trigger shut down recovery unsafe schemes revised matured settled particularly distance protections discussed 66 assessed clipping behaves thevenin controlled emulated like protect itself according respond exceeding prohibited modifying limitation drops switch rated implement features either hw sw depending examples unresolved problem investigate prioritised hits proportionally scaled 23ution implementations differently ex forward still specifying agreeing definition passive improved inductive resistive superior allocation function inject currents vs orders appropriately distributed impedances linearly planning prioritisation feature receive result fair proportional sharing filters transformers considered utilise allocated accordingly physically reference contains laboratory x identify khz content path frequencies enabling thereby potentpage 24tribution inverters mimic spectrum drawn indefinite permanently whenever impinge sufficiently output involved compensate stands contrast standard iec 61400 measurement assessment turbines emissions inverter requiring compensation inevitably induce variation emission decreasing ways xxi rotating counteracts perturbations reduces helps needed appreciate recommended read obtain misrepresented 25ibution exchanged swing equations framework characterise method diminishing illustrated variety measurable designers language particular initiating parameterisation consider match programmed cf whether mechanical structures created dedicated firmness attitude extraction suboptimal feed assume familiar meaning underdamped now critically damped overdamped oscillatory actual trade sensible differential bandwidth indicators perspective emerges adjusted vary gains varying 26ution typically multiple decade resort upon succeed volume newly formed island window 100s provision fastest duration li gf readiness follow locational spread injected influences subsequent roughly balance lfdds stages 10% survived indicatively pu tendering additionally breached whose slowly consequently parameter normally convertor switching little angles bus 27ibution bar leads q v opens evidence 72 indicate hitting beneficial convertors placing leaving memorandum entitled relationships severity turned target marked data 73 very nov acting undertake tasks geographical determine peak suitable realistic incurring extra retrospective noted retrospectively rms simulation accurate finding optimistic validation practically near encompassed heading ii characterised natural varies every condition 28ibution appearing region resistance composed dependent cigre wg b4 brochure 74 together represented th venin z admittance resonant curve crosses amplification crossing 180 amplified phenomenon related contrary similarly capture 75 76 77 78 79 29ution besides coinciding sustained seconds corresponding effects c4 modern never neither protective purposes broader define cable capacitances transformer inductances pose might conservative impossible fulfil advocates exhibit topology dramatically specified mirrors excitation secondary meaningful day certainty review optionally margin list sizes extent nontrivial size modal conveniently carried space representation participation variables modes shapes useful domain interest against assess 81 30ibution phasor oscillating interested special care taken modelling simplified measuring converting simple block model crucial importance firmware device procedure 82 83 railway parties applicability grids numbers practice compatibility element comprises check scope precise responsibilities agreed charge characterisation information mean infrastructure foreseen expansion investigation confirm investigations understandable designing manufacturer engineering 31bution modelled computer meet lab built verify meets party reasonably correctness performed met failure modification series confidence guarantee show problems despite were simulated iterative place find compromise sets successful demonstrated documented completion responsibility lies supplier simplifications grouping proximity plans 32bution incremental automatically periodically updated legacy perhaps 1000s connections skilled impractical seeking continued weather hoped initiated availability requested adapt damaging rejecting targeting involving exchanging amount describe requesting purchasing df dt chosen narrowly staying outlining sites apply 33ibution selecting ranges sourcing opting narrower implies assumptions preserved performing primary optimisation profile choose overproduction install firmer irrespective encourage extracting away produce comes production studied extensively referred 84 fixed otherwise exposed re remunerations 34ibution interactive determines broken disturbance configured worst delivers intention respected prefer synchronously exchanges rotational speeds analogy know boundary xi released possess strongly influenced deployed preliminary servicing patent licensing certification fundamentally employed maturity mid 35bution dimensioning stress imposed client user envelope concept maturing runtime standalone serving purpose reserve concepts arises substation integrate functions duties savings utilising difficulty integrating overload cables civil works stand alone synergies duty poses downtime stream isolate enables decision predictability understood hand went 36tribution difficult predictable dependable careful statistical favourable gradual transition expenses component maintenance wear tear replacements lifetime product shelf prototype rigorous faced customer expectations reliability efforts rollout investment manpower incurred quantification buffer efficient transfer apart masses train strict incur finally inspection intervals replacement schedules constraints always economic fashion kept income expense irradiation abrupt curtailed generated continuously sensors 37ibution 1% minimal milliseconds 85 reserving dsos reliable mechanism unintentional islanding contradicts fit communicated gps synchronised euro spent weight indirect tower nacelle diesel adapted exclusive access assumed evolve suppliers offer commercially verification minutes just contradicting addressing 38bution terminal fact connecting advantages remote around capacitance 86 theoretically valves avoiding applies nowadays damp temporarily riding capacitive pass realised owner minor dimensioned again obliged stay sole rule substitution heat auxiliary 39ibution raised enhance redundant converted clutches enable prime mover flywheel mvars synchronise coupled participate regulation absorbing doing gws easily quick mvar statcoms coordination highlight distributing equally occurrence angular jumps interconnector transiently located transported transporting causes deviation 40ribution equation ve sin deviations locations next circuits noticeable valuable sc equal centre average locating puts islanded micro relevance sized groups flexibility brings procurement verified standards satisfies implicit standardisation quantifiable measurements furthermore something distinct entering arguably pronounced 41ibution retained wecc community public consensus intended benchmark discuss specifics preferably simplistic ideally naturally keeping exercise appropriate items classified applied distorted representative configurations impacting ratings directly bench setup viable begun iec61400 possibility instead relying interesting 42ibution involve processing measured shortcomings discovered usefulness fidelity reproducible improvements injecting compatible flavours conflicts objectives virtue tuned assisting distortion improve causing trying evaluate enabled request estimate 43ntribution tackled answered suggest get somewhere 87 clarify answer concentrations connectivity rest indications good translate scotland 0% until deeply jeopardising unintended avoided cheaply answers universal 44tribution notification retrofitting moderate learnt refined online practices certificates necessarily replace customers willing timely incentive ahead incentivise right direction prospects phases contract creation realistically traded localised worthwhile 45tribution owners losing constrained unless best mix phoenix exploring 70mva 6s decommissioned 46ution charles smith et al journey ieee pes magazine dec lew secrets badrzadeh vre 18th tyndp2018 completing map appendix soc liam ryan keynote session presentation tyndp2016 h2020 webside https deliverable systemic index d3 downloads html denis inverterbased improvement iet d1 mitigation measures kilter nationalgrideso com insights noa roadmap heising cherevatskiy 30mw bossting julia matevosyan 47ribution selected strategies cardozo experimental r ierna dispatching algorithms hybrid algorithm m sumner yu ofto aten fabrian perez co epri april meeting declining rosse estimation 9th upgrade utility vol pp jan 2015 eckard quitman look rpg brogan 17th 48bution stockholm gamesa wiw2019 abstracts conference dublin2019 mobility papers 3rd symposium operability chapter feedback principles robbie ahern ds3 programme 30th november slides sof launch position role july task force zone soc%20documents 170926 08 usage soc%20 tf freq meas v7 pdf accessed sept quitmann fischer el deib anticipating prepared energienet dk fingrid stanett svenska krafn w winter innovative tools combat bottlenecks 49ibution final september ofgem gov files docs diaz lehner tech rep paradigm 118 laudahn utilizing der 7th pedg vancouver june cnc gc0100 modifications mod zero fleximodelling platform callego i2 n johansson 60909 calculation edition 01 ruiqi systematic dpsp2016 edinburgh march dinh benmore station transactions 1997 50ution 2008 strafiel vienna richard burstein resolving anforderungen das frequenzverhalten bei netzauftrennungen etg gma tagung netzregelung und systemf hrung tb 754 february criterion trans 2011 3075 3078 modeling http ipstconf proc ipst2013 13ipst072 cespedes 2014 1254 1261 l harnefors wang yepes blaabjerg passivity vscs electron 116 mar zhang synchronization 2010 comparative journal shaping 3323 3334 2007 pren 50388 traction rolling stock interoperability 51tion asmine langlois qu bec nergie sch mann experiences projects 4th crete greece zhu emulation syst 1277 1287 documentation min au media nem frameworks methodol 52ution capex opex periodic subsynchronous fluctuations dq axis dqci calculates outputs phased frame renewables front rotation pole pairs instantaneously derived derivative exists half measure 53ntribution parameterised subset back emf describes signals igbts mosfets etc synthesised bridge technique coupling usable windows nc dcc reject noise phenomena wanted observable delay fourier techniques crossings behaviours abilities unwanted sebir scheme computing modified setpoint 54tion mok found iec6909 ok poc nominal sk sn commanding literature spanning attempting bang delays filtering thought net spgm rfg hundred produced contpage 55n divided reaction damper windings simultaneously lines mvas dividing ti mimics behave tuneable suit closely aligned capped vsms unbalanced balanced filter changed mitigates sinking forced commutation switches kind imposes kw self igcts held explains origin 56ibution compares thyristors inductor carefully produces 250 truly note hyphen governs assumes restrictions interpretation laplace 0s cos 0is thpage 57tial k p1 sm 2hs stays equilibrium designer internally delta summing junction illustrative branch branches unchanged error slip green purely named p2sim representations upper p2 tpage 58ntial psm p2si kxdt powers influence plot middle popage ramp 1s reluctant engage smooth responds artificial feedforward artificially toxalso notion selection beginning bode plots contribpage 60f forpage 61nverters" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2020-01-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7596 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7597 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7598 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } } ["tags"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7599 (2) { ["id"]=> int(89) ["name"]=> string(5) "grids" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7600 (2) { ["id"]=> int(148) ["name"]=> string(18) "system integration" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7601 (2) { ["id"]=> int(160) ["name"]=> string(23) "grid forming converters" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7602 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [81]=> object(stdClass)#7603 (17) { ["id"]=> int(110) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1866895b-00ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(24) "Offshore Hybrid projects" ["slug"]=> string(24) "offshore-hybrid-projects" ["tagline"]=> string(54) "How to reduce costs and space of offshore developments" ["overview"]=> string(218) "This briefing presents a summary of the study “Hybrid projects: How to reduce costs and space of offshore developments. North Seas Offshore Energy Cluster study,” published by Roland Berger BmbH, (Belgium, 2019). " ["plain_text"]=> string(7609) "by lizet ram rez offshore analyst business intelligence 1 objective the study has ambition to encourage 5 10 hybrid projects assessed in detail can developers become early movers development and public authorities commit realise savings of 300m 2500m over project lifetime this represents 10% them total cost hybridprojectscontributetoachievingtheeu senergy there are 16 tangible barriers relevant for policy targets catalyzing implementation most advantageous interconnection capacity reducing space requirements owf developments enabling integration innovative technologies power x all hybrids with have a lower therefore hybridsallowformoreefficientuseofspace social economic welfare sew means already crowded north seas region eithertheavailableinterconnectorcapacityis reduced or wind farm comparison progress on meshed hvdc transmission networks focuses generation is curtailed practical paths towards shorter term specific action plans attractive whereas promotion long been proposed overcome 2 classification combined grid solution cgs connects two owfs implement mou hansas different eez both individually as short option legally connectedtotheirhomecountry e g kriegersflak binding provide security pci status receives 150 m funding modular mg multiple funds de risk pilot eezs via single export cable such cef renewable pcis belgium interconnector tie iti an agree rules fairly share costs among shore no examples countries stakeholders hub oh at widen approach least markets sea integrated regional energy sector including neighbourowf nowf connectanowfineezof conversion electricity avoid onshore congestion country questions ramirez windeurope org3 methodology assumptions asset constructed 18 were identified only studied developer it must be transferred ofto indetailforcostassessmentandmarketmodelling commissioning under uk regime one assessment consists benefit analysis person cannot hold license ofthehybridprojectversusthereferencescenario licence which equals building shared ireland responsible infrastructure rather than separate infrastructures connection but interconnectors thereisno processinplaceforthetransferofasset market modelling based metis also underlies demand primes euco30 2030 scenario european unbundling regulation achieves 40% greenhouse emissions grids netherlands germany unclear reduction target 32% res transformer stations not scope whether their current definition thus neither prohibit functionality reinforcement included systems indicatorsinclude socio economicwelfare denmark conceivable make served curtailment co2 system numerical results versus assets above 100 kv approved reference taken from ministry supply climate change impact layout clean package cep starting 2026 generators member states assigned commission s joint research centre balancing responsibility derogations 4 legal background applicable less 250 kw suggests prioritydispatchwillnolongerbeinplace new farms other large according ec 714 2009 defined line subsidy scheme contract crosses spans border between difference cfd national will introduce feed premiums windfarmsbuilt2020onwards usesgreen so any transport certificates generated its excluded however commercial players apply connecting europe facility provides stage investment support exemption allows merchant expected around 8 65 bn offers technical assistance pre feasibility covering investments through rents studies scoping mapping potential sites regulatory financing prices conditions activities up maximum 50% united kingdom develop construct act 2004 section 6c operate due if5 location selection site investigation tender therearefourdriverstoreducecostinhybridprojects execution 7 uncertainty about kilometres closer point provideaccesstomaritimespaceforowfs design wfs located more 50 km technology discrepancies responsibilities number substations allowing larger cheaper substation designs 9 priority dispatch expensive o&m allocation staff compensation provision port 11 lack regulates revenues anticipatory hybridprojects onthelist analysed 12 using 13 limited engagement 14 regarding 15 disproportionate benefits across involved stakeholder legislative implementationofmostadvantageoushybridprojects gas related each feasible following recommendations dates brackets indicate result either date inwhichcaseisarange table1inthe available appendix includes detailed case several interactions interdependencies ijmuiden ver 2027 arrangement that dutch transmits solely aligned nl deriving eliminate uncertainties jurisdiction cross define group potentially 3 arrangements tennet tso b v operation failure align planning assess operator should allowed 6 currently access maritime needs explicit mandate moea await clarification dynamic flows high price cap floor covered because they violate existing cacm requirement stability norfolk bidding zones time frames validate additional required operators do vatenfall who could conduct simulation use build nordpool epex spot oftoregimeandcanapplyconanexemptionfrom linking nswph dual allow respective doesn t straightforwardclassificationofthecableundereu accordingly legislation zone inclusion functions german spatial plan allowfortheirinclusionin investmentplanning gmbh 2035 cobra 2019 assignresponsibilityforgridconnectionto thetso assign whose close collaboration owners operaqtors namely energinet dueto unbundlingregulation owfdevelopersare dk reflect three prohibited taking connected same guidance coupling assure statistical transfers future ensure complies law otherwise adjust idea applicability first regulations particularly resources charges voluntary cooperation tsos nras transfer sufficient applying he implementing dedicated mitigation options expressly obtain permits concurrent party these may concern liability entails issues control operations voltage levels synchronisation etc risking financial fits guarantees 3mitigationmeasuresandactionsapplicabletomost conclusions repeatedly projectswill notalways beadvantageousover throughout might considered always evaluated basis facilitate continuous dialogue report we conclude roughly 30% alignment cases had prominent formalise commitment form theoffshorewind network agreements hansa built independent exportcablesystemasanexportcablesystemwith if defining part ofthe possible asses need extent follow becoming reality key actions include reinforcementsinapplicableconnectioncountries fair enhancing along allocations promote cbca stop shop terms competent authority integrates given fact definitions present coordinates permit granting processes reduce complexity increase transparency major understand ifrequired changenationalpermitproceduresand fasten applyingforexemptionsontherulesorevenmodifying level needed exemptions overall proof how character ispossibleto efficientlyusethespaceinthenorthseas clarify fit reachthe eu agenda ensuring boththe withthestipulationoffreeusageofthe volumes met third parties table ten net name description details capex opex 800 mw irish specified possibly celtic 33m array braymorepoint longer 20 700 50km belgian wf 900 cope nautilus tendered 105m length 40km 400 extra converter switching station east anglia 45 us 120 890m instead 75 hvac 300 yes 400m commissioned avoiding norfolk3 720m 130 converters cluster owp west borkumriffgrund 1& neuconnect 47m adapted concept re routing optimize vs published francisco careri 2ijmuiden area comprises gw leased areas 000 dogger bank reduces providing 5bn 330 requires consideration 425 390m 200 wadden islands increases 60m 30 260m org u weichenhain elsen zorn kern roland berger bmbh brussels f petten" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-22" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7604 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7605 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7606 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7607 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } } ["tags"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7608 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7609 (2) { ["id"]=> int(153) ["name"]=> string(16) "grid integration" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7610 (2) { ["id"]=> int(161) ["name"]=> string(15) "hybrid projects" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7611 (2) { ["id"]=> int(162) ["name"]=> string(6) "hybrid" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7612 (2) { ["id"]=> int(163) ["name"]=> string(13) "offshore grid" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7613 (2) { ["id"]=> int(164) ["name"]=> string(4) "grid" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7614 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7615 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7616 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7617 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7618 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7619 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [82]=> object(stdClass)#7620 (17) { ["id"]=> int(91) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "dd298ba5-a3ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(47) "Boosting offshore wind energy in the Baltic Sea" ["slug"]=> string(47) "boosting-offshore-wind-energy-in-the-baltic-sea" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(133) "This document provides an overview of benefits and actions needed to exploit the full potential of offshore wind in the Baltic Sea. " ["plain_text"]=> string(9675) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in boosting offshore wind energy the baltic sea november 2019windeurope s taskforce is a network of industry representativesandnationalassociationspromotingoffshore states regularly engageswithgovernmentalinstitutions atbothnationaland international level and organises targeted workshops countries disclaimer this publication contains information collected then verified with relevant members ahead neither windeurope nor its their related entities are by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies on text analysis mattia cecchinato editors iv n pineda daniel fraile design laia mir cover photo 1 farm copyright enbw more policy org 32 2 213 18 68context greatly contributes to containingctions up 450 gw capacity global warming it fundamental reaching europe ec clean planet all installations 2030 2050 climate targets cost ef altic could reach 85 according fective way latest scenarios would make second largest basin today there over 20 installedr north european waters which around denmark 872 mw finland 68 germanyhe cumulative potential identified 074 sweden 192 commission bemip final report expects that 9 easily deployed balticxceeds 93 generation 325 twh year right ambitions from governments andaround 30% total consumption intensified regional cooperation increase toes 2016 than 14 define clear recent long term decarbonisation strategy ts build basis expansion internal has ashore markets exploit added value dominant power technology withr brings figure map online planned projects october 2019 source interactive www ewindeuropehe 3altic how can bal tic become renewable hub contributing transformation sector provides competitive reliable while creating local terms jobs economic growth now critical moment member havethepossibilitytotakeabigstepforwardindecarbon ising security supply but these benefits actions must taken fast document an overview ac tions full national plans offshorewindenergystimulatestheeconomybyboeu will plan transition import export attracting significant wards through adoption vestments support necps ininstrument provide stable conditions visibility employs 60 000 people euroinvestments defining volumes timelines number expected significantoffshore individual own other businesses active chaplanning consenting overall development maturity experiencof two decades should future chain requires rates manufacture andpropriate mechanisms installation minimum 10 years order makerease site allocation investment decisions chains 2020 typically takes about eleven forcomponents vessels portsservicesandoperationand get start maintenance oms amortise investmentletion star electricity gen reasonable period eration see 4 windeurope3 eu funding key supporting institutions coordinated making available different schemes especially relation grid allow both private boost regulatory framework streamlining technological innovation strengthen administrative requirements give certainty shareknowledge differentfundingschemesareavailable market enabling reduction ensuring between 2014 provided almost deploymentofprojects regionalcooperationmakeseven 80bn research mainly flagship sense southern part programme horizon another large where sites attractive due higher budget managed partnership values authorities shared management largely structural & funds anticipate major onshore coordi together nationandcooperationisamajorchallenge shouldexploitthepotentialofeufundingmechanismsfor foster hybrid optimise receiving deploying cross border space at promote progressive meshed grids farms stages e phas leasing financial close determine early survey detailed supplier o shore work building pre assembly ity environmental permits layout components activ review commissioning feasibility studies 3 iing t fid decision s5a chapter name 6 windeurope1 does low carbon polish economy translate already constitutes important el into ementofthepolishenergymix attheendof2018 installed poland amounted 5 corresponds industrialisation 14% cumulated system government enhances independence shown positive signs further as prevents exposure volatility oil gas coal prices dependence first pro also desynchro ucing 2025 nisation russian exclusive zone commissioned concrete advantages 2040 ambitious attract substantial coun terest among foreign investors tries surrounding benefit developing expert calculations demonstrate con activities 36 1bn struction gdp 22 3bn was direct result ofcreate 77 particular activity within off coast bringing approximately pln billion developers turbine manufacturers 15 component service providers corporate income tax cit substructures vat revenues creates only manufac typical tower 300 400 turing production many tonnes steel 750 200 industries sectors estimated structure scenario investments eez inthebalticsea around10 000person yearsannuallywill require one million com employed planning construction pleted great opportunity 29 annually smelting shipbuilding o&m furthermore entire may ingermanyalone offshorewindhascreatedsome25 strong during past decade numbers dustry ministry well consolidate position scale opens new oppor tunities business scientific develops r&d educational need continue offering prop osition guarantees enough volume send signal resultsing tsource pwea balance countryside possi bilities increased stability balt7c aim simplifying re ducing associated permitting procedures including current set back distances exclusion zones needs yearly rate offinally include commitment gional time crucial alternative maintain leadership change incalcu am lable effects risks bition clarity sufficient region play role process offshokey asks pledge represents untapped clearly incorporated thmember focus implementation they details detail auction schedule policies such access incentivise revenue ppas project simplify vestors greater competition providing act quickly repowering signals improve flexibility demand response storage r&i competitiveness country step crucially germany immediately en hancement particularly south have cooperate neighbours interconnection enhancement trade so accelerate develop address impacts enable areas norway currently too far centres expensive solving exclusions military radar issues internationally possible deployment leading estonia synchronisation central largescale latvia timely lithuania port infrastructure challenge addressed eastern 8 functioning inte grated maritime spatial collaboration memberstatesshouldre launchthebalticseadeclaration secure equal maximise efficiency working closely achieve launched individually structured cooper showed industrial ation approach ooperation achieving state fi argets smooth nance frameworks technical standards collaborationind voluntary fields involving ngos regionalauthoritiesandlocalcommunities makes mitment led creation four groups operate mosthich convene coordinate efficient most stream ulatory tsos lines learned primary becomes even interconnected wouldpatial help overcome issue pricing above achieved patterns short coordination decreasing costs caused gestion ensure readiness thebalticenergymarketinterconnectionplan isa trans europeaninitiativeledbytheeuropeancommission eight integrid recently developed aug fund roadmap includes iden tification concession based exthe explored isting transfoof mation initiative focuses integration enhance electriciaround analyzed techno parallel forum basof logical affecting advocates offshorethe solutions results toshowed alise togetherbe best method safeguard associations interconnections decarbonize better integrate german foundation signed declaration 2017 objective bal9ic keyto ahybridoffshoreprojectisonewhereanoffshorewindprojectconnectsintoanoffshoreelectricityinterconnector therefore used use potentially innovative technologies like x kriegers flak combined solution world using connections connect danish zealand mecklenburg western pomerania via windfarms combining interconnector traded directions thanks serially connected voltage converters vsc b regionally produced ultimately transitions began turn 17 scheduled operational fourth quarter 2015 confirmed eligibility common interest pci granted 150 recovery eepr 900 form decisively removing barriers hybrids starting stage enhancing de risk met windeurope4 what tools rest cef 85% go called pcis link systems facilitate ofwind impact least union public diversifying sources addition stimulate accelerated across permit granting single authority ob taining improved lower 1998 received 565 43 streamlined programmes fp5 assessment processes participation horizon2020 supported 225 consultations signifi eligible cantly electricitylectricity heating cooling transport no predefined thresholds locations jects neutral fps grammes fp runs compared otherrestechnologies windrankedfourthasbeneficiary connecting facility got 16% res 23% went g turbines followed fixed bottom 20% gration floating funded end indicatively 70 solar pv bio 19% amount bn co financing fuels 50% grants allows blendingwithinstrumentsfrom financialinstitutions mechanism importantly bonds developments inin cash strument invests times telecoms unprofitable without grant window under next 2021 2027 last gap filler realization field receive joint effective exploitation identify renewables facilitating high conversion facilities mapping 15% subject uptake works balti11sea windeuropewindeurope voice actively promoting worldwide headquarters 35 suppliers insti tutes contractors insurance companies consultants strength powerful rue belliard 40 1040 brussels belgium 1811 f 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7621 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7622 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "Policy papers" ["code"]=> string(13) "policy-papers" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7623 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7624 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7625 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7626 (2) { ["id"]=> int(81) ["name"]=> string(10) "baltic sea" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7627 (2) { ["id"]=> int(144) ["name"]=> string(13) "offshore wind" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7628 (2) { ["id"]=> int(145) ["name"]=> string(7) "baltics" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7629 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(397) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBBbllCIiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--4ce79d287cacedac671411b10b713c906a1bd94c/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/Baltic%201_2.jpg" } [83]=> object(stdClass)#7630 (17) { ["id"]=> int(30) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "9e948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(22) "Our energy, our future" ["slug"]=> string(21) "our-energy-our-future" ["tagline"]=> string(52) "How offshore wind will help Europe go carbon-neutral" ["overview"]=> string(212) "This report shows that it is feasible to deploy 450 GW offshore wind by 2050. It identifies the challenges involved on marine space, grids and supply chain and it recommends how policymakers can help tackle them." ["plain_text"]=> string(23478) "our energy future how offshore wind will help europe go carbon neutral november 2019 windeurope org this report and its content is copyright of bvg associates limited all rights are reserved 1 document intended for the sole use client who has entered into a written agreement with ltd or llp jointly referred to as bvga extent permitted by law assumes no responsibility whether in contract tort including without limitation negligence otherwise howsoever third parties being persons other than shall not be liable any loss damage whatsoever suffered virtue act omission default arising employees subcontractors agents circulation classification permitting redistribute thereby imply that liability recipient 2 protected may only reproduced circulated accordance associated conditions stipulated s part disclosed public offering memorandum prospectus stock exchange listing circular announcement express prior consent 3 except checking verification information data expressly agreed within scope services responsible way connection erroneous provided it party effects such contained joined climate printing program makes choices what prints based on environmental criteria co emissions processarethencalculatedandcompensatedbygreenemission allowances purchased from sustainable project authors kate freeman ciaran frost giles hundleby alun roberts bruce valpy hannele holttinen recognis lizet ram rez iv n pineda editor colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm cover photo rsted more policy 32 213 18 68 executive summary 7 introduction 12 where put north seas 17 breakdown sea basin country sub region costs spatial exclusions 20 22 4 reducing impact 26 deploy 450 gw 29 challenges 38 ensuring enough sites impacts 39 getting supply demand 41 enabling timely investment 47 con 5 expanding chain 48 6 specific 50 roadmap 65 assumptions underpinning vision 69 technology 70 market dynamics general about system grid maritime planning multi 71 appendix 72 2050 b 73 figure regions used analysi 14 population density 15 16 location 380 percentage total area relative lcoe exclusions0 distribution per allocate scenario exclu 24 8 installation rate required achieve 30 f 9 offshorer snd farm development stages 31 10 leasing consenting financial closure rates 450gw 11 85 atlantic ocean 33 212 34 13 83 baltic se 35 southern european waters 36 additional capex 49 up 100km export exclusi 63 power imports exports 64 table 19 split according range water depth 50m 21 23 25 tabl 72figure gw2 capacity watears uk 80 netherlands 60 france excl mediterranean 40 germany denmark norway poland 28 ireland sweden finland belgium rest lithuania latvia spain estonia portugal northern uthern europeexecutive at core canin shows sits one world bestsible resources internationaly could located most effectively agency iea become number oneocuses mainly source generation 2042 20ions expected concentrate currently installed average 5% annual electricity commission says needs between 230 making crucial pillar mix togetherwe expect 85% developed would meet 30% elethe off demandin2050 whichwouldhavegrown50%compareduk irish 2015 due electrification good proximity chainefficiencies thisisequivalenttoaround380gwout visionary approach suche remaining volumes deliver commitments incomingropean eu president neutrality needed 76 000 km an just below addresses mandate given size island 8% ministers their high level meetinthe considering exclusion zones june examine need space grids 2018 clean planet 7urope least 60% possible buildhowto deploy450 farms today these exist either reasons because set build aside fishing shipping military acti increase substantially allocation depend crucially installs around year happens second half 2020s after considers two opposing scenarios hypothetical 2030 rise over which there were current remain they until industry gearing challenge invest significantly ports logistics excluded built mobilise significant finance both private follows supportthedevelopmentofthenecessaryinfrastructure 248 very low mwh require 500km 130 mid 2030s medium authorities scale activities developing above pipeline projects well advance however if continue less becomes through under 112 means going yearly 370 264 770 late challengingthestatusquoonspatialplanningisessentialto 800 out steep cost reduction grow even further we last years 2040 almost three quarters cannot society aspirations effective transition should wake call 430 670 policymakers planners 720 cheapest efficient themultiple same different sectors governments explore shared e g now 2027 activity review fromalmost0toover4gwperyearor840kmperyear excludedshouldremainexcluded inorderthemaximisethe essential plan amount can infrastructure early take include environmentally natura2000 full zone types c nat ura2000 partial type 50% pipelines like vessel greater hours month waste disposal dumped munitions cables 1nm buffer natural gas areas avoid distance shore 12nm 1000m coordinate onshore buildingthegridoffshoreandonshore theelectricity developments transmit anticipate major end user growth requires expansion estimate investments reinforcements ramp 2bn 2020 promote hybrid 8bn 100bn connections order decade entso pool assets optimise support have estimated past meshed hybrids enhanced cooperation countries 15bn legal framework addition step bn raise issues depending transmission technologies clear answer regulatory benefit users so clarify receive but also risks benefits investing renewables create mechanism collaborate facilitating integration converter several realising little physical inertia lead stability balancing many increasing site existing solutions overcome typically takes eleven operators get start cooperate implementation completion storage x electricitygeneratesbyoffshorewindwillbeconsumed directly likely possibly 25% know hydrogen gases building right decision environment comprehensive species habitats cumulative prospect stable make final positive investmentdecisionsinnewmanufacturingplant too improve marine enables chains components vessels environmentbysupportingthegrowthofnewartificial operation maintenance reefs protecting life oms amortise reasonable period multiple increased demands mobilising growing competition threefold allow place 6bn 21bn functionality having ability easily 2025 share central willbearound 45bnyearly additionally reinforcementcouldamountbetween 50bnper increasingly necessary 10% spending across 9eutral recommendations following calls h polpermitting relevantt expertise acceleratethe elaborate gridnecessarhybrid work accelerategovernments ensure transpvisibility confidence heating industrial procesvolumes revenue schemes mhi vestas exploring 4bn fuelling contribute limiting global warming tog sector created jobs worldwide century line theuipment skills parisclimate willhave transform replacing fossil fuelsfrom renewable economy equire 89 canrt setting course higher levels estimatesent do gwewindresourceshaveageographicalresponsibility together forum political recent cheaper newration signed ten nuclear fired plants dthenorthseas shouldcontinuetobetheplatform lower variability capacityrnments factors 40% reality initiatives new bemip lessons learned operating inorth butoverthelasttenyearsithasattractedaverage delivering feasible describesavisionofthetechnologyofoffshorewindin electrical interconnectors enable large volume successfully exploited prepared presents main achieving offshorewindby2050 itidentifiesthechallengesinvolved recommends tackle them actions analysis specifically chapters deployment chapter describes optimum pathways visionforeachseabasinineurope chapter4discussesthe establishes challengesinachievingthisvision bothacrosseuropeand outlines details underlying oord n13tral methodology discussed validated locations study focuses applied key detailed potential national international basins basis separate address first established realistic 450ly captured critical recommended w institutions 85%oftheexpectedcapacityby2050 willbedeveloped vided theorth efficiencies centres economic solar parts divided exclusive eezs see subdivided covering four wider complexities did subdivide figure1 coastal labelled form llnn ll letter code nn label each calculated decarbonisation strateg allocated was define corresponding shown consider ratio restrictions point populations anticipated apportioned brings us 240 resulting allocations provide 140 ambitions change re practical wide geographical reduce output weather objective test feasibility accommodating patterns illustrative constraints allocates certain does mean limit itself coast available figure2 tech gridded version gpwv4 revision nasa socioeconomic applications center sedac assessments consistent upside unleashing authored 2017 ne15ral windeuropefigure3 europe2 countryand 000km approximately theas might offshoretries relatively mw domestic compared availableoffshorewindresource thisopensthepossibility using outlined page al9ocated conversion o 27 countgreater outlook joint gasuine tennet integrated energinet dk press releases howwindeuropewind figure4 taken 15% 20% 35% table1 fraction ie01 340 567 7% ie02 100 416 505 0 fr01 180 056 6% fr02 920 187 515 1% uk01 520 238 475 2% uk02 440 209 542 uk03 117 352 uk04 580 585 uk05 700 111 447 uk06 320 084 be01 200 494 3% nl01 322 de01 334 de02 900 998 dk01 540 076 dk02 040 443 dk03 420 no01 768 979 se01 206 4% se02 880 86 381 se03 560 52 794 fi01 260 42 983 fi02 840 493 ee01 300 438 lv01 360 lt01 839 pl01 984 762 772 refer nomenclature carb19 ranges bands economically windttractive estimations speed 5x5km conservative auctions had coordinates map turbines prices 53 12including nearest operational informationabout includedinchapter grouped values overall floating example lot while figure5 hubs here generic radial appropriate whereas typical lowest price auction sep 2012 indexed equivalent inflation index 186 rpi gbp pointsnot analysed13 13% 0% 19% 11% 37% 48% 24% 45% 14% 23% 52% 49% 21% 12% 31% 33% 32% 22% 59% 27% 67% 9% 28% 66% 39% 51% 16% 18% 42% 70% 17% 64% 29% 34% 26% 41% 46% 38% 100% domain eez analysed resolution datasets detail coastlines islands euro21 inatleast60%ofthenorthseasitiscurrentlynotpossibleto cases buildoffshorewindfarmstoday thisamountsto1 lost already theseexclusionzonesaccountbothforotherusesand considered protection measure show forre outside repowering needxclusion shaded minimum overlap addressed moreover collaboration west biodiversity paramount theen german swedish goes reason security lanes sande extraction telecoms pipelinesandotheractivitiescancoexistthese preference happily near visible purposes assumed social acceptance viewing fromtheshorewouldneedtobeexplored inbelgium time some made government sought uses stopped requiring shares figure6 97% unusced tacken wicnd highc when 268 acannot forsea non 58% 77% 81% 79% 55% 62% 71% 72% 76% 142% 47% 53% 93% 88% 36% 92% 65% 84% 54% 78% 73% fit added group band neighbouring continued rows fourth column go23arbon figure7 table4 analysed7 excludedexcludedexcluded 56% 43% 44% euro25 sharing powering western bornholm difference 136 capacities continuing assigning therefore usual result increases opportunities examples execute combine interconnector farmsconnectedtoit thiswouldreducetheoverallspace attractive interconnectivity allowing coexist aquaculture techniques flow baseload seabed restoration options 2016 noth clearly defined declaration msp backed developers nearby plans synergies safely efficiently idea clustering hybridisation open beyond cross border inside exporting found preliminary english channel east england norfolk south generate savings 44 maximise https europa rapid release ip 2029 en htm led tool organise must societal objectives achieves broad consensus priority backedupbyaclearregulatoryframeworkthatensuresthattheco locationofthedifferentactivitieswill takeplacesafelyandefficiently governmentsshouldalsocoordinatetheirmspregulationsregionallyin harmonise much allocating belgian 2026 add 285 extra included efficiency boost ecosystem solve conflicts research commercial combination sources nature passive disturbing banned moment fully distinguishes forms carbo27neutral dynamic semi static wstaticope28 vestas3 perinimum tobecomecarbon neutralitwillneedtosignificantlyecisions suppliers accelerate sustained rts stablished settle considerably gwingofprojects assuminga30 peryear bythemid thisisequivalenttoensuring ee drive depicted the50 manufacturing offwindeurope9will happen figure8 500 400 350 250 150 5gw yr capaci5ty 2044 20222024 20262028 20302032 20342036 2038 20402042 2046 20482050 si5tes repowe5red table5 2031 2036 2041 2035 2045 repowered 08 88 03 gather gain longer fail better understand during stage complete installations describe developer obtained install section phases timing operate close phase includes indicative procurement largevariationperprojectandactivitiescanbecarriedout construct often securing purchase produced comprises process selecting competitive taking account considerations proceed secured modelled develop normally thisphaseincludesonshoreandoffshore construction relevant manufacture pre assembly permitstoconstructandoperatetheprojectincluding front engineering surveys run parallel commissioned once starts generating transmitting back figure9 etermine survey etailed desi supplier anufacture selection ond permits layout d throughof ppas etc commissionin studies fid ecision ne31ral onshoreure legend ready refers connected shifted experienceime reflect long delays stakeholders along thet indicate i cabling route tore necessarytomodeltheonshoregrid thefutureelectricity theration sections analyse figure10showsallthestagesfordevelopingoffshorewind developmentorities focus efforts regional evident reach maximumcate notably alls nse sharply interconnection groups next figure10 2022 2024 2028 2032 2034 2048 developdment started leased consented financiallyd closed installedd atthe gthan annum pa doubling this2025 fourfold isin rises 770km figure11 installedi table6 km2pa 680 750 630 620 go33arbon rateslantic neededroximately maximum tomeetthe450gwin2050 table7showstheconsenting highest rate8 800pa 000kmpaacrossthenorthsea asinthe figure12 table7 2050by ratesnsenting 720pa neebaltic tup figure13 1gw 20by 640 g35carbon ratess achieveo 840kpa 205major achlikely figure14 table9 820 530 europe37o shell realisi4 inthischapterweanalysesomeofthemindepthtoprovide ethe supplgovernment expabeginapproximatelynineyearsbeforethefarmisinstalled present ras vary realise visjurisdictions figure15 2018202020220242026202820300322034203203820402042204204620482050 financially closeinstalled jurisdictions hassecuredbroadagreementthatthesite havebecome involved identification processes progress especiallyindustrywecannotaffordtoexpendresourcesdeveloping important thatally reinforcing message starting goals supportive larger luxembourg consideration sdata shareand spacewithnaturalprotectedareastoo conversely shoreline sand gravel dredging cable routes infrastructuregathering analysing radar mitigation andcan furtheradvancesintechnologywithtimewillhelpminimise upswing begins task regard pressing bodies strategic assessment another theenvironmentalimpactsofoffshorewindcanbepositive signals rateffshore supported supporting artificial particularly powerful turbine foundations pan inin successful leads certainty vital facilitate andfshore local statutory consultees theork closely governmental assess necessaryrganisations ngos especially terms beneficial informs decisions before commences carb39 post 2021 ambitious policies targets necps specify immediately tender schedule mechanisms applicable aggregated robust pave availability align short term nceps published march directive internationally establish fora discussions fisheries defence existence exploiting serve conservation onwards methodologies carrying repository prepare workload resource begin recruitment training reapply best practices markets stop shops towards simplification procedures recast door initial direct method complementing decarbonising transport strong dembuilding tsos accommodate gridin dedicated points edge crucialor extend jeopagrid connect significoffshore straight curtailment simply places land housthe consumers providing affordable figure16 imposes burden coastline single connects helps particular dispatch links generated traded periods able match technical requirements demanding rather reduces ambition generally length link shorter tyndp foresees 27bn 114bn individual sense direction straightforward modelling 59 kriegers flak been 127 overcoming draft ahead connecting submitted downsizing original member states indicated 78 documents revise coordinated upwards ultimately legislation ensures supplied home moving asset gets trading offshorewindfarmscanconnecttooffshoreinfrastructure then smooth purpose modular dual toaccommodatemoreoffshorewindontheonshoregrid combined tie ins called plus visions meshedgridconnectionscanbeprimarilyinterconnectors input primarily models offshorewindlinks oncewindfarmsareconnectedinthis resilient promotion wp7 looking hvdc october insight nsog coordination latter turn thinking toexpansion accompanied action sufficient ordination flows play role surrounding doing noted interconnect utilise indirect those heavy acer difficult electrify network indeed view deeper backing regulation amounts financing cause side management rules gaining access differences todemand shift away smaller tariffs peak times flexibility seasonal done inter uncertain come persuading demonstration economies interests urgently ones pricing optimisation aim negative involve outputofmultiple gwofoffshorewindcapacity asshown scandinavia envisaged presupposes 43utral beginning ofan potentially innovative classified solution hub neighbour owf always evaluated case advantageous regular studied far 300m 2500m lifetime saving members decisively removing barriers enhancing funds risk meeting u weichenhain elsen t zorn kern cluster roland berger bmbh brussels regime explicit worked voluntarily initiative nscogi understanding comprise compliance compatibility congestion clarifying comply curtailed zonal tradinterconnector definition bidding stabilisation consistency package establishing regarding ownership thaoffshore apply funding hel45europe offer option own reductions schedules milestones common interest update results identify implement article value unbundling aligned 46 merchant investors although wholesale received necessarily matching willrom evolve 45bn whatable projected toof contracts corporate note earlier toelectrification blend approaches stabilising enhancement peaking 10bn 50bn uncertainty ground crossed transmitted thus counted solely against whichwillneedsubstantialinvestmentinportsandin transmissions inward mobilisation playif give returns capital feed daunting debt providers visibility onitious stream amassed invested unparalleled experience decades met ec estimates 150bn position paper p carbon47eutral harbours towed path competitively priced ose transitioning oil contractors vesselve bring products andports keepreducingthecostofenergythroughnewgenerations port envisage fcapable duration return investmentof capable preparationvolumes amortising small margins kept supwith outsideeurope butastheglobalmarketforoffshorewind grows effectfor performed platform manufacturers helping units beolume capability assuming five mproject facilities teams timeframe capableevelopers seven installing theirnstallation primarynfidence vesselswillberequired eachcapableofannuallyinstalling customers includepensated lastly lift deep ect innovations revenues ingress owpp infographic figure17 5radial meshe5d optimal treasuries selling nationally standards harmonised minimise repeat stifling innovation look figure18 ireoffshore continental biggest trade mobilised capacitcy inland geographicalc 99% 427 072 rapidly host figure19 veryistribution reinforcement 45 clarity40 off0hore capacirty rlocation 257 571 unuseed takeen elow carb51 united kingdom 20figure20 rapidla coasts nortb urgent decisive 90 foresee advanced pledge net zero entail 75 totalling 98% 741 485 seaarea nevertheless ithashighoffshorewindambitions figure21 frontrunner execution hybridprojectswillbeessential importantlyithastowork carbo53neutral faces immense figure22 the11 5gwitshouldhaveby2030 butcurrentexclusions issue intensively concerns balanced temperature happy coexistence 54 face figure23 22km exclusionnd continues thioffshore neighbours problem ifthecountrytacklesitsgridbottlenecksanditspost 87% 56 332 carbon55eutral figure24 very35 105 039 interconnectionfigure25 woulddistribution planned frexclusions expensive targeted carb57 windbysolvingthecurrentexclusionsduetomilitaryradar figure26 toibution 155 58 solving leading figure27 stabilisationind lack 96% 81 476 carb59 synchronisation figure28 internal ofwind andlatviacouldhavemorethanhalfoftheiroffshorewind carbon61eutral 89% 62 figure29 andstribution eastern carb63 windeuropefigure30 capacityaftermeetingthisshareofdemandarenetexporters thetable denotes represents import demaon germanyindeurope list identified elsewhere suggested timeline 66 neutral67 orsted6 operations service involveserviceoperationvessels sovs andwillalsomake innologies human effort state art reducedreliance humaneffort throughthe automated systems drones sensors actuators willed substationss rated radical designed airborne reuse recycling beingwindwillbeconsideredassimplyanother decommissioned blades hoice foundation ice installationto methods similar offwindeurope reached greenhouse ramped down diversified streamlined replacement reformed provides thesupplychainsforturbines disincentivising produce andinvestments intensive inefficient repow therewillbeongoingcontributionstothedevelopment older maintain pursuit bio capture beccs ccs combo active fixed substations multipleportswillsupporteachoftheatlantic northsea providsystem spinning geographically ordispersed generators few assume transient customer holistic distributed micro batteries integral predicated assumption transitioned founded andthe optimised consumption via upgrades transformer ratings lines reused thermal retired 650 newtechnologiesforacanddctransmission windnd control underground decrease six emission theperational connectmonitoring real monitoring bird migration adding strength tople sizes creation measures voltage proportion assigned maintaining adaptive emerging demographic corridors adapted hydrographic sensitive legally binding areasandkeypermanentstructuresintoconsideration visual modest tourism improvements imposed interference aviation civilian aviationthe connectivity radars unlockedmaritime regulate related occupied developedbytheendof2021 asrequiredbytheeuropean emerge theinput commonly whole wehaveassumedthatalleumemberstateswillprioritise reaching strategy status 71utral 211 consulting renewab highly experienced team clients things think ne10 ways tough problems integrates business economics advising knowledge gained succeed ve landmark reports futureoftheindustry costofenergyandsupplychain formed 2006 ther visit www bvgassociates com email info base america asia australia c73bon windeurope74 vestasour eu75pe windeuropewindeurope voice actively promoting headquarters component insti tutes associations insurance companies consultants largest printed climatcert 53520 1910 1004 rue belliard 1040 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7631 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7632 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(16) "Flagship reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "flagship-reports" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7633 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(28) "Electrification and Hydrogen" ["code"]=> string(28) "electrification-and-hydrogen" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7634 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7635 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7636 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } } ["tags"]=> array(10) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7637 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7638 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7639 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7640 (2) { ["id"]=> int(33) ["name"]=> string(7) "volumes" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7641 (2) { ["id"]=> int(76) ["name"]=> string(25) "maritime spatial planning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7642 (2) { ["id"]=> int(77) ["name"]=> string(3) "msp" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7643 (2) { ["id"]=> int(78) ["name"]=> string(15) "decarbonisation" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7644 (2) { ["id"]=> int(79) ["name"]=> string(12) "supply chain" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7645 (2) { ["id"]=> int(80) ["name"]=> string(10) "north seas" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7646 (2) { ["id"]=> int(81) ["name"]=> string(10) "baltic sea" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7647 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(437) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBJdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--196a0f63295d3ce6e30a2f4db9617975103e9a7b/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-our-energy-our-future-report-header-image.jpg" } [84]=> object(stdClass)#7648 (17) { ["id"]=> int(70) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4321971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(29) "Permitting process in Denmark" ["slug"]=> string(29) "permitting-process-in-denmark" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "This briefing explains the detailed steps wind farms developers need to follow in order to obtain the necessary building permits. It also covers the procedures stakeholders might follow to legally challenge already granted permits." ["plain_text"]=> string(3322) "24 october 2019 by marylise schmid environment & planning analyst business intelligence diana barrios development manager membership permitting procedure authority project onshore 150m offshore municipalities the danish nature agency ministry of process commonly identify sites suitable for wind turbines in their municipal plans ideally citizens are included debates to these thus reducing risk opposition figure below illustrates 1 developer applies municipality sending a draft plan 2 undertakes public consultation on at least weeks 3 is responsible eia and report however practice drafting often carried out close cooperation with projects 80m must be accompanied an 4 supplement subject 8 meeting held no later than before end period note that do not require approval after has published decision required questions windeurope org 5 or rejection if approved registered documentation noise regulation kept simultaneously construction permit applied 6 commissioning larger applications similar 25 kw only have notify complies law small also certified accordance technical scheme comply regulations like large rural zone then addition further details can found p18 19 this acceptance measures order sustain support new schemes were introduced 2009 local option purchase turbine shares promotion renewable energy act requires developers offer 20% ownership sale made residents within 5km nearest any remain extended which located obligation does apply installed own consumption those designated as test guarantee fund financing preliminary investigations cooperatives compensation loss value neighbouring real estate owners who deem erection will inflict equal higher 1% property submit claim payment smaller 25m exempted from rule submitted following decisions valuation may brought courts owner erector civil proceedings between paid compliance s case three months date green enhance scenic recreational values legislation was expected sent into hearing coming drafts show requirement provide free communities pay taxes directly community appeal rules permits begin appealed environmental board regardless reason decide all change it conflict current finds unreasonable inappropriate other councils pursuant legal deadline appeals day publicised independent quasi judicial organ chairperson two supreme court justices one member appointed each political parties represented finance committee folketing orgeffect expropriation time allowed stays effects cannot acted upon until decided unless decides otherwise normally stay but action taken based reversed overturns such initiated giving obstacles farm studies even 80% society positive opinion about power same percentage against having nearby living places ramb ll 2013 furthermore according national association neighbours giant 2016 there 120 protest groups country gorro o albizu et al 2018 denmark modifications concession production lawsuits answering comments ngo fulfilling requirements scope complying spatial 0% 40% 60% 100% serious threats caused delay source windbarriers 2010 hardly deadlines fixed building consent affects lead times references 2015 policy toolkit physical experiences 2012 orgleire daniele pagani tonny brink wwea paper series pp 02 18 available online https www wwindea wp content uploads 06 full pdf accessed lever peripheral regions" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7649 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7650 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7651 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7652 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7653 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7654 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7655 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7656 (2) { ["id"]=> int(141) ["name"]=> string(15) "national market" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7657 (2) { ["id"]=> int(142) ["name"]=> string(10) "developers" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7658 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7659 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7660 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7661 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7662 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [85]=> object(stdClass)#7663 (17) { ["id"]=> int(68) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4521971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(29) "Permitting process in Germany" ["slug"]=> string(29) "permitting-process-in-germany" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "This briefing explains the detailed steps wind farms developers need to follow in order to obtain the necessary building permits. It also covers the procedures stakeholders might follow to legally challenge already granted permits." ["plain_text"]=> string(3957) "4 november 2019 by marylise schmid environment & planning analyst business intelligence permitting procedure the development of onshore wind is strongly based on process location farms controlled designation priority areas in regional plans adopted federal government and concentration zones identified municipalities land use under building code energy plants are categorised as privileged developments local authorities required to designate specific or preferential for projects stage key elements state level raumordung consists plan landesentwicklungsplan a regionaplan stating its goals intentions designates suitability cooperation with nature conservation all involved have be consulted their interests considered urban municipality kommunale bauleitplanung targets must incorporated within public consultations availability infrastructure i e grid influences site zoning determines which facilities can developed at designated obligatory discuss why should excluded from contains basic regulations about height mentioned adapted bebauungsplan previous now special 1 application developer applies relevant authority submitting comprehensive includes environmental report questions windeurope org defines outline detail results that taken into consideration b impact assessment project protected species habitats ffh vertr glichkeitspr fung european artenschutzfachliche pr mitigation regulation eingriffsregelung c an eia absolutely least 20 turbines smaller may also need if pre negative meaning chosen area might highly sensitive 2 comments month receipt call affected submit supply deadline set not exceed more than 3 months display sends documents these put three weeks period one parties file objections up two following deliberation after expiration participation agencies general discussion entered takes place aim this reach greatest possible consensus objectors fundamentally modified repeated changes slight invited comment 5 responsible gives opinion where completion it submits together been settled approval 6 decision approves deals agreement was reached during expires commenced years permission has granted acceptance measures majority operating community owned there various ownership models include limited partnerships cooperatives voluntary associations trusts informal groups social enterprises brandenburg passed law forces operators pay annual lump sum 10 000 per turbine neighbouring appeal court appeals system administrative courts levels verwaltungsgericht vg higher oberverwaltungsgericht ovg verwaltungsgerichtshof vgh bundesverwaltungsgericht bverwg orgrules day publicised natural legal person cannot make any were raised due time statutory consultation processed reasonable bring inactivity action before effect third party objection permit no suspensory however apply competent stay immediate implementation react annulment s allows annul practice permits often subject ancillary provisions generally prevented implementing while taking against obstacles farm aviation military restrictions well residents main challenges german according survey consultancy fa over gw reportedly stuck 8 blocked concerns regarding proximity air control radio masts interference cause signals another currently 32% relate low flying helicopters biggest factor holding back wildlife amounting 60% approved capacity phase link original article what causes delays source windbarriers 2011 orgwho complains bwe do they complain references hemmnisse beim ausban der windenergie deutschland available online https www energie de fileadmin redaktion dokumente pressemitteilungen 20190719 branchenumfrage bekl agte wea dvor und militaer pdf accessed elke pahl weber dietrich henckel eds 2008 terms germany glossary http shop arl net media direct ssd 7 faraimunashe nkomo 2018 wwea policy paper series pp 02 18 wwindea wp content uploads 06 full ministry nuclear safety assessments sea bmu en topics education citizen your matters information" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7664 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7665 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7666 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7667 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7668 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7669 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7670 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7671 (2) { ["id"]=> int(141) ["name"]=> string(15) "national market" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7672 (2) { ["id"]=> int(142) ["name"]=> string(10) "developers" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7673 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7674 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7675 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7676 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7677 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [86]=> object(stdClass)#7678 (17) { ["id"]=> int(71) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4721971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(29) "Permitting process in Ireland" ["slug"]=> string(29) "permitting-process-in-ireland" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "This briefing explains the detailed steps wind farms developers need to follow in order to obtain the necessary building permits. It also covers the procedures stakeholders might follow to legally challenge already granted permits." ["plain_text"]=> string(4514) "12 may 2020 novembern 2019 by marylise schmid environment & planning analyst business intelligence permitting procedure grid connection requirements generator licence and authorisation to build from the irish regulatory authority cru agreement esb networks or eirgrid transmission operator depending on size location if is contestable developer can their own a permission for must be secured as well all necessary way leaves project 50mw 25 turbines local an bord plean la board process siting while national planned zoning of wind farm areas notably absent individual county councils have should development plan in relation council will typically identified where farms would desirable open consideration no go general 1 pre application meeting s it recommended that at least one held with discuss scope seek views what included accompanying environmental report impact statement eis projects 5mw 5 accompanied developments under this mandatory limit authorities are required request eia proposed has potential significant impacts consultation relevant bodies also important scoping not normally need prepared support cover main items information appropriate meet following completion assessment review findings how intends address any issues raised previous 2 community engagement requirement but strongly begin early stages e g questions windeurope org monitoring mast during prior submitting examples public activities include visits packs meetings exhibitions 3 submission validation substantial number applications tend declared invalid some 4 make documents available soon possible receipt until decision made requiring period less than weeks further requests queries arise either within objections observations submitted third parties they transmitted response through 6 approval rejection 8 date notice been published fails specified there automatic last day normal duration years however given typical timescales connections other reasons outside control advisable apply 10 year extension up granted commercial economic technical considerations beyond applicant hindered works extend before original expires 7 commissioning strategic infrastructure sid considered state usually lines 110 kilovolts consent directly consultations seeks confirmation these lengthy fee specific cost themselves then comment needs consult separately various involved correspondence placed domain similar differences example website documentation download subject oral hearing area which located require submit including revised particulars plans drawings additional 18 making submissions prescribed minister exemptions exempt turbine agricultural industrial setting maximum height 20 m rotor diameter see si 235 2008 curtilage house 13 83 2007 details found december government revising 2006 energy guidelines draft focuses noise visual amenity setback shadow flicker obligations dividends once finalised issued section 28 act 2000 amended more detail note acceptance measures proposes obligation communities offers form benefit provides tangible long term dividend o new renewable electricity scheme expected donated locally every megawatt hour mw generated encouraging ownership part explaining final proposal reflects enduring concerned association iwea regularly reviews updates best practice developers owners interact began march 2012 was followed detailed being good neighbour 2013 recommendations were shared 2017 combined updated 2018 launch strategy currently engaging stakeholders across policy industry about aiming complete version appeal rules guide appeals appealed deadline publicised orgin most cases appoints inspector who qualified planner consider case particularly complex interest having makes written members convene entire file communicated those generally de novo i first time when only relates conditions use its discretionary powers instead issue directions amend remove attach decides grant refuse even statutory objective decide dispose often take longer does because delays arising holding shall inform court high such legal proceedings initiated judicial primarily merits lawfulness rather substance determination supreme except certifies involves point law exceptional importance taken overturned co clare due failure definitive precise european valid judgement addresses concerning extent give decisions had against quash 2014 after refusal argued set very threshold providing sufficient agreed imposed too exacting standard regarding wasn t enough aa here obstacles source windbarriers 2010" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7679 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7680 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7681 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7682 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7683 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7684 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7685 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7686 (2) { ["id"]=> int(141) ["name"]=> string(15) "national market" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7687 (2) { ["id"]=> int(142) ["name"]=> string(10) "developers" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7688 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7689 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7690 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7691 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7692 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [87]=> object(stdClass)#7693 (17) { ["id"]=> int(67) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4921971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(27) "Permitting process in Spain" ["slug"]=> string(27) "permitting-process-in-spain" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "This briefing explains the detailed steps wind farms developers need to follow in order to obtain the necessary building permits. It also covers the procedures stakeholders might follow to legally challenge already granted permits." ["plain_text"]=> string(3130) "7 december 2020 by marylise schmid environment & planning analyst business intelligence diana barrios development manager membership permitting procedure authority project onshore 50mw offshore general state autonomous communities administration ministry regional governments x17 process spain does not have unified laws for the wind sector as with land use regulation each community presents its own legislation authorisation of farms that is why procedures are different in these example technical documentations must be presented castilla y leon accreditation applicant s legal and economic capacity appropriate to type production developed a proposed draft or drafted qualified technician which reflects operational characteristics should incorporate at least provisions decree 189 1997 feasibility study an installation budget environmental impact assessment within this aspects evaluated including atmospherical limit layer surface geology topography geomorphology meteorology hydrological system ecosystems ecological niche species inventory plant fauna avifauna bats air quality light noise pollution on landscape wastes life population cultural heritage even so all obtain after having performed list below questions windeurope org 1 grid access request transmission network distribution under article 53 law 24 2013 administrative renewable facilities previously obtained permissions connection corresponding transport networks 2 negotiation contracts 3 engineering assignment 4 application developer applies relevant submitting declaration 5 public utility 6 construction license any required additional permits roads rivers etc acceptance measures one countries highest levels energy eu it shows more than such netherlands belgium united kingdom following initiatives used ensure hold civic participation workshops obligation contract local workers maintenance generation taxes e g activities real estate municipal licenses activity work transfer rental fees can become main revenues many entities affected appeal only way permit cancelled spanish judicial review means granted tribunal rules authorisations concessions resolutions may challenged proceeding before issued them superior body they subsequently competent courts court justice supreme lower depending specific resolution being has some grounds environmentalimpactassessmentwasnotproperlydone neitherbytheauthoritynorbythedeveloper theplaintiff usually ngo case seo birdlife obstacles farm currently parks denied first step i there already ahighnumberofnodesinthetransportnetworkthataresaturatedaccordingtotheshort circuitpowerprinciple therefore tso red el ctrica denies essential able continue processing denial practice implies stoppage park subsequent steps carried out sometimes negative however most cases resolved applying corrective mitigation source windbarriers 2010 de espa 2019 references alain ulazia christian arriola 2018 wwea policy paper series pp 02 18 d germany available online from https www wwindea wp content uploads 06 full pdf accessed orgred evoluci n la tramitaci los procedimientos acceso conexi generaci lica solar fotovoltaica" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7694 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7695 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7696 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7697 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7698 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7699 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7700 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7701 (2) { ["id"]=> int(141) ["name"]=> string(15) "national market" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7702 (2) { ["id"]=> int(142) ["name"]=> string(10) "developers" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7703 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7704 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7705 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7706 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7707 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [88]=> object(stdClass)#7708 (17) { ["id"]=> int(69) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "4b21971c-f182-ea11-a811-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(28) "Permitting process in Sweden" ["slug"]=> string(28) "permitting-process-in-sweden" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(231) "This briefing explains the detailed steps wind farms developers need to follow in order to obtain the necessary building permits. It also covers the procedures stakeholders might follow to legally challenge already granted permits." ["plain_text"]=> string(3164) "15 november 2019 by marylise schmid environment & planning analyst business intelligence permitting procedure grid connection connecting to is one of the major obstacles for a new wind power project at present it difficult developer get information on availability connections and cost farm within reasonable timeframe as farms become larger are increasingly being made national process can take over 2 years inflexible not aligned with environmental permit investment developments today two main factors make parallel processes knowing levels connected concession until has been granted large economic risks apply before acquiring requirements technical details high often predict passed furthermore speed technological progress means technology approved in rapidly becomes obsolete authority turbines 150m size 7 120m local county administrative board permission from building municipal veto municipality substation prepares adopts comprehensive plan entire area detailed development plans residential areas suggesting suitable may accompany important reindeer herding parks regulated level must identify safeguard measures these interests also adopt regulations regulate certain aspects land covered regional limited text below summarises bigger projects or questions windeurope org 1 preparation eia consults confirm whether an required b consultation where requires consult relevant government agencies municipalities citizens organisations likely be affected period less than 3 weeks meeting held invitation sent advance following have leave comments outcomes reported application submits box model use instead applying specific coordinates this allows flexibility final layout choice long tip height noise shadow flickering met review available public which given opportunity comment 4 supplement supplementing round referral authorities another compulsory but done 5 request decision yes no put since 2009 right decided do need give reasons cannot appealed against there legal time limit respond however usually takes about months politicians will typically any decisions least six election change their minds during year lengthen every fourth sweden 6 announcement commissioning states operation other applications permissions swedish transport administration between private roads flight obstacle database marked appeal rules appeals committees lodged 30 days possible court shall district whose undertaken judgements courts superior svea supreme orgobstacles firm fr berg lundholm appointed energy association compiled list all 2015 2018 found that 76% regulatory were rejections key issues include armed forces continues oppose expansion previously half south was restrictions end 2017 expanded even further many infrastructure halted based protecting individual birds assessment impact population its conservation status favoured when balancing interest exempted could co exist source windbarriers 2010 references lottanilbecker 2014 thepermissionprocessforlargeonshorewindturbinesinsweden howdoauthoritiesinterpret laws orgswedish 100 percent renewable electricity 2040 combating climate improving competitiveness code adopted 1998 act ordinance 2011" ["edition_year"]=> int(2020) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-11-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7709 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7710 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7711 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7712 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7713 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7714 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7715 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7716 (2) { ["id"]=> int(141) ["name"]=> string(15) "national market" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7717 (2) { ["id"]=> int(142) ["name"]=> string(10) "developers" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7718 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7719 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7720 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7721 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7722 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [89]=> object(stdClass)#7723 (17) { ["id"]=> int(93) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1743fb1f-c8ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(29) "Community Ownership Factsheet" ["slug"]=> string(29) "community-ownership-factsheet" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(191) "Community involvement in wind farms spreads the benefits of wind energy and helps strengthen public support for wind investments. This factsheet presents four models of community ownership. " ["plain_text"]=> string(3104) "may 2020 four different models community involvement in wind farms spreads the benefits of energy and helps strengthen public support for investments there are ownership 100% commonly funded through bank loans crowd funding share offers or venture capital options joint farm is jointly developed owned managed by developer shared revenue model buys a right to receive profit from defined percentage net project agrees with it does not own any shares physical pay profits return assets investment split development usually offer separately where investors get an annual can recover i e each agreed their original outlay subject some limits initial number turbines years has stake but owns rights income stream most common general principles governments open minded on involves communities prospective non operator such as commercial partners determine which works company local authority working best develop manage important seek financial carrying risk experience legal tax advice this be large scale ways groups pool interests issue having constructive collaborative use sourcing relationship should involve trusted intermediaries cover capacity building mitigation diagram shows resources flow typical led regulations procedures around spatial planning grid connection play role questions marylise schmid windeurope orgcommunity mapping identify suitable areas 2010 they bought further additional provide upfront process between turbine produces enough regulators residents before developers supply 9 100 homes equivalent all involved nearby case study 1 4 templederry group ireland schlalach germany 16 10mw 5 2002 area near was designated first site had owners been generating power since into 330 plots 10 2012 15gwh per annum requested landowners town nenagh formed find outcome dividends being re invested other activities formulated conditions 2 ventures chose proposal neilston scotland included equal distribution rent option buy two ecological compensatory measures partnership trust ndt carbon free developments cfd citizen foundation also created finances charitable projects limited liability llp windfarm government technical belgium construction aspects provided oost vlaanderen limburg provinces consultation pr governance must include at least 20% allowed contribute up 10%municipalityand10%citizens andmanagement 49 9% costs including pro rata wallonia 24 co operative both citizens authorities 80% debt against expenditure 15 6m source 5m equity secured majority operating 950 000 social charities aid big invest west mecklenburg westerpomerania mustsetupalimitedliabilitycompanyandoffershares loan fund give 28 3% municipalities within opened 2013 km radius expected generate 10m over its lifetime 3 draft revised guidelines requires long term boyndie op 16mw 8 via new renewable electricity scheme will see falck renewables 2006 after raising 750 donated locally every mwh generated orgscotland target gw 2030 half newly consented have element france participation bonus if 40% 20 persons regional investissement participatif natural contributing 10% overall finance finacement org" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-10-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7724 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7725 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "Permitting rules" ["code"]=> string(16) "permitting-rules" } ["product_topics"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7726 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7727 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7728 (2) { ["id"]=> int(149) ["name"]=> string(9) "community" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7729 (2) { ["id"]=> int(150) ["name"]=> string(9) "ownerhsip" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7730 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7731 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7732 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7733 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7734 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7735 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [90]=> object(stdClass)#7736 (17) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "21958126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(53) "Wind Energy in Europe: Outlook to 2023 (October 2019)" ["slug"]=> string(50) "wind-energy-in-europe-outlook-to-2023-october-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(83) "This publication analyses how European markets will develop in the next five years." ["plain_text"]=> string(15846) "wind energy in europe outlook to 2023 october 2019 windeurope orgwind orgthis publication the third a series of annual reports analyses how european markets will develop next 5 years is based on internal analysis and consul tation with its members surveys national associations dedicated workshop may disclaimer this contains information collected regular basis throughout year then verified relevant industry ahead neither nor their related entities are by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies text business intelligence daniel fraile ivan komusanac editors colin walsh design marta estudi photo cover jan oelker acknowledgments acknowledges contributions following companies input organised 29 brussels fee fr vdma de aee es svensk vindenergi se psew pl anev it abb associa o portuguesa energias renovaveis apren acciona basf boralex brookfield cls risk solution dnvgl edf renewables edp r eneco enel enercon engie e equinor erg ge iberdrola innogy lm power nordex res rwea schneider electric senvion siemens gamesa renewable financial shell smulders sse vattenfall vestas vwea also kind cooperation institutions belgian offshore platform bulgarian association obnovljivi izvori energije hrvatske czech csve edora estonian ewpa finnish suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry ig windkraft irish iwea global council hellenic eletaen elettricita futura lithuanian lwpa netherlands nwea norwegian norwea renewableuk russian rawi stiftung windenergie suisse eole swiss turkish twea ukrainian uwea denmark executive summary 6 1 policy context & market trends 10 2 11 mid term 18 introduction central scenario 21 3 low 4 high 30 investment 31 co wend 32 technology 33 onshore turbine size 36 annex figures 38 end 2020 countries due deliver targets start imple menting 2030 climate plans necps towards 32% target play key role over period allowing many continue decarbonising systems cost effective way transformation deployment could install 90 gw new ene& super ambitious five if governments adinstall 112 24% more than resolve theirenario current issues around farm permitting investing ingridinfrastructure wouldso there s quite lot uncertainty much installed capacity going anything between 13 22 however unambitious weighs heavily supply chain remain unresolved willcould impact significant reductions achieved less only 67 26% recent already leading undersubscribed auctions notably germawhatever exact number installations most installation rates expected them at least three quarter spain sweden norway currently growth improves significantly tonshore germany installing traditionally has various government auction tender schedules uncertain rest not givenwindenergy across nextfive amount decisions we expect france show continued 65 potential additions steady those specific tenders other which can bid uk account 35% followed netherby country largest windfleet 72gwinthecentralscenario followedbyspain these just under half cumulative reach theoretical operational life 20wind get lifetime extension repowered another fully decommissioned would like repower but regulation still as supportive repowering that convert into figure gross scenarios 25 20 15 0 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2021 2022 source 7023 b per italy turkey others see data log https org area da ta interactive tools 8 additional added net compound above 88 capacitywill grrate cagr 15% totaling 5% 277 7 12 59 9 23 rate mean policycontext injune europeancommission relthe president elect commission ursula mendations drafvon der leyen committed putting forward said thgreen deal within her first 100 days office eu mem cient renewber states led presidency wants member commit zero particular streamlining windy 2050 farms reaching operatonthe ground acceleratingthe permittingprocessforwind barriers corporate developers remains top priority ments boosting electrificatioof project permits dropped havto collapse finalise ensure they become genuinees doesn t have brochures authority centralise all administrative processes becoming complex now started once every expensive land becomes constrained changing guard parnumber legal appeals increases were fairly positive cen tre right social democrats liberals news bad months ve seen commanding majority parlicreased ambition from ireland portugal principle support finland policies well regulatory progress very november firm commitment theambitious although political un economy certainty regards future poland comprehensive reviewof relatednationalpolicies sees found our report addressing growing needs developments challenging environment projects thewindindustryfullyunderstandsthenecessitytopreserve example total increase since local ecosystems both fauna flora minimise construction schedule tight timeline g negative effects population noise contracts renting equipment signed spatial planning constraints awaiting execution limit sector time obtain necessary i limited use latest available clude strict minimum setback distances housing stringent application file submitted limits nature safeguarding radar civil includes model proposed &military safeguardingdistances averagetipheightrestric blocked limbo tions so stakeholders expectations increasing miss out features requirement planned developed designs losing competitive advantage conclusion harmony landscape societal interest developer need an opened ownership models extensive permit order able stakeholder consultation costs issuedfor determined despitethefactthatrenewablesarewell regardedinopinion periodoftimeandmayexpirebeforegettingtheconsent polls3 people prefer fossil fuels building acceptance level down banks likely lend money main impacts delays consenting risks lower mechanisms place insurance development being denied consent longer periods delayed because dispute initially envisaged www cleanenergywire factsheets polls reveal citizens energiewende http climateaction 85 supports record poll provide long visibility fowith 176 mw awarded 500 offerthat offered similarly last greek inthe auctionschedule had struggling fulfil onshoreember prompted officials open result without nec essary practice unhelpful problem do built german september was fifth consecutive table list recently auctioned 650 208 august 270 february 700 476 670 363 604 118 greece july 300 180 171 characterised lapse moment promoter granted sup port mechanism results announcement starts operate grid connection approximately two take overall site investigation resource assessment environmental assessments technical studies consultations communities procedures why crucial good upcoming framework allowed realise largely dependentonthe instance ingermany large monthimplementation deadline while community connect turbines up 54 after allocation might extend gap considering times volumes presented connected taken accuracy therefore nonetheless bound actual case mostly allocated before larger degree affected yet announced consider fid takes individual phase pre n ironmenta conditioning layout detailed comissioning review procurement activity feasibility nancial close timing final decision auctiona part capacityhasalreadybeensetinthe plansofnine approxwind mately neutral thethe participation make announcements process updating respective established calendar where annually until addition agreed distributed 36% 24 ande cfd round dominated remote islands comes thehore whichplansupto6gwofoffshorewindtobeauctioned claimed thuk hold clear plan shore 14 draft amendments ageing fleet act june confirmed 421 scheduled tfollowing similar trend previous took follows 249 72 austria infrance asaconsequenceofthelowerpricesresultingfrom 407 thedunkirkoffshoretenderearlierthisyear thegovernment hasboosteditsinstallationtargetfortenderedoffshorewind been deployed 750 2024 areas best looking possibility state aid guidelines set conditions ththe drivers deciding simply decom enshrined legislation themission plant performance tur directive im bines o&m length frameworks portant confirms pu generally evolution wholesale electricity prices when strategies operation figure2 distribution age 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% % onshkore 10% 0% 35 some defined budget info visit overview past about33% ofthe installedonshore fleetisover manufacturers overcome old same applies 33% 57% obstaclestoeffectivelyrepowerexistingsites insomecases put perspective 16 repoweringprojectsmightbemorecumbersometodevelop greenfield stricter today ago regulations limiting distance 31% houses changed decade considerable aspects lead strong thatcandelay projectsby several replace existing sites eligible maintain sustainable capac changes ity progressively substituting fuel generation either opt measures decommission according simplified 90s few shorter deadlines swifter build hundred kw 60m hub height replaced tallerandmore powerfulturbines inenergy should completed yields actions simplify terminology tauerwindpark rating theanalysisofmorethan60repoweringprojectsineuropehas ther observations shownanumberofinterestingtrends projectsarerepowered average atverydifferentpointsintheirlifetime rangingfromjust9to 27 late decreases onaverage projectsoperate for22yearsbefore ingermanytherepoweringofprojectstookplace doubles bonusf eur mwh incentivising operators earlier newer four decrease such bya factor change x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 17 windenergy marketoutlook reflect reg ulatory consists oftimelinesandtheperformanceofthewindindustryinwinning provides estimates ld reachith 254 improve whictheir legislationies rk 299 windeuropey 2023we termgross refer newpacity minus including greenfieldprojects andnewcapacitycommission used calculate eventual decommissioning details vs accounting prorjects capacrity c d rrepowering capacirty capracity forregarding uncertaipeak given con capability markstruction se1 931 374 belgium 370 andgermany 252 accounted expecting volhornsea particularly comparison thworld ofpreviousyears bytheendofjune theinstallationvolumes 148 expectingst far 459 andnorway hasn instoverall slightly asingle expectingclose relatively compared historical levels strongincreasesinexpectedinstallationsinitaly aerm ny even itistypicaltoseesignificantlyhigherinstallationsinthesecondstronger2023 in2023we expectto strongactivityinthe summer monthoffshoresectorinthenetherlands norwayandfrance better weather commissioning orders thistrendwillbeevenmorepronouncedthannormalthisyear witness stagnation authorities installationswereparticularlypooringermany whichhadits tackle efficient worst h1 2000 wiland manner windinstallations millennium poorly designed combination difficulties significantlywithbetween254and299gwofcumulative capacityacross mostcapacity between68 77 spainwill come second decommis represent sioned coming occur 13% typically estimate nario pipeline ongoing enable reflects existence assumes builtnstallations projected edthe until2020 governmentsetthose nanced ordered arestohelpspainmeetits2020renewableenergytarget providing short insweden anadditional twhof windtarget 2040 meet forcertificates injected 5rs rushing obtainthis andwe lessthanhalfofitwillhappenin2019asthegovernmentpect 250 200 150 50 ual installationps pgw ns 122 136 162 178 189 207 223 240 257 t212023 inturkey depreciationofthe turkishliraisstillaproblem tendersingermany franceandthenetherlandsprovidegoodbut judging yeka confidence post public one reasons slower experience favoured slowdown constructionpermitscouldbid anegative effecton spite cabinet underthecentralscenario 2019willbeastrongyear 8gw tendering theofgrossinstallations withrecordinstallationsinoffshorewind sions onsetback inprinciple 1000m present further challenge recovery mafter respectively setting auear thoritytoovercometheuncertaintythathascausedchallengesstrong contribution system register about between2019 wouldreach leader 16% non russia withintheninelargestmarketsineurope eightmomarket fors figure8 51 den spaina ee itturkey l ndr si eace iialandothers ukrain ortugal ewindeurope23ok figure9 toargest 17% share concentrate mainly 1to beatrice hornsea norwaeast anglia merkur enbw hohe enter markesee albatros deutsche bucht commercial below marwill no waters timeframe dutch borssele ii iii iv small prevent instal lations almost north sea figure10 000 380 072 853 cap 723 305 075 442 260 ir germdenmark lgium rway outlo25 driven factors together his torical types type incentives specificities vary assume follow previously analysed increased restrictions different explained box illustration provided each removed 55% incentivized 75% 65% 26 figure12 illustrative operationsp tween4 repoweringprojects in2019 repoweringvolume wouldfollowed around400mwbutby2023itcouldreachupto 5gw to27023 incumulativeterms europewouldreach277gwofinstalled creased emissions trading ets priccapacity continuous coal ecountry 71 havedowngraded assumptions expecfour threshold ne blades needing reused recycled decommissi57%d forecasted running operations partiales replacement certainelements suchas gearbox 80 70 60 40 cap0city franc swedenr ey oldenmar tug irel ustrromania u ain 28 drop propose improvementsfrom currentlegislationto completion widespreadnual tocumulative sequently enthe remainwithno newinstallations permittedandalready projectsawardedin2017onshoreauctions withoutpermits supportedpipelineisbuilt butunfavourablenationalpolicies causing realisation persist troubles court prob pace permitted alems togetherwithoffshoredelays resultina3 6gwdrop awarding inwith foresees 2019thatcausedelaysinmarketssuchasswedenandnorway newe summing gros2 capacitoy 135 203 217 229 241 2293 highscenario legislative ineuropeanout improved allow entirely highallation boost accelerate enjoy reduction toy competition solved optimistic mitting combined higher afterarecordyearin2019with17 7gw 900mwmorethan inthecentralscenario 2020wouldbeanevenstrongeryear 19 continuing recordor anticipates faster reachut bring 39 outs 350 226 247 272 bn assuming delay investments assets needed assas moving equal overtake toa flat forecast consistent incapex 45 in1estments to31023 morethan the2019 asia race bringing 168 representing inepresent contribute 41% stallations wimarketgw figure18 middle east pacific africa 2% america latin 6% 48% gwec q3 20233 facing dramatic shift constant acity thonshoreo maximise q2 beyond platforms normal 12% abo9e 47% powerful thus quickly 9see quarterly monitoring energwindeuropee figure19 q4 q1 per7 ra7ting what rotors diameter rrotor blade nearly 80m couple tors 138m 160m entereearlier v162 received ord5 x sg 170 rotor 170m launched 160 ep5 meantime severalturbine manufacturersannouncedrotor piece anet cypress nounced n163 whichfeatures single piecer customers 34 figure20 140 130 125 di3ameter m 120 115 figure21 bubble represents 158 155 147 132 t4 0ine v117 2m140 v150 n149 2m148 iec class sgre 88% ca pacity range incroffshoreze resulted crossing quofkl10 installationer test facilities hollande kust zuid 193 dd figure22 turibine ratingi mhi v193 version afterprototype erection success v164 writing injanuary sgrprocess haliade prototype rotterdam figure23 167 tur8ine se6 2m 152 swt 154 renewabgle 3723 annex1 246 156 830 265 bulgaria 691 croatia 804 387 cyprus republic 63 932 429 201 estonia 390 394 435 050 96 655 596 310 103 hungary 329 142 942 020 450 959 latvia 66 lithuania 545 984 luxembourg 44 164 malta 549 364 040 139 432 romania slovakia slovenia 269 196 532 69 888 083 433 switzerland 86 161 107 224 569 ukraine 540 073 serbia 471 845 bosnia 304 355 herzegovina montenegro 75 kosovo 105 137 macedonia 065 204 albania 014 206 045 725 253 392 windeuropewindeurope voice actively p moting worldwide 400 headquarters coun tries component suppliers research institutes contractors providers consultants strength makes network rue belliard 1040 213 1811 f 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-10-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7737 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7738 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(19) "Wind Energy Outlook" ["code"]=> string(19) "wind-energy-outlook" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7739 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7740 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7741 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7742 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(18) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7743 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7744 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7745 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7746 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7747 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7748 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7749 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7750 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7751 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7752 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7753 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7754 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7755 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7756 (2) { ["id"]=> int(25) ["name"]=> string(7) "outlook" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7757 (2) { ["id"]=> int(26) ["name"]=> string(6) "market" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7758 (2) { ["id"]=> int(27) ["name"]=> string(6) "policy" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7759 (2) { ["id"]=> int(28) ["name"]=> string(9) "half-year" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#7760 (2) { ["id"]=> int(49) ["name"]=> string(6) "report" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7761 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7762 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7763 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7764 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7765 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7766 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7767 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(407) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBFQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--6d1f45eb8c1ef6d4d78805369869a1723c4ddc30/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/market-outlook-to-2023.jpg" } [91]=> object(stdClass)#7768 (17) { ["id"]=> int(29) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "69958126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(38) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring Q3 2019" ["slug"]=> string(38) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-q3-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(246) "This report summarises the annouced wind turbine orders in each quarter of the year. It also provides a market analysis of the industry based on the number of orders, capacity ordered, sellers, buyers and other sectoral and technology indicators." ["plain_text"]=> string(1834) "q3 2019 statistics windeurope org november 2019this report summarises wind turbine orders that this publication contains information collected on a took place from 1 july to 30 september regular basis throughout the year and then verified with relevant members of industry before publishing neither nor its tracks announced their related entities are by means publicly available commercial transactions future deals rendering professional advice or categorising them into firm conditional services shall partnerships framework agreements be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies latter entails more than one order in determined period without specified amount units capacity text analysis which do not fit these categories business intelligence classified as unknown ivan komusanac we track enercon because they policy 32 2 213 18 38 number rated turbines gearbox mw diameter m generator class countries ge 227 103 81 yes 7 dfig s poland 5 3 158 33 138 sweden 27 turkey 6 137 stages iii ukraine 4 8 10 vestas 180 v150 53 150 acr finland greece v136 36 136 ii germany norway v117 45 23 117 i v112 13 112 italy 12 v126 126 nordex acciona 55 n149 4500 149 aw140 3000 140 spain n133 4800 133 uk aw132 3300 132 spaincountry rating undisclosed 60 49 28 22 25 21 total 56 89 turbineswindeurope counts results cross checked companies officially distinguishes between released websites energ sa www energia es adwen adwenoffshore com under all types tracked but per country company is carried out alone renewableenergy unless mhi offshore http mhivestasoffshore furthermore se online en small scale e those smaller 100 kw senvion https global siemens gamesa renewable energy relying siemensgamesa int offshorewind biz suzlon rechargenews vergnet accueil php renewablesnow renews windpowerintelligence windpowermonthly" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-10-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7769 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7770 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7771 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7772 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(17) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7773 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7774 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7775 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7776 (2) { ["id"]=> int(31) ["name"]=> string(3) "o&m" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7777 (2) { ["id"]=> int(50) ["name"]=> string(5) "order" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7778 (2) { ["id"]=> int(51) ["name"]=> string(5) "buyer" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7779 (2) { ["id"]=> int(52) ["name"]=> string(6) "seller" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7780 (2) { ["id"]=> int(53) ["name"]=> string(17) "wind turbine size" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7781 (2) { ["id"]=> int(54) ["name"]=> string(11) "maintenance" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7782 (2) { ["id"]=> int(55) ["name"]=> string(8) "contract" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7783 (2) { ["id"]=> int(56) ["name"]=> string(10) "monitoring" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7784 (2) { ["id"]=> int(57) ["name"]=> string(4) "firm" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7785 (2) { ["id"]=> int(58) ["name"]=> string(18) "purchase agreement" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7786 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7787 (2) { ["id"]=> int(60) ["name"]=> string(12) "power rating" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7788 (2) { ["id"]=> int(61) ["name"]=> string(8) "diameter" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7789 (2) { ["id"]=> int(62) ["name"]=> string(14) "specific power" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7790 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7791 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7792 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7793 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7794 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(423) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBJZz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--7c192d2d0d45f0af110a93687706d7d2189df4a9/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/213_working-in-wind_canada_sullivan_01.jpg" } [92]=> object(stdClass)#7795 (17) { ["id"]=> int(46) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "a7948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(26) "Recycling blade composites" ["slug"]=> string(26) "recycling-blade-composites" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(834) "Wind turbines have a recyclability rate of around 85% to 90%. Most components of a wind turbine such as the foundation, tower, gearbox and generator can be recycled and are treated accordingly. However, for some components most notably wind turbine blades recycling is still a challenge due to the complex nature of the materials used in blades, the lack of circular business models and the low recovery rate of existing solutions. Why recycling? 15,000 blades will be reaching the end of their designed life between 2018 and 2022. This is a significant volume that needs a certain logistic and technology in place in order to proceed to collection, transportation and waste management treatment. The wind energy sector wants to increase circularity within the sector and is therefore looking to support new recycling solutions." ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2018) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-09-20" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7796 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7797 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7798 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(28) "Sustainability and Recycling" ["code"]=> string(28) "sustainability-and-recycling" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7799 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7800 (2) { ["id"]=> int(122) ["name"]=> string(9) "recycling" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7801 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7802 (2) { ["id"]=> int(124) ["name"]=> string(9) "composite" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7803 (2) { ["id"]=> int(125) ["name"]=> string(5) "blade" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7804 (2) { ["id"]=> int(126) ["name"]=> string(5) "waste" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7805 (2) { ["id"]=> int(127) ["name"]=> string(8) "landfill" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7806 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7807 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7808 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7809 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7810 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7811 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7812 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(424) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBNdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--181a9fb91c68b3717cd3f85052c6e25d7a596e1a/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/207_boosting-economies_india_bundela_01.jpg" } [93]=> object(stdClass)#7813 (17) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "9255b21c-c9ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(79) "Briefing on Key Organisational Requirements, Roles and Responsibilities (KORRR)" ["slug"]=> string(76) "briefing-on-key-organisational-requirements-roles-and-responsibilities-korrr" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(541) "This briefing highlights the points of the Key Organizational Roles, Requirements and Responsibilities (KORRR) methodology that are relevant for the wind sector. The KORRR approach is very important because it sets the framework for all data exchange provisions of the System Operation Guideline thus all data exchange – structural, scheduled and real-time data – requirements between parties involved in the security of the electric system (generators, other significant grid users, transmission and distribution system operators…). " ["plain_text"]=> string(5372) "september 2019 by vasiliki klonari senior digitalisation and system integration analyst market intelligence windeurope figure 1 artificial in a no choice but to get it smart energy industry source towards data science key points one of the main responsibilities significant grid users sgus korrr approach is provision structuralandscheduleddatatothe tso or connecting dso this task can be delegated third party briefing highlights responsibility remains with facility owner organizational roles requirements inparticulartheprovisionofreal timedatabydistribution document that are relevant connected which might induce high costs for communication infrastructure shall defined each wind sector coordination dsos however does not recommend any important because sets harmonisation effort among different tsos apart from framework all exchange provisions suggesting application international standards operation guideline so gl thus unfavourable level playing countries between parties involved security when comes specifications electric focuses on recommends coordinate elements table article 40 6 stakeholders ensure applicability until very end chain 2 entso e proposal organisational european commission regulation eu 2017 1485 relating accordaaugust establishing electricity transmission august questions org information exchanges frequency restoration control error set load controller tap changer obligations positions transformers compensating neighbouring equipment open close position switching b their regarding c address existing new power generating modules sysdownstream upstream classified as type d network code generators according 5 determine detailed contents scope at principles typeofdata communicationmeans national addresses how format applied timing entity shalldefinetherelevantdetailsbutdoesnotdefinethe time stamping f specific details case moreover sig ificant g idvided used theapplicationof internationalstandards reporting there three categories most legal considerations regard providing latter exchanged even has structural general permanent characteristics attributes been ensuring confidentiality collecting facilities capabilities static dynamic models scheduledinformation expectedbehaviourof previously mentioned flexible leaves lot space differentiation scheduled frame near future up year instance owners responsible complete electrical outage planning generation consumption schedules simulation model they provide 3 real present behaviour whole such simulations only necessary parameters include telemetry measurements estimated build values following non exhaustive active reactive powers line flows interchange another example concerns corridors directly reserves bus bar voltages indirectly through 2016 631 14 april2016establishinganetwork codeonrequirements forgridconnection may have templates within its area depending impact capacity proposes flexibility principle efficient taking into account specificities our opinion should least field renewables recommendation default mostly refers horizontal operators distribution ratherthanverticaltso dsoandtso sguinformation both articles 48 50 53 presents option done means like centre an aggregator other considered implementation facilitating gives possibility figure3otherpossibilitiesfordataexchangebetweensystemoperators presented systemoperator thetsoorthedso insuchcases exchanging them apartfromthedefaultcase figure2 thekorrr approachmentionssupplementary possibilities articles14 32 35 41and43ofthencrfgaretheones linked terms need reduced these addressed nc rfg defines basic capability furthercases applicable could enter common platform capable access 4 operator supporting 3c periodically timestamping maintenanceof links interface point provided unless explicitly otherwise agreed define thekorrrorganisationcanbeseenasamatrix delegate tasks more described paragraphs remain compliance above blurry manner sgu specifying direct quality provides link demand services cybercrime incidents reported initial s particular communicationnetworkwhich finally affected process led service contract rupture permission issues respective installation configuration defining maintenance secure aspects covered ticle accordanceishing guide lines directives ngf nationale gennemf relsesforanstaltninger specify content inform months before planned two days ahead commissioning final removal modification module store gathered unavailability orlimitationsto activepowerproduction updated maintained storage referred observability own networks sgusinitscontrol areathatwill theyshouldalsospecifythedetailedcontentand technical publish including specified similarly also refresh rate cannot longer than minute dependingon needs review every accordance current technologies about guarantee redundancy communications modifications advance soon detected energinet danish developing informative specification still receiving indraftingphase whichcansupportthenominativeso 7 protocols architecture networksecurityrules identificationcode subject naming convention performance rules concerned timedatadirectlytothetso therespectiveentity contact ofplanned outages disturbancesof hvdc systems 18 after entry force nd apply dcc regulatory authorities approved some mightbeexemptedfromtheobligationbutthisisagain currently monitoring expected report fulfil logical connections making reality" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-09-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7814 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7815 (2) { ["id"]=> int(148) ["name"]=> string(18) "system integration" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7816 (2) { ["id"]=> int(152) ["name"]=> string(14) "digitalisation" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7817 (2) { ["id"]=> int(175) ["name"]=> string(8) "briefing" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7818 (2) { ["id"]=> int(176) ["name"]=> string(4) "data" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7819 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7820 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7821 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7822 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7823 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7824 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [94]=> object(stdClass)#7825 (17) { ["id"]=> int(115) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "a591f58e-c1ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(21) "Wind Energy and Birds" ["slug"]=> string(21) "wind-energy-and-birds" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(45) "Factsheet on bird impacts from wind energy. " ["plain_text"]=> string(5968) "september 2019 vi introduction caused by cats 55 million in denmark 30 000 birds the impact of climate change on biodiversity is were killed wind turbines 1997 1 100 mw increasing rapidly and likely to become one capacity while traffic 2 i vii viii most important drivers future energy vehicles within sector there contributes conservation as a leading an estimated 0 3 bird fatalities per gigawatt hour decarbonisationsolutionintheenergysector by2030 compared against 5 ix windenergy couldsaveupto 485milliontonnesofco fossil fuel generation raptors seem more europe however at local level conflicts may collide with than many other species arise between nature duetomorphologyandflightbehaviour seaducksand industry aware range potential divers are also noted for their susceptibility impacts makes continuous efforts disturbance xi reduce pressure environment farms have no detectable negative effects sited appropriately we believe those that recorded problems none so far essential role play helping meet our has been demonstrated population targets decarbonising electricity supply size main concerns relate cumulative world wildlife fund multiple installations poorly individual x rspb supports significant growth offshore mitigation measures onshore power this clear hierarchy follow mitigate can be achieved harmony rather diagram below shows expense natural royal society protection avoid creating from outset habitats siting sensitive monitoring potentially through death duration minimise intensity or extent collision habitat loss fragmentation cannot completely avoided displacement e avoidance otherwise suitable compensate compensation restoration barrier where alter offsetting remaining migration flyways flight paths which these manifest themselves highly site specific selection using sensitivity mapping both strategic project typically actual amounts around 5% total development area 2012 study found panachaiko farm greece located natura 2000 totals 48 45 north america cause onaverage2 3birdfatalitiesperyear medianvalues iv during priority estimates uk 9 600 106 aesthetic forest identified excluded any v infrastructure work after 10 years operation annual whilst undesirable numbers very low when mortality data shown incidents questions marylise schmid windeurope org xii burgenland region austria vanrountas mt hosts areas high 20% global dalmatian great regional framework was white pelicans two sites ramsar developed wetland automated system consultation stakeholders installed 2013 uses accuracy cameras identify flying approach had several beneficial including degree planning reliability developers pelican flies inside risk warning sounds shutdown simplified decision making procedure authorities transparency activated collisions detected period organisations modification activity 900 o visual such intermittent lighting meanwhile sea eagle imperial instead extinct whole attraction returned bustard acoustic deterrence decoys grown 60 500 human implementation environmental design layout management plan detailing orientation spacing location damage micro noise sources undergrounding lines particularly construction repowering buffer zones turbine features g regularly used nest tower type hub height rough grassland water all modified employment ecological staff minimising non operational periods works maintenance regular removal timed key brokenorobsoleteturbinestoreduceperching breeding season therefore risks outside raisingthecutinspeedsduringcertainperiods ofincreasedbirdpresence likemigration curtailment temporary designed attractiveness peak seasonal demand systems use radar conjunction trained cerro del palo caldero la muela observers spain base number each three xiii superficially tilled eliminate weeds thus 13 tarifa griffon vultures reduced substantially mean 50 8% insects prey showed lesser kestrel selective greatest decreased 75% 100% observed orgcompensate contributed creation body knowledge it done performing pre implementationofahabitatmanagementplan post financing r&d activities degradation well plans example enhancement appropriate intact joint government developing alternative off procedurestoreducetheriskofbirdcollisionswith peatland scotland scottish will test promising deterrent renewables developer includingpaintingrotorblades painting over gw committed bases uv restore 8000ha they refine gis based tools trialing various methods renewable showing success ground smoothing wave xiv orjip set up damming department business & industrial strategy beis then decc crown estate marine 16 general principles not fits option funds research projects better inform consenting available should commonly agreed asset owner permitting relevant communities take into account cost effective alternatives practicable realistic flexible dynamic adaptive include go default innovation gaps thewindindustrysupportstechnologyinnovationsuch resolution thermal avian radars devices still trial phases iipbes 2018 summary policymakers ipbes iiwindeurope 2017 scenarios assessment report ecosystem 2030 services central asia convention iii european bern fox d desholm m kahlert j christensen t k krag petersen b 2006 information needs support bureau meeting xischwemmer p mendel sonntag n dierschke ibis 148 garthe s 2011 ship seabirds 129 144 waters implications ivswedish agency effect spatial applications 21 1851 1860 bats synthesis xiiwwf 2014 best practice bassi bowen fankhauser case sustainable xiide lucas ferrer bechard mu oz r mckay c 2008 without hot vulture souther air cambridge uit ltd distribution active andersen 1998 review historical modern utilisation ris national laboratory xiviucn programme 2016 update online roskilde viieurostat https www iucn peatlandprogramme news http appsso eurostat ec europa eu nui show do dataset last 14 july nrg 113a&lang en 6 march xv ixsovacool benefits 2009 nina english vol 49 pp19 24 xvihttp birdlife international updated analysis guidance integrated" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-09-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7826 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7827 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(19) "Technical briefings" ["code"]=> string(19) "technical-briefings" } ["product_topics"]=> array(0) { } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7828 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7829 (2) { ["id"]=> int(172) ["name"]=> string(21) "environmental impacts" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7830 (2) { ["id"]=> int(173) ["name"]=> string(5) "birds" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7831 (2) { ["id"]=> int(174) ["name"]=> string(8) "wildlife" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7832 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7833 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7834 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7835 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7836 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7837 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [95]=> object(stdClass)#7838 (17) { ["id"]=> int(95) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1f5722a8-a6ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(15) "Wind Power to X" ["slug"]=> string(15) "wind-power-to-x" ["tagline"]=> string(68) "WindEurope’s position on how to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050" ["overview"]=> string(496) "This paper sets out WindEurope’s position on how to achieve net-zero emissions. It puts forward the renewable-based electrification as the most cost-effective approach to reach climate neutrality. It stresses: the direct use of this renewable electricity whenever is available and wherever is possible across all sectors in the economy and the use of this renewable electricity to produce zero-carbon gases and fuels where necessary in activities which cannot reduce CO2 emissions otherwise. " ["plain_text"]=> string(26162) "23this paper summarises windeurope s position on how to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 it puts forward the renewable based electrification as most cost effective approach reach climate neutrality this means conversion of energy uses in industry and transport from fossil fuels electricity generated sources like wind stresses direct use electricitywheneverisavailableandwhereverispossible acrossallsectorsintheeconomy andtheuse produce carbon gases only where necessary those activities which cannot reduce otherwise first europe must keep focus delivering decarbonisation easier abate sectors order comply with paris agreement commitments these include power generation light duty rail pulpandpaper aluminium buildings andagriculture inallthesetheworkisfarfromover yet for policymakers should pursue a using wherever is available whenever possible will deliver bulk economy crucially eu continue implementation modernisation policies mainstream regulatory work not done over significant efforts are needed many barriers still exist 1 taxes levies tariffs particularly industrial users 2 efficiency accounting methods penalise against 3 incentives widespread heat pumps district heating networks 4 integrating into vehicles second progresses reducing become increasingly important harder ones too heavy cement steel chemicals road aviation shipping without tackling co be impossible there certain renewables technically feasible or solutions developed far future curb global warming time biogas biomethane well liquid produced hydrogen could decarbonise indirect used hard pursuing outside would require much higher capacities than because directly 4renewable more efficient converting other carriers availability sites permitting becomes stringent europecouldendupnotbuildingenoughrenewablesandimportinglowandzero carbongases abroad worsening its dependency can pure form an carrier combustible gas fuel cell feedstock raw material also combined inputs what referred feedstocks therearealsocarbon basede fuelswhichincludesyntheticmethane syntheticliquidfuelsandmethanol contrast ammonia free derivative chemical over95 %of production today fuelbased around 4%of supply via electrolysis process that splits water oxygen solar pv electrolysers commercially however producing technology costs roughly double withfossil whichismostlydonewithfossilgasinaprocesscalledsteam methanereforming smr while innovation integration system support towards industrialisation economies scale improvements parallel main drivers additional tackled nature represents 65 80% operational tariffsand leviesonelectricity account for30%on averageofthetotal bill across policy interventions target retail price opportunities ensuring level playing field between different storage technologies intheorythereisthepossibilitytoproducehydrogenwithcurtailedrenewableelectricityfromwindfarms orsolarpvplants thereisnobusinesscaseforthisyetandeverythingindicatesthathydrogen productionwouldrequirededicatedpowergenerationassets theinstallationofthis additionalcapacity forhydrogenproductionwouldlikelyresultinaneedformoreenergyimportstotheeu afirststepcould incentivise intensive industries locate close coastal areas offshore abundant onshore good resources limited transmission sectorcouplingreferstotheincreasedintegrationofenergysupply sidesectorswithallend useenergy consuming sector coupling now accepted strategy objectives pursued security affordability oneofthemajorenablersofsectorcouplingistheconversionofpowertogas ptgorp2g theresulting serves complementary agent such cross vector 5integration contribute if powered entail changes primarily european commission adaptthemarketdesignandregulatoryframeworksadoptedwiththecleanenergypackageforelectricity aligning rules latter pathway thisshouldconsistfirstinacarefulassessmentoffuturegasdemand includingtheuseofnon fossilgases specific niches have basically no alternative next package legislative proposals expected 2020 avoid locking fossilgas long term itshouldrathercreatetheconditionsforzero carbongasesto betechnicalandcommerciallyviable were four priority taxonomy classify routes when traceability mix generating roles responsibilities market regulated players cruciallywho canown operate andoffersector servicesto infrastructure commonly agreed definition classification at terminology surroundingthispotentialsolutionfordecarbonisingeurope shard abatesectorscanbeconfusingand potentially misleading given crucial determine rolein treatment state aid guidelines environmental protection multiple involve varying levels emissi2ns impacts mainly determined criteria unambiguously define calls clear simple transparent derivatives electrolysed 100% reference baseline avoiding complex definitions maintain reliable trust integrity information people recast directive starting point but enough targets under 1european parliament 2018 enhanced foster grid stability study requested itre 6obligations provisions straight usedintheonsitehydrogenproductioninaclosed loopedsystem whenelectrolysersareconnected varied located approaches trace origin europeancommissionwilldevelopamethodologytobetteraccountfortheshareofrenewableelectricity equipment connected planned adopt delegatedactby31december2021to supplementtherenewableenergydirective windeuropecallsfor methodology clarified soon consultation type amount guarantees gos producers guaranteesoforiginforrenewableenergyplayanimportantroletostimulatefinalcustomer sdemand preserve value distinction ensured applicable non energies issued play larger role makers clarify regulations regards ownership facilities windeuropecallsfortsosanddsosnotbeinvolvedincompetitiveactivitieslikepower asthey potential conflict interest planning granting access operating dispatching infrastructures further development regret option increasing share stronger grids entso e ten year network developmentplan tynyp foresees 114bn 10 4bn ofinvestmentsforgridinfrastructureto2030 investment envisaged times room optimisation existing member states stepupthegridbuildoutsignificantly theupcomingten eregulationrevisionin2020shouldbealigned prioritise demand set decrease all scenarios believes enable scenario inevitable assets decommissioned overall downsized accordingly 7in economic fundamentals major risk high content especially case stranded overnight 8europe make choice favour processes key sustainable affordable immediately easy o expand renewableenergy following closely clean urgently removing seek purposely taxation reform update relevant legislation primary factor pef triggers recognises improving ensure applying same principles determining both electrical charging part smart innovative context achieving reduces prepare framework tackle commercialisation targetthedevelopmentandupscalingofelectrolysertechnologiesthroughindustrial securing leadership r&i research test demonstration large off treat electrolysersusing100%renewableelectricityona fieldwith reflective p2g injected mandateaneu wideframeworkforpermittingrequiringmemberstatestodesignate one stop shop authorities national limits application proposea legislativeframeworkto align thefossil gassectortowards emissionswith guiding competition among 9 allowances exclusively undermines effectiveness ets assess co2 footprint biofuels electro recognise including avoidthelong termfossilfuelslocking inwhilemakingthebestuseofexistingenergy pave way specifically provide unambiguous andwhereneeded therolesand entities tsosand dsos operation injection fully line third liberalisation unbundling reaffirmed recent tsos involved competitive perform efficiently supporting projects derogation granted g definitionofmarket failure periodofinvolvement party etc tso dso foreclose develop complete pending delegated acts clarifying methodologies compliance obligation articles 25 27 already exists until clarity extent contributes ii redii difficult final decision propose roadmap scaling up costof productionof fuelsand basedonrenewableenergy substituting upcoming regulation revision aligned spell out measures their plans 2030 notably take precedence options fresh look proposal qualified majority voting making remove related elements bills optimise measure they green procurement facilitating uptake corporate ppas mandated nras providea properlyandseparatelyforthe guaranteesoforigin forrenewableelectricityandforhydrogen charge who request receiving financial taken mechanism contained art 19 points c decentralisation issuance albeit centralised certification relation exempt electrolyser owners advanced annex ix nothing else unreasonable onerous expect onthesidetheyproduceapercentageoftheirfuelintheformofadvancedbiofuels forother producerspreferring renewablehydrogen itmight complexto carefully consider consequences recycled res counting capture usage ccu lock effect creating business conditions emitting flue dis 11the committed world limit below 5 above preindustrial meeting bring negative humans planet reality bridge before end century theeuhasbeenattheforefrontofinternationaleffortstocombatclimatechange itwasthefirstmajor submit intended contribution aims greenhouse least 40% compared 1990 improve 32 5% 32% milestone fight change exploring neutral thereby contributing goal has analysed feasibility eight pathways get two see figure facing challenges lead society any futures some acceptability we consume pace place short competitiveness globalised upfront investments medium results addressing someofthechallengesmentionedabove itputsforwardtherenewable basedelectrificationasthemost producezero carbongasesandfuelsonlywherenecessary inthoseactivitieswhichcannotreducecarbon maximise undertaken combination three general through circular life style behaviour switching sinks absorption 2like ccs been established consumption reduced optimised cheapest abateme2t 3international panel ipcc special report https www ch sr15 depth analysis communication com 773 strategic vision prosperous modern 12achieving rapid improvement former unlikely yield 15% reduction therefore abatement opportunity historically largest emitters 2decarbonising continues so successfully achieved largely thanks currently accounts 24% total 45% consumed cooling applications 31% dominated cases equivalent thermal example battery electricvehiclehashigher efficiencies 65% internalcombustionenginevehicles 30% electric vehicle less degrees chance essential systems relying natural offsets land oceans restore globally insufficient own endeavoured emission2 last 20 years started 6 abatesectors likepowergeneration othereasier abatesectorsincludelight dutytransport pulp andpaper togethertheyemit70%ofglobalemissions inallthese 7 cheaper c2sts indelivering combat decarbonising fastest driven substitution 2n 8 dropped 23% mtco 2eqto 2eq 2005 2015 period doubled 450 twh 920 4ascompetitivenesspressuresarefeltmostlybyindustry businesseswhereenergyrepresentasignificantpartoftheiroperation run tight growth expectations may offset savings absolute terms transitions 2019 mission reaching mid 5european ibid 6easier tco 7energy data iea 2014 eea europa maps indicators emission trends assessment 9https ec eurostat statistics explained index php title file gross 28 2017 png 13in meet 60% section importanttofocusontheharder abateonestoo thesesectorsincludeheavyindustry togethertheharder abatesectorsrepresentaround30%ofco emissionsgloba2ly inheavyindustry 0 iron emit 6% 7% 11 freight 8% 10% figures source decarbonised eventually eliminate increase due restof faster greatest challenge lies within temperature transformations called pro2ess characteristics forecast particular international 10energy irena outlook transition 14markets withoutemission low obligations preventing de localisation operations leakage during critical mover advantage 12 countries promote standards products emerge secure indirectly another then consumers mitigation come why itmustcontinuethedeploymentofrenewableenergytechnologiesandstorage thisexpansion together increased number allow continuation reductions progressed rapidly taking decisions reinforcement build seen expansion adaptation poses proposed shows demandshoulddecreasedrasticallywhileelectricityuseshouldincreasesignificantlyfromthe24%share 50% tech half met biomass derived fuelscouldmeetupto24%offinalenergydemandin2050 theeuropeancommissionscenarios show need 13industrial transformation economics 14includes liquids 15 breaking new ground ambitious 62% rate 33% put coalition finance civil leaders recommendedelectrificationastheoptionwiththegreatestroleinreachingnet zeroemissionsbymid annual gdp percentage being save 2% 86% 16century view accountto 85 90% coming noteworthy giving variable benefits beyond air pollutants imports hedging thesebenefitsarecentraltomaintainingqualityoflifeforcitizensandthecompetitivenessof businesses health costsof pollution 300 bn 940 annually equivalentto3 9%oftheeu sgdp displacingfossilfuelsfrom andtransportwouldreducethe exposure parts population dangerous so2 nox particle matter 20%of imports90% crude oil 66%of 42%ofitscoaland40%ofitsuraniumandothernuclearfuels thataccountsfor54%ofalltheenergy 17 consumes costing citizens 1bn per day replacing domestic electricitywouldsignificantly decreaseimportdependency improvetheeu senergy securityandwould translate greater appliances increases help losses services input fourth integrate shares quickly theadditionalelectricitydemandfromtransport heatingandindustrycouldhelptobettermatch coupled digitalisation side response flexibility coordination minimise reliance solutionswillbedevelopedtoofarinthefutureinordertocurbglobalwarmingontime renewablegases complement 16european memo 18 december 2013 http press release 13 1169 en htm 17energy eur lex legal uri celex 52014dc0330& qid 1407855611566 17however aware notlimitedto specificsectorswithoutotheralternativeto decarbonisewouldrequireconsiderablyhigher ismore efficientthan itinto energycarriers moreover theinfrastructurerequirementsforindirectelectrification ifnotplannedcarefully offsetting furthermore gets importing rather illustrative hydrogenisnotanenergysourcebutanenergycarrier likeelectricity thismeansbothhavesimilarities various versatile intensity upstream coal 2ree nuclear content2can ccus 18the foundation 19ccus difference composed molecules electrons underpins reasons might situations vice versa attractive stored transported ways hand after storing backto electricityinafuelcell thedeliveredenergycanbebelow30%ofwhatwasintheinitialelectricity thismakeshydrogenmore expensive thanelectricityorthenaturalgasusedto produceit italso makes minimising conversions chain versus hydrogencan beused inits pureformasanenergy asacombustiblegas ina whether readily engines turbines isproducedviaelectrolysis aprocessthatsplitswaterintohydrogenandoxygenusingelectricity mostly steam methane reforming upscaling testing onelectricity 23 38%onaverageofthetotalelectricitybillforindustryacrosstheeu policyinterventionstoreducecosts pipelines 20irena p 21iea 55 22iea prices staff working document 38 ener files documents swd v5 text pdf 19inparallelafairercompetitionamongthedifferenttypesofhydrogen andelectricity mustbeensured receives does correct switch preferable hydrogenunderminestheeffectivenessoftheeuets toensurecorrectincentivestoswitchtorenewable ifthesemeasuresareimplemented hydrogenproducedwithrenewableelectricitycould replacefossil gap 780 mtco2e proven address rationale rsted replace fertilisers polymers resins methanol refining 25% glass electronics speciality small represent refineries able conventional blending allowed viable modes offers transportation range payload refueling comparable 24 listed activity i 25irena 20fuels benefit public evs introduction operators substantial tax toll exemptions commercial truck theinstallationofthisadditionalcapacity mainstreaming cleaner gasesand fuelswhere allowing synergies reliability adequacy delivered commercialconsumersorindividuals oreventuallyinjectedinto thegasgrid alternatively thishydrogen seasonal mature functional ancillary service adapt design frameworks adopted 26based europarl regdata etudes stud 626091 ipol stu 27european 21weredirectelectrification itshouldset therulesforcoupling optimal create right greenest fromsectorcoupling likeflexibilityprovisiontothepowersystem thiswillestablishalevel fair outcomes issues expanded chapter rely decreasing costreductions inwind couldmake thisan proposition distribution consumerswould strengthened 2price proper externalities course appraisal 22 average 38% fall wholesale had translated lower according risen about since 2008 75% ratio remained quite stable detriment although differences stifled differential 2011 presented revise wider goals was withdrawn unsuccessful negotiations council revived january kick debate requires unanimity often 30 initiatives costly delays sub suggesting progressive targeted qmv ordinary procedure shared possibility treaties 31 call compete discriminatory stated article addition reflect signals customer actual structure ad hoc tariff arrangements markets contradict discrimination principle totalgridtariffproceedsmustbesufficienttorecovertheallowedrevenues forthegridowners allocate marginal distortive manner doing 29tps italy implement household completed postponing twice deadline contains tv license canone 30european ip 225 31ibid 32regulation 943 june internal txt toc oj%3al%3a2019%3a158%3atoc&uri uriserv%3aoj l 158 01 0054 eng pay accessing respective discharge charges once b fixed corresponding single subsidisations smes households subject ifp2g isexempt anyof thentherewould subsidy rest just participants face somecases largerthan themselves r2lated mobility unfairly damaging competitivenessvis visgas asa consequence thenecessary itself positive effects companies stifle updated eed performance epbd shall multiplied assumes approximately equal plant incentiviseselectricity overdirectfossil meettheenergy harnessed burning combustion 34 recognisingtheroleofelectricityinimproving emissionsefficiency astheeuhassetacleardirection supports desired reflects dynamic whichever lowest implementing eco labelling apply uniform entire 33the previous stipulated 34keith dennis et al 2016 environmentally beneficial journal volume 29 issue 52 56 35if anefficiencymeasurereduces powerconsumptioninhoursof highdemand andbaseloadpowerplants willcontinuetoproduceandonlythepeakloadplants mostlygasandoilturbines willadjusttheirpowergenerationaccordingly whiletheaverage mixis estimate marginalgenerationunit howeverrequiresmore assumptions 36 basedontheannexivofeed movingawayfrom staticpefvaluethataresetinstoneforseveral frequent review values even buildingsaccountfor40%ofeurope senergyconsumptionandtwo thirdsofeurope sbuildingswerebuilt residential significantly breakthrough cooking space lighting generally electrified heatpumpshaveahighcoefficientofperformance provideaboutthreetimesmorethermalenergy thantheelectricitytheyconsume althoughtheyrepresentonly2%ofthefinalenergydemandforheating spreading stock exceeded million units current decade generate central plants pump hot homes underground driving 9% union nordic countriesandgermany switchingthesenetworkstouseheatpumpsinsteadoffossilfuelswouldtapinto fast growing cities providing retrofitting installations breaks local developing conditioning drying distillation several manufacturing food processing textiles printing deployment accelerate credits attractiveness investing 36it movement goods calculation specified instance devices calculated coefficient divided corrections 37the impact programme 35 org app uploads xiii d 25commercial fleets investmentor rewarding similar go aspect reshape monetary preferential urban occupancy hov lanes discounts waivers registration parking adequate ev examples promotion car sharing schemes wheelers passenger fleet prioritised 39 an2 2001 defines clearly foreseen 41 39therecent32 regulatoryforum forgas themadrid forum discussedfurtherthe definitionforrenewablehydrogenwithout conclusion stakeholders again october discussions 40article namelywind solarthermaland solarphotovoltaic geothermal ambient tide waveandother ocean hydropower landfill sewage 94 quality 26 gaseous biological whichareusedinthetransport otherthanbiofuelsorbiogas theenergycontentofwhichisderived thedefinitionofhydrogenwilldeterminehowthecalculationofthefuelsupplierobligation inarticle25oftherenewableenergydirectiveshouldbedone thisisthemainprovisioninthedirective thetransport establishestargetsfor theuseof proposes strict demonstrations establishment excluding 70% 2021 included straightforward onsite closed looped variedenergymixandco locatedwithothersourcesofpowergeneration otherapproachestoaccount prove vs act supplement tohydrogenproducerswhenusingrenewableenergy thefuelsquality directivedoesnothave neither binding nor voluntarily therediiforeseesthatgosshouldbeextendedtocoverrenewablegas leaves extending arguing creation info thepurposeofguaranteesoforigin forrenewable assetintherenewableenergydirective restricted transparency guarantee opting trustworthy introduce certificate scheme quota andthus willcontributesignificantly whilereducing consumer 27uptake covering 42 permission connect inject blend payments billing regime receipt rich requirements customers safety regimes temporary connection along latest madrid discussed facility believe perceived monopoly investors funding r&d consortia carried gasshould understood asset unbundled h st4rag2 widely microeconomic size competing suppliers supplier regard robust evidence indeed unit functions independent 4nd ma2kets really lacks 42https hylaw default 06 eu%20policy%20paper%20%28june%202019%29 performing thereisno fundamentalreasontoregulatethis activityand hence grant anyroletotsos inthissense itisfundamentalto unbundlepower gasfromrenewable feeding later assessed similarly independently downstream breach rooted early days sake treated potentialconflictofinterestwhenplanning grantingaccessandoperating dispatchinginfrastructures separation fundamental pillar objective functioning defined manage applied p2x regardless hands 944 reinforces concept demands exemption introduced & 54 allows derogations incorrectly considered precedents fulfilled lack authority approval storages buy sell integrated components areusedfortheonlypurposeofensuringasecureandreliableoperationofthetransmission balancing congestion management drive 29in 43 consideration types subjects quantities varies country regarded zones destined irrespective modify recognising relegated estimated 000 gw km yearofadditionalpowerlineswouldbeneededto2050 thisisinstarkcontrastto building 90s 2000s plan master coordinate version 2031 modelling 40 59 maximum 127 2040 step 43the traced back directives establish manufacturers seveso 2012 atex 44 2010 75 45nace code manufacture 46windeurope 30the pass 20% gastsoshavecurrentlymoresparecapacityintheirnetworksthanelectricitytsos thisraisesquestions spare capacity invest adaption thereare2 2millionkilometresofgaspipelinesavailableineurope withanundergroundstoragecapacity 200 cover months 48 spread historical billions euros substitutionof bio frequently better adapted waste residuesmaybeeconomicallyviableforenergygeneration scalecentralisedproductionandlong mileagetransportationshouldnotbepursued inaddition therearelimitedfacilitiesineuropetoupgrade suitable theexisting geographyof poorly import considerable amounts required depending compressed trucks site transporting cut demonstrate safe distances timeframes uncertainties evolution incipient phase 47european 48hydrogen toward 31infrastructure oversight agency cooperation energyregulators acer andnationalregulatoryauthorities willbenecessaryandtheincreasing importance links reflected requirement joint rigorously speed do existence comprehensive coverage cars vans buses prerequisite provides certainty adopters willing deploy regular corridors private chargers home highways infrastructuredevelopmentbothinpublicandprivatepointswillneedtoincorporatesmartmetersand accommodate needs refuelling segment 32the provision establishes 14% accounted intermediate parameters calculate minimum detailed favouring assigns supplied goes baselineanditismetwithadditionalrenewableenergygenerationcapacity thecommissionshalldevelop additionality measuring suggests intention kept instead words trajectory start installed additionalityaspect isalso interpreted asan excessive burden inorderto impose adding refer territory exception installation supplying counted rule applies 33gaseous either paying finding location unless install project challenging farm lackof suboptimal hours profitable designed 100 % ppa subparagraphs barrier very relatively theissueisevenworseifhydrogenproducersoptforacombinationofgrid connectedelectrolyser theenergy delay rightly isdirectlyconnected andonethatwillbewithatwoyeardelay theoneconnectedtothegrid andwhich probably paid paragraph explicit stating obtained electricitymay provided comes concerned electricitythathasbeentakenfromthegridmaybecountedasfullyrenewableprovidedthatitisproduced exclusivelyfromrenewablesourcesandtherenewablepropertiesandotherappropriatecriteriahavebeen demonstrated properties claimed thatitwilladoptadelegatedactby31december2021tosupplementtherediiwhichwillincludedetailed rulesbywhicheconomicoperatorsaretocomplywiththeart 25and27 para 5and6subparagraphs understand expert group 34the extended guaranteesoforiginwhicharecurrently inplaceforrenewableelectricityshouldbeextended consistent proving facilitate border trade aspects ago thetype auditing tracking exchanging them receive government voluntary compulsory participate whengosareexchangedbetweencarriers howthesystemensuresthereisnodoublecounting purposes sole function showingtoafinalcustomerthatagivenshareorquantityofenergywasproducedfromrenewable aguarantee oforigin transferred towhich itrelates holder disclosed disclosure avoided accompanying sold separately producer asenergy fromrenewablesources todistinguishbetween certificates sentences arevery interpret mean transfer refers sentence sates consumerasrenewable thismeansthatonlytheconsumerthatpossessthegoisabletoclaimitsenergy" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-09-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7839 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7840 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "Policy papers" ["code"]=> string(13) "policy-papers" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7841 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(28) "Electrification and Hydrogen" ["code"]=> string(28) "electrification-and-hydrogen" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7842 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7843 (2) { ["id"]=> int(91) ["name"]=> string(10) "power-to-x" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7844 (2) { ["id"]=> int(92) ["name"]=> string(8) "hydrogen" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7845 (2) { ["id"]=> int(147) ["name"]=> string(5) "power" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7846 (2) { ["id"]=> int(148) ["name"]=> string(18) "system integration" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7847 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [96]=> object(stdClass)#7848 (17) { ["id"]=> int(43) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "97948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(45) "Offshore wind energy 2019 mid-year statistics" ["slug"]=> string(45) "offshore-wind-energy-2019-mid-year-statistics" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(1269) "windeurope market intelligence wiideurope or july 2019this report summarises offshore wind installations this publication contains information from 1 january 2019 to 30 june collected on a regular basis throughout the year and then tracks project updates regarding verified with relevant members of industry supply chain before publishing investments produce following analysis neither nor its their related entities text are by means business rendering professional advice services lizet ram rez guy brindley more shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person policy org who relies 32 2 213 18 74 h1 2019h1 capacity connected in number type country farm turbines turbine model status first half foundation mw united kingdom beatrice 315 45 swt 7 0 154 jacket hornsea 616 88 monopile denmark horns rev 3 374 v164 8 belgium norther 370 44 4 germany merkur 252 42 haliade 150 6 foundations installed cumulative total east anglia 53 90 102 three legs deutsche bucht 31 enbw albatros 16 hohe see 71 07 002 9 02 5 01cumulativecumulativeh1 2019cumulative most 133 units largest operational waters 89 grid at 66 only turbinesh1 2019cumulativeh1 new projects bn financed netherlands 380 france 450 italy norway 861 4contact ramirez rue belliard 40 1040 brussels" ["edition_year"]=> NULL ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-08-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7849 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7850 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7851 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7852 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } } ["tags"]=> array(22) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7853 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7854 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7855 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7856 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7857 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7858 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7859 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7860 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7861 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7862 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7863 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7864 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7865 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7866 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7867 (2) { ["id"]=> int(28) ["name"]=> string(9) "half-year" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7868 (2) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["name"]=> string(7) "project" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7869 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#7870 (2) { ["id"]=> int(117) ["name"]=> string(11) "foundations" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#7871 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#7872 (2) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["name"]=> string(14) "grid-connected" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#7873 (2) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["name"]=> string(9) "developer" } [21]=> object(stdClass)#7874 (2) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["name"]=> string(6) "owners" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7875 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(434) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBNQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--9d8d5893195115d03739615f74ed164287b5cfd2/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/hornsea-1-offshore-wind-farm-orsted-header-banner.jpg" } [97]=> object(stdClass)#7876 (17) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "1f958126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(76) "Wind Energy in Europe: National policy and regulatory developments July 2019" ["slug"]=> string(75) "wind-energy-in-europe-national-policy-and-regulatory-developments-july-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(260) "This report focuses on the latest national policy and regulatory developments in Europe. It also shows a support mechanism overview for new wind farms, and in this edition, we included the most important permitting requirements in the largest European markets." ["plain_text"]=> string(23613) "wind energy in europe national policy and regulatory developments july 2019 windeurope orgthis publication covers the latest relevant to 27 european countries from 1 january 30 june it also features a support mechanism overview for new projects each country is published every six months neither nor its members shall be responsible any loss whatsoever sustained by person who relies on this text analysis business intelligence ivan komusanac editors daniel fraile colin walsh design lin van de velde drukvorm acknowledges kind cooperation of following associations institutions ig windkraft at belgian offshore platform edora asbl ode vlaanderen vzw bulgarian association bg obnovljivi izvori energije hrvatske hr komora obnoviteln ch zdroj energie cz danish industry dwia dk tuulenergia ee suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry fi france eolienne fr bundesverband windenergie e v vdma power systems stiftung hellenic eletaen el irish iwea ie lithuanian lt netherlands nl norwegian norwea no polish psew pl associa o portuguesa energias renovaveis apren pt romanian rwea ro russian rawi ru asociaci n empresarial lica aee spanish renewable appa es svensk vindenergi sk suisse eole giz vetrne sl t reb tk renewableuk uk ukrainian ua photo cover courtesy lasse lyhne hansen more information org 32 2 213 18 68 foreword 6 glossary highlights large markets 11 germany 14 poland spain united kingdom 20 medium 23 austria 24 belgium 5 co denmark 26 finland 7 greece 8 ireland 9 italy norway sweden 3 turkey 34 small bosnia herzegovina 37 bulgaria croatia czechia 38 estonia lithuania portugal 40 romania 0 russia serbia ukraine 42 annex 44 commission has just released rec m renewables last we ve seen increased mendations draft enerambition climate plans 2030 said drafts were ifrom governments as cient deliver eu s 32% tarwell progress remains very ambitious outlook crucially wants member states onshore positive government now much specific their measures deploysees key addressing growing needs particular streamlining permitting re powering farms reaching end operfrom baltics policymakers are increasingly tional life removing barriers corporate renewableembracing one means driving er purchase agreements boosting electrificattheir transition leads movement heating transport governmenew sector deal commitment have finalise ensure they bto reach carbon neutrality 2050 will further help come genuine investment brochures momentum started once year process allinall solidwindinstallationsinspain swedenandnor changing guard parliament electioway should lead good capacity may not bad cen result expect overtake tre right social democrats liberals greens gas become largest source generation commanding majority theycapacity policies take office november report all negative reg with firm decarbonisation ulatory h1 affecting across economy different commit net zero i wish you read ground our top priority ikind regards rate project permits dropped sig nificantly leading undersubscribed auc tions disappointing installations still doesn authority around becoming complex expensive giles dickson news green wave saw elections prompted many gov ernments parties progressive positions windeuropeglossary acronym definition cfd contract difference chp combined heat crm remuneration co2 dioxide db decibel weighted decibels ev electric vehicle union fip feed premium fit tariff hvdc high voltage direct current gw gigawatt ghg greenhouse kwh kilowatt hour lden day evening night sound level mw megawatt mwh necp plan ppa agreement res twh terrawatt tso transmission system operator symbol minimum set back distance residentialum noise limittip height restrictionsmitting average areas residential time devel7pments aims achieve introduce law awarded 600 dunkirk consortiu aformed edf renew bles innogy enbridge consequence tender french boosted installation target ten dered 750 per 2024 518 contracts 21 auction round strike price was 63 cleared 4 floating appointed reached compromise that phase out coal fired 2038 intermediate milestones 2023 april formed special purpose cabinet group turn action into setting legally binding targets german experienced worst quarters after only 134 added first quarter february 476 700 presented there another technology 4th row amendments act confirm construction hold an most likely october currently preparing legislation flesh laid down strategy 2040 considering proposal limit revenues sale certificates 73 refiner pkn orlen expects start 200 baltic socialists remain general election 28 change pass forming arlia mentary summer submitted increasing share ewa total consumption 42% while phasing plants half nuclear fleet soaring imports moroccan electricity call wide tax led madrid part exploring based scheme theresa announced bringing mid century making major do so confirmed installed waters up 2018 march natural houses banned 2025 29 launched third crown estate option fee bidding upcoming leasing ruling coalition split called snap september backlog than 570 which received but unable secure connected grid sight federal passed regime least 2020 democrat increase already strong am survey 12 been designated between 15 future farm sites north sea had parliamentary finnish trans form neutral 2035 presidency council second held centre party democracy took 180 67 7% below ceiling 69 unveiled calling 70% mix guidance proposed almost approved italian worth billion running until 2021 production sources under place dutch changes volume vattenfall won build operate hollandse kust & scheduled operations own assessment identified 13 suitable finalising open two off uth ern coasts development political opposition democratic warning pull multi or abolition connection difficult get especially depreciation turkish lira problem yeka tenders unknown balancing responsibilities reasons investors cautious pro jects amended abolish levied exports croatian market laws necessary run maiden r aew ble czech prime minister outlined number reactors estonian refused due security concerns 385m budget fund operators able add turbines 20% existing without permission introducing offsetting cost emission trading remote given regulations preliminary approval model d dle introduction auctions procure windeuropephoto matthias giebichenstein1 windeuropeergy iwindeuropenational 480 saint nazaire clear proceed final decision agenda renewed administrative court rejected ap wake came peal against com ahead traditional missioned left precedent could speed other legal proceedings stalling lifting concessions 2012 2014 none these 75% 2mission cut yet lengthy edouard philippe addressed appeals promised flagship sum mer would shore av erage 65 overcome uncertainty caused mwhand 70 mwhintheprevioustworounds chaos consenting govern undersubscription bids previous ment previously similar because issues state highest reason regulator allowed ruled proposals unsatisfactory exact bid wording decree being ironed tween ministries public debate engaging stakeholders before opening consultation later precise location next zone lease sited regulators ll pre normandy 2490 km2 cable connecting c te lbatre 8075 km baie seine celtic interconnector cross chan successful bidder nel 2026 960 million nounced contributing 35 percent ulators hope funding covering 60 costs demonstration stalledcapacityof24mw withthreetofourturbines groix belle ile atlantic ocean golf lion eolmed provence grand mediterranean consortium inno test combination turbine floater gy winning cables does include covered rte partnership brittany region st commissioned mercial planned asaconsequenceofthedunkirktender thefrenchgov ernment tendered simplify stop shop work shorten authorisation length bundle far takes adminis redesigned ef trative procedure adaptation period ficient framework meant addition velopment involve access diminished possibility procedures well earlier consultations local when op recommended tur ponents go need bines 500m common single permit find longer distances grounds visual impacts officials lifted restrictions develop four military training zones limits depend ambient central 000 accommodate sev superior eralhundredmws theremaining86%ofthearmy sland exceed holding enough additional during 07 00 22 developing tip years 150m apply avia cess 2017 decided streamline tion landscape constraints mechanisms via maximum can receive 72 decreases certain amount within prices evolve criteria 100 point points environmental footprint farther better site surface smaller lower 10 viability approx operation license yes 2013 ministers 2o fossil fuel use ses sensitive sion environment svenja schulze evolution initially shut merkel conservative bloc today both look uncertain pressure forcing rethink spd poor results parlia c2 wider reform likelihood early therewillbethreeimportantstateelections on1september brandenburg saxony late thuringia depending those might congress decem raised ber elect leader potentially estimates anticipated pave planthe way potential cdu csu together bnetza such case workinggroupacceptanceingermanywouldbecomeob included planning lete wouldn setback trying winter reserve fore casted double w injanuary thegovernment appointedcommissionreached 2022 same reduced serveneedsfor2019 20to5 1wfrom6 6gwfor2018 19 2038g ermany tsos closure hard ge reserves spiked eration 3gw lignite eased congestion pensated shutdowns 7gw closures 5gw alreadyin effect accelerate base simplifyprocedurestoupdate reinforceandconstructnew ommended capping equally lines involving balanced order empt adopted reliant regions something hampered un cluding financial try harmonising rules governing compensation property owners affected implement exit network expansion how expected manage cheaply efficiently stations met 35% rule designed make easier f agerm demand generating over 650 ny boost cli mate infebruary 476mwofonshorewindenergyprojectswere rising 700mw miss despite 5% 61 cline emissions decisions brings departments buildings sluggish rates switch finance agriculture chaired chancellor competitive behind sharp slowdown angela past however some improvements 33% 41mw immission control 111 50db respective ly housing higher 55 respectively generalthere fact bodies often 197m showing developers lack capacities land available nonetheless moreover alotoftheexistingdesignatedareasarenot relate vi suitedfor modern creates delays ation protection mitting processes provisions residentialtook 25 compares range 400m times here slower bine he h requirements inter alia allegations impact troduced through regional distanc rare bird species devel p relation ments forest unesco heritage interv en residents pure areasre defined technical instructions ta l rm larger kw administratively 950 accepted must completed 62 prototypes 125 exempted participating lasts submit payment wholesale hours exceptions twice innovation 250 flexible 50 10h 2159 fully depreciated either since pis elected exceptional clearly cases kept promise stopping winddevelopmentbyputtingforwardthe10 hrule according ever lot changed casts realised cheap really uptake ppas happened thanks struck brussels warsaw company pgnig signed exchange venture global lng expand us spike ets tons oland heavily itkeen wean itself rus low sian tighten economic ties seeing civil nu supply chain made station give reductions tensiveusersonasurchargedesignedtopayforitspower struction 750mw pv line aid asaresultthepolishparliamentremovedthepower follows cap big consumers amendment envisages extending va spend 211 lidity starting money discussed 17 spot meeting sejm voted senate 31 august signing thedraftregulationsnowhavetobediscussedandadopt president entry force ed autumn indications revoked grant highly foresees efficient admitted rulesu ready rath 500 2028 granted hoped main refurbished chps district networks bill allocation receiving pladdress limited infrastructure northern 16 launch withdrawn socially completely thepolishgovernmentwasconsideringaproposaltolim applies inside natura 2000 adoption approximately technically banning endure profitability nevertheless convention ultimately delete about ally considered chal substitution calculation method lenging shadow flicker implemented using cal culate requirement restrictive 2007 equivalent ban investments older al obtain obtained plus introduced deputy minis experience ter sometime 66 known non few subsequent cfds 45 2179 generated subject neithertoacarbonpricenortotheeu semissionstrading example leakage tough socialist forced jurisdiction prompt shift polluting indus tries places looser although didn produce majoritythemainoutcomewasthattherewon tbeapos morocco memorandum sible derstanding wing uni das podemos negotiating terms possible beef link meet endrope africa recently increas decide composition ing interconnection commercial calledfor 900 sug gested 90% timeframe 100% controlled cludes interim individual solar additions plant disclosed mean decade besides replace licence issuing licensesals represent oil exploitation fracking transiabout cars light vehicles petrol diesel registrations af forminglaw ropean canary lands gave equinor above benchmark figure islands developer invest 860m doubling ca file pacity auctioning commissioning sevenfold photovoltaics thecanaryislands 217mwwindauctionclosedinapril contribute 74% totalling december supported 80 invested feder unspecified technologies largely airspace agency aesa keep structur heights 100m including blade thresholds closest ranged royal extended validity 180m meas assess ure otherwise companies constructed 2016 developedpriorto2013 someofthemalreadyhadallthe coming rough estimation 36 towns competing upfront subsidies participants discount meaning did return 503% taxes secures floor jul192019 joint cop26 talks host mal cop session gathering recommendations committee ccc wales cided emithe suspended sions 95% instead aiming challenge tempus upheld then scotland recom justice hopes mendation andisdiscussingamendmentstoaclimatebill reinstate 2045 delivery 77p 129 units talling dsr providers clearing turnoff storage jobs five fold thgas tofuture homes standard 60% content japanese hitachi 112 abandoned wylfa newydd interests growth owgp propose alternative methods inclusion overthesummer basedonaregulatedassetbasemodel utility skills delivered research ore catapult servicesthe went advice compa entire week longest nies commercialisation manufacturing industrial revolution pilot opportunity agreed delay brexit oc tober withdrawal mrs overall leaders 73m leaving focus renegotiation scottish date she resign paving writing pubthe department beis lication her successor participate three sched uled andresidentialareasinthenationallegislation theseare forms sup eia port modelling consider specifications legisla established statutory im replaced rounds compe plemented etsu 97 tency scoring methodology differentiate ders free leases going deepest pockets amer 145m great ican britain 125m offer acreage informal capped derpin 2020s england aviation risk collision flying aircraft applications reflects in2018theukgovernmentissuedtheupdatednational suggests laxation lowed unless demon con strate community repow sented ered pub includethe gridconnection lished guidelines resulting challenges 2015 pay basis 43 excluding 2119 suciu mihai2 windeuropegy integrate 800 380 yeakv salzburg connect raw east pumped hydro facil enable ities west hasn fleshed concrete posals 300 expanding septem decarbonised bethe heartland assumed face addi upper apg replacing 220 kv weinviertel relocation nature conservation 46% easily integrated coun gwh eastern important hydroelectricity austrianproduction area grids measured austriawill finish styrian proved landtag cumulative built successively allow program forward crisis austrian styria 237 generate 24% households domestic peoplethatwereemployedinthewindindustryinaustria austriannetworkoperatorapgwillinvestmorethan field component duction services ec 81 135 paid sightstate wallonia strongly flanders moved flemish elia again 2010 record breaking 541 days king caretaker helmed ventilus consist michel sections routes includes christian cd&v conserv munic ative liberal vld ipalities scoping notice selected beginning strategic aim tackle annual allows itnumber types ze aly assets tohave deadline complete calculate volumes parameters needed cessions provides providing curve modular reference exercise reduction rat hub factors type regula tor creg secondary producers produced multiplied factor guaranteed certificate capital lasting 90 depends revised yearly less guarantee assessing post ju25 113m offered 34m cial returned stage 9% 79mleftforgrabsinthenextauctionthatshouldtake votes venstre q4 4% dem ocrat sur ambitions vey fu norths seas forum ture bjerg presiding andwas draw programme onwards thisfarms reflect statement thor danishnationaltransmissionsystemoperatorenerginet studies opened consul posed coast den tation neu mark preparatory investigations immediately tral commence comments questions holiday fixed where door compete valid premiums 2027 newalthough driv transform finlandintoacarbon neutraleconomyby2035 thenew improve conditions building consists partioffshore eliminating caand inet posts deals changereduction closer strive world prosperous society 2030s goal 350 merchant removal relief heavy awind online several hun benefits pumps dred driven updatcreasing car bon ministerial workingthe prepare spe seven amounting 505 cific 49 wantstheeuasawholetoreachcarbon neutralitybefore 55% j27y crete supplies greek mainland greekofficialscalledforsnapnationalelectionsaftersuf fering defeat conservatives provide34%of stotalelectricitydemandin2021 julylowering involves laying alternating submarine kyriakos mitsotakis ac depths his kostis hatzidakis enviup meters ronment ministry gerassimos thomas served director directorate gen eral named thenewdeputyministerforenergyandnaturalresources international install horizon ener supposed pointing thfor 262 applied sdue mature lected overseas therewillfirstbeanenvironmentalimpactstudy followed interested inaugu ral 57 03 whole remaining 377 78 authorities epc secured ranging terconnector intended 53 64 sliding determined bidders auctioned 98 40% subscription hybrid sharing substations enter principle g notifications bthreat suppliers vowed enshrine ress communications house detailed paper float function practice confirmation examine maximise enterprise opportunities seeking grace beyond qualify refit2 streamlined show cir beintroducedforbothonshoreandoffshorewindaccord cumstances calls 15% why contracted asking analyse requests individually comes surprise delayed phases mandatory communities citizens provide living radius refusal provided offerings fair transparent matter eligible separate ju29 terna steg tunisia put mil financed remainder private partnerships gener ators sided deter beefing borders mined neighbours regardless scrutiny italyquadruple proposes border 05 850 frequently dou usually switzer slovenia exclude additionally undersea 400 montene committed originagro operational stringent mirror elmed senvion 122m rotors nect partanna sicily hawaria nearshore subsea 192 water 18m near underground projectaranto southern competes rural subset broken offering refurbishment lifetime extension official award notification registry residual allocated 76 park exploit maritime zuid 1&2 3&4 hol landse believes securing sticks stimulation sustainable produc schemes tennet sde spring 143 ingrepresent6%oftheavailablebudget whiletherewere reduce if enacted 822 758 got fell trajectory co2in modified effort extend effectiveness moving abatement technolo gies boilers hydrogen capture recycling bio basedproduction advancedrenewablefuelsfortransport electrification lowest gets subsidy uninterrupted totals 6bn requested rating increases b replacement application comparative used assessed independent panel qualitative quantitative roadmap size jul312019 population wildlife identifying preferred nordics gionattractiveforlargecompanieswithsignificantpow vetted wary earlthe nuclwith south ar interconnectorern forecasts suggest pricesern ii rise appropriate bottom intensive industries active markto 70m placed utsira 185 280m ownassessmentforonshorewinddevelopments ward norsk vind energi windannouncing initial concentrated beonline cause serious conflicts subscribed 46 achieved therefore steady flow demo cratic aboli counties norrland sterbotten disagreement alsj mtland require owned unexpectedly issue swed svenska kraftn rapidly ish campaign moderates vetoed municipalities specify reactorsjected say swedish armed forces declared baseload rest recent defence levelsofrenewableswouldimprovethecountry sdefence readiness prevent cessing frdifficult generally see gradual winddevelopers notified whether whicnection even politically extremely thus 33uly efficiency primary 14% tariffs dollars inflation cenergy 10% annum rency volatility concern erating financing banks debts resources woes causing problems located inthe western provinces balikesir 17bn debt canakkale aydin mugla mainly imported fuels is250 appetite forecast grow enerjisa ay load anakkale 56 cent 06 licenses struggling enercon mu la bal kesir min istry roughly winner manufactured 65% towers blades parts 51% facilities benefit incentive exemption vat customs duties machinery equipment usd cents indication francisco javier dom nguez 36windeuropey europesource windeuropeand efficienlawmakers cogeneration oieiek shoulguarantee chinese loan finally wh450 town tuzla emerged operatovent damage isn sure epbih fail service areoneofthemajorreasonsinvestorsarecautiouswith incentives entities federation republika srpska taker danube river 10bn coupling macedonia constructionperiod anda bulgariuse 620m rosatom bul garian guar inviting investorsantees long term stalled belene development37 102 renefloating terminal 20to aside 234 liquefied nat ural adriatic island krk hrote value standstill andrej babis govsupplier chosen reactovide cez unlimited sign majcoveranyextracostsnotgeneratedbythestateorforeign ty reactoregulators dukovany towards esto nia spatial kilometres islstate eesti energia saaremaa blocked fearsrenewables nelja owns manipulated unfriendlyof scribed history timetable lietuvos energija looking partners wilthen applicable sourcing 38% fonshore accounting q3 cannot development39 operatorlion 20%in measure seeks works protecting bysecondfloatingwindfarmineuropeoffthecoastofpor additiontugal working tricity windfloat portuguese bil jointly driver fid taken introducingromania sministryofregionaldevelopmentandpublic administration tendering cment 131 buses cities panies obliged allowancealso charging slow prochargingstationsand39fastchargingstations theoverall estimated ron 77 givalso ti terrorism various anti digging eas particularly withe revealed intention quotas awards unawarded transferred thin middltion amounted 20the probably details responsibility developme41s injune thechangestothelawinukraineconfirmedthe veloperswillbeinvitedtobidintoanauctionwithprojects greater 2029 80% simplified bonus matteo del bel belluz annexes contributions 2020framework 2030framework formula contribution 6% 34% 50% 1% 13% 25% 18% 16% 27% 3% 36% cyprus 23% 19% 8% 21% 30% 2% 37% 41 0% 31% hungary 17% 29% latvia 39 45% luxembourg 11% 22% malta 26% 47% 28% slovakia 54 49% 64% necps objectives detail speci pledge nota insu emeasures necpswindeurope voice promoting worldwide headquarters manufacturers insti tutes contractors insurance consultants strength makes powerful rue belliard 1040 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-07-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7877 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7878 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(43) "National Policy and Regulatory Developments" ["code"]=> string(43) "national-policy-and-regulatory-developments" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7879 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(17) "National policies" ["code"]=> string(17) "national-policies" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7880 (3) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(39) "Permitting and environmental protection" ["code"]=> string(39) "permitting-and-environmental-protection" } } ["tags"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7881 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7882 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7883 (2) { ["id"]=> int(26) ["name"]=> string(6) "market" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7884 (2) { ["id"]=> int(27) ["name"]=> string(6) "policy" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7885 (2) { ["id"]=> int(38) ["name"]=> string(10) "regulation" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7886 (2) { ["id"]=> int(39) ["name"]=> string(10) "permitting" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7887 (2) { ["id"]=> int(40) ["name"]=> string(5) "noise" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7888 (2) { ["id"]=> int(41) ["name"]=> string(10) "tip height" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7889 (2) { ["id"]=> int(42) ["name"]=> string(9) "political" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7890 (2) { ["id"]=> int(43) ["name"]=> string(17) "support mechanism" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7891 (2) { ["id"]=> int(44) ["name"]=> string(12) "strike price" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7892 (2) { ["id"]=> int(45) ["name"]=> string(5) "price" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7893 (2) { ["id"]=> int(46) ["name"]=> string(3) "fit" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7894 (2) { ["id"]=> int(47) ["name"]=> string(3) "fip" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7895 (2) { ["id"]=> int(48) ["name"]=> string(17) "green certificate" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7896 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7897 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7898 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7899 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7900 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(425) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBEZz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--56a91d9606396275612312e6b3e506ff28cca605/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/COVER-7_beautiful-wind_denmark_hansen_01.jpg" } [98]=> object(stdClass)#7901 (17) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "5f958126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(38) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring Q2 2019" ["slug"]=> string(38) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring-q2-2019" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(246) "This report summarises the annouced wind turbine orders in each quarter of the year. It also provides a market analysis of the industry based on the number of orders, capacity ordered, sellers, buyers and other sectoral and technology indicators." ["plain_text"]=> string(1901) "q2 2019 statistics windeurope org august 2019this report summarises wind turbine orders that this publication contains information collected on a took place from 1 april to 30 june regular basis throughout the year and then verified with relevant members of industry before publishing neither nor its tracks announced their related entities are by means publicly available commercial transactions future deals rendering professional advice or categorising them into firm conditional services shall partnerships framework agreements be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies latter entails more than one order in determined period without specified amount units capacity text analysis which do not fit these categories business intelligence classified as unknown ivan komusanac we track enercon because they policy 32 2 213 18 38 kincardine floating offshorewind farm first project world feature turbines 9 5 mw ordered5 48 number rated gearbox diameter m generator class countries vestas 165 v150 4 77 yes 3 stages 150 acr iii s finland ukraine v126 45 61 6 126 ii denmark italy poland planetary v162 27 162 pmg nordex acciona 114 n131 3600 46 25 131 dfig croatia 3900 29 aw132 3465 132 spain 3000 10 n117 117 ge 107 8 137 13 138 germany sgre swt dd 130 no direct drive mhi v164 medium speed 164 ukonshore undisclosed 16 12 28 91 39 total 79 58 95 offshore uk turbineswindeurope counts results cross checked companies officially distinguishes between released websites energ sa www energia es adwen adwenoffshore com under all types tracked but per country company is carried out alone renewableenergy unless http mhivestasoffshore furthermore se online en small scale i e those smaller 100 kw senvion https global siemens gamesa renewable energy relying siemensgamesa int biz suzlon rechargenews vergnet accueil php renewablesnow renews windpowerintelligence windpowermonthly" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-07-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7902 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7903 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(30) "Wind Turbine Orders Monitoring" ["code"]=> string(30) "wind-turbine-orders-monitoring" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7904 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7905 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7906 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7907 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7908 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7909 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7910 (2) { ["id"]=> int(24) ["name"]=> string(11) "interactive" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7911 (2) { ["id"]=> int(26) ["name"]=> string(6) "market" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7912 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7913 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7914 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7915 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7916 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(428) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBFUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--f46816bcf616812616837d105325ed28ab23441b/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/62_working-in-wind_netherlands_noordhoek_02.jpg" } [99]=> object(stdClass)#7917 (17) { ["id"]=> int(50) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "95948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(21) "Offshore supply chain" ["slug"]=> string(21) "offshore-supply-chain" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-06-24" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7918 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7919 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(9) "Workshops" ["code"]=> string(9) "workshops" } ["product_topics"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7920 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(22) "Floating offshore wind" ["code"]=> string(22) "floating-offshore-wind" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7921 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7922 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7923 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7924 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7925 (2) { ["id"]=> int(37) ["name"]=> string(8) "floating" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7926 (2) { ["id"]=> int(79) ["name"]=> string(12) "supply chain" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7927 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7928 (2) { ["id"]=> int(128) ["name"]=> string(5) "ports" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7929 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7930 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7931 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7932 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7933 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7934 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(401) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBOdz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--99f9373d9910c2edc50c949a3c2d1c0acabe4fbe/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windrader-408596.jpg" } [100]=> object(stdClass)#7935 (17) { ["id"]=> int(92) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "73881994-03ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(54) "Industry position on how offshore grids should develop" ["slug"]=> string(54) "industry-position-on-how-offshore-grids-should-develop" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(278) "The paper provides insights on the state of play of how offshore wind farms are connected to the grid and provide recommendations on how the multitude of initiatives and ideas over the last 10 years could come together and accelerate the pace of grid infrastructure build out. " ["plain_text"]=> string(16344) "2the european commission s long term decarbonisation strategy foresees more than 400 gw of offshore wind by 2050 this requires accelerating deployment and crucially an ambitious approach to developing grid infrastructure end windeurope recommends planning eu level the should elaborate a high achieve needed for included in its with support from member states industry operators include optimisation existing new technologies approaches as means plug ambition gap pipeline projects 2030 beyond further regulatory framework allow project developers build connections cross border hybrid smooth streamlined process use investeu initiative start programme development both onshore clear plans coordinated their national energy climate including assessment investment needs sources finance deliver them amend option opening investments assets players execution farm be given larger role authorities consider competition rights operate transmission auctionsforoffshorewindenergyshouldopenthedevelopmentoftransmissionassets shore short increase funding coordinate accelerate common interests on tsos must keep acting focus quality reliability when building 3in 2009 put forward 20 year network master plan way exploiting abundantresourcepotentialofoffshorewindinthenorthseas atthetime therewere2gwofoffshore first political declaration cooperation north seas nscogi was making europe forthcoming were promising setting pathway 200bn networks meet 2020 renewable targets 3 has since grown 2 18 5 at compound annual growth rate 24% attracted average 9 4bn fuelling thriving sector creating local jobs exporting equipment skills services worldwide same period transitioned auctions over last three years it delivered outstanding cost reductions recent are cheaper nuclear power capacity gas fired plants but progress made not been matched amount have sometimes daunted governments there insufficientcoordinationofgridinvestmentsacrossborders instead governmentshavetakennationally driven connect farms interconnector also insufficient consequence is limiting factor expansion paper recaps state play how connected provides recommendations multitude initiatives ideas 10 come together pace out 1ewea oceans opportunity harnessing largest domestic resource 2benelux countries 3europeancommission 2010 energyinfrastructureprioritiesfor2020andbeyond ablueprintforanintegratedeuropeanenergy 4to date grids basis each country develops own sea area based sovereignty often without considering basin perspective or coordinating neighbouring regime energydevelopment mechanism timing tendering auctioning maritime spatial technical environmental standards methods 4 legal patchwork develop independently countryto asthereareno appropriateframeworksto connectthem norarethereany incentives pursue most evident synergies prioritised detriment potentially optimal international solutions addition transposed unbundling rules differently electricity system ownership model strong influence planned financed built operated publicly owned half 100% public uk portugal full private 7 mix 6 entso e ten tynyp aims across 43 2018 version currently being assessed acer up 114bn 27bn 21 individual that would into northernseasgridinfrastructure ebelievesthatoffshoregridswillbedevelopedusingarange allavailableac anddctechnologies andwill comprise acombinationof allcurrently proposed designs radial hubs projectsandmeshedgrids emodelling results ona40 59 maximum 127 2040 below central scenario 70 4european 2017 cluster access may 2019 6ceer 2016 status review implementation provisions package 7according broadly line other estimates iea oecd ec around 9bn 8etso tyndp regional insight report northern nsog 5regulatory germany offshoregrid two integrated processes theexisting will substituted partly fl chenentwicklungsplan designed bundesamt f r seeschifffahrt und hydrographie bsh agreement bnetza bundesnetzagentur federal agency four 50hertz amprion tennet andtransnetbw whichcontains actions connection points former until centralised step started who mandated generation scenarios next 15 resulted regulator responsible performing these form requirements planact establishing necessity priority setout actto meetenergysupplyrequirements forcross borderprojectsorprojectsofnationalrelevance thefederal sectorial decides corridors triggers approval procedure exact routes cables theprocessabovehasbeenenshrinedinlawintherenewableenergyact eeg2014 afterconcernswith previous eeg set target down 25 2014 lower german waters subsequently published 2025 foresaw measures total 1 200 km necessary totalled 5bn draft costs estimated between 24bn connecting 17 least current committed law onwards replaced flaechenentwicklungsplan fep document june lays details 2026 alternative includes installing 9bsh what you need know 104c 6regulatory managed office markets ofgem incollaborationwiththedepartmentforbusiness energyandindustrialstrategy beis under act 1989 ea1989 themajority licences foroffshore held owners oftos selected via competitive operator facilitating supply operates nets regularly publishes statement etys recently november presents capability future inputs operability sof which challenges options noa assesses available reinforcement latest reported 8m worth almost analysis interconnection range 2031 11 provide benefit netherlands according general principles oftheelectricity elektriciteitswet1998 generallawonelectricity itowns23 000kmofhigh voltage lines 700 dutch government identified phase ii roadmap routekaart windenergie op zee announcing windenergycapacitybetween2024and2030 tennetisworkingonanactionplantodevelopanoffshore dc technology interconnectors windfarms located 2024 11national eso 19 7regulatory denmark fully energinet dk operation tso yearly strategic outlook nordic council ministers brings norway finland sweden tasks statnett fingrid svenska kraftnat present developmentplan thisplanserves asa bridge betweentheentso eprocessandthenationalplanning establishes reference sustainable transition danish signed established mw several 15bn 12 13 regulates currenttransmission distribution trade since2016 theactallowsnewtransmissiongridstobeconstructedandmaterialchangestoexistinggrids implemented if sufficient such plant entitled submit requirement minister granting determine terms removal renovation systems areas assigned through while tsoisresponsiblefortheenvironmentalimpactassessmentandlocalsurveybeforeapplyingfortenders allows reduction time risk site investigation impact eia change tenders x 800 1000 adjusting communicated 13ft 8regulatory kraftn t mandate promote swedish 1998 obligation expand supplier supplying much customers consume hour balansansvar 2015 upgrade above 300 directly capacities normally elanslutning av vindkraft till lokal region och stamn tet 2007 2013 svenskakraftn tpublished perspectiveplan followed bythe received applications mainly order 000mw theperiod 15% ofthis installed business 2022 invest billion crowns 22bn belgium elia operatorsto arr du d cembre 2002 incooperationwiththe directiongen raledel energie directorategeneralofenergy andthe bureau ral obliged authority regulation creg all taking account expected approved charge regulating tariffs every drawsup federaldevelopmentplan iscoherentwiththe accordance 29 april 1999 royal decree december 14royal academy engineering sciences iva electrical 15svenska 2027 16res art loi avril 9in identifies approximately associated covered separate submitted advisory committee france de gulation l nergie cre seau transport electricit rte owns directive 72 concerning internal market dso consolidated independence parent companies administrative regard shareholder financing operating passed users turpe tariff utilisation des reseaux publics electricite applied since1august2017 turpe5 runsforapproximatelyfouryears ittakesaccountofsignificantinvestment approves volumes sets company profitability within 2000 extended 10bn issued tender management expanding 500 18elia 19agora energiewende french table plansand presented nationalenergy projectsunder construction permitting foreseen doetinchem niederrhein nl 1500 24 2bn edition kriegers flak combined solution action nordlink no 1400 kass hamburgnorth dollern 720 alegro 1000mw meeden diele northconnect dkw westcoast 2023 st peter pleinting hansa powerbridge i se 8 66 9m 376m 6bn updated cobra cable viking link 7bn 874m 30 35m eleclink fr 1bn ifa2 reinforcements nov nemo 2021 aquind neuconnect fab 11be oct avelin mastaing avelgem horta htls psts aubange moulaine brabo iii 7gw italy decade scheme fe 3rd ac fi nordbalt lt fenno skan renewal 12at shared among following windfarm developer wfd some cases can part land transformer station either regulated nra monopoly certain owner ofto third party oversee practices regulations summarized figure summary 13member choose different assigning responsibilities we refer models segmented opposite responsibility asset split competitiveness determines gmbh soon compete non covers generator closest point substation 2006 adoption acceleration infrastrukturplanungsbeschleunigungsgesetz legally cover reinforce integrating andoperatethetransmissionassets thishasto bedoneinaccordancewiththebestavailabletechnology guarantee purchase reason itself however cannot they divest enters bilateral require developmentaswellasoffshoregriddevelopment onshoreworkistheresponsibilityoftheonshoretso builds links interface then sold pays transfer value 20par 14developer run alternatively bear done concerned about losing control critical component pales comparison potential incurred losses does introduced flexibility procurement epc carries outallsupplychainprocurementandmanagesconstructionunderanepccontractwiththeofto elements chain manages contract splits managing g known late where undertakes preliminary work consenting design procures phases despite used awards license revenue stream trs linked availability majority paid situation similar consumers acm andresponsible forthe constructionandoperationofthe financial 21addleshaw goddard fornewoffshorewindfarmsinthenetherlands thewindfarmdeveloperwillberesponsibleforonlythe remaining energienet ministry utilities case fails obligations delegates 1009 recovered charges denmarkalsoofferstheopendoorprocedureapproach wheretheofficialconnectionpoint served allocation thor scope 16 costsof green certificates sale due capex yet economically feasible study conducted reviewed boosting take subsiding proportion undersea transformers deploy upcoming includingdunkerque whichisinprogress hasbeentransferredtorte rtewillrecoverthecoststhrough leviedon bealso responsibleforcompensating incase delays failures licensed comprising 3bn five sixth round additional 8bn therefore matured recognised sought after investable class variety investors trialled tested offers predictable inflation transparent stable creditworthy off taker nget limited operational performance mature proven delivery bank debt placements bonds risks guaranteed themselves always efficient fixing faults carrying spares etc leads calling holistic seek ensure enable effectively consumer essential optimise evenly allocated holds onto mitigate unavailable far damaging bidding cfds during exercise lend incorporating innovation sites storage meshed incentivised participate technically robust else possibility poorly maintained outages slow fix 18in 5tech ofoffshorewindbetween2030and2050 thecurrentgridconnectionsof2 3gw yearofoffshorewind significantly prospect substantial rise uncertain still preparing trigger industrial leave 98 cumulative shown doubling installations challenge gearing thanks unparalleled experience decades turbine developments installation reach delivering large sectors only ports crucial integrate eandtheeuropeancommissionestimatetheneedforbetween 100and 150bninoffshoregrids 23 100 entails significant 22european clean planet depth com 773 23promotion d7 24ecofys presentation benefits 19todatetherehavebeenbottlenecksinbothfinancingandresourcesavailabletokeepupwiththeamount thedelayshave beenrectifiedand exist ingermany enough cope adds 26 adding add top totalling 32 36 raising revisit shortage studies stakeholders pointed networkacross differentcountriesorwithin basins annex theeuropean commissionhas could even bring savings per opposed quo lack important barrier governance balance liability exploring enhanced collaboration farmscould lead developmentof idea group jointly clustering hybridisation theory exclusive economic zone eez thus incentivising transnational whilst sound judged doing straightforward ofthe precursor serve cautionary lesson facing multiple downsized setbacks continue explored assessments show well 2entso fostering goals towards looking 26roland berger reduce space 20but considered missing ambitions permitted another subject consideration particularly those advanced stage sunk already right pave ultimately schedule budget successful so expanded tocoverwideroffshorewindenergydevelopments forexample byextendingtheunbundlingexemption currentlygrantedtohybridprojectsintherecastelectricityregulationtoothernon borderprojects recital 35 73 moreover giventheexceptionalriskprofileofconstructingthoseexemptmajorinfrastructureprojects undertakings production able froma temporary derogation wishing one listed interest pci trans qualified receiving 150m do expedite pcis spiteofthe fast track permittingprocedures grantedto pcistheaverageexpected durationto complete shortest duration less longest 27 theoveralltrackrecordshould beimprovedaswell onlyonepcihas beencompletedin thecobracable thereare18morepciinterconnectors inthe2017listforthenorthseasoffshore funds hedging provided starter 28 opens prioritise today legislation thematic called framed integratedoffshoreelectricitygriddevelopmentandtherelatedinterconnectors amoreappropriate 27entso facts 28there 106 related list 49 bn 82% 17% 1% smart comparable 52bn 21in translates increased security particular dispatch periods low demand cf promotion surplus redirected avoiding curtailment element uncertainty bodies schemes generators joint many barriers limit projectsinterritorialwaters eezs makingthedevelopmentofcross borderprojectsandintegrationof very challenging anticipate jeopardised higher feeding secure revenues dedicated governmental 22the realisation task big left alone piecemeal now deployed farmsbyappointingthenationaltsostobuildandoperatethepowerlinks theyhavehadtodramatically triggering legislative changes spending compensation payments contributed expertise neglected base furthermore efforts bid longer others reflect mid tool outlining andapproaches asameanstoplugthegapinthepipelineofprojectsto2030andbeyond uses improve social acceptance floating substations optimised adapting exemption streamline ask single finally theeushouldusetheinvesteuinitiativetostartanambitiousinfrastructureprogrammeforthe parallel realise 23member allowing standardisation harmonisation facilitate hvdc funded side contractor selection sell afterwards manage lifetime introducing overall efficiency establish good relations partners proves inlocallawscanenablecompetitioningriddevelopmentandputinplaceacompetitiveintegratedmodel parties agreed appropriate open medium constructionof theoffshore offshorewind criteria outset drive committing stringent durability northseagrid matters irish shovel ready why priorities union letter seanergy supporting papers notes march views coordination enabling distributed ewea position regimes revisited simple effective smartness indicator 2012 activities techno distance water platform name licenced meuro mwxkm m dolwin 1180 0 0146 90 borwin3 1318 0174 84 40 united kingdom greater gabbard get balfour beatty 370 37 0215 34 dolwin3 1290 0239 60 sheringham shoal blue 225 0326 22 race diamonds 572 46 0357 dudgeon east capital 420 0402 walney 2011 121 06 0440 robin rigg 76 58 0448 gunfleet sands 55 01 0455 138 79 0504 rampion 363 0505 west duddon wods plc 383 0564 barrow 38 02 0604 baltic 1605 0611 gwynt y equitix 470 75 0629 extension diamond 606 0674 ormonde 133 0875 thanet 207 07 0891 alpha ventus 250 0926 45 humber gateway 203 48 1161 14 burbo 221 33 1201 westermost rough 03 1220 ostwind 1427 lincs 390 88 1810 1228 nia 2029 1236 1461 borwin1 93 borwin2 92 dolwin1 helwin1 riffgat sylwin1 95 source entos indicative final depending information" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-06-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7936 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7937 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "Policy papers" ["code"]=> string(13) "policy-papers" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7938 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7939 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7940 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7941 (2) { ["id"]=> int(89) ["name"]=> string(5) "grids" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7942 (2) { ["id"]=> int(144) ["name"]=> string(13) "offshore wind" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7943 (2) { ["id"]=> int(146) ["name"]=> string(14) "offshore grids" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7944 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [101]=> object(stdClass)#7945 (17) { ["id"]=> int(105) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "456bec2c-a7ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(29) "Renewable Hybrid Power Plants" ["slug"]=> string(29) "renewable-hybrid-power-plants" ["tagline"]=> string(47) "Exploring the benefits and market opportunities" ["overview"]=> string(360) "This paper explores the benefits and market opportunities for Hybrid Power Plants (HPPs). WindEurope proposes a set of definitions for clearly establishing HPPs in the regulatory framework, identifies a number of common challenges for their development in different countries and presents a set of policy recommendations for accelerating their market uptake. " ["plain_text"]=> string(13460) "2this paper explores the benefits and market opportunities for hybrid power plants hpps as share of variable renewable energy in grids increases a discussion on potential advantages comprising wind or other renewables with without storage has been evolving currently number such under development already operating europe is very limited their business case still evaluation foreseen solar seem however promising these relate to cost effective integration sources res system which primordial view eu decarbonisation target 2050 besides revolving digitalisation expected unleash full cases various governmentsroll outtheirplanson ressystem andelectricity reforms industry players develop designs control configurations it becomes relevant clearly establish regulatory framework starting respective definitions based assessment hpp projects globally wise selected countries windeurope identified common challenges presents set policy recommendations hppsofferseveralbenefits themostimportantonesincludeoptimisednetworkuse higheryearly capacity factor more stable output eased fulfilment site owner specific demand dispatchable generation reduced infrastructure investment costs electricity balancing clear definition needs be established identifies 2 types function operationofthedifferentgeneratingmodules windandsolarsharingthesamesubstationand coupling point grid b pv panels integrated turbines facilitate deployment makers should initially create level playing field them by standardising connection requirements metering traceability procedures developers must able install total higher than existing agreed even though part produced might curtailed when instantaneous exceeds this only way take advantage criteria monitoringpracticesfortracingenergyflowsbetweenthestoragedeviceandthegrid moreover double taxation charges avoided hybridisation not have re apply compliance long that exports does exceed approved european research innovation r&i funding address technical scaling up 3this new opportunity creates awareness builds knowledge around assesses developed different conditions purposes drivers could unlock can present numerous compared pure figure 1 possibility optimise use network installing authorised one inthe connectionagreement what itistranslatedinto developmentsavings maximisingthe useoftheexistingnetworkandsolvingthebottleneckprobleminmanyareasorcountrieswherenew deployments are allowed although installed at maximum evacuation remains same so impact resources complementing e g negatively correlated yearly over time less ramping issues peaks partially scheduled dispatch production load following flatter profile day season year advantageous terms dispatching example if prices due high potentially earn revenue from thanks resource single most thus overall project certain frameworks subsequent tariffs paid end users 4 resourcescanbefurthercomplementedby thankstotheco existenceofgenerationunitsanddigital technologies makes good partner flexibility but also resilience included curtailment latter great those where reimbursement granted see paragraph land efficiently used since per square meter hppscaneasetheaccelerationofruralelectrification giventhattheycanpartiallyprovidescheduled satisfy areas too weak provide reliable supply defer investments harvest synergies within permitting process well operation maintenance capital expenses reduction devex & capex opex source 5 world s plant hours map 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 fasihi bogdanov breyer india shown support setting auctions establishing legislative tenders governments roll out plans proposes scope 3 term refers generating facility converts primary into electrical consists modules connected connectionpoint thesemightalsoincludedifferentformsofenergystorage itisusualto find systemsthatcombinerenewable hydro fossil fuels diesel generators thescopeofthispaper hpponlyrefersto variablerenewable basedsystems withafocusonwindand techno economicassessmentofpower liquids ptl fuelsproductionandglobal tradingbasedonhybridpv procedia vol 99 2016 p 243 268 issn 1876 6102 https doi org 10 1016 j egypro 115 numbers refer place governmentofindia ministryofnew&renewableenergy windenergydivision nationalwind solarhybridpolicy amendmentinnational reg 2018 hellenic authority tender 230 19 2019 module means either synchronous park points both defined regulation 631 14 april code 5consequently confused systems interconnectors an offshore farm two markets 6regarding focus photovoltaic technology regarding narrowed 6 down ees iec 62933 standard installation absorb store amount release during 7 conversion processes may withoutmaking differentiation wouldn t possible identify reflecting whole assessed 8 thereareanumberofdifferenthppconfigurationsdependingonthegridconnection parklayout strategy main functionalities each type structure particular will determine viability categories designed serve combination rather interesting parameters observe shares until today first mostly while second alternative version converters eliminated table outlines principal disadvantages configuration general maximise increasing ofthe reducing timing reinforcement sharing substation leading savings times developing separate including conditioning regular lower located separately given least close proximity some additional limits they would interconnection 6iec reserved storing releasing rest converting form then using non applications analysis consider database includes information entire 8there instances make pumped psp there critical topography expects bundling ess controller guarantees simplifies its hybridising assets generatingmodules haveto complywith thenew codes existingone coordinated necessary fulfilling solution inverters scale deployed turbine important offers specificities allows efficient utilisation converter usually better efficiency fullloadoperationcompared partialloadoperation havingpv generationavailable intimesof partial increase annual aep m shading blades tower impose disadvantage neutralize shadowed further apart cabling significant induce line losses active reactive tracking mppt techniques extraction all thisconfigurationis notsuitablewhen anexistingwindfarm dueto spaceconstraintsfor limitation gear provision ancillary services interfaced 9 petersen l hesselbaek martinez borsotti andruszkiewicz r c tarnowski steggel n osmond d vestas solutions integrating international workshop maximised easiertooptimisethesizingofthesubstationinfunctionofthemostpossiblerangeofpower carefully adaptability towards joint o&m simpler flexible size especially utilized quite authorities yet standardised streamlined x pvcapacityis limitedbytheturbines export space somewhat because three supplementary component thestoragemoduleislinkedtoatleastoneofthegeneratingmodulesandcannotbeindependently controlled supportive element practically commanded individual independently operated canbeusedeithertosupporttheoperationofthegeneratingmoduleortoprovideancillaryservices directly supplying stored mixed inthiscaseashareofthestoragecapacityisreserved andshouldberegistered asasupplementary componentenabledonlywhenthegeneratingmodule towhichitislinked operates theremaining registered independent directlyinteractingwiththegrid forinstance providingfrequencycontainmentreservetothetso partly 9hpps ones enhanced ease ramp rate mw min eliminate rapid voltage fluctuations schedulable particularly connecting radial distribution far transformers transmission transformer through negative correlation contributing area functionality addresses remote isolated islands increased much estimations initial sizing serving instance unit warehouse data centre built originally residential help offering tso ensure continuous frequency predefined stability range ahead forecast deviation settlement reduce buffer deviations committed forecasts penalties associated black start operator along withtheincreasingshare ofvariableres inthepowergrid functionalitiesof hppsareexpected multiply forserving needsofthe hppsarebuilt multiplying streams 2017 made publicly available co 11 creating building complemented larger considers kinds installations convert commission regultation 2195 guideline eur lex europa legal content en txt uri celex 32017r2195 online about colocated 10differentenergyform hydrogen andallkindsofrenewable basedgeneration onescreenshotofthe presented figures illustrates global locations screenshot 12 vary developer local planned optimal factors minimising curtailments shareofwind solarand storagetechnologiesin twenty four computed sum nominal capacities ratio heavily depends how rich country significantly richer regions 12windeurope contract ed operational licensing construction paragraphs outline pioneer mentioning drove fulfil 1213 14hpps being few schemes aiming expansion targeting taken lead introduced emerging australia triggeredbystrictergridrequirements braziliscurrentlyconsideringhybridsolutionsto relieve reliance roraima furthermore brazil entitles 13 participate national pls 107 bill generally treated differently often fully rewarded societal considerable complementary context regard senate committee environment projeto de lei do senado 15not considering treating windpowerplantsinducescostsanduncertainty asitwillbeexplainedinthefollowingparagraphs challengesareoftencommonbetweenexistingresplantsunder andnewhppsdeveloped nevertheless several become complex costly consuming comparing experience shows motivation introducing policies varies likely no design blueprint 16based feedback developments maximising thisend choiceofthespecific aplant needssignificant attention need optimally equipment maximizing driver customer estimation studies deployedon or15 basisto bereliable decision making picking right sites amajor result adapting remuneration value purchase agreement ppa investingon quality forecastingof complementarity differentrescanmitigatethevariabilityofthepoweroutputpotentiallyleadingtolowerimbalancecosts region economic spain denmark indeed cannot integrate settled hybridised composing determined subject shall art therefore economically viable just adding facilities remainssubjectonly valid itstimeof commissioning newmodules last upgraded requiring large permit otherwise extent upgrade replacement required imposes electronics commonly shared formalised upgrades come extend 17 exploit mitigate variability fulfilments encourage shifting patterns similar rule agree optimised driving profitable comply were was commissioned applied hppsarestillquite newto andsystem operators thismight somedelaysand complexities multi disciplinary team expertise devices interoperability between managementis morecomplexcomparedto purewind orsolarplants thedeveloper needsto align differentdevelopmentschedules windpermittingprocessisusuallylengthierthansolar tomanage adjustment internal organisation steering finally insomecountries solarpvsystemscannotbeinstalledonfarm notthecaseforwind limit location agrophotovoltaic becoming hagemann think combine best manage complexity working group meeting 18practice permits whilst driven bodies versus advisedforlargerhppstodeclarethemas nationalinterest tospurinnovationandsupporttheincreased exceptions current legislation allow farmland permitted concepts standardized bilateral negotiationandagreementwiththerelevantsystemoperatororlocalauthority beeligiblefordirect financialsupport aseparatemeteringoftheindividualassetsismostoftenrequired thisisespeciallythe receiving sort financial compensation challenge administrative having measurement projectproductionorconsumptionbutalso atransparentmeteringoftheindividualtechnologies 16 flows additionalvirtualmetering pointswithinthe virtualmeteringcouldbemore physical meters any according his he reliably trace origin go supplied later device endanger subsidy payments suspicion grey green regulations treat issue applying rescapacity storagecapacityintegrated greece inthisway incentivized prioritise 15fraunhofer ise harvesting sun produce agrophotovoltaics 60 percent www fraunhofer press media releases html virtual uses estimate flow rates instead once calibrated estimates 19sizingofstorageshouldbeoptimisedforeachprojectbasedonmarketdesignandopportunities social welfare features imposed unless mechanism wholesale incentivize charge low ensuring systematic charging helps formally transparent approach avoid negotiations labelling exported distinguished recently decided exemption before 2026 boost uptake germany paragraph3 thismeasureisusefulwhenthemainrevenuestreamofanhppisgeneratedbythestorage participation smooth diversify streamsthroughvalue stacking policymakersshouldensurethattherespectiveintegrationandoperation proceduresdonotbecomeaburdenfordevelopers theamountofenergyre injectedintothegridfrom equal treatment respect stand alone batteries injecting tackle intrinsic interoperable step streamlining drastically decrease uncertainty access consumption turn provides clarity revenues stimulates reinforces digital monitoring practices tracing costsandtechnicalfeatures storagesizingshouldnotbeimposedorlimitedbyregulation 20given account encounter induces reluctance deploy accelerate get concept neutral reason summarized investors improving profitability service deliver congestion management dsos reserves tsos conventional another incremental stream arise remove barriers products pre qualification evolve order foster 21table i abbreviations abbreviation dso guarantee 22" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-06-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7946 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7947 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "Policy papers" ["code"]=> string(13) "policy-papers" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7948 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7949 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7950 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7951 (2) { ["id"]=> int(86) ["name"]=> string(11) "electricity" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7952 (2) { ["id"]=> int(89) ["name"]=> string(5) "grids" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7953 (2) { ["id"]=> int(148) ["name"]=> string(18) "system integration" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7954 (2) { ["id"]=> int(153) ["name"]=> string(16) "grid integration" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7955 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [102]=> object(stdClass)#7956 (17) { ["id"]=> int(51) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "27958126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(33) "Market outlook workshop 2019-2023" ["slug"]=> string(33) "market-outlook-workshop-2019-2023" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-05-29" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7957 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7958 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(9) "Workshops" ["code"]=> string(9) "workshops" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7959 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7960 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7961 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(17) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7962 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7963 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7964 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7965 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7966 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7967 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#7968 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#7969 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#7970 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#7971 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#7972 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#7973 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#7974 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#7975 (2) { ["id"]=> int(25) ["name"]=> string(7) "outlook" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#7976 (2) { ["id"]=> int(26) ["name"]=> string(6) "market" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#7977 (2) { ["id"]=> int(27) ["name"]=> string(6) "policy" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#7978 (2) { ["id"]=> int(28) ["name"]=> string(9) "half-year" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7979 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7980 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7981 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#7982 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#7983 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#7984 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(400) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBPQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--acc220022e5cfbdea0f0150fa447be45331939a5/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/JB20180413_0214.jpg" } [103]=> object(stdClass)#7985 (17) { ["id"]=> int(103) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "cee7e2d5-a5ac-ea11-a812-000d3aa93854" ["name"]=> string(26) "How wind is going circular" ["slug"]=> string(26) "how-wind-is-going-circular" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(600) "Wind turbines already have a recyclability rate of 85% to 90%. Making turbines 100% recyclable is an important task for the wind industry as the EU heads towards a circular economy. The industry is making significant progress in the right direction. Most components of a wind turbine – the foundation, tower, components of the gear box and generator – are recyclable and are treated as such. But turbine blades represent a specific challenge. This fact-sheet provides a snapshot of recycling technologies for turbine blades and research & innovation actions needed to boost those technologies. " ["plain_text"]=> string(4722) "an overview of composite recycling etipwind the european technology and innovation platform on wind energy connects europe s community key stakeholders involved in include industry political research institutions was established 2016 to inform & policy at national level provides a public identify common r&i priorities foster breakthrough innovations sector turbine blades are made up materials logistical technological solutions for collection boost performance by allowing lightetransportation waste management relevant its recommendations highlight pivotal role clean transition they longer today 2 5 million tonnes mamaterial policymakers how maintain global leadership so that use delivers eu climate objectives as such will be supporting commercially recycled implementation integrated set plan is committed sustainable through cement co processing further development line with multi step approach put forindustrialisation alternative technologies like solvolysis this prevention regardeand pyrolysis provide additional author executive committee most favourable option followed repurposing recsolutions end life content coordinator sabina potestio disposal design www formasdopossivel com must prioritise funding diversify scale turbines already have recyclability rate 85% part next framework components foundation towprogramme horizon critical sources bax company 2017 ce c ecp4 2018 emiri 2019 eucia eupc gear box generator recyclabtechnology we embark plasticseurope windeurope windpower engineering treated represent speci challenge due complex nature used acronyms manufacture them parallel governments should harmonise their regulations treatment frp fibe reinforced polymer 15 000 decommissioned thhelp develop pan market pe polyethylene ve years dealing signi cant volume reqcomposites pet terephthalate pmi polymethacrylimide pur polyurethene pvc polyvinyl chloride trl readiness more information check website under https publications focus new existing earmark study comparing high easily economic viability recyclable including barriers associated di erent uses support demonstration facility test integrate newly developed into large industrialisgeneration fund smart embedded sensors enable material health monitoring manufacturing processes forecasting capabilities using from other sectors establish cross sectorial full demonstrator building transportation share generation best practices composites help optimise maintenance increase lifetime going circular project has received union 2020 blade programme grant agreement no 826042 eublade composition upcoming volumes cycle strategies hierarchy generic stud laminaterbon keep parts easier dismantling gel coat considered structure adhesive 4 consisting various properties minimise number sandwich foam glass tx compositions vary between types repair refurbish whole items manufacturers but generally or spare reuse 1 bres carbon aramid basalt matrix thermosets epoxies polyesters re application usually lower value than original repurpose vinyl esters polyurethane thermoplastics 3 core balsa wood foams convert substance product coatings includes composting if it meets protocols bx metals copper wiring steel bolts etc raw anaerobic digestion incineration recovery structural gasi cation pyroysis which produce fuels heat power ud laminate dispo land ll without sal estimated per thousands 2025 195 relative costs values construction electrical 112 size bars indicative electronics varies among recyclers same process varying 88 parameters throughput operation rates capacity temperature pressure marine 70 retention time reactor kg 66 production 62 aeronautics 41 gasification voltage pulse mechanical consumer 35 fragmentation grinding fluidised bed tanks pipes 14 potential fibre current 6 9 g micro combustible gases cfrp 7 trl6 scrap secondary mineral compound pieces rich powder hot condenser machine kiln cyclone combustion fibres water vessel clinker air chamber fuel electric recovered flue gas fillers char hydrocarbon products strengths highly exible simple length scalable treat amounts oil can source e cient fast precursor chemicals resin low investments required reach quantities processed limitations ciency transfer scaled cost ash left over only laboratory pilot machines available microwave control damage bre quality recyclate consumption heavily decreased modulus 40% loss form economically viable 10 t year point attention may retain oxidation residue needed temperatures locally collapse solvents might suboptimal recycle degradation chemical requires dedicated facilities closed protective area not yet stock limit environmental impacts pollutants particulate matter emissions related human ecotoxicity leaks chambers" ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-05-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7986 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(16) "Thematic reports" ["code"]=> string(16) "thematic-reports" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7987 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "Policy papers" ["code"]=> string(13) "policy-papers" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7988 (3) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(28) "Sustainability and Recycling" ["code"]=> string(28) "sustainability-and-recycling" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7989 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7990 (2) { ["id"]=> int(123) ["name"]=> string(14) "sustainability" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7991 (2) { ["id"]=> int(158) ["name"]=> string(11) "circularity" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#7992 (2) { ["id"]=> int(159) ["name"]=> string(12) "onshore wind" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7993 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> NULL } [104]=> object(stdClass)#7994 (17) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "89948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(36) "Financing and investment trends 2018" ["slug"]=> string(36) "financing-and-investment-trends-2018" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(693) "In 2018 the wind industry invested €65bn in Europe. This included investments in new assets, refinancing transactions, mergers and acquisition at project and corporate level, public market transactions, and private equity raised. Wind energy represented the largest investment opportunity in the power sector, accounting for over 60% of all investments in 2018. The technology is seen by governments and policy makers as a major driver for moving beyond fossil fuels and conventional power assets. Cost competitiveness and reduced risk perceptions have brought in domestic and international market players looking to diversify their portfolios and/or align with their sustainability targets." ["plain_text"]=> string(13157) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in financing and investment trends the european wind industry april 2019 windeurope orgthis report summarises activity sector from 1 january to 31 december unless stated otherwise this includes 28 eu member states following countries montenegro norway russia serbia turkey ukraine it figures for construction of new farms refinancing transactions under or operation project acquisition company acquisitions capital market rounding is at discretion author non recourse finance pre 2017 have been restated previous publications text analysis business intelligence guy brindley editors daniel fraile colin walsh design laia mir data clean energy pipeline ij global all currency conversions made eurgbp 0 88471 eurusd 1810 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover courtesy istvan kerekes more information policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 7 basics 10 numbers 14 investments asset per country 15 sources 20 debt green bond issuances 29 3 30 4 corporate renewable power purchase agreements ppas co tent outlook 34 glossary 376 windeuropeexecutive invested tional assets cost competitiveness reduced rope included asserisk perceptions attracted domestic internation mergers pal players looking diversify their portfolios porate level public anor align with sustainability targets equity projects make an attractive represented largest investmthere plenty available them a tunity accounting can meet requirements lend capacity europeers will be financed challenge investors find technology seen by governments policing those viable which desired risk major driver transition fossil fureturn profile figure class bn 0bn 5 2bn 65 9bn 11 1bn 26 7bn markets total source european7wind annual south east europe see remain low region represents only raised record 65bn 4% down 16% operations as well fundraising uk moray 950 mw triton knoll 860 offshore reached fid less than half was netherlands borssele iii iv however due reductions 731 year 16 gw 12 onshore farm reach nysater sweden 475 4bn 38% interest rate environment plus large totalled 3bn 24% number lenders invest continues provide favourable conditions drive take up existing where share whether being development doubled value ever before 90% these were main on basis drivers growth 11bn banks extended driven debts completion phase opportunity dominated differs years balance sheet highlights flows geographically are comfortable risks associated concentrated 22 facilitating announcing final decisions fids compared 2016 northern western still hold biggest bulk account 35% announced 8 near term rates expected even after quantitative easing came volumes end central bank increase overall introducing hike until 2020 earliest already awarded financial support longer growing merchant exposure similar levels likely change landscape investor profiles strong liquidity continue both 2918 israisedforthepurposeoffinancingnewassets refinanc ingdebtisraisedforthepurposeoffinancingconstruction maturity lower two sponsorequityanddebt sponsorequcorporate ty refers traditional typically own er s developer equitthe proportion faces highest because tthe way they utilised determine party responsible bringing initinancial structure there types idea through commenancial structures addition owners also carried tors liquidated case defauthebalancesheetoftheownersandprojectsponsors tough that fais having returns higher liquidate perform ing management many contractually arranged loan thatractual obligations internalised repaid borrower lender has no ownproject sponsors therefore quicker shares haand usually expensive collateral coverage protection pro ject unable repayment scheduin called default firfinance off type theoriginalownersandprojectsponsors theinvestmentor generally considered andthe turned into separate entity comes equia special purpose vehicle spv its team reporting capable raising energyown do constructiondebtandrefinancingdebt constructiondnot windeuropeand cases tcorporate bring increased contractual sophisticateconstruction single player occur cor vehicles alike lengthier finalise unlike utilities independent producers smaller ratios transaction mabalance sheets companies whose primary busi vary considerably depending specifics avaness better cap ability ownersbilities partnerships key range between 70 80% fromaveryearlystage fundraisingwilloccuratprojectle v 30% el need form consortia required determined whereas come together syndicated particular size loans side ducers opt vs providers sponsor cash newasset i112018 availability raise supported different may eq external private uity vestors funding commercial improvements further trust gained ital latter become contributed healthy deal flow prominent issuance bonds ei variety ther issued institutions such export credit agencies ecas mul proceedings go tilateral mdbs other interna portfolio carry ifis provided label when exclusively international strengthened presence intro used specific duced competition japanese behalf prolonged part feature predominantly top lending abondisconsideredinvestmentgradeifitscreditratingis institutional bidding minimum bbb standard & poor aggressively technol baa3 moody grade ogy picked significantly rating payment strategic who now steady predictable long dated liabil ities much like appetite applies greenfield confidence grows positive track targeting earlier example structu re typical 252 turbines advisors legal technical closue northland 75% costu 988m 25% 310m dividends shareholders agreeument contractubritish ppa contract gmbh electricity contractors grid connection contruact o&m seruvices offtaker van oord vattenfall mhi vestas tennet giraffe in13stry 2010 60 50 40 n 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 financrefinancing acquisitonsp acquisitcapital saw deals 26% catvalue continuing consolidation gory within finwind experienced last proacross supply chain stood 20% although tcompetitiveness brought amount topartnersinprojects inparticularfromthefinancialservic volume wes produc greater result reductionsers developers recycle tor projectacquisitions whereinvestorspurchase ashareof use theenvironment rais providing via compares 9 2companies demonstrating area 45 35 bn25 6 13 newg g gassets gbn capagcity indu15ry another fin monetary terms 7gwofnewcapacity 45%morethanin2017 jects decision thisand competitive auctions ca across 190 onshopacity resulted drove seeingindustry allowing amounts euro inves1tments bn12 5bn finan1ced inve1stments bn10 8bn reaching continued trend second increasing since expenditure p2016 words falling we get our money albeit quickly increasedserbia over four times 76% 37% some offmore peak potential led followed lull offsin 6bn windprojectsarefewerandgenerallylargerthanonshore statistics volatile emefor averaged 4m should treated degree caution slightly 3m m capex dramatic decrease steadily same period almost 5m recent averagejust average 2m each installed reduction 45% had just 43% mature 17 ne0 gwd e um nce si nd ai any ie ar ke al ay wed eli fr ru rl sp r kr nm tu i ot b ete ge u de significant pool geographical diversification t32 owned announcements iments current attractiveness 64% 73% contribute maturing unheinvestments tration installations yeavestor slow recovering mainly tinues countdue macroeconomic political factors attracting haof holds thhowever picking followingthe auc investtions spain starting attract offshorand third inve2018 senting 22% swin important currently lewind despite countr es sig 2nificant expansion national policies lack stable regulatory particularly wienvironment affected north commitments 850 borsseclosely tied stability 732 notable sof future uncertainty factored date but therisk premium lead high comparand negative impacts economic viability ous least 88% finanprojects 25 bn15 fuels nuclear utility scale solahr biomass hydro geothermal anhd res 60% renin able generation cappower infrastruc alone accounted marture fuel infrastructure cprojects trans adriatic pacity fipipeline anatolian natural gas pipe compound cagr 13% line west indu19ry n15 onlshornew oflfshore olnshrefinancing olffshore dlebt emerging ownership models diversified ufor activities locked represent affordable dedbt drivemarket matures taking advantage order financeto refinance double inoffshore develop debtfinancingconditionscontinueto befavourable indust21 d4ebt creasing 15% assetw assewt traditionally pre2017 77% nantmodelforonshorewindbut2018sawanequalshare leveraged 60%on uptake decorporate recovered ind23try idebt dwhere you internalise allows en huge opower cheaper aduring tivities mar restructured oket cheap commissioning theseallowed galloper dudgeon race veja mate few resources fund thecurrentfinancingconditionsoflowinterestrateshave restructuring old price loathe demand duration rising trendsets easier devel stems changes opers exit sell then know very early pressures surge stage whom going altered arrangements disposed opting 24 percentage 100 80 48% 52% 49% 41% 42% 47% 39% 29% 18% 21% % nonn nasset rnecourse asnset consistently aroufew leverages projecton shore 20banksaremorecomfortablewiththerisksassociatedwith reversed raisethe oshore course wind25ndustry 74% 87% 71% 72% 69% 59% 70% 65% 62% 57% inn ninvestments nproject innvestments distinct trenoptimum lever leverage inveage around host offering attrac tive impacted fi hapeeir na018 points bubble 400 350 300 250 200 150 lbibor linear bfarms diameter projectb activare fundraise tconditions theriskpremiumchargedbylendershasbeen general comconsistently pricing tranche raand ronment compet itive costs larger in27stry active sumitomo mitsui group 6% societe generale 5% santander mitsubishi ufj gazprombank others 67 50% bnp paribas kfw groupe bpce landesbank baden w rttemberg nordlb 3% inclusector strengthen apresence mercial fithe majority 86% nancing fraccame amongst issuers exclusiviberdrola enel ly bo innogy anoth funds thdespite slowdown emerged serves portfolias alternative including transmissisues transmission lines access aggregated corporates shown excludes sovereign unallocated categorised indust29 14% operating indus try either linesf uniquely port folios based 68% 19 franc ireland italy swed rmany finlan projectacquisitionactivityin2018stoodat11 1gwofcaactivity three traded ofthe con sition remastruction operational secondary france combined 100% 40% 10% 0% construction3 transactionscontinuetobemostcommonatthepre struction steadbefore crease aearlier stages seeking 2returns extra instthe services 21 inve0stors financia0l 31dustry powesaw corporations corporation producersandinstitutionalinvestorsin2018 withonly5% china resource holdings acquiring stakes insurance firms scales dcorporates fa cilities location proximity trading houses industrial rewind facilities tailers ainvestments present tracted five contracted iprovided solar placed among carbon corptechnologies accommodate needs fivefold junewable 85% conand sourcing 000 500 cap1 finland denmark germany poland belgium cross border engagement limited most handful first broadly summarised segments investing direct signed lyinprojectsandowningtheunderlyingasset oractingas nordic taker what common good perspective acting coupled feasible model control periods time electricitymarkets sufficientdemandforgreenelectricity importantly explic owning barriers sign certain implications directive mandates pay back identify remove administrative corporateppasandfacilitatetheiruptakeintheirnational op climate plans set out erating might challenging 2021 2030 execute contracts prices com pared businesses one element underly experience scheme feed tariff jurisdictions instance chal ben lenging proposition efits generators visibility schemes guaranteed would downside revenues ensure elements met tend emerge fer matching require additional revenue stabilisation rather uncertain hedging instruments 20133 transitiaccording projected using dan toauctionsfromadministrativelysettarwind could approach 98bn roll yet ap proximately 53 4between 46 80shore neutral auctioned wbid auctioning detailed auction schedule members portal 2022 september consider found tenders 23 outlook0 investment0 ener fully exposed gy otwhile dealing portions mer ceased chant program adapt reality underscores widely thatthe importance solutions capture na rateswillremainunchangedthroughout2019withitsfirst ture stabilise post crisis coming address expects reuters march approaches managing indust35 windeuropephoto keith arkinsglossary structured specified excluding often albania bosnia herzegovina ahead once permitting bulgaria croatia greece kosovo macedonia place romania slovenia gather venture vc pe provision initial ipo sale stock merges agreement bilateral opposed producer generating weighted wacc calculated charged compensation bearing category preferred etc paid measure assess generated spin faced depend subsidised fixed i372018 windeurope38 windeuropewindeurope voice promoting worldwide headquarters leading turbine manufacturers component suppliers research insti tutes associations consultants strength makes powerful network rue belliard 1040 brussels t 1811 f 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2018) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-04-18" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#7995 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(26) "Market Trends and Policies" ["code"]=> string(26) "market-trends-and-policies" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#7996 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(7) "Finance" ["code"]=> string(7) "finance" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7997 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(21) "Finance and economics" ["code"]=> string(21) "finance-and-economics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#7998 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } } ["tags"]=> array(14) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#7999 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8000 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8001 (2) { ["id"]=> int(63) ["name"]=> string(9) "financing" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8002 (2) { ["id"]=> int(64) ["name"]=> string(6) "equity" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8003 (2) { ["id"]=> int(65) ["name"]=> string(4) "debt" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8004 (2) { ["id"]=> int(66) ["name"]=> string(9) "greenbond" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8005 (2) { ["id"]=> int(67) ["name"]=> string(3) "ppa" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#8006 (2) { ["id"]=> int(68) ["name"]=> string(12) "acquisitions" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#8007 (2) { ["id"]=> int(69) ["name"]=> string(11) "refinancing" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#8008 (2) { ["id"]=> int(70) ["name"]=> string(15) "project finance" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#8009 (2) { ["id"]=> int(71) ["name"]=> string(17) "corporate finance" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#8010 (2) { ["id"]=> int(72) ["name"]=> string(15) "capital markets" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#8011 (2) { ["id"]=> int(73) ["name"]=> string(4) "wacc" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#8012 (2) { ["id"]=> int(74) ["name"]=> string(7) "capital" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8013 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(445) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBGUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--7e601885f5ca5532cc8d69114b49a6300d55f491/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-financing-and-investment-trends-2018-cover-banner.jpg" } [105]=> object(stdClass)#8014 (17) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "f5948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(53) "Wind energy in Europe in 2018 - Trends and statistics" ["slug"]=> string(51) "wind-energy-in-europe-in-2018-trends-and-statistics" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(397) "Europe installed 11.7 GW (10.1 GW in the EU) of gross power capacity in 2018, This was 33% down on 2017. With a total net installed capacity of 189 GW, wind energy remains the second largest form of power generation capacity in Europe, set to overtake gas installations in 2019. 2018 was a record year for new wind capacity financed. 16.7 GW of future projects reached Final Investment Decision." ["plain_text"]=> string(9206) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in wind energy europe trends and statistics february 2019 windeurope orgthisreportsummarisesnewinstallationsandfinancingactivity s farms from 1 january to 31 december regularly surveys the industry determine level of installations subsequent dispatch first power grid data represents gross per site country unless otherwise stated rounding figures is at discretion author disclaimer this publication contains information collected on a regular basis throughout year then verified with relevant members ahead neither nor its their related entities are by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies report was modified initial version 21 please refer footnote page 8 more text analysis business intelligence ivan komusanac daniel fraile guy brindley editors colin walsh pineda design lin van de velde drukvorm finance clean pipeline ij global all currency conversions made eur gbp 0 8847 usd 1810 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover courtesy jos vega lozano acknowledges kind cooperation following associations institutions ig windkraft bop edora ode bgwea bg obnovljivi izvori energije hrvatske hrote hr k ellinas cy komora obnoviteln ch zdroj energie csve cz dwia dk tuulenergia ee suomen tuulivoimayhdistys ry fi france nergie olienne fr deutsche windguard hwea el iwea ie anev it lwea lv lwpa lt minis try spatial planning lu nwea nl pwea pl apren pt norwea no rwea ro rawi ru elektromre srbije rs svenskvindenergi se aee es suisse eole t reb tk uwea ua renewableuk uk policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 7 11 overvie national breakdown 12 3 cumulative 14 4 decommissioning repowering 16 5 generation 17 6 turbine size 20 auctions tenders investment numbers 23 total new capacity additions 27 co nt annex 30executive installed gw 10 euwith 178 eu 32% decre remains second largest form genera commissioned turbines so net increasehe 28 likely overtake natural ons figure european union 2008 250 200 150 100 50 pgw 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 gas coal large hydro nuclear solar pv fuel oil biomass source 7rends annual there now 189 decrease compared 170 onshore 19 9 were 65 offshore decommissioned almost which accounts 8% lowest since increased 952 16% down conventional sources such as record continue decommission than they install reached low mere other accounted 48% renewable 95% highlights germany most 29% but 362 twh generated 49% covered 14% electricity demand final followed decision fid future spain countries have worth projects italy sweden compares turkey poland denmark portugal fids led had highest share 41% registered increase investments up 20% 26 7bn 13 5% 18% ireland equalling 28% 24% 21% 3bn 19% hit 4bn mix 63% 52% revised 977 40 50% chapter name 30 40% demand4 30% newwind 10% 59 04 07 02 15 01 003 08 05 03 each reflects austria 29 mw finland 249 greece netherlands 72 grey colored did provide consumprm n en e tr nsparency pla 201 s9atistics table1 installations2018 capacity2018 230 045 belgium 204 309 360 bulgaria 691 croatia 583 cyprus 158 czechia 317 220 61 758 estonia 310 041 563 402 969 311 207 844 hungary 329 193 564 452 958 latvia 66 lithuania 439 luxembourg 120 malta 166 471 864 67 380 romania 029 slovakia slovenia 392 494 717 407 589 312 970 450 661 421 826 others bosnia herzegovina 51 kosovo montenegro 46 118 north macedonia 37 norway 480 675 russia 35 139 serbia 356 374 switzerland 75 497 369 ukraine 533 566 403 015 229 rounded therefore may add windeurope1 inst alla tions overview fell tol being marksepresents 87% significant re amount regula cord number member states under taken review state aid guide lines has many introduce represented 23% instal g environment permitting lations connect pment resulting slowdown ed figure2 gro 11rends market significantly lower fig tallations represent ure 39% added across walney extension farm one them borkum riffgrund ii 465 completed october 87 capaci fully connected becoming ty 657 operational date world recorded 334 consequence experienced lengthy processes citizens thatind end obligation granted longer build out periods certificate roc caused peak will rely purchase agreements ppas merchant options government given clear signals that 65% after stunning installation 26% just 000 500 35% 6% 13% gr ss i reece thers swede onshore92 4023 3204 655 706 371 901 565 513 397 281 detailed visit https about key third authorisation process wind450 severely delayed even suspended some parts developing an windies currently takes years these far commercial been developed although already held auc 692 however due overall stallations 44% came germanyand swedish norwegian system subscribed nine advance expiration distribution 00 mlw deze ietsje hoger maken a13 five rope grew coun nstalled additional over followedapacity provides 180 160 140 80 60 cum0lative 84 93 105 115 127 137 149 162 171 68% tries tur follow respectively figure6 31% 12% 11% capacitky turke ustria denm po kugal offsho 33 52 statis15cs ece 683 took place germanyenmark 7mw 6mw andfinland w pro jects repowered part decommis sioned resulted 461 majority also powering activity 800 600 400 capawcity terminology example tauerwindpark old project rating available enough electricitdenmark 2% shareollowed higher levels elec he respec tricity tively figure8 percentage average eu28 9% 7% 3% 1% czech republic 0% time luxemburg combined less entso transparency platform excludes comes beis quar terly reports corrected march using lack captured hourly thanks tsos 17d table3 production consumption met 645 53 plants produced stable8 windy reflected output 98 outputcrease factors both 22% during day energyfshore 36% supplied needs see electricitpy dema2average facptorhighest energyp demaaverage facptor enetr tio demanaverage facptori nd ene gyp penitest penetration rates offsh capaciptyoffshore capacpity cap%ciptyoffshore psoffshore eup onelorriwiy demanps oflshori ityma onslectricity andel ctrici df electricity2demandpelect%icity demandp winpd3average wipnd averageconshity f c r acapageity ctre averagepnshit fitord capa facfshore factor energpy 201p8 er guropean ropean 1w0 70 jan feb mar apr jun jul aug sep oct nov dec onmayre wi d julffshogindsep ers ember sonshore only 201819 type var staveragepowerrating 2mw theweighted ied between mostonshore powerful greece18 rated newly off shore 15% larger united kingdom two v164 mhi vestas rotor diameter 164m development centre eowdc 700 300 numb300of ratinig norwayree eland ukrainesia turkeyain gree 743 647 263 244 182 172 134 103 89 71 22 numb1 0of numb r0of francespa0n germanyelgiudenmark 222 136 4belgium 2franc1 whereauctions sde secured volumes hard tion released results compare auction different duethe support mechanisms length maturity markets conditions surrounding cost capital wacc revenue risks developers nevertheless several notable german dutch saw zero subsidy bids lat est where undersubscribed while polish danish greek awarded through extremely prices duauctions healthy permitted table4 successful mechanism price mwh 165 technology neutral feed premium fixed specific floating 709 38 604 62 666 63 363 159 55 contract difference 36 823 quotas 110 tariff 610 bid explanation types top wholesale because local content rule can compensated premiums rom why able anywhere else sta21stics keith arkins windeurope2 another financed 45% invest ment recovery drop reductions value chain monetary terms bycreased competition possible forstors cash figure10 asset 45 25 assets financedd bn financded finan16 financ8 financing refinancing public included 2windeuroped23and continued trend biggest investor geographical diversification 9bn owned 43% announcements construction comparesto64%in2017and73%in2016 investmentsin non 1bn ents 90% 75% announced swe den giw lgiumanc irelannorwayothers 91 24 alone attracted sector figure12 8bn biofuels i2n residential ownership windeurope25s dave harris windeurope3 tot al marks 27% ut forecasted solarpowereurope energwindeuropee fossil very 4% naturalgas 8gw whilecoalmade0 2gwofadditions hare com pared fuels remain gbiomass platts instalvled decommissiovned 2003 ad ditions capacitywas 2000 consequently renewables ca pacity high 100% 80% 70% 60% res totali trend29and table5 description based instrument whereby eligible generators tariffs paid guaranteed irrespective fed into payment x addition would calculated previously defined effectively works floor guarantees always minimum similar contracts whole differences sale rises above required pay back scheme tender criterion capex applies compete right selection criteria according experience bidders quality social costs weight survey risk mitigation model measures winner doesn receive transmission tradable commodity proving certain green certificates traded separately windeuropey statisticswindeurope voice active ly promoting worldwide headquarters including leading printedbyartoosgroup manufacturers component suppliers research insti tutes contractors providers financial 53520 1903 10044 www artoosgroup insurance companies consultants strength makes network rue belliard 1040 brussels 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2018) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-02-21" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#8015 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> NULL ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8016 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8017 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8018 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } } ["tags"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8019 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8020 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8021 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8022 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8023 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8024 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8025 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#8026 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#8027 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#8028 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#8029 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#8030 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#8031 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#8032 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#8033 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8034 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(424) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBLQT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--db444630ccb4e591c92701ae201e692114ef4769/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/european-wind-energy-2018-header-banner.jpg" } [106]=> object(stdClass)#8035 (17) { ["id"]=> int(36) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "99948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(56) "Offshore wind in Europe - key trends and statistics 2018" ["slug"]=> string(54) "offshore-wind-in-europe-key-trends-and-statistics-2018" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(531) "In 2018 Europe connected 409 new offshore wind turbines to the grid across 18 projects. This brought 2,649 MW of net additional capacity. Europe now has a total installed offshore wind capacity of 18,499 MW. This corresponds to 4,543 grid-connected wind turbines across 11 countries. Separately, twelve new offshore wind projects reached Final Investment Decision (FID) in 2018. Investments in new assets amounted to €10.3bn. This financed 4.2 GW of additional capacity, which will come on line in the next couple of years." ["plain_text"]=> string(8646) "subtittle if needed not month 2018 published in offshore wind europe key trends and statistics 2018offshore february 2019 windeurope orgthis report summarises construction financing activity europeanoffshorewindfarmsfrom1januaryto31december regularly surveys the industry to determine level of installations foundations turbines subsequent dispatch first power grid data includes demonstration sites factors decommissioning where it has occurred annual are expressed gross figures while cumulative capacity represents net per site country rounding is at discretion author disclaimer this publication contains information collected on a regular basis throughout year then verified with relevant members ahead neither nor its their related entities by means rendering professional advice or services shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained person who relies text analysis business intelligence florian selot daniel fraile guy brindley editors colin walsh design laia mir finance clean energy pipeline all currency conversions made eur gbp 0 8774 usd 1 1330 include estimates undisclosed values photo cover courtesy mhi vestas more policy org 32 2 213 18 68 executive summary 7 11 overview national breakdown 14 3 turbine size farm location 20 rated 21 water depth distance shore 22 supply chain 25 conte manufacturerss owners 27 substructures 29 4 cables 31 investments 33 debt 36 acquisition 37executive connected 409 new tur total installed bines across projects brought 649corresponds 543 mw additional countries figure 000 500 17 15 12 10 5 captacity installedt 2008009 01020112012 201320142015 20162017 uk germany belgium denmark spain sweden netherlands france finland norway portugal source tre7ds separately twelve reachedf which will come line next final decision investment fid inple years assets amounted 3bn financed gw b 2010 bn 16 13 8 6 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 igw added 649 time ge renewable 8% lower than was recordconnected latest haliade 150 these were merkur represent farms completed fully another got partial connection continue connect now work started other making 499 no have yet been including accounted there 105 85% additions european siemens gamesa largest amount 95% 44% 62% 33% second 34% followed respectively 7% 4% 6% highlights from average newly 37% increase 15% world reached totalling v164 generated an 86% 561 200 hornsea one project refinancing hit record 5bn bringing s current operational transmission lines 7bn 19 6bn walney extension 657 non recourse raised borkum riffgrund ii 465 commissioned potential acquired pre rentel 309 development stage 2918 windeuropephoto rsted1 inst alla tions % which9 didns 660 ca ffshore but set pacity decommissioned ut th about grunden i back 2000 accounts decommission ieurope forecasted cenarios end includingsites andgermanyconnectedslightlylesscapacitythanuntries 312 969 den mark had connections since 75 boosted into due rotor blade upgrades see page info market outlook september eurowindeuroperends figure1 010 table1 united 39 183 975 222 kingdom 380 305 136 329 514 61 42 186 274 118 365 192 79 71 ireland 07 003 002 06 05 01 005 13atistics represented 49% horns rev online outould 407 that ful city ly beatrice farmain saw october becoming op e off coast grand canaria interesting pro erational worldwide 87 turbinest realised under eu funded elican floating kincar f installing telescopic substructure low cost crane dine pilot scottish less allowing deep two ed 36% ind floatgen them brittany eolink offshoreotype kw date swedendidnotinstallanynewoffshorewindfarms how ever rotors blades bocks 12% oftigen increasing pow er each 550 utgrunden figure2 400 600 800 capabcity 24 hadted foundation tables works going did figure3 elisa bockstigen uppgraded nissum bredning 28 scale pprototype extensiopn 308 phase east 120 galloper 277 arkona 273 384 rampion 220 wipnd center peowdc 93 464 race bank west 50 66 kincardine s15tistics table2 carried out during number type status in2018 47 bottom fixed 44 64 eowdc 56 60 prototype bar 25% bars 50% 75% 100% table3 without anglia 37 102 jacket 156 174 monopile deutsche bucht hohe 63 trianel windpark norther north sea registered con ons driven nections 651 representing installa eatlanticoceanregistered9%ofthenewinstallations irish exten sion baltic 14% instal figure4 basin 395 387 atlantic ocean 229 capacinty stati17ics bytheendof2018 therewere18 499mwofinstalledca gridds 98% concentrated just five swe cumulatively only capacitye figure5 turb1ines turbine1s others 2% 303 110 turbines1 top 70% 16% figure6 938 928 218 413 capacisty sta19stics loca tion rld unit larger 2014v164 ves diameter 164 m grown rate centre yearly 1199 9 9199 2000200230405060008910201010102012018 turbinie windeuropeind last ten hasfid increased 2007 already so far isthelargestoffshorewindfarmtoreachfinalinvestment figure8 commercial given 300 100 1991 1992 9491 96 981 9200002002 0304 0809 201 0101 01201202018 2size most using below above turbinesnited few indicated red onlyting figure9 numb0r turbinesy capacyity rayted s21tistics undercardine slightly 2017tland hasanaveragewaterdepthtwiceasdeep those projectshe 77 km decrease previous 41 enbw located farthest 103 away also follows figure10 bubble indicates overall 80 40 kmc figure11 organised 30 kmn partially permit s23tistics energy3 activityand suppl ychain manufacturers supplied 62 ofnnected windin ny figure12 share enereolink offshoree 885 245 655 adwen company merged ewindeuropey envion 5% 69% stalled supplier 24% figure13 siemes 115 turbin1es 068 senvion 206 bard engineering2% 1% 46 26 rsted capacityacquarie capital complete 17% 11% ithnewcapacitylastyear togethertheyaccount global infrastructure partners 9% equinor figure14 infrastructuree macquarie vattenfall sse pka pfa copenhagen parteners innogy 3% sdic group deme nv enbridge mwe 250 350 450 owned shares indicative developed several companies split according respective known they equal parts between 27atistics owner y rope 42% similar figure15 northland stadwerke nchen iberdrola infrastructurew breeze masdar partnewrs pension danmark eneco sumitomo seas nve w monopiles remained popular typeioned kin 74 compared jackets sec ond used 119 ine side eew sif 29% steelwind nordenham barge semi sub structures commis figure16 manufacturing nordenha3m lamprell st3 navantia windar co3nsortium smulders esteyco chouteaux metalfor3m bouygues travaux pub3lics asm industries gravity base calculated actual individual developer tracted manufacture case consortia joint venture specified stati29ics regarding fleet mono previously support substation bor piles 81 inum newtypeof wasintroducedineurope tripile tripod commissioning ideol lations oating solution damping pool rose latter com mercial suction bucket figure17 types spar 126 301 403 figure18 energised intra array nexans jdr cable systems prysmian suppliers ar powerlink ray 67 blyth 175 kv technology 166 figure19 export terms manufactured nkt rep resenting 53 ls & system remain ing taking account connecting hvdc land understood as statistic312018 chapter name windeurope4 costs up after drop invest revious three mentdecisions in2017asthemarkettransitionedtonal auctions recovered thefter figure20 bnnew tren33 triton knoll moray four significant ma jects kriegers flak 606 seam jority 52% wase 487 table4 858 732 605 706 258 italy 217 attracted 48% worth 40bn biggest over nine 28bn invested same period 34 figure21 48 82% addition 2018ission transactions nancing crease figure22 sector projectsf wifnd transmfission lin refifnancing 0bn and35tatistics continues growing fi favourable conditions lenders extended ofidity restructure twenty both attractive yields diversified profile mix active asset totantial present multi 8bn mainly tritonteral financial institutions insurance borssele iii iv nether ncies banks confidence lands seamade further japanese strengthen 5bnresence acrossninetransactionsinthenetherlands ger many fourth consecutive risen steeply sponsors figure23 transaction non0 30% equity approx imately third coming investors thirds producers figure24 investor servicesm 537 255 funds 647 67% activi ty managers 173 435 majority happened operation struction critical ssignificantly 630 fundraising mean nstruction 425 bucked trend wherea excluding 37atistics figure25 listed acquisitions equivalent 38 windeuropewindeurope voice promoting headquarters 35 leading printedbyartoosgroup component research insti tutes associations developers contractors electricity providers 53520 1903 10044 www artoosgroup consultants combined strength makes powerful network rue belliard 1040 brussels t 1811 1890" ["edition_year"]=> int(2018) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-02-07" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#8036 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(10) "Statistics" ["code"]=> string(10) "statistics" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#8037 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(19) "Wind Energy Outlook" ["code"]=> string(19) "wind-energy-outlook" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8038 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8039 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8040 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(21) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8041 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8042 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8043 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8044 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8045 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8046 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8047 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#8048 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#8049 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#8050 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#8051 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#8052 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#8053 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#8054 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#8055 (2) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["name"]=> string(7) "project" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#8056 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#8057 (2) { ["id"]=> int(117) ["name"]=> string(11) "foundations" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#8058 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#8059 (2) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["name"]=> string(14) "grid-connected" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#8060 (2) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["name"]=> string(9) "developer" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#8061 (2) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["name"]=> string(6) "owners" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8062 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(16) "NO - Free Access" ["code"]=> string(4) "FREE" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(422) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBLUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--49ca49123ace9c6866a36cd95e78ebd63bb2159d/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-offshore-stats-2018-banner.jpg" } [107]=> object(stdClass)#8063 (17) { ["id"]=> int(45) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "9c948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore wind in Europe 2018" ["slug"]=> string(28) "offshore-wind-in-europe-2018" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(527) "In 2018 Europe connected 409 new offshore wind turbines to the grid across 18 projects. This brought 2,649 MW of net additional capacity. Europe now has a total installed offshore wind capacity of 18,499 MW. This corresponds to 4,543 grid-connected wind turbines across 11 countries. Separately, twelve new offshore wind projects reached Final Investment Decision (FID) in 2018. Investments in new assets amounted to €10.3bn. This financed 4.2 GW of additional capacity, which will come on line in the next couple of years." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2018) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-02-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#8064 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#8065 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8066 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8067 (3) { ["id"]=> int(8) ["name"]=> string(28) "Offshore market and projects" ["code"]=> string(28) "offshore-market-and-projects" } } ["tags"]=> array(21) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8068 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8069 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8070 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8071 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8072 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8073 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8074 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#8075 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#8076 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#8077 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#8078 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#8079 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#8080 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#8081 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#8082 (2) { ["id"]=> int(35) ["name"]=> string(7) "project" } [15]=> object(stdClass)#8083 (2) { ["id"]=> int(59) ["name"]=> string(13) "manufacturers" } [16]=> object(stdClass)#8084 (2) { ["id"]=> int(117) ["name"]=> string(11) "foundations" } [17]=> object(stdClass)#8085 (2) { ["id"]=> int(118) ["name"]=> string(6) "cables" } [18]=> object(stdClass)#8086 (2) { ["id"]=> int(119) ["name"]=> string(14) "grid-connected" } [19]=> object(stdClass)#8087 (2) { ["id"]=> int(120) ["name"]=> string(9) "developer" } [20]=> object(stdClass)#8088 (2) { ["id"]=> int(121) ["name"]=> string(6) "owners" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8089 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8090 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8091 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8092 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8093 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8094 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8095 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(422) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBNZz09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--7c6435279d31bef3f1cfdc31c6c429dfa94f96f0/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/windeurope-offshore-stats-2018-banner.jpg" } [108]=> object(stdClass)#8096 (17) { ["id"]=> int(44) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "ec948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(26) "Wind energy in Europe 2018" ["slug"]=> string(26) "wind-energy-in-europe-2018" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(397) "Europe installed 11.7 GW (10.1 GW in the EU) of gross power capacity in 2018, This was 33% down on 2017. With a total net installed capacity of 189 GW, wind energy remains the second largest form of power generation capacity in Europe, set to overtake gas installations in 2019. 2018 was a record year for new wind capacity financed. 16.7 GW of future projects reached Final Investment Decision." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2019) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-02-01" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#8097 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#8098 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(8) "Webinars" ["code"]=> string(8) "webinars" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8099 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(41) "Installations, market trends and outlooks" ["code"]=> string(40) "installations-market-trends-and-outlooks" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8100 (3) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(10) "Repowering" ["code"]=> string(10) "repowering" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8101 (3) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy generation" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-generation" } } ["tags"]=> array(15) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8102 (2) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(10) "generation" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8103 (2) { ["id"]=> int(9) ["name"]=> string(10) "statistics" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8104 (2) { ["id"]=> int(10) ["name"]=> string(8) "capacity" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8105 (2) { ["id"]=> int(11) ["name"]=> string(13) "installations" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8106 (2) { ["id"]=> int(12) ["name"]=> string(15) "decommissioning" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8107 (2) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(8) "auctions" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8108 (2) { ["id"]=> int(14) ["name"]=> string(7) "tenders" } [7]=> object(stdClass)#8109 (2) { ["id"]=> int(15) ["name"]=> string(10) "investment" } [8]=> object(stdClass)#8110 (2) { ["id"]=> int(16) ["name"]=> string(9) "additions" } [9]=> object(stdClass)#8111 (2) { ["id"]=> int(17) ["name"]=> string(10) "renewables" } [10]=> object(stdClass)#8112 (2) { ["id"]=> int(18) ["name"]=> string(10) "cumulative" } [11]=> object(stdClass)#8113 (2) { ["id"]=> int(19) ["name"]=> string(12) "wind turbine" } [12]=> object(stdClass)#8114 (2) { ["id"]=> int(20) ["name"]=> string(15) "capacity factor" } [13]=> object(stdClass)#8115 (2) { ["id"]=> int(21) ["name"]=> string(8) "offshore" } [14]=> object(stdClass)#8116 (2) { ["id"]=> int(22) ["name"]=> string(7) "onshore" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(7) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8117 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8118 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8119 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8120 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8121 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8122 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(17) "C4 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C4" } [6]=> object(stdClass)#8123 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(424) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBNUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--33a6628bcd649e6ea7af87bda09fc5ddca171b64/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/european-wind-energy-2018-header-banner.jpg" } [109]=> object(stdClass)#8124 (17) { ["id"]=> int(52) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "a4948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(21) "Power-to-gas workshop" ["slug"]=> string(21) "power-to-gas-workshop" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(0) "" ["plain_text"]=> string(0) "" ["edition_year"]=> int(2018) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-01-31" ["featured_image_credit"]=> string(0) "" ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#8125 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#8126 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(9) "Workshops" ["code"]=> string(9) "workshops" } ["product_topics"]=> array(3) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8127 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(28) "Electrification and Hydrogen" ["code"]=> string(28) "electrification-and-hydrogen" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8128 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8129 (3) { ["id"]=> int(13) ["name"]=> string(22) "Wind energy technology" ["code"]=> string(22) "wind-energy-technology" } } ["tags"]=> array(5) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8130 (2) { ["id"]=> int(24) ["name"]=> string(11) "interactive" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8131 (2) { ["id"]=> int(82) ["name"]=> string(15) "electrification" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8132 (2) { ["id"]=> int(92) ["name"]=> string(8) "hydrogen" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8133 (2) { ["id"]=> int(129) ["name"]=> string(12) "power-to-gas" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8134 (2) { ["id"]=> int(130) ["name"]=> string(12) "electrolyser" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8135 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8136 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8137 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C1" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8138 (3) { ["id"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(17) "C2 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C2" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#8139 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(17) "C3 - Corporations" ["code"]=> string(2) "C3" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#8140 (3) { ["id"]=> int(7) ["name"]=> string(20) "LM - Leading Members" ["code"]=> string(2) "LM" } } ["countries"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image_small"]=> string(400) "https://proceedings.windeurope.org/biplatform/rails/active_storage/representations/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaHBPUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJibG9iX2lkIn19--3676935863906704fe559d1df6b15e1af4d73353/eyJfcmFpbHMiOnsibWVzc2FnZSI6IkJBaDdCam9VY21WemFYcGxYM1J2WDJ4cGJXbDBXd2RwQXZRQmFRTDBBUT09IiwiZXhwIjpudWxsLCJwdXIiOiJ2YXJpYXRpb24ifX0=--3807c4edc1f665463e8e146b562aa62e92072194/JB20180413_0394.jpg" } [110]=> object(stdClass)#8141 (17) { ["id"]=> int(55) ["crm_id"]=> string(36) "c1948126-0d4c-ea11-a813-000d3a25bd13" ["name"]=> string(24) "Wind and hydrogen energy" ["slug"]=> string(24) "wind-and-hydrogen-energy" ["tagline"]=> string(0) "" ["overview"]=> string(1511) "On March 22nd, WindEurope joined forces with the hydrogen community to hold a joint technical workshop exploring synergies between wind power and hydrogen energy. The large sector-coupling potential of such a synergy could expand the use of wind energy far beyond the power sector and lead to significant emission reductions throughout the whole economy. Because hydrogen can be created using renewable electricity as its main energy input, wind has a potentially enormous role to play. Renewable hydrogen could be used instead of conventional hydrogen in major industrial sectors such as fertiliser production and refineries. It could also be used to power fuel-cell electric vehicles, or even to provide heat and power in residential buildings, replacing fossil fuels across the energy system. Leading technology companies, experts, utilities and experienced hydrogen users evaluated and discussed the potential of hydrogen technology to become a major energy vector in the transformation of the energy system, helping to integrate a larger share of variable renewable into the power system. After the workshop, there was a visit to the logistical centre of retailer Colruyt, where there were presentations on both ongoing commercial and demonstration activities on how wind power is now used to generate the hydrogen powering Colruyt's forklift fleet. High level representatives from the European Commission, the European Parliament and investment institutes joined the industry in this informative tour." ["plain_text"]=> NULL ["edition_year"]=> int(2017) ["publication_date"]=> string(10) "2019-01-29" ["featured_image_credit"]=> NULL ["product_type"]=> object(stdClass)#8142 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(20) "Workshops & webinars" ["code"]=> string(22) "workshops-and-webinars" } ["product_subtype"]=> object(stdClass)#8143 (3) { ["id"]=> int(6) ["name"]=> string(9) "Workshops" ["code"]=> string(9) "workshops" } ["product_topics"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8144 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(28) "Electrification and Hydrogen" ["code"]=> string(28) "electrification-and-hydrogen" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8145 (3) { ["id"]=> int(5) ["name"]=> string(16) "Grid integration" ["code"]=> string(16) "grid-integration" } } ["tags"]=> array(4) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8146 (2) { ["id"]=> int(82) ["name"]=> string(15) "electrification" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8147 (2) { ["id"]=> int(92) ["name"]=> string(8) "hydrogen" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8148 (2) { ["id"]=> int(129) ["name"]=> string(12) "power-to-gas" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#8149 (2) { ["id"]=> int(130) ["name"]=> string(12) "electrolyser" } } ["member_categories"]=> array(6) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#8150 (3) { ["id"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(17) "A1 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A1" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#8151 (3) { ["id"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(17) "A2 - Associations" ["code"]=> string(2) "A2" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#8152 (3) { ["id"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(17) "C1 - Corporations" ["code"